간행물

중국학논총 update

Journal of Chinese Studies

  • : 고려대학교 중국학연구소
  • : 인문과학분야  >  동양사
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 1229-3806
  • : 2765-6330
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수록정보
76권0호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 14
간행물 제목
77권0호(2022년 09월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 유위 ( Liu Wei ) , 신미경 ( Shin Megyeong )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-23 (23 pages)

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This paper examined the difference between 'Guanyu' and 'Duiyu' of prepositions. To this end, this paper first distinguished the semantic difference between 'Guanyu' and 'Duiyu'. Next, we examined the relationship between 'Guanyu' and 'Duiyu' with the predicate, and analyzed the difference in the components required in the sentence. Finally, we looked at the types and characteristics of objects and predicates used together with the two vocabulary words. The results of the discussion in this paper can be summarized into the following three.
First, 'Guanyu' mainly represents related objects or events described by subsequent sentences. In contrast, 'Duiyu' represents an object to take an attitude toward an actor or an object to take an action.
Second, 'Guanyu' represents the topic, and the subsequent sentence corresponds to the comment on the topic. A sentence using 'Guanyu' consists of two elements: a topic and a comment. In contrast, 'Duiyu' represents the object of application. Therefore, unlike 'Guanyu', a sentence using 'Duiyu' consists of three elements.
Third, 'Duiyu' is difficult to use with verbs that represent specific movements. In contrast, 'Guanyu' has no such restriction. The object of 'Duiyu' generally has a direct or indirect relationship with the predicate. However, the object of 'Guanyu' does not necessarily have a relationship with the predicate. Therefore, in order for 'Guanyu' and 'Duiyu' to be used compatibly, several conditions must be satisfied.

KCI등재

저자 : 이지은 ( Yi Jieun )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 25-49 (25 pages)

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Since ancient times, ghosts have existed in the world as a symbol of mystery and weirdness. Humanity captured the existence of ghosts and human behavior toward them and left them as various stories, and in the Yuan Dynasty, many stories about ghosts were left through Yuan Opera. The Mongolians, the ruling class of the Yuan Dynasty, were a people with mythical politics, and supported the prayer activities of various religious people. Among the various religions that existed in the Yuan Dynasty, the most dominant is shamanism. Therefore, the play of that time contains various shamanistic rituals. The belief in the existence of ghosts, rituals to comfort or expel ghosts, and the activities of Shaman, which mediate between humans and ghosts, can be said to be the main factors that make the content of ghost plays rich and colorful. Since the birth origin of the play is not irrelevant to rituals, it can be said that the play is more closely related to folk beliefs. Therefore, the original ghost play has value as a material that reflects your folk beliefs. In order to examine the folk beliefs of the time through the original miscellaneous play, the work that was analyzed in this paper is the unknown author's Pen'ergui(盆兒鬼). This study reveals various examples of folk beliefs through works.

KCI등재

저자 : 吴晓丽 ( Wu Xiaoli )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 51-75 (25 pages)

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Crime-case fiction mainly describes the process of crime and punishment, which reached its peak in the Ming Dynasty. Through depicting the marketplace life of common people, the crime-case fiction can reflect people's living conditions and psychological consciousness. Through these works we can see the severity of social disorder and the destruction of morality that occurred under the impact of the rising commodity economy beginning in the mid-Ming. According to Nie Zhenzhao's ethical literary criticism, literature is the art of ethics in nature as it is the special expression of ethical ideas and moral life in a particular historical period. We need to analyze and interpret literary works from perspective of ethics.
Through the method of ethical literary criticism, this paper analyzes the family ethical consciousness in the crime-case fiction of the middle to late Ming Dynasty from perspective of ethics and morals. The main purpose of this paper is to explore the causes of ethical confusion through crime cases of family disputes. On the other hand, ethical literary criticism emphasizes returning to the historical scene to understand and interpret literary works from the stance of ethics at that time. Based upon different family life phenomenon described in the crime-case fiction, this paper aims to analyze the causes of the crime cases and the ethical factors affecting characters' fates. In addition, it is to make a moral evaluation from the perspective of history.

