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Mycobiology update

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수록정보
49권5호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 9
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50권2호(2022년 04월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : Shijie Song , Sven Landrein

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 99-103 (5 pages)

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A new fungus isolated from the leaves of Eleutharrhena macrocarpa in southern Yunnan, China is described using morphological and molecular evidence. Phylogenetic trees based on the combined nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS), translation elongation factor-1a (TEF1), and b-tubulin gene (TUB2) sequences showed that Diaporthe eleutharrhenae sp. nov. is sister to Diaporthe chinensis N.I. de Silva, Lumyong & K.D. Hyde and morphologically differs in shorter alpha conidia (5-8.5×1.5-2 mm) and the presence of beta conidia. This study also resolves a nomenclatural problem, as two taxa were published using the same name. To avoid confusion, the unrelated D. chinensis H. Dong, J. W. Xia & X. G. Zhang is here renamed as D. dongii (H. Dong, J. W. Xia & X. G. Zhang) S. J. Song & Landrein, sp. nov. in honor of the author that described this species. Study and description of fungi associated with threatened tropical species could help to understand their ecology as well as the potential spread of fungi onto cultivated crop species.

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저자 : Ju-hui Gwon , Hyeok Park , Ahn-heum Eom

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 104-109 (6 pages)

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Fungi of the genus Tuber are ectomycorrhizal fungi that form a symbiotic relationship mainly with oak and hazel trees. Tuber spp. exhibit a highly selective host plant preference; thus, for cultivation purposes it is important to select an appropriate host plant for successful mycorrhization. In addition, as mycorrhizal characteristics differ according to Tuber spp., it is necessary to understand the differences in mycorrhizae according to the fungal species. Tuber huidongense and Tuber himalayense were recently discovered in Korea; therefore, we used spore suspensions from these two species to inoculate two species of oak trees, Quercus acutissima and Quercus dentata, to compare colonization rates and morphologies of the mycorrhizae. The colonization rates demonstrated that the different Tuber spp. favored different host plant species. In addition, unique morphological and anatomical characteristics were observed for T. huidongense and T. himalayense depending on the host species. These findings can lead to new economically important agricultural activities related to truffle cultivation in Korea.

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저자 : Yasmin M. Elsaba , Arezue Boroujerdi , Asmaa Abdelsalam

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 110-120 (11 pages)

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The goal of the present study was to investigate the antibacterial properties, enzyme production, and metabolic profiling of a new Ceratorhiza hydrophila strain isolated from the submerged aquatic plant Myriophyllum spicatum. Furthermore, the fungus' morphological characterization and DNA sequencing have been described. The fungus has been identified and submitted to the GenBank as Ceratorhiza hydrophila isolate EG19 and the fungus ID is MK387081. The enzyme analyses showed its ability to produce protease and cellulase enzymes. According to the CSLI standard, the ethyl acetate extract of C. hydrophila showed intermediate antibacterial activity against Streptococcus pneumonia, Micrococcus luteus, and Staphylococcus aureus. Metabolic profiling has been carried out using 700MHz NMR spectroscopy. Based on the 1H and 1H-13C heteronuclear single quantum coherence (HSQC) NMR data and NMR databases, 23 compounds have been identified. The identified metabolites include 31% amino acids, 9% sugars, 9% amines, 4% sugar alcohols, and 4% alkaloids. This is the first report for the metabolic characterization of C. hydrophila, which gave preliminary information about the fungus. It is expected that our findings not only will pave the way to other perspectives in enormous applications using C. hydrophila as a new promising source of antimicrobial agents and essential metabolites, but also it will be valuable in the classification and chemotaxonomy of the species.

KCI등재

저자 : Zhang Zhang , Yi Wang , Xiao-long Yuan , Ya-na Luo , Ma-niya Luo , Yuan Zheng

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 121-131 (11 pages)

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The rare edible and medicinal fungus Antrodia cinnamomea has a substantial potential for development. In this study, Illumina HiSeq 2000 was used to sequence its transcriptome. The results were assembled de novo, and 66,589 unigenes with an N50 of 4413 bp were obtained. Compared with public databases, 6,061, 3,257, and 2,807 unigenes were annotated to the Non-Redundant, Gene Ontology, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes databases, respectively. The genes related to terpene biosynthesis in the mycelia of A. cinnamomea were analyzed, and acetyl CoA synthase (ACS2 and ACS4), hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA reductase (HMGR), farnesyl transferase (FTase), and squalene synthase (SQS) were found to be upregulated in XZJ (twig of C. camphora) and NZJ (twig of C. kanehirae). Moreover, ACS5 and 2,3-oxidized squalene cyclase (OCS) were highly expressed in NZJ, while heme IX farnesyl transferase (IX-FIT) and ACS3 were significantly expressed in XZJ. The differential expression of ACS1, ACS2, HMGR, IX-FIT, SQS, and OCS was confirmed by real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR. This study provides a new concept for the additional exploration of the molecular regulatory mechanism of terpenoid biosynthesis and data for the biotechnology of terpenoid production.

