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수록정보
97권0호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 6
간행물 제목
98권0호(2022년 11월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

저자 : Jaejun Kim , Myung-kwan Park

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-30 (30 pages)

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Since the formulation of the Coordinate Structure Constraint (CSC), extraction from coordinate structures has been observed to be illegitimate, but it is empirically challenged by exceptional cases. Given this, we propose that conjuncts in general are base-generated by Form Set (Chomsky 2020, 2021), being subject to the parallel structure constraint; extraction occurs in an across-the-board mode, capturing the CSC. Concerning the exceptional VP conjuncts where asymmetric extraction is allowed, we argue that they are properly labeled in the mode of syntactic restructuring (Choe 1988; Wurmbrand 2001) (Kim and Park 2021, 2022); accordingly, the requirement of the single event structure (Truswell 2007) is met, feeding sub-extraction. In short, this paper deduces the CSC by resorting to Form Set in tandem with labeling via restructuring.

KCI등재

저자 : 송경안 ( Kyung-an Song )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 31-57 (27 pages)

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In some languages, active voice can usually be converted to passive voice without any problems. However, there are languages in which the use of the passive voice is quite restricted. This paper analyzes the frequency of the passive voice in Korean, English, Chinese, and Japanese based on the text of the Book of Acts in the New Testament. In the English text, 302 passive constructions were identified, while the Korean, the Chinese and the Japanese text used 198, 104, 215 passive constructions respectively. Korean and Japanese showed no meaningful difference. The four languages also showed differences in the number of passive markers or forms and their usages. Japanese has a single marker for passive voice. In English, two forms are used: the be-passive and the get-passive. The situations of the two other languages are quite different. In Korean, we could enumerate eight or more passive markers. Chinese grammars usually classify four or five passive markers, although some grammarians count twelve passive markers in Chinese. In Korean, eight markers were used with significant frequencies(more than nine cases). In Chinese, the bei(被)-type was mainly used (75 of 104 cases), and the shou(受)-type showed a frequency of 27. We did not find any other passive markers with a significant frequency in the Chinese text.

KCI등재

저자 : Sue Y. Yoon

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 59-85 (27 pages)

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This study applies conversation analysis to examine a collection of naturally occurring telephone calls to examine how Korean speakers differentiate their use of kulehci and maca in social interactions in which they exchange information or opinions. When they occur as freestanding tokens or are prefaced by a 'yes'-type token (e.g., ung and e), kulehci serves to indicate its producer's lack of ability or rights to fully affiliate with a stance conveyed in a prior turn, whereas maca displays its producer's ability or rights to fully endorse. In the case of kulehci and maca accompanied by the same speaker's additional talk, kulehci tokens are routinely followed by a reformulation of the prior speaker's talk, while maca tokens are followed by the addition of a new piece of information or opinion to an ongoing topic.

KCI등재

저자 : 정해권 ( Jeong Haegwon )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 87-111 (25 pages)

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In the grammaticalization of postpositions in Korean, certain periphrastic constructions may develop, and if these are not recognized as a grammatical unit, the meaning of sentences may be misunderstood. About sixty periphrastic postpositions are used in modern Korean, and they are grammaticalized as not only oblique markers but also delimiters. Additionally, some have similar meanings and show layering in the grammaticalization process, and their specialized meaning differences are revealed in contexts combined with different postpositions. The periphrastic postposition i/ka anila has developed like a delimiter and is one of the most frequently used, and serves as another periphrastic postposition combined with ppun and man.

KCI등재

저자 : 함계임 ( Hahm Kye Im )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 113-136 (24 pages)

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This study found a problem arising in the use and biased meanings that is not pragmatically smooth due to the multi-sense meaning of '-at/eot umyeon joketta', one of the Korean expressions of hope, and determined that one of its causes is the system of textbooks and grammar books and the contents of the description without set standards. Therefore, in this study, a corpus search was performed to collect the instances where '-at/eot umyeon joketta' is used. A total 150 sentences were extracted through the corpus search, and all 4 meanings of '-at/eot umyeon joketta' were found to be used, including hope for the impossible, hope for a possibility, hope in request for action and hope for the resolution of complaint. Examining each semantic component, the hope for the impossible, hope for a possibility, hope in request for action were observed to be in metaphorical expansion relationship with one another :the hope for complaint resolution was extended from the hope for action request. It is expanded from the adjacent meanings and it was confirmed that relationship was one of metonymous expansion. This result was confirmed that the left and right(road) extensions in the male form of '-at/eot umyeon joketta'were metaphorical and upper and lower(length) extensions were metonymous. This can be applied to instruction on the use polysemous grammar forms.

