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한국태국학회논총 update

Journal of Korean Association of THAI Studies

  • : 한국태국학회
  • : 사회과학분야  >  정치/외교학
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수록정보
28권1호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 5
간행물 제목
28권2호(2022년 02월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1태국어의 품사 통용에 관한 연구

저자 : 윤경원 ( Yoon Kyung Won )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-31 (31 pages)

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The main assertion of this paper is to describe the phenomenon of conversion between word classes in the Thai language and present the patterns of where conversion occurs that made on the basis of the co-relation of the word, parts of speech, and sentence constituents. The Conversion is defined as the relationship between two or more words which have similar meaning and form but serve a different function.
The purpose of classifying parts of speech and the study of conversion is to understand and describe the language properly well. In the process of second language acquisition, it is significant / strongly required for a second language learner to correctly grasp the parts of speech, sentence constituents and conversion between word classes of the target language. Learners' errors occur if the parts of speech, sentence constituents and conversion between word classes of the target language are not fully comprehended.
One of the causes of Korean Thai learner's errors is the learners overlook the linguistic characteristic of Thai language. In other words, the characteristic of isolated language is that there is no change in the form of vocabulary. Therefore, classification of parts of speech, sentence constituents and conversion between word classes in Thai language plays a significant role in reducing such errors.
In this paper, to help Korean Thai learners' understanding, the parts of speech and sentence constituents of Thai language were classified and conversion between word classes in Thai language which were divided into four groups - dynamic verb conversion, noun- state verb conversion, modifier conversion, the others conversion-.

KCI등재

2태국 학습자 대상 특수목적 한국어 교재개발 연구 : 태국 부라파 대학의 <산업 한국어>를 중심으로

저자 : 고종환 ( Ko Jong-hwan ) , 우라이완 ( Uraiwan Jitpenthom Kim ) , 백민혜 ( Baek Min-hye )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 33-77 (45 pages)

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태국의 대학에서 왜 <산업 한국어> 강의는 제대로 운영되기 어려운가? 부라파 대학교에서는 한국어학과 4학년 학생들을 위한 <산업 한국어> 강의를 개설해서 운영하고 있는데 문제는 적절한 교재가 부재한 상황이었다. 태국은 물론 한국에도 이 강의에 적합한 교재가 전무한 상황이므로 오래전부터 차선책으로 시사 한국어 교재와 산업인력공단에서 만든 공장 어휘용 교재를 사용했다. 이에 학생들을 중심으로 <산업 한국어> 강의에 필요한 한국어 교재의 필요성에 대한 학습자들의 요구가 많은 상황이다.
교재개발의 요구가 증가함에 따라 본 연구자들은 4학년 학습자들을 대상으로 한 설문조사와 설문분석을 실시했다. 특히 4학년은 물론이고 한 학기 후에 이 강의를 수강할 3학년 2학기 학생들을 대상으로도 역시 동일한 설문 요구조사를 실시했다.
본 연구에서는 학생들의 답변인 설문 분석 결과를 서술하기 전에 먼저 <산업 한국어> 강의가 왜 중요하고, 강의에 적합한 전문 교재가 왜 필요한지 그 목적과 필요성에 대해 언급했다. 이어서 한국과 태국의 간략한 산업 현황과 한국어교육과 한국학의 상황에 관한 서술을 했고, 다음으로는 교재개발의 이론적 배경으로 교수 요목을 중심으로 살펴보았다. 그리고 <산업 한국어> 교재개발을 위한 기본 원리와 함께 <산업 한국어> 강의의 교육 현황과 교재에 관한 서술을 간략히 언급했다.
다음으로는 <산업 한국어> 교재개발을 위한 학습자 요구분석을 당시 수행했던 몇 가지 설문조사표를 바탕으로 서술했고 그 결과에 대한 분석을 함께 언급했다. 마지막으로는 <산업 한국어> 교재 개발을 위한 내적 구성, 외적 구성과 함께 실제에 관한 서술로, 학습자들이 대부분 원했던 다양한 한국 산업의 전반적인 분야에 대해서 언급하였다.
본 연구를 통해 모든 강의에는 적절하고도 효과적인 교재가 반드시 필요하다는 사실과 함께 한국과 태국의 산업 교류가 증진되면서 그 중요성이 날로 커지는 상황에서 <산업 한국어> 강의의 중요성을 다시금 확인할 수 있었다. 또한 다른 강의들처럼 <산업 한국어> 강의를 위한 전문교재가 반드시 필요하고, 특히 태국인 학습자들의 요구 또한 매우 크다는 것을 알게 되었다. 본 연구 결과를 통해 <산업 한국어> 강의에 적합한 한국어 교재가 개발된다면 향후 부라파 대학은 물론이고 태국의 다른 대학들 역시 이 강의를 운영하는 데 많은 도움이 될 것이다. 본 연구의 후속물로 추후 <산업 한국어> 교재개발의 실제적인 8단계 구성을 연구할 것이다. 이를 통해 본격적으로 <산업 한국어>교재개발이 진행될 것으로 기대한다.


