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수록정보
42권0호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 7
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43권0호(2021년 07월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1자음의 종성 실현 양상에 대한 유형론적 고찰

저자 : 이진호 ( Lee Jinho )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 43권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-28 (28 pages)

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It is known that the number and types of consonants as the syllable coda are more limited than the syllable onset. However, there is little discussion of the coda on the basis of large-scale linguistic data. Through this study, the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the syllable coda are revealed. First, the average number of consonant inventory for the coda is 8.5. Compared to the overall consonant inventory, approximately 44% of the consonants are realized in the coda. When the languages are classified according to the number of consonants in the coda, the languages with seven are the most common. Nasals at major places of articulation appear most frequently in the coda. In most languages, nasal consonants are included in the coda inventories. The majority of preferred coda inventories include the plosives and nasals as essential, with glottal or liquid consonants as optional.

KCI등재

2중국인 한국어 고급 학습자의 조사 교체 오류 분석: '이/가, 은/는, 와/과'를 중심으로

저자 : 등정정 ( Deng Jingjing )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 43권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 29-51 (23 pages)

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This paper observes postposition alternation errors by advanced Chinese learners of Korean and identifies causes of such errors through the learners' lexicon storage methods and mother tongue interference and non-automatic alternation. The results of the experiment conducted for this study are analyzed, and the causes are considered. The causes are summarized as follows. First, errors due to deletion of the substantive-final consonant are considered to be related to the way substantives and postposition are stored in the lexicon. Second, postposition alternation errors with substantives with the retained final consonant are attributed to the particularity of non-automatic alternation. Third, the errors related to postvocalic -i/-un/-kwa are identified through the learning difficulties of non-automatic alternation.

KCI등재

3'러'의 의미와 용법

저자 : 강창석 ( Kang Chang Seok )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 43권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 53-83 (31 pages)

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Most Korean grammars identify -le as in nolle ota 'to come to play' as a clause-connective ending expressing purpose. However, this traditional view faces problems in light of the current detailed analysis of empirical data and a verification process. The -le construction shows various constraints, which cannot be explained or even observed if it is viewed as purposive. In other words, a variety of syntactic and semantic constraints and features are due to the fact that the -le construction is a 'location construction'. Therefore, if one interprets -le as a location construction, it can be immediately confirmed that the various restrictions of the -le syntax are only natural. In order for the traditional view to prescribe -le as expressing purpose, at least two conditions must be satisfied. First, it must be able to clearly define the concept of purpose, and secondly, it must be able to be confirmed that the concept category of purpose has existed in the Korean language for a long time. However, neither is currently met.

KCI등재

4인문학 전공 외국인 대학원생을 위한 교육용 어휘의 선정: 머신러닝 알고리즘을 활용하여

저자 : 남신혜 ( Nam Sin-hye )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 43권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 85-108 (24 pages)

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The study aims to select educational vocabulary in the field of humanities for foreign graduate students majoring in humanities in graduate schools in Korea. Foreign graduate students studying in Korea have been steadily increasing in number, and they need to be taught vocabulary necessary to engage in academic activities in their specialized fields. To achieve this goal, a corpus of academic papers in literature, history, and philosophy, a subdisciplinary study that constitutes humanities, was established. Then, words were selected by utilizing the range of vocabulary in the corpus and the TextRank algorithm, one of the machine learning algorithms. Among these selected words, those of low proficiency were excluded. As a result, the finalized vocabulary is presented along with the division of words appearing in multiple fields of study and those appearing in single fields. The results can be used conveniently in actual classroom settings.

KCI등재

5'결과'의 내면화와 의미 층위의 관계 연구: 접속 부사 '그래서, 그러므로, 따라서'와 '-ㄴ 것이다' 구문을 중심으로

저자 : 서반석 ( Seo Banseoc )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 43권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 109-137 (29 pages)

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This study examines the relation between the epistemological characteristics of conjunctive adverbs of result, i.e., kulayse, kulemulo, and ttalase, and the semantic hierarchy of sentences and verifies how these characteristics work with the -n kesita construction. The result expressions show a difference of how much the event or situation of the result is assimilated to the speaker. When a sentence with a result adverb appears with the -n kesita construction, the result is interpreted as more assimilated. Also, the same sentence can be interpreted differently depending on whether the semantic hierarchy is an event or a proposition. In the case of -n kesita construction, the interpretation is sometimes limited to a proposition in the hierarchy.