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KCI등재

저자 : 김종호 ( Jongho Kim ) , 한수진 ( Sujin Han )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 97권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-24 (24 pages)

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This paper attempts to illustrate and interpret how economic principles, which humans display in various ways, are applied to language. This paper targets causative complex sentences found in Matthew in the Chinese Bible and interprets the phenomenon of frequent omission and/or deletion in subsequent sections when separate clauses are merged in the 把 compound from the generative grammatical point of view. By analyzing clauses of 把 in causative complex sentences in Matthew from the above-mentioned points, the deletions found in the script are categorized into three types. In other words, the “A把B” structure, which is explicitly shown in the antecedent clause, is in some cases omitted entirely in the subsequent clause. In other cases, only the “A把” element is omitted, or the argument element “A” is omitted.

KCI등재

저자 : 박지현 ( Ji Hyun Park )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 97권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 25-50 (26 pages)

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This study aims to investigate the relationship between perspectives and aspects, assuming that differences in the perspective of two languages lead to differences in the choice of aspect markers. When the two situations form a complex sentence at different intervals of time, this study focuses on the perspective of the subject of conception, in relation to expressing it with '-eo iss-neon' in Korean literary works and '-ta' in Japanese translations. The choice of aspect marker changes depending on where the perspective of the subject of conception is during the Perfect phase. The Korean perspective is 'object viewed', and the two situations are recognized as coexisting within one fixed frame. The Japanese perspective, by means of the 'vantage point', recognized the temporal order of the two situations in sequence.

KCI등재

저자 : 박해일 ( Haeil Park )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 97권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 51-72 (22 pages)

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This paper investigated the neural processes of sentence comprehension, focusing on a particular syntactic operation of syntactic movement and utilizing a functional magnetic resonance imaging(fMRI). English constructions (i.e., wh-questions known to undergo syntactic movement) were presented to English native speakers in a visual comprehension task and compared with carefully matched control sentences. We found that wh-questions as compared to yes/no questions induced activation in the left inferior frontal gyrus(or Broca's area), precentral gyrus, and posterior superior temporal cortex, consistent with a previous study utilizing a Hebrew auditory comprehension task. This finding suggests that the processing of syntactic movement includes a consistent set of brain regions, irrespective of task or language.

KCI등재

저자 : 이해윤 ( Hae-yun Lee )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 97권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 73-94 (22 pages)

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This paper examines vague expressions in law from the perspective of linguistics. Linguistic expressions inherently exhibit the various types of vagueness, whereas the law requires clarity of expressions in articles. Therefore, we find a gap between linguistic expressions and the requirements of law. In this paper, we examine the distribution of vague expressions in law and understand the sense of their appearance from the perspective of linguistics. First, we collect vague expressions from the precedents of the Constitutional Court and classify them according to four types of vagueness: qualitative, quantitative, multidimensional vagueness and explicature. Next, we examine the judicial interpretation of each type and re-interpret it linguistically. As a result, we see that the judicial interpretation reflects the linguistic meaning of vagueness.

KCI등재

저자 : 정인기 ( Inkie Chung )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 97권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 95-124 (30 pages)

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This paper studies the information structure and associated intonation patterns of the conjoined sentences with the suffix -ko in Korean. The results of a perception experiment show that the intonation of [H(/)L] is the most appropriate for temporal sequence 1, duration, reason and reverse order. Here, the focus is on the first conjunct, projecting the [foreground/background] information structure of the entire sentence. For sentences with temporal sequence 2, [L(/)H] is judged the most fitting: a new intonation unit seems to form in the second conjunct. Meanwhile, two juxtaposed conjuncts have the same intonation ([LH/LH]) owing to the same thematic structure in each conjunct. It is shown that the intonation of the sentences with -ko is affected by their polysemy, syntactic structures, thematic structures and focus.

KCI등재

저자 : 최영주 ( Youngju Choi )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 97권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 125-146 (22 pages)

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Lakoff and Johnson (1999) claim that morality is embodied, meaning that the concept MORALITY is understood as PHYSICAL CLEANLINESS and morality and cleanliness are mutually influenced by each other. Many psychological experiments have been conducted to prove this mutual influence between morality and physical cleanliness. However, very few studies, if any, have focused on linguistic manifestation of the metaphor MORALITY IS PHYSICAL CLEANLINESS. In bridging the gap, this paper examines spoken and sign languages such as Korean, English, and Korean Sign Language, demonstrating the potential of the universality of the metaphor MORALITY IS PHYSICAL CLEANLINESS. The results suggest that psychological link between morality and physical cleanliness is cross-cultural.

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