This study is to develop a textbook for < Korean for Industry >, an elective major subject for 4th graders at Burapha University in Thailand. This lecture is a lecture that does not have effective and appropriate professional textbooks despite being opened at many universities in Thailand as well as Burapha University. However, < Korean for Industry > is a subject whose importance is increasing day by day due to the increasing industrial scale of Korea and Thailand, and due to this importance, most universities include it in the curriculum. However, the < Korean for Industry > subject has a serious problem, and both Korea and Thailand do not have appropriate professional textbooks for this lecture.
Therefore, in this study, a survey was conducted on learners as a preliminary survey to develop textbooks with the development of textbooks in mind for the subject of Industrial Korean. The survey was conducted on 4th graders who directly took the < Korean for Industry > lecture and 3rd graders who will take the lecture next semester. As a result of the analysis of learner needs through the survey, as expected, learners also showed strong complaints about the reality that there were no effective and appropriate textbooks. Based on this, we will develop a textbook for "Industrial Korean", and the new textbook will be a textbook that actively reflects the needs of learners. Based on this, we will develop a textbook for "Industrial Korean", and the new textbook will be a textbook that actively reflects the needs of learners.
In this study, the textbook was composed of 15 units, which are the desired amount of a semester, and practical examples (tentative name, past and present of the Korean medical Industry) were presented through the eight-step composition. According to this eight-step composition, it is expected that the appropriate textbooks for the future < Korean for Industry > subject will help the opening and operation of lectures not only at Burapha University but also at other Thai universities.

KCI등재

3'타이식 민주주의'의 혼합체제(hybrid regime)적 특성에 대한 분석

저자 : 서경교 ( Seo Kyoungkyo )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 79-109 (31 pages)

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'Thai-Style Democracy' is a democracy with Thai characteristics which is differentiated with liberal democracy. Those chronological characteristics of hybrid regimes of the Thai-Style Democracy since its beginning are as follows: first, during the 1957-1973 period, Thai-Style Democracy launched from the alliance between the military and the king. It was a nominal democracy. In reality, it was a hybrid regime with strong authoritarian characteristics. The following 1973-2001 period witnessed Thai-Style Democracy led by the network monarchy of Thailand. Both civilian and military governments with hybrid regime characteristics switched each other by the approval of the King Bhumibol. The third period of 2001-2006 experienced more complicated hybrid regimes including coexistence of authoritarian leadership elected by the democratic procedures as well as the long-standing Thai-Style Democracy. Lastly, the controversy on Thai-Style Democracy restarted in 2006 with the military intervention in politics again until now. The power of the military is still strong within the government even after the 2019 election. In this regard, the future of Thai-Style Democracy with hybrid regime characteristics continuously remain uncertain.

KCI등재

4태국의 싸릿(Sarit) 정부와 국왕의 역할

저자 : 이병도 ( Lee Byung Do )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 111-142 (32 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to find out the cause and role of the king's authority, which had been tarnished since the 1932 coup, restored its authority in the Sarit government. It can be seen that King Bhumibol's authority has been exercised an important function increasingly in Thai politics since the Sarit government in 1957.
In other words, in addition to the symbolic center of national integration, the king's role as a person who gives legitimacy to political power, a supporter and legitimacy of government policy, a supporter of solidarity between political elites, and an "mediator" to transfer donations has increased.
These dramatic changes were the result of the Sarit government's policy. Sarit had a political thought that focused on recreating a society consisting of three classes: king, Buddhism, and people. He also sought legitimacy for himself and his regime by instilling the perception that the regime and the king are the closest beings.
Eventually, since establishing a strategic alliance with the Sarit government, King Bhumibol has secured extensive influence in all areas of Thailand's politics, economy, and culture.

KCI등재

5중국의 일대일로와 란창·메콩 협력(LMC) 거버넌스: 쿤밍-비엔티안(Kunming-Vientiane) 철도 인프라 구축을 중심으로

저자 : 이요한 ( Lee Yohan )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 143-176 (34 pages)

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본 연구는 중국의 일대일로(BRI) 정책에서 메콩 유역이 함의하는 중요성과 메콩 협력 즉 란창·메콩 협력(LMC)의 주요 특성을 살펴보고자 한다. 또한 쿤밍·비엔티안 철도 사업에 대한 중국의 전략과 라오스의 긍정적·부정적 효과를 분석하고자 한다. 중국은 접경 지역인대 메콩 협력 거버넌스를 강화하기 위해 LMC를 출범시켜 기존 확대메콩지역(GMS) 내 '부분' 참여국에서 '독자화'와 '대형화'를 추구하는 '전면' 참여국으로 전환하였다. 중국 쿤밍-라오스 비엔티안을 연결하는 철도 인프라 구축은 중국의 대 메콩 협력에 상징적인 사건이다. 2021년 12월 첫 철도 운영을 시작한 라오스는 산업구조의 다변화, 코로나19로 타격을 입은 관광 산업의 회복, 라오스 정치 엘리트의 정당성 확보 등에서 긍정적인 기대를 하고 있다. 그러나 라오스는 중국에 대한 과도한 의존과 대외 채무의 증가에 따른 이자 부담의 급증이라는 부정적 요소를 극복해야할 과제를 안고 있다.