KCI등재

저자 : 김숙향 ( Kim Sookhyang )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 77-105 (29 pages)

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The Ming-Qing Dynasties can be called the heyday of the development of Chinese Xiaohua(笑話). At that time, various forms of Xiaohua collections appeared. From the source of Xiaohua, it can be divided into Xiaohua which collects folk stories and stories collected from ancient books. This paper names the former Minjian Xiaohua(民間笑話) and the latter Wenxian Xiaohua(文獻笑話). The purpose of this study is to explore the significance of Wenxian Xiaohua again in the collection of ≪Ming Qing Xiaohua Shi Zhong(明淸笑話十種)≫, a collection of 10 Xiaohuas published in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. This book contains Xiaohua from two sources. This paper briefly introduces 10 kinds of books and explores four kinds of Wenxian Xiaohuas. The four Wenxian Xiaohuas explored in this paper regarding 'Laughter' as the core value in the compilation. It can be said that this is a strong basis for Xiaohua to be defined as Xiaohua, rather than being regarded as other literary genres, such as Biji(筆記) or Xiaopin(小品), novels. There are two purposes for the literati to edit Wenxian Xiaohua. First, that is the long tradition of Chinese literature. It is psychological comfort through literary activities. The comprehensive knowledge of ancient classics, the vision of screening works, and editing skills, classification, critical ability, etc. A lot of literary abilities were required there. Second, the purpose of compiling Xiaohua is education. The Xiaohua criticizes people's shortcomings, ugly and unreasonable social systems, and customs. Especially in the editor's comments, we can find the enlightenment function. This includes the editor's critical ideas and the trend of thought of the times. Furthermore, through such comments, we can know why the stories repeated in each era have a unique significance in this Wenxian Xiaohua. Wenxian Xiaohua in the Ming and Qing Dynasties expanded the scope of Xiaohua trapped in the category of folk literature. It is not a just propagation medium, but a collection of critical views of the times. Chinese literature has long been divided into the realm of elegance and vulgarity. Now, through this Wenxian Xiaohua, we can see that the boundaries between elegance and vulgarity have been broken and integrated. This is the greatest significance of the Wenxian Xiaohua.

KCI등재

저자 : 송정화 ( Song Junghwa )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 107-146 (40 pages)

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The biggest issue in Chinese history in the 18th century was the Qing Dynasty's expulsion of Zungar(准噶爾) from Mongolia and taking over a vast area of power. As the Qing Dynasty conquered Zungar, the so-called "West(西域)" including Mongolia returned to Chinese territory, forcing China to drive out its long-time hostile enemy, Zungar, and secure today's wide border. Since then, the conquest and territorial expansion of the Qing Dynasty have been recorded as great and sacred achievements in historical records and have been deeply imprinted on the minds of the Qing Dynasty people. At that time, it was not the military power that made Jungar a negative image and recognized the conquest of Qing as a "holy war," but the power of various 'strategic books(方略)' and historical text. In particular, in the case of personal writings, historical texts, it was possible to secure a wider range of readers than official history books by delivering messages emotionally and attractively as literary expressions.
Xiyuwenjianlu recorded how the Qing Dynasty created the order of the empire in the new territory by conquering Jungar and making the West, and naturally conveyed political ideology to readers through literary descriptions and formed a sense of community of "Chinese." In this paper, I tried to examine how the Qing dynasty differentiated the West, rationalized the history of violent conquest, justified its dominance, and ultimately converted the material phenomenon of Western(西域) conquest into an epistemological system.

