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대한가정학회> Family and Environment Research

Family and Environment Research update

  • : 대한가정학회
  • : 자연과학분야  >  가정
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 2288-3541
  • : 2288-355X
  • : journal of the korean home economics association(대한가정학회지) → family and environment research(2013.6-)

수록정보
60권1호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 10
간행물 제목
60권2호(2022년 05월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1코로나19 팬데믹에 따른 노년층의 일상생활 변화와 삶의 질 : 1인 가구와 다인 가구 비교를 중심으로

저자 : 이서연 ( Seoyeon Lee ) , 장미나 ( Mina Chang )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 163-176 (14 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to understand the changes in the daily life and quality of life of the elderly due to the spread of COVID-19. This study attempted to supplement the limitations of quantitative analysis by performing both quantitative and qualitative analysis. A large-scale representative data, the Elderly Survey 2017 and 2020, were analyzed, and in-depth interviews were conducted with a total of 16 elderly people in Gwangju and Seoul. As a result, it was found that the overall quality of life was positively changed compared to before Corona. The frequency of contact and visits with family members decreased whereas the time spent watching TV increased. The elderly's adaptation to daily life has a series of processes since the first outbreak of COVID-19. At the beginning of the outbreak, there were fear, anxiety, and depression due to isolation, but gradually made efforts to adapt to the new situation. They reported that they realized the importance of human relationships, especially spouses, in a crisis situation and that there were some positive aspects as well. Finally, in all these results a difference was found between single-person households and multi-person households. Through the above research results, academic and policy measures were discussed.

KCI등재

2어머니의 반영기능과 유아의 공감능력, 실행기능, 배려행동 간의 구조적 관계

저자 : 이윤정 ( Yoonjeong Lee ) , 임지영 ( Jiyoung Lim ) , 안선정 ( Sunjung An )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 177-186 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among mothers' reflective function, preschoolers' empathy, executive function, caring behaviors. Subjects for this study were 498 preschoolers and their mothers. Mothers' reflective function was assessed by the Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire(PRFQ). Preschoolers' e mpathy was assessed by the Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy(QCAE). Preschoolers' executive function was assessed by the Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Functions-Preschool Version(BRIEF-P), and caring behaviors were assessed by the caring behaviors scale(Kim, 2015). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, confirmatory factor analysis(CFA), and structural equation model(SEM) with the SPSS 25.0 and AMOS 23.0 program.
The major results of this study were as follows. First, mothers' reflective function showed direct effects on preschoolers' empathy, executive function, and caring behaviors. Second, the preschoolers' empathy and executive function showed direct effects on preschoolers' caring behaviors. Third, preschoolers' empathy mediated the effects of mothers' reflective function on preschoolers' caring behaviors. The findings of this study will contribute to designing intervention programs to improve preschoolers' empathy, executive function, and caring behaviors.

KCI등재

3온라인 문제중심학습을 활용한 '가정교육론' 수업 사례 연구

저자 : 최성연 ( Seong-youn Choi )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 187-209 (23 pages)

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The objective of this study was to conduct a 'Theory of Home Economics Education' class using online problem-based learning(PBL) for prospective home economics(HE) teachers. The aim was to enable teachers to analyze the learning experience in the classroom, and to prepare operational strategies for online PBL on this basis. In order to achieve this, online PBL was applied to 31 students participating in the 'Theory of Home Economics Education' at the Department of HE in a university in Seoul, and the results were collected from the learning process. This also involved a reflective journal, a survey on the learning experience and the impacts was conducted. Moreover, analysis was undertaken on the learning activities, learning difficulties, and improvements. The main research results are as follows. Firstly, students accessed Webex, an online video conferencing program, and performed two PBL tasks: 'Making Home Economics Promotion Materials' and 'Presenting Teaching Strategies to Improve Learner's Immersion in Online Classes'. Secondly, learners established their own identity of HE learned about the HE class plans themselves. They also encountered realistic experience as HE teachers and learned communication and collaboration skills. Furthermore, they acquired creative problem-solving and self-directed learning ability, community consciousness, as well as the attitude of consideration and respect. Thirdly, students lacked knowledge of learning content and encountered difficulty in solving data research, analysis processes, and unstructured problems. They were affected by a lack of time and encountered problem in communicating with other team members in an online environment. As an improvement in online class operation, it was considrered necessary to reduce the learning burden by securing time and reducing the number of assignments, as well as to explain active interaction with instructors and PBL.