This study aims to examine the importance of the Mekong Basin in China's the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) policy and the main features of Mekong governance, which is Lanchang-Mekong Cooperation (LMC). In addition, China's strategy for the Kunming-Vientiane railway project and the positive and negative effects of Laos are analyzed. LMC was launched to strengthen governance in the border region, while shifting from a partial participant in the existing Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) to a full-scale participant seeking independence and magnification. The construction of a railway infrastructure linking Kunming, China and Vientiane, Laos, is a symbolic infrastructure event for China's cooperation with the Mekong region. Laos, which first started operating the railway in December 2021, has positive expectations in diversifying its industrial structure, recovering the tourism industry hit by COVID-19, and securing the legitimacy of the political elite of Laos. However, it has a task to overcome the negative factors of excessive dependence on China and a surge in interest burden due to increased external debt.

KCI등재

6COVID - 19로 인한 태국과 베트남의 노동시장 현황과 노동관계법상 위기관리 규율 비교에 대한 일고찰

저자 : 이준표 ( Lee Joon Pyo ) , 박재명 ( Park Jae Myung )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 177-202 (26 pages)

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Since the global outbreak of COVID-19 began in early 2020, many businesses have struggled with disruptions in the global value chain caused by this pandemic, which continues to rage on even in 2022. Thailand and Vietnam are Korea's most important trading partners in the new southern region, and Korean companies in those two countries are also greatly affected by the pandemic. According to the territorial principle, Korean businesses in those countries must follow local laws and regulations under each country's national labor relations act. Therefore, Korean companies should keep an eye on the future directions in policy and law in these countries. In particular, the global community regards Thailand and Vietnam as politically stable countries, but there are still many issues. Thailand still struggles with political instability due to its constitutional monarchy and series of military coups. Vietnam introduced a market economy but developed a socialist-oriented one led by a single Communist Party. Therefore, it might be difficult for Korean businesses to predict future political and economic directions. Moreover, Korean companies should prepare for the changes caused by the pandemic, which might last longer than expected. Given all these circumstances, this paper analyzes the labor relations act of two countries, which are the criteria for the human resources management that Korean companies should take quick actions, and legal responses to coping with COVID-19. This analysis might also help to predict the future direction of legal changes in Thailand and Vietnam.

KCI등재

7공적개발원조의 효과와 영향, 그리고 마을의 변화 : 카렌족 귀환 난민 재정착 마을 사례 연구

저자 : 한유석 ( Han Yuseok )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 203-239 (37 pages)

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이 연구는 한국의 공적개발원조가 태국-미얀마 국경지대 귀환 난민 재정착 마을에 미치는 영향과 효과는 무엇이며, 그로 인해 마을에 어떠한 변화가 발생하였는지에 관한 연구다. 탈러 마을과 같은 두 국가(태국과 미얀마) 사이에 끼인 존재들이 거주하는 국경지역 재정착 난민 공동체에 개발원조사업을 수행하였다는 점은 큰 의미를 지닌다. 기존 개발원조사업이 최빈국의 국가 영토 내에서 진행된 반면, 탈러 마을의 사례는 공적개발원조 사업의 예외지대이자 사각지대에서 진행되었다. 더불어 그 수혜 대상이 국민 국가의 비식별역에 위치한 난민, 무국적자, 실향민이라는 데 더욱 큰 의의를 지닌다. 이들은 지리적 변경 지역에 위치해 있을 뿐만 아니라 정치적 가장자리에 위태롭게 서 있는 국제 사회의 원조가 가장 절실한 사람들이기 때문이다. 사업 진행 결과, 이 개발원조사업은 마을 가구의 실질적 소득 증대라는 실제적 원조 효과를 가져왔다. 더불어 정주 농촌 공동체의 주민으로서의 역량을 강화하기 위한 여러 교육 프로그램을 진행하였는데 이를 통해 주민들도 점차 정주 공동체의 일원으로서 공동체 의식을 형성할 수 있었다. 이러한 긍정적인 평가에도 불구하고 후속 사업은 부재한 상황이다. 지속 가능한 개발원조사업의 국제적 모범이 되기 위해서는 장기적인 혜안을 가지고 시나브로 지원하는 방식의 병행이 필요하다.