KCI등재

저자 : Ega Delva , Tuty Arisuryanti , Miftahul Ilmi

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 132-141 (10 pages)

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Amylomyces rouxii is commonly found as amylolytic fungi in tapai fermentation. However, its diversity is rarely reported despite being often used for food production in Southeast Asia. This research aims to analyze the genetic diversity and the distribution pattern of A. rouxii from Ragi tapai in Java Island, Indonesia. We isolated the fungus from samples obtained from Ragi tapai producing centers in Bandung, Sumedang, Muntilan, Blora, Yogyakarta, and Bondowoso. The obtained isolates were molecularly identified based on the ribosomal regions ITS1/ITS2 and D1/D2, then analyzed for phylogenetic tree reconstruction, genetic distance, genetic variation, and haplotype networking. Six isolates showed specific morphological traits of A. rouxii. However, phylogenetic tree reconstruction on the ribosomal genes showed that the isolates were grouped into two different clades related to two species. Clade A included BDG, SMD, and MTL isolates related to A. rouxii, whereas clade B included YOG, BLR, and BDS isolates related to Mucor indicus. The genetic distances between clades for ITS1/ITS2 and D1/D2 were 0.6145 and 0.1556, respectively. In conclusion, we confirmed the genetic diversity of molds from Ragi tapai in Java Island and showed that the isolates are not only related to A. rouxii as reported before.

KCI등재

저자 : Gyeongjun Cho , Geun-hye Gang , Hee-young Jung , Youn-sig Kwak

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 142-149 (8 pages)

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Orchids live with mycorrhizal fungi in mutualism. This symbiotic relationship plays an essential role in the overall life cycle of orchids from germination, growth, settlement, and reproduction. Among the 1000 species of the orchid, the Korean lady's slipper, Cypripedium japonicum, is known as an endangered species. Currently, only five natural habitats of the Korean lady's slipper remain in South Korea, and the population of Korean lady's slipper in their natural habitat is not increasing. To prevent extinction, this study was designed to understand the fungal community interacting in the rhizosphere of the Korean lady's slipper living in the native and artificial habitats. In-depth analyses were performed to discover the vital mycorrhizal fungi contributing to habitat expansion and cultivation of the endangered orchid species. Our results suggested that Lycoperdon nigrescens contributed most to the increase in natural habitats and Russula violeipes as a characteristic of successful cultivation. And the fungi that helped L. nigrescens and R. violeipes to fit into the rhizosphere community in Korean lady's slipper native place were Paraboeremia selaginellae and Metarhizium anisopliae, respectively. The findings will contribute to restoring and maintaining the endangered orchid population in natural habitats.

KCI등재

저자 : Bok-nam Jung , Ji-hyun Park , Hyeon-dong Shin

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 150-154 (5 pages)

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Rhytisma lonicericola was identified as a tar spot fungus on Lonicera sp. in 1902, and has since been recorded on several species of Lonicera in China, Japan, and Korea. Most of the previous records of R. lonicericola have been based on a list of disease occurrences in the absence of any formal morphological identification or molecular analyses. Using six newly obtained specimens collected in the past 2 years, we confirmed the tar spot fungus found on L. japonica in Korea as R. lonicericola based on morphological examinations and molecular phylogenetic analyses. This fungus was distinguished from R. xylostei, another tar spot fungus on Lonicera, by ascospore size and geographical distributions. We present detailed mycological information and, for the first time, DNA sequence data useful for the identification of R. lonicericola.

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KCI등재

저자 : Sujinda Sommai , Phongsawat Khamsuntorn , Sayanh Somrithipol , Janet Jennifer Luangsa-ard , Umpawa Pinruan

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 49권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 439-453 (15 pages)

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During the rainy season in Thailand, specimens of Phallus chiangmaiensis sp. nov. and P. merulinus were collected from Chiang Mai and Samut Sakhon Provinces, respectively. Molecular phylogenetic analyses based on sequences of the nuclear ribosomal large subunit (LSU), nuclear ribosomal 5.8S gene including the internal transcribed spacer regions 1 and 2 (ITS), and the protein-coding gene atp6 (mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate [ATP] synthase subunit 6) support the placement of the new species within Phallus. Phallus chiangmaiensis has a well-developed white indusium and campanulated caps with reticulate surfaces. It differs morphologically from the related species, as supported by the phylogenetic data. Phallus merulinus is reported here as a species that was re-encountered in Thailand. The descriptions of the species are accompanied by illustrations of macro- and micro- morphological features, and a discussion of the related taxa is presented.