KCI등재

저자 : 이현복 ( Lee Hyunbok )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 147-175 (29 pages)

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In post-war Taiwan, the Chines National Party(Kuomintang) proposed the restoration of old Chinese ethics and morals as a modern project, that is, China as method. However, this China is no more than a project which reduce China to itself and make China. From this view, the subject only tried to survive in this world without self-reflection, due to the awareness of being damaged from the defeat on the mainland and expulsion to Taiwan. On the other hand, Chen Yingzhen(陳映真) identified himself as Chinese from the similarity on poverty, ignorance and backwardness between China of 5·4 era and Taiwan in 1960's. Furthermore, confirms the national identity by recognizing the true face of the nation and the ability to overcome hardship and creating the new phase of history. However, in the end, it is nothing more than positioning and fixing oneself as a victim. In fact, the resistance and struggle for the liberation of China as a victim of imperialism can certainly be linked to that of the liberation of all mankind, but the two cannot be said to be absolutely identical. If the struggle were aimed at the Chinese self, i.e., self-reducing, a severance could occur between the above two practices. If China stays in self-defining itself as a victim of imperialist aggression, self-reflection could disappear. The Chines National Party may have erased self-reflection while restoring old ethics and morals, and the leftist idea combined with nationalism may also have erased self-reflection by throwing away old ethics and morals. So, in the end, I doubt that only the stage of history assumed in the abstract is different, but they just were trapped in China, which is self-containedly surviving in the space of the world.

KCI등재

저자 : 李繼征 ( Li Jizheng )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 177-209 (33 pages)

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As a non-profit educational institution for people from all over the world to learn Chinese and understand Chinese culture, the Confucius Institute has always played an important role. Since the world's first Confucius Institute was established in Seoul in November 2004, 24 Confucius Institutes have been opened in South Korea. These Confucius Institutes play an important role for Korean learners to learn Chinese language and culture.
In international Chinese teaching, Chinese characters have always been a difficult point for non-native Chinese language learners to learn Chinese, and it is also one of the key points in international Chinese teaching. Based on the historical development of international Chinese character teaching, this paper analyzes the Chinese character curriculum of various Confucius Institutes in Korea (including online Confucius Institutes), based on the existing research. And through the questionnaire survey to investigate the Chinese character teaching situation of the teachers of the Confucius Institute. Through the investigation, it is found that the courses related to Chinese characters are relatively scarce, and the relevant teaching materials are also rare. The teacher group subjectively recognizes the importance of Chinese character teaching, but limited by the constraints of objective conditions, it is impossible to offer relevant courses. In the teaching implementation stage, most of the teaching will not be subdivided into details such as radicals and structures to carry out Chinese character teaching, which is often carried out at the same time as new word learning.

KCI등재

저자 : 俞婷 ( Yu Ting ) , 李颖 ( Li Ying )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 211-230 (20 pages)

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In recent decades, the development of higher education in China has experienced a continuous process from the scale of running schools to the quality of running schools. In this process, the contribution of higher education to regional economic development is also showing an increasingly important role. As a representative of industrial optimization and upgrading, Jiangxi Province has made important contributions to the national economic growth. Based on this, this paper chooses Jiangxi Province as the research object and selects the connotative development period of China's higher education from 2006 to 2020 based on Cobb Douglas's production function. The contribution of higher education in Jiangxi Province to economic growth is calculated by the Denison coefficient analysis method and compared with the relevant national data in the same period. The results show that the investment in Higher Education in Jiangxi Province has the same impact on economic growth, and the growth rate of the investment in education in Jiangxi Province is almost the same as the national average growth rate in the same period. However, the difference is that from the perspective of the investment in higher education, its growth rate is much lower than the national average level. And from the research results, the average contribution rate of national higher education to economic growth is much higher than that of Jiangxi Province. Finally, it analyzes the reasons for the insufficient contribution of Jiangxi Province, mainly including the insufficient investment of higher education funds, the poor effect of scientific research output, the brain drain problem, and the unreasonable spatial structure of higher education resources, and puts forward relevant countermeasures and suggestions one by one.

KCI등재

저자 : 오철 ( Oh Chul ) , 노수연 ( No Suyeon )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 231-254 (24 pages)

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Cultural cooperation between Korea and China continued to grow despite the Chinese government's ban on the Korean cultural industries(“Hallyu”) that began in 2016.
As for the Chinese government, Korean cultural industries are just one of many options so that could be restricted at any time. As for the Chinese companies, Korean cultural industries still are best cooperative partners and the Korean market itself is an important market with global influence. Since the creativity and universality of Korean cultural industries passed the filtering of Chinese consumers, Chinese consumers continue to need Korean cultural goods and services even after 2016.
For the sustainable development of the Korean cultural industries, Korean companies should pursue innovation with a sense of crisis, while Korean society should strengthen bilateral exchange with China and have a co-evolutionary attitude to understand and accept the cultural goods and services of China.