The paper studies the effectiveness and impact of Korea's official development assistance in the refugees' resettlement village between the Thailand-Myanmar border region. The research attempts to shed light on what changes occurred in the village after receiving the ODA(official development assistance). The paper suggests that it is important to study this development assistance project as it has been carried out in the resettlement community in the border area between two countries(Thailand and Myanmar), such as the village of Hta Law. Whereas the existing development assistance projects were carried out within the two-nation states' territories, the case of Hta law Village was conducted the ODA project in a blind spot and an exceptional zone. In addition, the project has its significance as the villagers are refugees, stateless persons, and internally displaced persons who are alienated from the nation-state. Those people live on the geographical frontier and the political edge where the development assistance has not paid much attention. As a result of the project progress, this development assistance project brought real effects on increasing the income of village households. Furthermore, the project has provided various educational programs to empower residents of the settlement community. Although it has made positive progress in the village, there is no follow-up project at the moment. In order to become an international model for sustainable development assistance projects, it is necessary to support with a long-term perspective.

KCI등재

8헌법과 승가법의 개정을 통한 세속 권력의 종교 개입

저자 : 옹지인 ( Ji In Ong )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 241-272 (32 pages)

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This article aims to figure out of religious intervention of the secular powers in Thailand, which are the king and the government. The 1997, 2007 and 2017 constitution, and the 1992, 2017, and 2018 revised clauses in Sangha act were compared in order to interpret secular intervention. This comparison indicates that the latest Constitution and Sangha act provide considerable space for the secular powers to interfere in religious affairs. Although Buddhism is not the state religion, it has gained a superior position to other religions, and it has been able to receive government support and protection; however religious freedoms Thais enjoyed may be more restricted than before, and Thais are situated in more vulnerable circumstances to the governmental constraint.
The King Rama Ⅹ is now possible to possess the Sangha, because he can ordain, promote or dismiss regional bishops as well as the supreme patriarch as he command, without involvement of others. At the same time the supreme patriarch has to relinquish his authorities that were permitted by former Sangha act, and has to handover it to the king. Furthermore, even the prime minister has to sign to endorse royal command appointing the supreme patriarch and the member of the Sangha supreme council, but the supreme patriarch has no authority in appointing key positions in the Sangha. The title of the supreme patriarch may remain as a mere symbolic figure as long as he doesn't have any authority by the amended Sangha act clauses. Those amendments lead the Sangha to the unavoidable secular intervention.

KCI등재

9โครงการสร้างมาตรฐานการเรียนการสอนภาษาไทย ในสาธารณรัฐเกาหลี ภายใต้กฎหมายว่าด้วยการส่งเสริมการเรียน การสอนภาษายุทธศาสตร์ : โอกาสและความท้าทายในอนาคต

저자 : สมชายสาเนียงงาม ( Somchai Sumniengngam ) , คึนเฮชิน ( Keunhye Shin ) , เกวลินศรีม่วง ( Kewalin Simuang ) , แชมุนลี ( Chaemoon Lee ) , นริศราไตรบุตร ( Narisara Traiboot ) , วิรัชศิริวัฒนะนาวิน ( Wirat Siriwatananawin ) , เฮจินช็อน ( Hyejin Jeon ) , คยองอึนป

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 273-303 (31 pages)