KCI등재

저자 : Minkyeong Kim , Jin Sung Lee , Jae Young Park , Changmu Kim

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 49권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 454-460 (7 pages)

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Daecheongdo and Socheongdo Islands are located in the West Sea of Korea, 210km away from land, and are military border areas very close to North Korea, making them difficult to access. Although the ecosystem of the islands is relatively well preserved due to the lack of accessibility, research on fungi of the regions is insufficient. Therefore, we aimed to investigate indigenous fungi in these geographically and geopolitically constrained regions. A survey of the indigenous fungal diversity of the islands was conducted in 2018. All specimens were identified at the species level based on morphological and molecular analyses. Among them, six macrofungi―namely, Agaricus menieri, Crepidotus praecipuus, Dichomitus squalens, Hortiboletus amygdalinus, Melanoleuca friesii, and Trametes lactinea―were not previously reported in Korea. Considering that the proportion of unrecorded species is high in the survey area and period as well as the number of samples collected, similar research on adjacent islands may be necessary.

KCI등재

저자 : Hae Jin Cho , Ki Hyeong Park , Myung Soo Park , Yoonhee Cho , Ji Seon Kim , Chang Wan Seo , Seung-yoon Oh , Young Woon Lim

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 49권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 461-468 (8 pages)

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The genus Laccaria (Hydnangiaceae, Agaricales) plays an important role in forest ecosystems as an ectomycorrhizal fungus, contributing to nutrient cycles through symbiosis with many types of trees. Though understanding Laccaria diversity and distribution patterns, as well as its association with host plants, is fundamental to constructing a balanced plant diversity and conducting effective forest management, previous studies have not been effective in accurately investigating, as they relied heavily on specimen collection alone. To investigate the true diversity and distribution pattern of Laccaria species and determine their host types, we used four different approaches: specimen-based analysis, open database search (ODS), NGS analysis, and species-specific PCR (SSP). As a result, 14 Laccaria species have been confirmed in Korea. Results regarding the species distribution pattern were different between specimen-based analysis and SSP. However, when both were integrated, the exact distribution pattern of each Laccaria species was determined. In addition, the SSP revealed that many Laccaria species have a wide range of host types. This study shows that using these four different approaches is useful in determining the diversity, distribution, and host of ECM fungi. Furthermore, results obtained for Laccaria will serve as a baseline to help understand the role of ECM fungi in forest management in response to climate change.

KCI등재

저자 : Yuna Park , Soohyun Maeng , Junsang Oh , Gi-ho Sung , Sathiyaraj Srinivasan

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 49권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 469-475 (7 pages)

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Three strains, YP416T, YP421T, and Y422, were isolated from soil samples in Pocheon City, Gyeonggi province, South Korea. The strains belong to two novel yeast species in the genus Mrakia. Molecular phylogenetic analysis showed that the strain YP416T was closely related to Mrakia niccombsii. Still, it differed by 9 nucleotide substitutions with no gap (1.51%) in the D1/D2 domain of the LSU rRNA gene and 14 nucleotide substitutions with 7 gaps (2.36%) in the ITS region. The strain YP421T differed from the type strain of the most closely related species, Mrakia aquatica, by 5 nucleotide substitutions with no gap (0.81%) in the D1/D2 domain of the LSU rRNA gene and 9 nucleotide substitutions with one gap (1.43%) in the ITS region. The names Mrakia terrae sp. nov. and Mrakia soli sp. nov. are proposed, with type strains YP416T (KCTC 27886T) and YP421T (KCTC 27890T), respectively. MycoBank numbers of the strains YP416T and YP421T are MB 836844 and MB 836847, respectively.

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저자 : Bora Nam , Dong-jae Lee , Young-joon Choi

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 49권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 476-490 (15 pages)

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Global temperatures are steadily increasing, leading to significant changes in microbial diversity and ecology. In the present study, we isolated high-temperature-growing fungi and fungi-like group (Oomycota) strains from freshwater environments of Korea and identified them based on cultural, morphological, and multilocus phylogenetic analyses. As a result, we introduce Saksenaea (Fungi) isolates as a new species, Saksenaea longicolla sp. nov. and record Phytophthora chlamydospora and P. lagoariana (Oomycota) new to Korea. In the growth experiments, they exhibited high-temperature tolerance, which can grow at 35-40 ℃ but become inactive at 4 ℃ and below. This study confirms the presence of high-temperature- tolerant fungi and oomycetes in Korea and suggests that the Korean climate conditions are changing in favor of these species. This indicates that climate warming is altering microbial distributions in freshwater environments.