KCI등재

4포토보이스를 통해 살펴본 코로나 시대 청소년의 일상생활

저자 : 권보람 ( Boram Kwon ) , 최새은 ( Saeeun Choi )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 211-230 (20 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to understand the daily lives of adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic and to provide educational implications for enhancing the competencies of adolescents living in rapidly-changing environments. To this end, the photovoice method, consisting of orientation, documentation, discussion, and analysis, was employed to study nine adolescent participants, who were interested in sharing aspects of their daily lives. The results yielded four themes and nine sub-themes. The first theme is “home life”, which is composed of two sub-themes: most comfortable to be alone and EA (eating alone) for lunch. The second theme is “leisure life”, which consists of two sub-themes: the virtual world of playing with friends and exercise is the only way out to breathe. The third theme is “school life”, which consists of three sub-themes: time for inner exploration and reflection, cracks in daily life due to excessive autonomy, and pros and cons of virtual classes. The fourth theme is “the voice of adolescents”, which consists of two sub-themes: requiring adults to set a golden example and anxious voices due to an uncertain future. This photovoice method of study is meaningful in that it explores the daily lives of adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic and provides valuable educational implications.

KCI등재

5성인애착과 대학생의 주관적 행복감 간의 관계에서 사회적지지의 매개효과

저자 : 최아라 ( Ara Choi )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 231-242 (12 pages)

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This study examines the relationship of adult attachment, social support, and subjective happiness of university students, and confirm the mediating effect of social support in the relationship between adult attachment and subjective happiness. Participants in this study consist of 284 university students enrolled in G city. Data were analyzed using SPSS and AMOS to conduct descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and a structural equation model. The main findings are as follows. First, Attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance showed negative correlations with social support and subjective happiness. And social support showed a positive correlation with subjective happiness. Second, social support showed a partial mediating effect on the effect of attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance on the subjective happiness of university students. This study is meaningful in providing basic data for educational and counseling interventions that enhance subjective happiness of university students.

KCI등재

6COVID-19 팬데믹 상황에서 대학신입생의 회복탄력성: 자원 증진 프로그램의 개발

저자 : 김재윤 ( Jae Yoon Kim ) , 이소영 ( So Young Lee ) , 박은영 ( Eunyoung Park ) , 마나 ( Mana ) , 백준상 ( Joon Sang Baek ) , 강민주 ( Min Ju Kang )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 243-256 (14 pages)

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Undergraduate freshmen are currently encountering numerous difficulties in adapting to college life due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, several studies have underlined the need to develop interventions focused on undergraduate students' resilience during this situation. We adopted the service design method in identifying the difficulties faced by undergraduate freshmen during this pandemic, and also developed interventions for raising their resilience. The service design method is a person-centered approach which adopts the user's viewpoint in developing solutions, thereby enabling their requirements to be satisfied. Surveys and in-depth interviews revealed that undergraduate freshmen were experiencing psycho-emotional problems which were derived from schoolwork and college life. This is particularly the case with students who are experiencing greater levels of academic difficulty, and were insufficiently equipped with resources such as stress-coping strategies and social support. Four undergraduate freshmen were recruited online to test the effectiveness of a resource promotion program aimed at enhancing their resilience. This program has proved to be helpful in relieving daily/academic stress and in building relationships among freshmen, regarding which the participants showed a high level of satisfaction. The results were discussed by focusing on psycho-emotional difficulties and resources of college freshmen, as well as the effectiveness of the resource promotion program. Further research is required in order to verify the efficiency of the program and to confirm conclusions.