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ภาควิชาภาษาไทย มหาวิยาลัยฮันกุ๊กภาษาและกิจการต่างประเทศ ได้รับความไว้วางใจจากรัฐบาลและได้รับการจัดสรรงบประมาณภายใต้กรอบการสนับสนุนของกฎหมายว่าด้วยการส่งเสริมการเรียนการสอนภาษายุทธศาสตร์ของรัฐบาลเกาหลี มาตั้งแต่ปี ค.ศ.2018 และได้ดาเนินโครงการต่าง ๆ เกี่ยวกับการสร้างมาตรฐานการเรียนการสอนภาษาไทยในฐานะภาษาต่างประเทศมาอย่างต่อเนื่องจนประสบความสาเร็จอย่างเป็นรูปธรรม บทความนี้มี วัตถุประสงค์เพื่อวิเคราะห์ผลการดาเนินการภายใต้กรอบการสนับสนุนดังกล่าวในช่วงเวลาดาเนินงานที่ผ่านมา ตลอดจนเพื่อเสนอแนะความท้าทายในอนาคต
มาตรฐานการเรียนการสอนภาษาไทยในฐานะภาษาต่างประเทศในสาธารณรัฐเกาหลีที่ภาควิชาภาษาไทย ได้พัฒนาขึ้นในช่วงเวลา 4 ปีที่ผ่านมา ได้แก่ หลักสูตรมาตรฐานภาษาไทย ตารามาตรฐานภาษาไทย ข้อสอบมาตรฐานภาษาไทย และแอปพลิเคชันพจนานุกรม
หลักสูตรมาตรฐานภาษาไทยที่พัฒนาขึ้นเพื่อใช้เป็นกรอบในการกาหนดการจัดการศึกษานั้นใช้กรอบอ้างอิงทางภาษาของสหภาพยุโรป (CEFR) แบ่งการจัดการศึกษาออกเป็น 6 ระดับ ได้แก่ A1, A2, B1, B2, C1และ C2 นอกจากนี้หลักสูตรยังได้กาหนดการจัดการศึกษาระดับ A0 เพิ่มขึ้นอีก เพื่อให้ผู้เรียนได้เรียนพื้นฐานเกี่ยวกับตัวอักษรไทยและระบบวรรณยุกต์ก่อนเรียนในระดับ A1 ตารามาตรฐานภาษาไทยที่จัดทาขึ้นมีเนื้อหาทั้งไวยากรณ์ สังคมวัฒนธรรม และคาศัพท์พื้นฐานตามที่กาหนดไว้ในหลักสูตรมาตรฐานภาษาไทยสาหรับแต่ละระดับ
ส่วนข้อสอบมาตรฐานภาษาไทยจัดทาขึ้นอย่างมีเอกภาพและสอดคล้องกับหลักสูตรมาตรฐานภาษาไทย แบ่งเป็น 4 ระดับคือ A1 , A2 , B1 และ B2 นอกจากนี้ยังได้พัฒนาแอปพลิเคชันพจนานุกรมขึ้นเพื่อรวบรวมคาศัพท์ที่ปรากฏในตารามาตรฐานภาษาไทยทั้ง 4 ระดับ
โครงการสร้างมาตรฐานการเรียนการสอนภาษาไทยในสาธารณรัฐเกาหลีนี้เป็นความร่วมมือร่วมใจกันระหว่างนักวิชาการชาวเกาหลีและชาวไทยเพื่อสร้างประโยชน์สูงสุดให้แก่การสอนภาษาไทยในฐานะภาษาต่างประเทศในสาธารณรัฐเกาหลี นับเป็นก้าวแรกในการสร้างมาตรฐานให้แก่วงวิชาการและสมควรที่จะได้รับการสนับสนุนอย่างต่อเนื่องทั้งจากรัฐบาลเกาหลีและรัฐบาลไทยในอนาคต


In 2018, the Department of Thai at Hankuk University of Foreign Studies was entrusted by the South Korean government and allocated funding support under the Act on the Promotion of Education of Critical Foreign Languages, which aims to promote the teaching and learning of critical foreign languages. Since then, it has piloted several projects that serve to standardize the teaching of Thai as a foreign language and brought the initiative to full fruition. This article analyzes the major contributions of this undertaking and identifies areas of potential challenges for future planning and implementation.
For the last four years, the standardization of the teaching of Thai as a foreign language in South Korea spearheaded by the Department of Thai has spanned four areas, including curriculum design, textbook development, establishment of a standard test method, and compilation of a dictionary application.
The Thai language curriculum was designed in accordance with the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), which distinguishes six reference levels of proficiency (A1, A2, B1, B2, C2 and C2). In addition, Level A0 has been added to introduce the learner to the Thai alphabet and tone system before advancing to A1. The content of the textbooks presents grammatical concepts, socio-cultural information, and vocabulary that reflect the curricular requirements for each level of proficiency.
The proficiency tests were developed that recognize the unity between the tests and level-specific learning outcomes. Administered at 4 levels of proficiency: A1, A2, B1, and B2, each of the level tests is distributed over 3 degrees of difficulty: easy, medium, and difficult. Moreover, compilation of a dictionary application is currently underway that collects the vocabulary introduced in the main textbooks.
This jointly collaborated initiative between Korean and Thai scholars has made immense contributions to the teaching of Thai as a foreign language in South Korea. As an innovation in standardizing the teaching and learning of Thai, this pioneering project deserves continuous support from the Korean and Thai governments in the future.

KCI등재

10การเปรียบเทียบภาพสะท้อนสังคมในนวนิยายชายรักชาย เรื่อง คุณหมีปาฏิหาริย์ ของ ปราปต์ และ What if it's us ของ Baecky Albertalli และ Adam Silvera

저자 : หทัยวรรณมณีวงษ์* ( Hathaiwan Maneewong ) , พัฒนเศรษฐ์สุนทรเกษตร ( Phatthanaset Soonthornkaset ) , ปาณิสราเจียกโคกกรวด ( Panisara Chiakkhokkruad )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 305-324 (20 pages)

