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수록정보
96권0호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 6
간행물 제목
98권0호(2022년 11월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

저자 : Jaejun Kim , Myung-kwan Park

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-30 (30 pages)

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Since the formulation of the Coordinate Structure Constraint (CSC), extraction from coordinate structures has been observed to be illegitimate, but it is empirically challenged by exceptional cases. Given this, we propose that conjuncts in general are base-generated by Form Set (Chomsky 2020, 2021), being subject to the parallel structure constraint; extraction occurs in an across-the-board mode, capturing the CSC. Concerning the exceptional VP conjuncts where asymmetric extraction is allowed, we argue that they are properly labeled in the mode of syntactic restructuring (Choe 1988; Wurmbrand 2001) (Kim and Park 2021, 2022); accordingly, the requirement of the single event structure (Truswell 2007) is met, feeding sub-extraction. In short, this paper deduces the CSC by resorting to Form Set in tandem with labeling via restructuring.

KCI등재

저자 : 송경안 ( Kyung-an Song )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 31-57 (27 pages)

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In some languages, active voice can usually be converted to passive voice without any problems. However, there are languages in which the use of the passive voice is quite restricted. This paper analyzes the frequency of the passive voice in Korean, English, Chinese, and Japanese based on the text of the Book of Acts in the New Testament. In the English text, 302 passive constructions were identified, while the Korean, the Chinese and the Japanese text used 198, 104, 215 passive constructions respectively. Korean and Japanese showed no meaningful difference. The four languages also showed differences in the number of passive markers or forms and their usages. Japanese has a single marker for passive voice. In English, two forms are used: the be-passive and the get-passive. The situations of the two other languages are quite different. In Korean, we could enumerate eight or more passive markers. Chinese grammars usually classify four or five passive markers, although some grammarians count twelve passive markers in Chinese. In Korean, eight markers were used with significant frequencies(more than nine cases). In Chinese, the bei(被)-type was mainly used (75 of 104 cases), and the shou(受)-type showed a frequency of 27. We did not find any other passive markers with a significant frequency in the Chinese text.

KCI등재

저자 : Sue Y. Yoon

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 59-85 (27 pages)

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This study applies conversation analysis to examine a collection of naturally occurring telephone calls to examine how Korean speakers differentiate their use of kulehci and maca in social interactions in which they exchange information or opinions. When they occur as freestanding tokens or are prefaced by a 'yes'-type token (e.g., ung and e), kulehci serves to indicate its producer's lack of ability or rights to fully affiliate with a stance conveyed in a prior turn, whereas maca displays its producer's ability or rights to fully endorse. In the case of kulehci and maca accompanied by the same speaker's additional talk, kulehci tokens are routinely followed by a reformulation of the prior speaker's talk, while maca tokens are followed by the addition of a new piece of information or opinion to an ongoing topic.

KCI등재

저자 : 정해권 ( Jeong Haegwon )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 87-111 (25 pages)

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In the grammaticalization of postpositions in Korean, certain periphrastic constructions may develop, and if these are not recognized as a grammatical unit, the meaning of sentences may be misunderstood. About sixty periphrastic postpositions are used in modern Korean, and they are grammaticalized as not only oblique markers but also delimiters. Additionally, some have similar meanings and show layering in the grammaticalization process, and their specialized meaning differences are revealed in contexts combined with different postpositions. The periphrastic postposition i/ka anila has developed like a delimiter and is one of the most frequently used, and serves as another periphrastic postposition combined with ppun and man.

KCI등재

저자 : 함계임 ( Hahm Kye Im )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 113-136 (24 pages)

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This study found a problem arising in the use and biased meanings that is not pragmatically smooth due to the multi-sense meaning of '-at/eot umyeon joketta', one of the Korean expressions of hope, and determined that one of its causes is the system of textbooks and grammar books and the contents of the description without set standards. Therefore, in this study, a corpus search was performed to collect the instances where '-at/eot umyeon joketta' is used. A total 150 sentences were extracted through the corpus search, and all 4 meanings of '-at/eot umyeon joketta' were found to be used, including hope for the impossible, hope for a possibility, hope in request for action and hope for the resolution of complaint. Examining each semantic component, the hope for the impossible, hope for a possibility, hope in request for action were observed to be in metaphorical expansion relationship with one another :the hope for complaint resolution was extended from the hope for action request. It is expanded from the adjacent meanings and it was confirmed that relationship was one of metonymous expansion. This result was confirmed that the left and right(road) extensions in the male form of '-at/eot umyeon joketta'were metaphorical and upper and lower(length) extensions were metonymous. This can be applied to instruction on the use polysemous grammar forms.