KCI등재

저자 : 조성천 ( Cho Sungchun )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 255-278 (24 pages)

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JiangZhaiWenJi(薑齋文集)·ZhangLingFu(章靈賦) was written in 1652. At that time, Sun KeWang(孫可望) captured GuiWang(桂王) and entered the Zhen (滇)·Qian(黔) area. His general manager, Li JeongGuk(李定國), came to Hengyang through Guangdong and invited Wang FuZhi to be unorthodox government official. Wang was wandered in the advancing and retreating. In the decision to advance and retreat, so he practice the divination of The Classic of Change(周易) twice. When the same Guimei(歸妹) in The Classic of Change appeared twice, he regarded it as a revelation from the Spirit and decided his own will.
This work is very important to take a look at the internal conflict process of Wang Fu-ji, the process of concluding to the retreat, his intrinsic spirit, and the peculiarities of his life. This work is also important to take a look at his inner conflict, the process of his going into seclusion and and the peculiarity of his literature, Fu(賦).
ZhangLingFu consist of 22 clauses, including the first Xiaoxu(小序) and the last Luan yue(亂曰). This article is a translation and annotation from the Xiaoxu to the 5 clause. The Xiaoxu explained the reason for writing this work. The 2 and 3 clauses describe the beginning of the Wang's family, the meritorious service of the ancestors, the crisis and anxiety of the family and the situation of the father's retreat. The 4, 5 and 6 clauses are his autobiographical description: it describes the date, time, scene of his birth and the aura born. Also, it depicts the feeling of despair of having to return to the sourth country due to the postponement of the Huishi(會試), even though he was accepted as a Juren(擧人) in the Xiangshi(鄕試) and refusal to become the unorthodox official of ZhangXianZhong(張獻忠). The 7, 8 and 9 clauses describe the worry about the national crisis, the anguish about his going into seclusion, the loyalty and will to the Namming regime and the situation in which it is impossible to serve the official position of Xing ren(行人) due to the slander of the subordinates.
In particular, Wang expressed his opinion by quoting The Classic of Change and interpreted the occurrence of tribulation with with the five elements.

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KCI등재

저자 : 徐丹 ( Xu Dan )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 76권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-17 (17 pages)

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During the period of the late Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China, the social ideological enlightenment actions of the modern cultural groups, in association with the power of the urban cultural market, promoted the creation and performance of a large number of Korean dramas. There are 21 related scripts (or summary of plots) that have survived to this day, most of which were created by professional modern dramatists active in and around Shanghai. Korean subjugation dramas are performed all over the country, but Shanghai is the most active center. Professional theater troupes mainly perform in specialized theaters in Shanghai, while student theater troupes are active on public stages across the country or gatherings of urban and rural people. Compared with novels and political history books with similar themes at that time, drama has a broader social enlightenment significance.

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저자 : 최보경 ( Choi Bokyung )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 76권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 19-42 (24 pages)

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The aim of this paper is to study political thought of Mozi on power and political authority. Political thought of Mozi is the establishment and operation of a political system based on Shangtonglun(尙同論). Shangtong(尙同)'s logic should respect and follow the opinions of superiors, which have the return to feudalism centered at Tianzi(天子) and a vertical characteristics of the upper and lower. Therefore the challenge arises from two aspects. First, it did not reflect the political landscape at that time. Second, it is in conflict with his ethical ideology[兼愛].
These problems can be solved when political thought of Mozi is interpreted in terms of power and political authority. This becomes the theoretical basis for solving the two difficulties implied in Shangtonglun(尙同論). First, since the logic of homology is also applied to Tianzi(天子), the power of Tianzi(天子) can secure political authority by Tian(天). The attribution of Tian(天) is a premise that can induce voluntary obedience of the people because it is unselfish. Second, Tianyi(天意) is Jianai(兼愛). Tianzi(天子) must observe the horizontal ethical principles of Jianai(兼愛), so the power of Tianzi(天子) guarantees morality. As a result, the power of Tianzi(天子) will secure autonomous obedience and morality through the symbol of Tian(天).