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บทความนี้มีจุดมุ่งหมายเพื่อเปรียบเทียบภาพสะท้อนในนวนิยายชายรักชายเรื่อง คุณหมี ปาฏิหาริย์ ของ ปราปต์ และ What if it's us ของ Baecky Albertalli และ Adam Silvera โดย วิเคราะห์เอกสาร และวิเคราะห์เนื้อหา โดยการอ่านพิจารณาแบบตีความ แล้วสรุปเนื้อหา ผลการวิจัยพบ ภาพสะท้อนในสังคมไทยเรื่อง คุณหมีปาฏิหาริย์ ของ ปราปต์ ในด้านต่อไปนี้
1. สถาบันครอบครัว หัวหน้าครอบครัวมีอิทธิพลสูงสุดต่อ การแสดงออกทางด้านความคิด และการแสดงออกของสมาชิก 2. สถาบันสังคมสะท้อนให้เห็นความเป็นสังคมแบบอนุรักษ์นิยม มากกว่าแนวคิดสมัยใหม่ ส่งผลในการยอมรับความหลากหลายทางเพศ 3. ความเชื่อและศาสนา สังคม ยึดติดความเชื่อเดิมที่มีต่อกลุ่มชายรักชาย เนื่องจากขนบธรรมเนียมเรื่องเพศแบบเก่า 4. สถาบันการศึกษา สภาพแวดล้อมโรงเรียนปกปิดรสนิยมทางเพศเนื่องจากปัจจัยด้านครอบครัว และมีประเด็นภาพสะท้อนอื่นๆ เพิ่มเติม ได้แก่ อาชีพกับเพศ กฎหมายในสังคม การเมืองการ ปกครอง เรื่อง What if it's us ของ Baecky Albertalli และ Adam Silvera สะท้อนภาพสังคม สหรัฐอเมริกาด้านต่าง ๆ ดังนี้
1. สถาบันครอบครัวให้อิสระในการดำเนินชีวิตของสมาชิก ในรูปแบบประชาธิปไตย 2. สถาบันทางสังคมมีการพัฒนาทัศนคติต่อความหลากหลายทางเพศในเชิงบวก และการปฏิบัติ ต่อทุกคนอย่างเท่าเทียมกันโดยไม่จำกัดเพศ 3. ความเชื่อและศาสนามีการเปลี่ยนแปลงความเชื่อ ต่าง ๆ ตามสภาพสังคม ที่พัฒนาอยู่ตลอดเวลา 4. สถาบันการศึกษาสามารถเปิดเผยรสนิยมทาง เพศได้ แต่บางกลุ่มยังไม่ยอมรับความหลากหลายทางเพศ เช่นสังคมไทย แม้จะมีรูปแบบผสม เช่นกันทั้งสองสังคมแต่ ค่านิยมของสังคมไทยมีความเป็นอนุรักษ์นิยมมากกว่า ทำให้การนำเสนอ ภาพชายรักชายยังเป็นปัญหากับบริบทสังคมรอบข้างมากกว่าสังคมสหรัฐอเมริกาอย่างเห็นได้ชัด


This article aimed to compare the reflections of Male Homosexual Groups in the novels “The Miracle of Teddy Bear” of Prap and “What if it's us” of Baecky Albertalli and Adam Silvera by implementing document analysis and content analysis along with interpretive reading and summarizing the novels. The results showed that the reflection of male homosexual group in Thai society in “the Miracle of Teddy Bear” of Prap were as follows.
1. For Thai family institution, the head of family had the greatest influence on members' expressions of ideas and behaviors. 2. Social institution, it rather reflected conservative society than modern ideas resulting in acceptance of sexual diversity. 3. Beliefs and Religions, there were traditional beliefs toward male homosexual group influenced by traditional norms of sexuality. 4. Educational institution, school environment did not support individual sexual orientation due to family as a primary factor. Additionally, additional issues were discussed, including reflection of careers and genders, reflection of laws in society, and reflection of politics and governance.
Meanwhile, the novel “What if it's us” of Baecky Albertalli and Adam Silvera reflected American society as follows. 1. Family institution, members were free to live their lives in democratic family. 2. Social institution improved positive attitude towards sexual diversity group, and everyone was treated equally regardless genders. 3. Beliefs and Religions were suitably changed due to the constant development of social conditions. 4. Educational institution presented the ability to express sexual orientation explicitly. However, some groups still denied to accept sexual diversity, likewise Thai society. This illustrated mixed society in both societies. Nevertheless, Thai value was obviously different as it seemed more conservative than American society. As a result, there were still more problems toward the presentation of male homosexuality under the surrounding social contexts in Thai society than in American society.