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KCI등재

저자 : Kyumin¸ Kim

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 96권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-25 (25 pages)

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This paper examines the syntax of bare nouns in the aspectual domain with respect to event telicity by investigating the properties of bare nouns in Mandarin and Korean. These languages are considered as bare noun languages, but the syntax of bare nouns in the aspectual context has not been explained. The paper shows that unlike English in these languages a specified quantity meaning of a bare noun object does not play a major role in determining event telicity. It is further shown that bare nouns in these languages do not share the same aspectual structure despite their similar semantics. The paper proposes that the quantity meaning of a bare noun is grammatically represented in Korean as NumP, but not in Mandarin. The consequence of this paper supports the current view in which bare nouns are not structurally so bare. It also provides a novel account for the aspectual differences of bare nouns in these languages, which has not been previously discussed.

KCI등재

저자 : 박혜선 ( Hyeson Park )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 96권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 27-54 (28 pages)

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This study examines the there-existential construction in research articles written by native and non-native English scholars in the disciplines of applied linguistics and engineering. A corpus analysis was conducted focusing on the overall frequency, distribution patterns across the article subsections, the structure of the logical subject, and pragma-discourse functions. The results showed clear differences between the soft and hard sciences, with the former exhibiting a higher token frequency and more complex logical subjects. The native and non-native texts were also distinct; the native scholars produced fewer tokens but more complex logical subjects. The results support the role of academic disciplines and English proficiency in the utilization of the there-construction. The results also point to the relevance of linguistic issues in research publication.

KCI등재

저자 : 조신 ( Xin Zhao )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 96권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 55-74 (20 pages)

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First & second-personal pronouns in Korean and Chinese include language customs and socio-cultural elements from both Korea and China, and the equivalent relationship is realized only under limited conditions depending on the situation and context. Therefore, translating the first & second-personal pronouns is so important for translators. It is also a widely known fact that the use patterns of personal pronouns differ depending on the sort of text. The translator should consider the type of text and ensure it is accepted by target readers. This study considers political speech as a kind of text, and examines how first & second-personal pronouns are used differently in political speech. Accordingly, this study will focus on discuss the Chinese-Korean translation methods of first & second-personal pronouns in political speech that meet Korean norms.

KCI등재

저자 : 주보현 ( Bohyun Ju )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 96권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 75-111 (37 pages)

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This study investigates anger expressions derived from motion verbs fly, go, and jump. To shed new light on motion elements that have not been highlighted earlier, effort components that describe the qualitative aspect of movement and express a person's inner attitude toward movement in LMA(Laban Movement Analysis) are used. The following issues are discussed. First, three verbs share the characteristic of sudden/fast movement in their basic meanings and this evokes the meaning extension such as sudden and unexpected changes. Second, three verbs are often used with prepositional phrases including information about direct attention to the destinations. Lastly, strong motions that require more body energy with intention are associated with anger expressions. An alternative viewpoint trying to understand anger emotion in active approach motivational system is also proposed.

KCI등재

저자 : 최인령 ( In-ryeong Choi ) , 한경림 ( Kyungreem Han ) , 최무영 ( Mooyoung Choi )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 96권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 113-145 (33 pages)

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This study examines the birth and evolution of language from the perspectives of philosophy in the Age of Enlightenment, modern linguistics, and neuroscience. Focusing on Rousseau's view and combining the perspectives of 18th-century philosophy and modern linguistics, one can presume that human language has evolved into a complex system through three stages: The first stage is the emergence of "sensory-based gesture language" shared by all animals with sense. The second is “emotion-based early voice language”, associated with the nature of mammals going through conception and lactation. Finally, the third is the inception of “reason-based late voice language” by logical operation and information processing. From the perspective of neuroscience, the origins of the three types of languages are related to the basal ganglia and cerebellum involved in sensory movements, the limbic system involved in emotion and memory, and the cerebral cortex, respectively.

KCI등재

저자 : 허용 ( Yong Heo )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 96권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 147-169 (23 pages)

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This work aims to revisit universals and typology of vowel systems in natural language. In general, the universals of a vowel system are evaluated by four criteria: the size of the vowel inventory of the language, the nature of constitutional entities of the vowel system, the phonetic features of the vowels, and the distribution of vowels in the vowel space. However, there are languages that are evaluated more correctly when other standards are applied. In this paper, we considered some examples of such languages. Furthermore, in terms of vowel typology, there are vowel systems that cannot be properly approached with a standard view. How to analyze such vowel systems is also discussed. In addition, we discussed the vowel space from a new perspective.

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