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저자 : Min-hye Jeong , Jung A. Kim , Seogchan Kang , Eu Ddeum Choi , Youngmin Kim , Yerim Lee , Mi Jin Jeon , Nan Hee Yu , Ae Ran Park , Jin-cheol Kim , Soonok Kim , Sook-young Park

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 49권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 491-497 (7 pages)

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An endolichenic fungus Xylaria grammica EL000614 produces grammicin, a potent nematicidal pyrone derivative that can serve as a new control option for root-knot nematodes. We optimized an Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT) protocol for X. grammica to support genetic studies. Transformants were successfully generated after co-cultivation of homogenized young mycelia of X. grammica with A. tumefaciens strain AGL-1 carrying a binary vector that contains the bacterial hygromycin B phosphotransferase (hph) gene and the eGFP gene in T-DNA. The resulting transformants were mitotically stable, and PCR analysis showed the integratin of both genes in the genome of transformants. Expression of eGFP was confirmed via fluorescence microscopy. Southern analysis showed that 131 (78.9%) out of 166 transformants contained a single T-DNA insertion. Crucial factors for producing predominantly single T-DNA transformants include 48 h of co-cultivation, pretreatment of A. tumefaciens cells with acetosyringone before co-cultivation, and using freshly prepared mycelia. The established ATMT protocol offers an efficient tool for random insertional mutagenesis and gene transfer in studying the biology and ecology of X. grammica.

KCI등재

저자 : Xiaoyu Li , Yateng Wu , Zhiqiang Liu

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 49권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 498-506 (9 pages)

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An endophytic fungus strain DYSJ3 was isolated from a stem of Aphanamixis grandifolia Blume, which was identified as Aspergillus versicolor based on the morphological characteristics, internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and calmodulin gene sequences analyses. A. versicolor DYSJ3 exhibited strong antagonistic activity against Colletotrichum musae, C. gloeosporioides and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense with the inhibition rates of 61.9, 51.2 and 55.3% respectively. The antifungal metabolites mainly existed in the mycelium of A. versicolor DYSJ3, and its mycelial crude extract (CE) had broad-spectrum antifungal activities against plant pathogenic fungi. The CE had a good thermal stability, and the inhibition rate of 100 mg/mL CE against C. musae was above 70.0% after disposing at 120 ℃ for 1 h. Five secondary metabolites were isolated from the CE and identified as averufanin, ergosterol peroxide, versicolorin B, averythrin and sterigmatocystin. Activity evaluation showed versicolorin B exhibited inhibitory effects on the mycelial growth and conidial germination of C. musae, and sterigmatocystin had a weak inhibitory effect on the mycelial growth of C. musae.

KCI등재

저자 : Phu Nguyen Van , Hai Thi Hong Truong , Tuan Anh Pham , Tuan Le Cong , Tien Le , Kim Cuc Thi Nguyen

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 49권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 507-520 (14 pages)

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Papiliotrema huenov was previously reported to be highly tolerant of a range of extremely toxic heavy metals. This study aimed to identify the potential of P. huenov to remove manganese and copper from aqueous solution. Physical conditions which affect removal of Mn(II) and Cu(II) were determined. Optimal temperature for adsorption of both metal ions was 30 ℃, and optimal pH for maximum uptake of Mn(II) and Cu(II) were 5 and 6, respectively. Under these conditions, living cells of P. huenov accumulated up to 75.58% of 110mg/ L Mn(II) and 70.5% of 128mg/L Cu(II) over 120 h, whereas, the removal efficiency of metal ions by dead cells over 1 h was 60.3% and 56.5%, respectively. These results indicate that living cells are more effective than dead biomass for bioremediation, but that greater time is required. The experimental data extends the potential use of P. huenov in biosorption and bioaccumulation of toxic heavy metals to copper and manganese, two of the most common industrial contaminants.

KCI등재

저자 : Chorong Ahn , Minkyeong Kim , Changmu Kim

발행기관 : 한국균학회 간행물 : Mycobiology 49권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 521-526 (6 pages)

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Three isolates belonging to the ascomycetous genus Zygotorulaspora were obtained from the fruits of Cornus officinalis and Smilax china, and flowers of Dendranthema zawadskii var. latilobum in Gongju-si, Korea. Phylogenetic Analyses of the LSU D1/D2 domain and ITS region sequences supported the recognition of two new species: Zygotorulaspora cornina sp. nov. (type strain NIBRFGC000500475 ¼ KACC93346PPP) and Zygotorulaspora smilacis sp. nov. (type strain NIBRFGC000500476 ¼ KACC93347PPP). The two novel species revealed no growth on D-Galactose, unlike the other six species in the genus Zygotorulaspora. They are distinguished from each other by their phylogenetic differences and phenotypic characteristics such as assimilation of xylitol, 5-keto-D-gluconate, and ethanol. All species in the genus Zygotorulaspora including the two novel species have phenotypic traits of genus Zygotorulaspora: asci are persistent, sucrose and raffinose are assimilated, and m-inositol is not required for growth, and they are mainly associated with plants.

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