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1이탈리아 최초의 태국학 연구자 제리니

저자 : 신근혜 ( Keun-hye¸ Shin ) , 박문정 ( Moonjung¸ Park )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-23 (23 pages)

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This paper analyzes the activities of Gerolamo Emilio Gerini (1850-1913), who was among the first generation of Italian immigrants to move to Thailand at the end of the 19th century. Scholarly attention on Gerini's activities has largely been limited to his military and political achievements: Gerini is known for being a trusty associate of King Chulalongkorn, and his contributions to the modernization of Siam's military earned him a coveted place in “The Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant.” However, during his 25 years in Siam, Gerini also traveled extensively around Siam and to neighboring countries, collecting 3,000 ancient documents for research and analysis. Further, he is also regarded as the first scholar to introduce Siam and the Thai academic community to modern archiving methods at the end of the 19th century. Gerini also founded the “Siam Society” in 1904, which was charged with studying and promoting knowledge about Siam, its history, and culture. Even after returning to Italy in 1906, Gerini continued to study the culture and language of Siam and disseminate his research to Italian academia. He accompanied during King Chulalongkorn's second visit to Europe and was responsible for arranging the exhibition of the Thai Pavilion at the 1911 Turin International Exposition. Drawing on his research and academic achievements, this thesis examines whether it is possible to identify Gerini as “the first Thai scholar in Italy.”

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2태국 영화 '배드 지니어스'에 나타난 욕망의 생산과정 연구

저자 : 이정윤 ( Jeong Yoon Lee )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 25-53 (29 pages)

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본 논문은 태국 영화 '배드 지니어스(ฉลาดเกมส์โกง)'에 나타난 욕망의 생산방식과 주체의 특성을 탐구하였다. 들뢰즈는 욕망의 생산과정에 있어서 ①사회적 생산과 ②욕망하는 생산으로 구분하였다. 영화의 초반부에서 '린'과 '뱅크'의 욕망은 자본주의 터전에 예속된 사회적 생산으로 비슷한 양상을 보였지만, 후반부에서는 둘의 욕망이 달라진 양상을 보여준다.
돈은 자본주의 사회에서 현대인의 삶을 존속시키는 인간 욕망의 주요 대상이다. 영화에서 린은 한 과목 당 3천 바트를 지불할 테니 STIC시험지의 답을 공유하자는 제안을 받는다. 린은 돈의 액수를 계산해 본 후, 제안을 수락한다. 뱅크는 처음에는 거절하지만 결국 STIC시험의 커닝 행위에 가담하게 되며 궁극적으로 돈에 집착하고 예속되는 인물이 된다. 린과 뱅크의 이러한 모습은 인간의 욕망이 자본주의의 질서에 순응하고 또 거기에 고착화되어 가는 사회적 생산방식을 나타낸다. 이에 따라 린과 뱅크는 자본주의 사회의 울타리 속에 자신의 욕망을 묶어두는 정주된 주체의 모습을 드러내고 있다.
그러나 후반부에서 린은 뱅크와 다른 욕망의 흐름을 보여준다. 린은 새로운 사회적 질서를 생산하는 욕망의 흐름을 보여주고 있기 때문이다. 후반부에 린은 자신의 돈까지 뱅크에게 주며 돈에 연연하지 않는 모습을 보여준다. 그리고 린의 욕망은 자신의 경험을 토대로 훌륭한 교사가 되고자 하는 것으로 흘러감으로써 욕망하는 생산방식을 보여준다. 이러한 린은 돈에 대한 욕망에서 또 다른 욕망으로 탈영토화 함으로써, 탈주하는 주체의 양상을 나타낸다. 린에게 있어 이러한 욕망하는 생산의 과정들은 무한히 반복해서 실행될 것이고, 이러한 창조적 과정의 실행을 통해서 사회를 변화시킬 것이다.

KCI등재

3อุปลักษณ์เชิงมโนทัศน์เกี่ยวกับการชุมนุมทางการเมืองในข่าวออนไลน์ไทย

저자 : ยิ่งยศกันจินะ ( Yingyot Kanchina ) , เบญจรัตน์ตรียมณีรัตน์ ( Benjarat Triyamanirat )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 55-94 (40 pages)