KCI등재

저자 : 장정임 ( Chang Jungim ) , 선민정 ( Sun Minjung )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 76권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 43-74 (32 pages)

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This study investigates the similarities and differences of '自己'-related words in Korean, Chinese, and Japanese through trans-areal linguistic investigation. As '自己'-related words, Korean has caki 自己and casin 自身; Chinese has 自己; Japanese has 自己, 自ら, 己, 自身, and 自分.
自己was frequently treated as a reflexive pronoun. However, considering the definition of reflexivization (i.e. the co-referentiality of the agent and the patient), the great majority of '自己' and related words in these three languages cannot be understood as reflexive pronouns. Rather, they can best be treated as generic pronouns.
自己in modern Chinese developed from 自plus 己in Archaic Chinese via disyllabicization in the East Han (25-220 A.D.) time. 自was originally a reflexive adverb and 己was a generic pronoun. 自己in modern Chinese performs both the function of 自and 己in Archaic Chinese. Additionally, it is used in the form [Noun+自己], which is a new function that was not descended from Archaic Chinese.
自己and 自身in Korean and Japanese show similarities in their usages. 自己 is frequently used in a compound word, such as cakimancok (self-satisfaction), 自己流(one's way), whereas 自身is used in the form [Noun+自身](e.g. 總理自身 'the minister himself').
As '自己'-related words, Japanese has 自己, 自ら, 己, 自身, and 自分. They show a complementary distribution in terms of their usages: 自己and 己are used as pronouns; 自らis used as an emphatic reflexive adverb meaning 'by oneself '; 自身is used as an emphatic reflexive adjective in the form [Noun+自 身]; '自分' is used as a pronoun and an emphatic reflexive adverb.
The occurrences of '自己' and related words in Japanese display clear linguistic strata. During the Nara-Heian and the Edo era, 自己-type words (including 自己, 自ら, 己) occupied the great majority. During the Meiji era, the number of occurrences of 自分increased drastically (33.34%), and it occupied by far the great majority since the Taisho-Showa era (65.19%). Meanwhile, the portion of 自身increased steadily.
This paper showed that Korean, Chinese, and Japanese do not have a discrete form as a reflexive pronoun via trans-East Asian linguistic studies. Rather, they use generic pronouns when they need to deliver reflexive meaning. Also, there are similarities and differences in terms of the syntactic behavior regarding 自己and related words in these three languages.

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저자 : 최신혜 ( Choi Shinhye )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 76권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 75-101 (27 pages)

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This paper examined the transition process from the original meaning of 'Hen' to degree adverb, and introduced various functions that are more grammaticalized from degree adverbs and distinguished from degree adverbs.
'Hen' came to be used extensively as a degree adverb in the Qing Dynasty, and the syntactic context that appeared was also expanded. During this period, 'Hen' appeared before verb phrases with quantity phrases, and functional differentiation took place into a 'Multiple Viewpoint Marker' that the corresponding quantity is subjectively considered to be large. In addition, in the form of 'Bu Hen X', a 'Tone Relaxation Marker' function, which pragmatically relieves the tone of 'Bu X' has also been created. On the other hand, it also has a function as a 'Non-contrast Marker' which is a funcion of distinguishing the adjective predicate from the contrast sentence by appearing in front of the adjective in the adjective predicate.
All of these functions show a grammatical appearance in terms of meaning and phonology compared to the case of the degree adverb 'Hen'. Therefore, this paper viewed them as markers that are in charge of grammatical functions distinct from the degree adverb 'Hen', and suggested that they are functions differentiated from the degree adverb 'Hen'.