KCI등재

7어머니와 아버지의 헬리콥터 부모역할 유형과 데이트 내 친밀성 추구

저자 : 김성희 ( Seong Hee Kim )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 257-271 (15 pages)

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The aim of this study was to explore the types of helicopter parenting among college students, and to examine how the identified types of helicopter parenting are associated with intimacy goals in dating. In order to investigate these purposes, 202 college students were recruited and analyzed. With the use of Mplus 7.4, a latent profile analysis identified latent profiles of helicopter parenting. Additionally, multivariate regression analysis was conducted in order to analyze the links between the types of helicopter parenting and intimacy goals in dating by using SPSS 26.0. The main findings of the study were as follows. Firstly, three helicopter parenting classes were identified: 1) strong decision-making, 2) strong helicopter parenting, 3) weak helicopter parenting. Secondly, college students in the strong helicopter parenting class reported significantly higher levels of intimacy goals in dating than those in the strong decision-making class. On the other hand, no significant connection was identified between the type of 'weak helicopter parenting' and the levels of intimacy goals in dating, referencing the type of 'strong helicopter parenting.' These results indicate that helicopter parenting has a certain number of types in nature, and the control-based parental behavior could have an impact on college students' intimacy goals in dating.

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8한복과 한푸의 차이점 분석에 관한 연구

저자 : 김지수 ( Jisu Kim ) , 나영주 ( Youngjoo Na )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 273-287 (15 pages)

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(K)Hanbok, which is Korea's traditional clothing, differs from the Chinese Hanfu or Japanese Kimono. This study aims to understand the fundamental differences between (K)Hanbok and Hanfu. The Goryeo Dynasty (K)Hanbok, which was particularly popular in China, was established because the Ming Dynasty Hanfu and Chinese fashion were considerably influenced by the 'Koryo Yang'. Firstly, while (K)Hanbok is bulky, Hanfu of the Han Dynasty is characterized by forming a slim silhouette. Due to the climate of the Northern Hemisphere, (K)Hanbok shows a rich silhouette comprising multiple layers of inner pants and a pleated skirt over a voluminous underskirt. On the other hand, the Han's Hanfu creates a straight silhouette in the form of a wrap, revealing the contours of the body. The pleated skirt of the (K)Hanbok can use six to twelve width fabrics, depending on the social position; however, the Hanfu of the Han is a skirt without any pleats. Secondly, the clothing patterns, which have various shapes, are totally different in how they are made and sewn. The Korean (K)Hanbok is a two-piece separate, whereas the Chinese Hanfu style is a one-piece with a skirt. The short length of the (K)Hanbok jacket has a Sup which is cut and pasted allowing the front closure to overlap. Nevertheless, the Hanfu of the Han does not have this Sup because it is of a wrap-around, one-piece style and has an exceptionally large front, and wraps around at the waist which extends to the sides. Thirdly, the (K)Hanbok jacket has separate string Gorums for fastening, and an additional belt around the waist; however, in the case of Gorum, it is unnecessary for a wrapping style of Hanfu. Fourthly, Koreans as an agricultural horse-riding people, basically wore the trousers attached a comfortable gusset, while the Chinese Hanfu had no pants, but the Chinese wore Gaedanggo pants which exposed the hips, inevitably during the Warring States period.

KCI등재

9사교육비 지출이 청소년 자녀의 우울과 신체증상에 미치는 영향

저자 : 이성림 ( Seonglim Lee ) , 김진숙 ( Jinsook Kim )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 289-302 (14 pages)

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This study examined the effect of private educational expenditure on adolescent depression and somatic symptoms. The sample comprised 2,589 first-grade middle-school students who completed the 2018 Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey. Data were analyzed using ANOVA (the generalized linear model), multiple regression, and quantile regression analysis. The principal results were as follows. First, 15.15% of adolescents reported depression symptoms, and 15.57% reported somatic symptoms. Second, levels of depression were significantly different among classes with a different level of private educational expenditure. Third, depression level was significantly negatively associated with private educational expenditure, in that the higher the private educational expenditure, the lower the depression level. Fourth, the effect of private educational expenditure on adolescent depression was significant at the 70~90th quantile regression, suggesting that private educational expenditure was associated with a higher level of depression symptoms. The results indicate that private education was viewed as a consumption commodity rather than a complementary educational practice or investment in human capital. Private education as a commodity might induce the highly developed and costly private education market. In turn, there is an increased financial burden for education at one end of the social-economic continuum and depression caused by relative deprivation at the other end.