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บทความวิจัยนี้มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อวิเคราะห์อุปลักษณ์เชิงมโนทัศน์การชุมนุมทางการเมืองที่ปรากฏในข่าวออนไลน์โดยใช้แนวคิดอุปลักษณ์เชิงมโนทัศน์ (Conceptual Metaphor) โดยเก็บข้อมูลทั้งหัวข้อข่าวและเนื้อหาข่าวเกี่ยวกับการชุมนุมของกลุ่มคณะราษฎรระหว่างเดือนกรกฎาคมถึงธันวาคม พ.ศ. ๒๕๖๓ จากเว็บไซต์ข่าวออนไลน์ ๕ แหล่ง ได้แก่ ไทยรัฐออนไลน์ผู้จัดการออนไลน์ ข่าวสดออนไลน์ กรุงเทพธุรกิจ และมติชนออนไลน์ แหล่งละ ๒๐ ข่าว รวมทั้งสิ้น ๑๐๐ ข่าว ผลการวิจัยพบถ้อยคำที่แสดงอุปลักษณ์เชิงมโนทัศน์เกี่ยวกับการชุมนุมทางการเมืองทั้งหมด ๓๑๒ ถ้อยคำโดยเว็บไซต์ข่าวไทยรัฐออนไลน์ใช้อุปลักษณ์เชิงมโนทัศน์มากที่สุดรองลงมาคือผู้จัดการออนไลน์ กรุงเทพธุรกิจออนไลน์ มติชนออนไลน์ และข่าวสดออนไลน์ตามลำดับ ส่วนประเภทของอุปลักษณ์เชิงมโนทัศน์นั้นพบว่าอุปลักษณ์เชิงมโนทัศน์ที่เกี่ยวกับการชุมนุมทางการเมือง ๖ ประเภท ได้แก่ [การชุมนุมทางการเมืองคือสงคราม] [ผู้ชุมนุมทางการเมืองคือเด็ก] [การชุมนุมทางการเมืองคือการแข่งขัน] [การชุมนุมทางการเมืองคือการเดินทาง] [การชุมนุมทางการเมืองคือความบันเทิง] และ [การชุมนุมทางการเมืองคือไฟ] อุปลักษณ์เชิงมโนทัศน์ที่พบแสดงให้เห็นถึงความคิดของผู้เขียนข่าวที่มีต่อการชุมนุมทางการเมืองและยังมีการส่งต่อความคิดนี้ไปยังผู้รับสารซึ่งเป็นประชาชนในสังคมผ่านข่าวออนไลน์

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4โลกทัศน์เกี่ยวกับ “กรรม” ในสังคมไทยที่สะท้อนจากชื่อหนังสือธรรมะ

저자 : อำนาจปักษาสุข ( Amnat Paksasuk )

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 95-114 (20 pages)

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การตั้งชื่อเป็นการใช้ภาษาที่สำคัญลักษณะหนึ่งในการสื่อสารของมนุษย์ โดยชื่อที่ตั้งขึ้นสามารถสะท้อนให้เห็นความคิด ความเชื่อ และวัฒนธรรมของคนในสังคมนั้นได้ ชื่อหนังสือเป็นชื่ออีกประเภทหนึ่งที่มีความน่าสนใจ การศึกษาครั้งนี้มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อศึกษาชื่อหนังสือธรรมะที่ปรากฏคำว่า “กรรม” โดยพิจารณากลวิธีทางศัพท์และการใช้อุปลักษณ์ในชื่อหนังสือธรรมะที่ปรากฏคำว่า “กรรม” ตลอดจนศึกษาโลกทัศน์เกี่ยวกับกรรมที่สะท้อนจากชื่อหนังสือธรรมะ โดยประยุกต์ใช้แนวคิดทางอรรถศาสตร์ชาติพันธุ์ข้อมูลที่ใช้ศึกษา ได้แก่ ชื่อหนังสือธรรมะที่ปรากฏคำว่า “กรรม” ซึ่งรวบรวมจากเว็บไซต์ต่าง ๆ จำนวน 76ชื่อ ผลการศึกษากลวิธีทางศัพท์ที่ใช้ในการตั้งชื่อหนังสือธรรมะที่ปรากฏคำว่า “กรรม” พบการเลือกใช้คำศัพท์ 6 กลุ่มความหมาย สำหรับการใช้อุปลักษณ์พบ 6 อุปลักษณ์ ด้านโลกทัศน์เกี่ยวกับกรรมในสังคมไทยที่สะท้อนจากชื่อหนังสือธรรมะพบ 4 ประการ ได้แก่ (1) กรรมเป็นสิ่งที่จับต้องได้ (2) กรรมเป็นสิ่งที่มีพลังอำนาจ (3) กรรมเป็นสิ่งที่ไม่พึงปรารถนา และ (4) กรรมเป็นสิ่งที่สามารถเปลี่ยนแปลงได้

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5How States Violate Human Rights Treaties: Case of the Thailand 2020 Protests

저자 : Junsu Seo

발행기관 : 한국태국학회 간행물 : 한국태국학회논총 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 115-152 (38 pages)

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In the protests that took place after the dissolution of the Future Forward Party in early 2020, the Thai government responded by judicial measures and use of force. The protests that continued during the year developed into a democratic movement with a wide range of issues of the country. However, the government's response to the protests increased human rights concerns, caused by suppression against opposing political groups, crackdown of protests, restrictions on the freedom of expression about the monarchy, and prohibition of participation of the religious community in protests. The international human rights treaties to which Thailand is a party served as a condition for improvement of and respect on human rights, just as protest groups appealed to the international community based on this cause. This paper reviews the democratic movement in Thailand since 2020 through the lens of international human rights treaties and domestic legal, political, and social factors that affect human rights violations. This article argues that Thailand's sociopolitical structure challenges the state's implementation of the international agreements, but the will to meet the international standards of human rights by the Thai government will be the starting point for overcoming the parallels between protesters and government to cope with the demands from the movement without violence.

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