KCI등재

6두음 법칙 규정과 어종

저자 : 최형용 ( Choi Hyungyong )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 43권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 139-168 (30 pages)

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This paper aims at revealing the problems of the criterion of the vocabulary types (i.e., native Korean words, Sino-Korean words and loanwords) in the explanation of the word-initial law and suggesting an alternative that helps to understand the identity of the word-initial law. First, I assert through the changes of the norm of the word-initial law that the word-initial law was introduced according to the principle of phoneticism in Korean orthography. Then, I show the vocabulary type criterion is contradictory to this principle and the word structure information which is necessary for the application of the word-initial law. Therefore, the vocabulary type criterion has to be abandoned. Alternatively, the applicable forms of the initial-law have to be regarded as nouns and the non-applicable forms as suffixes.

KCI등재

7한국어 주어일치소에 대한 새로운 접근: 음성형식부 일치 분석

저자 : 박소영 ( Park So-young )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 43권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 169-199 (31 pages)

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This paper presents a PF-based analysis of the so-called subject agreement forms in Korean such as -si- and -tul. These morphemes exhibit the properties that are not consistent with the predictions of syntactic agreement; their realizations are optional, and their overall distributions cannot be fully captured by any syntactic rules. In addition, semantic interpretations are not substantially affected regardless of their presence or absence. Based on these facts, this paper argues that they should rather be taken as agreement forms at PF, thus inserted by the application of a node-sprouting rule at PF. Their status as subject agreement forms will also be refuted, instead generalizing them as agreeing with their C-commanding antecedents being in the same phase.

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KCI등재

1의학 전문용어의 말 다듬기와 단어 형성

저자 : 정한데로 ( Jeong Handero )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 42권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-37 (37 pages)

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This paper aims to review diachronic processes of Korean medical terminology in terms of the refining of words, and to discuss some word formation issues about Korean medical terminology in the dictionary of Urimalsaem. In medical terminology, there have been steady attempts to simplify the terminology since the late 1980's. The Anatomical Terminology (3rd edition, 1990) is a representative dictionary which replaced many Sino-Korean words originating from Japan with native Korean expressions. The Medical Terminology (3rd edition, 1992) adopted vocabulary of the Anatomical Terminology, and many native Korean medical terms appeared in the fourth edition (2001) of the Medical Terminology. There are some characteristics of word formation in the new medical terminology. Overall the move from Sino-Korean words to native Korean words, derivation using affixes, the active use of verbs, word formation based on syntactic constructions, the use of bound root, and characteristic combinations by shape features are mentioned.

KCI등재

2『표준국어대사전』의 '형태론' 관련 전문용어의 사전 기술에 대한 단견

저자 : 오규환 ( Oh Gyu-hwan )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 42권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 39-60 (22 pages)

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In this paper, I critically review some descriptions of the morphological terminology in the Standard Korean Dictionary (henceforth, SKD). The findings are as follows. First, there are 3,480 linguistics terms and 225 morphology terms in the SKD, and most of the morphology terms are the expressions of word-formation. Second, the definitions of some morphology terms in the SKD(English equivalents shown), such as variant, allomorph, nominal compound, verbal compound, adjectival compound, acronym, collocation, blend, conjugation form, differ from those of descriptive grammar. Third, some words not listed in the SKD are presented as the definition and the immediate constituents of the headword. Fourth, some related morphology terms in the SKD, such as simple word, complex word, immediate constituent, are not presented consistently.