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10쌀귀리 분말을 첨가한 재래식 고추장의 이화학적 특성

저자 : 정난희 ( Lan-hee Jung ) , 전은례 ( Eun-raye Jeon )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 303-315 (13 pages)

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The physicochemical properties of traditional kochujang added with naked oat flours (0, 5, 10, 15%) were periodically examined during fermentation for 20 weeks at 25℃(± 2℃). The proximate composition of roasted naked oat flours were as follows: water 0.67%, ash 1.63%, fat 10.37%, protein 13.63%, carbohydrates 73.70%. The water contents of traditional kochujang added with naked oat flours decreased gradually according to the addition level. The pH of traditional kochujang added with naked oat flours increased according to the added level, whereas pH decreased gradually during fermentation. The acidity was opposite to pH. The L (lightness), a (redness) and b (yellowness)-values of samples increased according to the amount of added naked oat flours, whereas they decreased gradually during fermentation. The salinity and sweetness of samples decreased according to the amount of added naked oat flours. Amino acid composition of traditional kochujang added with naked oat flours was higher than that of the control during fermentation. Aspartic acid, alanine, leucine, and arginine were high in the case of traditional kochujang added with 0% naked oat flours, and aspartic acid, leucine, alanine, proline. And arginine were high in the case of traditional kochujang added with 15% naked oat flours. The dietary fiber content was 5.38g/100g in the case of 0% addition and 5.75g/100g in the case of 15% addition. As a result of the above results, it was found that the physicochemical properties of traditional kochujang added with naked oat flours could be improved, and the possibility of developing a traditional kochujang beneficial to health was confirmed.

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KCI등재

1SNA(Social Network Analysis)를 활용한 코로나19 전후의 가정과교육 유튜브 콘텐츠 변화 분석

저자 : 심재영 ( Jae Young Shim ) , 김은경 ( Eun Kyung Kim ) , 고은미 ( Eun Mi Ko ) , 김형선 ( Hyoung Sun Kim ) , 박미정 ( Mi Jeong Park )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-20 (20 pages)

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This paper presents a social network analysis of changes in Home Economics education content loaded on YouTube before and after the outbreak of COVID-19. From January 1, 2008 to June 30, 2021, a basic analysis was conducted of 761 Home Economics education videos loaded on YouTube, using NetMiner 4.3 to analyze important keywords and the centrality of video titles and full texts. Before COVID-19, there were 164 Home Economics education videos posted on YouTube, increasing significantly to 597 following the emergence of the pandemic. In both periods, there was more middle school content than high school content. The content in the child-family field was the most, and the main keywords were youth and family. Before COVID-19, a performance evaluation indicated that the proportion of student content was high, whereas after the outbreak of the disease, teacher content increased significantly due to the effect of distance learning. However, compared with video use, the self-expression and participation of users were lower in both periods. The centrality analysis indicated that in the title, 'family' exhibited a high degree of both centrality and eigenvector centrality over the entire period. Degree centrality of the video title was found to be high in the order of class, online, family, management, etc. after the outbreak of COVID-19, and the connection of keywords was strong overall. Eigenvector centrality indicated that career, search, life, and design were influential keywords before COVID-19, while class, youth, online, and development were influential keywords after COVID-19.