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저자 : 程文聪 ( Cheng Wencong ) , 韩容洙 ( Han Yongsu )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 76권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 103-121 (19 pages)

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In modern Chinese, the word pet refers to the small animals that are loved by the family. It also refers to the creatures that people feed for spiritual purposes rather than economic purposes. Since ancient times, it has been a very meaningful thing to name pets. Pet naming is actually a unique linguistic phenomenon. It also includes the research on the types of word formation structure contained in modern Chinese. It can be said that naming is the research on new word formation in modern Chinese.
And according to the content of previous scholars literature were confirmed in this paper. This paper focuses on the analysis of word-formation characteristics, semantic characteristics and word-formation structure types in modern Chinese, and integrates word-formation naming information in modern Chinese, hoping to provide readers with a channel to understand the characteristics of Chinese pet naming from the perspective of modern Chinese The interpretation of Chinese pet naming culture in modern Chinese is conducive to a better understanding of modern Chinese and Chinese culture, and also helps readers to understand the development history of pet naming. This paper includes Chinese classical Tang poetry and Song poetry as the research corpus, which plays an important role in studying the development background of pet naming. The study of pet naming in this paper is helpful to understand the characteristics and psychology of modern cat naming. Hope to provide effective reference for scholars who continue to study pet naming.

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저자 : 김숙향 ( Kim Sookhyang )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 76권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 123-151 (29 pages)

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In this paper, I examined the view of laughter in the Confucian classics and how the view of laughter in the Xiaohua works as a literary genre. A brief summary of the discussion in this paper is as follows. In the tradition of Confucian, laughter was not a key subject of discussion or attention in the philosophy of Confucian philosophy. Therefore, there was also a lack of discussion on the special definition or value of 'laugh'. However, the laughter understood in the philosophy of Confucians through the core scriptures of Confucian, emphasized the legitimacy of having to be based on a pleasant state of mind. The essence of laughter was sneer. In addition, laughter is based on the falsehood that it can be decorated, and by using laughter, dramatic effects such as tension or questions in the narrative were sought. In other words, in the philosophy of Confucian, laughter can be seen as an expression used in the process of preaching moral values.
With the popularity of the compilation of Xiaohua books during the Ming and Qing periods, the perception of laughter has changed significantly from that shown in the Confucian philosophy. The Xiaohua editors recognized laughter as an indispensable element of human life and world composition and viewed it as an excellent drug for diseases that cannot be treated with medicine. Ironically, Confucianism became the main object of laughter in Ming and Qing Xiaohua.
Based on the above research, I was able to understand Xiaohua as an independent genre of literature and further think about the meaning of laughter in Xiaohua literature once again.

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저자 : 高點福 ( Ko Jum-bok )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 76권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 153-177 (25 pages)

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This paper examines the meaning of Lu Xun's print movement from the viewpoint of the times and morality. Lu Xun's literature tried to raise the spiritual level of the Chinese and Chinese culture by exposing the ills of the times. Lu Xun's passion for printmaking is the same. Printmaking was a popular art form at the time and attracted the attention of young and progressive artists. Lu Xun introduced a variety of Western print art for the technological and artistic growth of young artists, while also introducing Chinese printmaking abroad. Lu Xun's passion for printmaking in the twilight of his life demands the enhancement of the artistic and historical value of printmaking. First of all, Lu Xun affirms the value of printmaking in terms of the economic feasibility of production and distribution. It is that more people can freely access prints in their daily life, and Lu Xun argues that artistic and moral values for awakening consciousness should be included in it. Printmaking, which is easy to produce and distribute, makes Lu Xun a handyman, but it also serves as a link to young and new artists. Through economical printmaking in production and dissemination, Lu Xun ultimately tried to raise the awareness of Chinese people and critical awareness of Chinese society.
Lu Xun's literary center is to create literature that the public understands well based on the understanding of the public. The point is, first of all, what is the pressing problem of the public. However, as important as the public's understanding of the pressing problem is the problem of the way it is expressed. It is clear that the artist and the public urgently need to realize the artistic realization of materials that match the circumstances of the time, such as the people's reports of difficulties or the war against Japan. As one of the means of economically and artistically expressing the pressing problems of the public, Lu Xun focused on printmaking. In other words, it can be said that Lu Xun's print movement embodies the artistic, historical, moral, and political aspects of China at the time.