KCI등재

3'어째, 어쩐지'의 의미 고찰

저자 : 박상숙 ( Park Sangsook )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 42권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 61-81 (21 pages)

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This paper studies the meaning and function of the two spoken language words, eccay and eccenci. Eccihata is an interrogative with the meaning of asking the reason and the manner. However, the inflected and diminished forms, eccay and eccenci, carry various senses other than the meanings of the original, uninflected form. Dictionaries do not incorporate language change or the spoken language, and so the meanings used in the real life often do not match the meanings found in the dictionary. Though the first straightforward way to approach a foreign language is to use a dictionary, there is a limit, depending on the dictionary, in learning the functions and meanings actually used in the spoken language. This paper studies the meanings and functions of the two dimished forms as used in real life by the speakers of Korean. Further research is called for regarding the compilation of dictionaries and study books.

KCI등재

4한국어 학습자의 어휘 추측 결과에 영향을 주는 요인들에 관한 구조적 연구

저자 : 유철우 ( Liu Che-yu )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 42권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 83-120 (38 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to examine the variables which could potentially contribute to vocabulary inference by learners of Korean. A total of 215 learners of Korean have been invited and among them 203 students were assessed in a questionnaire survey on vocabulary reasoning strategy, vocabulary learning attitude and vocabulary exposure experience. The results are as follows. First, according to factor analysis, three factors are found: vocabulary reasoning strategy, vocabulary learning attitude, and vocabulary exposure experience. In addition, based on structural equation modeling (SEM), vocabulary reasoning strategy and vocabulary learning attitude have a significant direct effect on vocabulary inference. Second, all of the three factors are positively correlated with one another. Third, vocabulary reasoning strategy and vocabulary learning attitude are strong predicators of vocabulary inference results.

KCI등재

5구어적 문어의 구어성에 관하여: 음운론적 측면을 중심으로

저자 : 이향원 ( Lee Hyangwon ) , 하영우 ( Ha Youngwoo )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 42권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 121-148 (28 pages)

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The aim of this study is to find out how the colloquial written language reflects the oral features of the corresponding spoken language. For this purpose, phonological reduction found in messenger corpora has been analyzed in phoneme and syllable units and compared with that found in spoken language using a quantitative method. Some words show a similar reduction pattern as spoken language patterns. However, it is also observed that the weakening applies selectively or in a different direction than in spoken language. An unfamiliar form that does not appear in spoken language is also observed. To sum up, phonological reduction in messenger corpora is partly similar to that in spoken language, but it also has an independent aspect that is difficult to incorporate into the orality framework. This result implies that colloquial written language should be considered as an independent register.

KCI등재

6최초의 선교사 알렌(Allen)의 A Language Book of Korean에 대한 연구

저자 : 오대환 ( Oh Daewhan ) , 최정도 ( Choi Jeongdoh )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 42권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 149-178 (30 pages)

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This discussion is an analysis of the incomplete version of the study book, A Language Book of Korean, written by Allen, a foreign missionary who entered Korea during the Joseon era for medical missionary purposes. This book is worthy as a source for how early Joseon language textbooks were compiled, as efforts to learn Korean were revealed for the first time. In this book, we examine the characteristics of vocabulary items by dividing them into general vocabulary and medical terminology sections. In the general vocabulary section, vocabulary used in everyday life is introduced to enable communication in Joseon. The medical terminology section introduces Korean medical terms for medical missionary purposes. In the latter case, the words are presented in alphabetical order (i.e., A to Z) for the convenience of foreign missionaries such as the author himself.

KCI등재

7영어자원문법을 활용한 신경망 기계번역의 데이터 증강과 성능 평가

저자 : 왕규현 ( Wang Guehyun ) , 송상헌 ( Song Sanghoun )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 42권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 179-200 (22 pages)

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Machine translation commonly involves both analysis and generation across different human languages. This implies that parallel corpora of a large size are essential to create a theoretically reliable and practically robust translation model. However, as is well known, the parallel corpora between Korean and English are insufficient. In this respect, this study expands the data by means of English Resource Grammar (Flickinger 2000) to improve the translation model between the languages. Then, it looks at whether the neural machine translation model performs better with the augmented data. Unfortunately, it turns out the translation models based on augmented data exhibit rather lower BLEU scores. This study further discusses the reason for the unsatisfactory scores and raises the necessity of human evaluation as a next step.

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