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저자 : 尹珉珠 ( Yun Minju )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 76권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 179-198 (20 pages)

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The East Asian theory is a representative research trend that understands the modern world of East Asia as a process of forming an independent regional order in East Asia, not as a process of incorporating it into a Western-centered world order. And East Asian theory is a concept that has the potential to restore multiple modernities established by East Asian countries and create an intellectual space to revitalize discussions between individual cultures by dismantling the existing narrow national way of thinking and aiming for an intermediate area against the Western-centered unified world order. This East Asian theory is also very useful as a way to compare and study East Asian modern literature, as it becomes a valid methodology to discover and actively meaning the hybridity and plural modernity caused by creative misunderstandings or treasonous misreading.

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저자 : 김봉연 ( Kim Bongyeon )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 76권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 199-223 (25 pages)

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Traditionally, humans are considered subjects of historical activity with free will under the influence of reason. Human autonomy, dignity, and ethical morality are based on human will and autonomy to establish and comply with rules of conduct on their own. This understanding of humans faces a situation of readjustment due to the development of science and technology that realizes human improvement planning such as artificial intelligence and cyborg. The 'interpretation' of humans as the subject of rational judgment, the owner of free will, and the practitioner of moral ethics is questioned for its effectiveness. Relationships between artificial, life, and machine are established in the category of understanding of humans, and a new understanding and paradigm is sought.
In SF's literary imagination and grammar, The King and the Lyrics reflects this reality and predicts the future society from the perspective of language extinction. It is noteworthy that although SF is wearing the cover of imagining the future based on science and technology, the novel deals with the problems of language, letters, and literature represented by lyric poetry. By monopolizing the social operating system, imperial enterprises became a 'state'. The 'King', the head of a company, tries to take 'eternal life' beyond the stage of owning the state. To realize this plan, he plans to extinguish emotions in the language that people use and leave only instructions.
In the work, 'King' and Lyrics form a tense tension. Lyric poetry is an obstacle to the king's plan to extinguish emotions because it expresses human senses and emotions in implied language through metaphors and symbols. If this is reversed, it means that the emotional element of lyric poetry can be a weapon that can prevent the king's ambition. The language of various emotions and senses possessed by lyric poetry is represented by referring to and creating objects. The versatility of language is the basis for the existence of lyric poetry. By expressing emotions and emotions as individual experiences, and achieving sensations and resonations, individual and special senses become universal emotions. Experiences and emotions that individuals have differently are represented in tens of thousands of languages and interpreted differently, resulting in different meanings. The reason why the 'King' tries to eliminate lyricism is that he recognized the power of this division, derivation, and changing language.

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저자 : 蔡捷 ( Cai Jie )

발행기관 : 고려대학교 중국학연구소 간행물 : 중국학논총 76권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 225-255 (31 pages)

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This study is to examine the impact of changes in Japan's maritime security strategy in the post-cold war era on China. Japan maintains a close military alliance with the United States as a major power in East Asia, and broadly supports the United States' military and their actions in the Asia-Pacific region. Japan has been recently promoting an active maritime security strategy to have the right to war and strengthening naval power to exercise influence, which is also intertwined with the US-China strategic competition structure. In particular, Japan is concerned about China's becoming one of maritime power countries. For instance, a conflict between China and Japan over maritime rights and interests in the East China Sea and Japan's strategy for the South China Sea. The conflict for the East China Sea has been further accelerated by the discovery of gas fields, validation of UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and Structural changes in the Asia-Pacific region.
China should promote maritime cooperation with Japan not to negatively affect Japan's maritime security strategy on China in the future. The competition for the preoccupancy should not become an unintentional and accidental military clash, and it is urgent to plan “Maritime Confidence-Building Measure” in East Asia beyond the “security dilemma.” Currently, China is insisting on “Maritime Community with a Shared Future” to emphasize that their dream of becoming a maritime power will not be a threat nor unrest to neighboring countries. The establishment of “Maritime Community with a Shared Future” is the correct direction to secure the peace and prosperity of the ocean, East Asian countries, including Japan, should keep peace for the ocean together. Furthermore, all East Asian countries should make maritime security, promote prosperity of the ocean, build a maritime environment, and develop maritime culture altogether.

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