KCI등재

2코로나-19 이전과 이후 식생활 관련 제로웨이스트 운동 양상과 소비자 반응 비교

저자 : 박인형 ( In-hyoung Park ) , 박유민 ( You-min Park ) , 이철 ( Cheol Lee ) , 선정은 ( Jung-eun Sun ) , 호문접 ( Wendie Hu ) , 정재은 ( Jae-eun Chung )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 21-38 (18 pages)

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This study uses text mining compares and contrasts consumers' social media discourses on dietary related zero-waste movement before and after COVID-19. The results indicate that the amount of buzz on social networks for the zero- waste movement has been increasing after COVID-19. Additionally, the results of frequency analysis and topic modeling revealed that subjects associated with zero-waste movement were more diversified after COVID-19. Although the results of a sentiment analysis and word cloud visualization confirmed that consumers' positive responses toward the zero-waste have been increasing, they also revealed a need to educate and encourage those who are still not aware of the need for zero-waste. Finally, consumers mentioned only a small number of companies participating in zero-waste movement on SNS, indicating that the level of active involvement by such companies is much lower than that of consumers. Theoretical and educational implications as well as those for government policy-making are considered.

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3농촌아동의 주양육자 애착과 가족상호작용이 사회적 유능감에 미치는 영향: 자기조절능력의 매개 효과를 중심으로

저자 : 김수빈 ( Subin Kim ) , 임지영 ( Jiyoung Lim )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 39-52 (14 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to investigate whether attachment to primary caregivers and family interaction affect rural children's social competence through self-regulation ability. To achieve this, a survey was conducted with 345 students aged 11-13 attending elementary schools in a rural area of Gyeongsang Province. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation analysis, and path analysis using the AMOS 23.0 program. The main result was that rural children's self-regulation had an indirect effect on attachment with primary caregivers and family interaction through social competence. The findings of this study will contribute to designing a variety of programs that can promote the positive development of social competence among rural children.

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4초기 청소년기 정서행동문제의 종단적 변화에 따른 잠재프로파일 분류 및 전이 영향요인 분석

저자 : 김빛나 ( Bitna Kim ) , 장혜인 ( Hyein Jang ) , 박주희 ( Ju Hee Park )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 53-68 (16 pages)

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Using a person-centered approach, the current study investigated latent profiles for the emotional and behavioral problems of students in sixth-grade in elementary school and second grade of middle school. The aim was to explore latent transition patterns and verify the factors affecting the transitions. The participants were 1,937 adolescents who responded to the 3rd year (6th grade of elementary school; Time 1), 4th year (1st grade of middle school), and 5th year (2nd grade of middle school; Time 2) of the Korean Children Youth Panel Study. Latent profile and latent transition analyses were performed. The results were as follows: first, the latent profile of emotional and behavioral problems changed from Time 1 to Time 2. The latent groups at Time 1 were classified into low, moderate, high, and externalizing-dominant, whereas at Time 2, five groups were identified: low, moderate, high, externalizing-dominant, and withdrawal-dominant. Second, transition analyses revealed that although 22.3-57.0% of latent groups remained unchanged, there were significant changes over time between groups, as a new group ('withdrawal-dominant') emerged in Time 2. Third, different factors influenced the latent profile transition of emotional and behavioral problems depending on the transition pattern. Higher levels of self-esteem, better relationships with peers and teachers, and lower levels of parental inconsistency meant emotional and behavioral problems had not worsened at Time 2. The results suggest that early interventions are needed during the transition from childhood to early adolescence.

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5정례적 결혼검진의 가족센터 적용에 관한 효과성 연구

저자 : 박우철 ( Woochul Park )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 69-86 (18 pages)

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The present study examined the effectiveness of repeated marriage checkups at intervals of six months in a Family Center in Seoul. To achieve this, the pilot study protocol (Park, 2019) was adapted, emphasizing strength-based, counseling-oriented approaches. Two couples and family therapists with master's degrees were trained and their practice was monitored to ensure program fidelity. The methods employed for the assessment of marriage checkup were an online survey, a video recording of couple problem-solving, and a clinical interview. A total of 14 couples participated in the 1st checkup, 10 of whom also completed the 2nd checkup. Couples with varying levels of marital satisfaction participated in the program. Descriptive statistics indicated gradual increases over 8-9 months in diverse indices such as marital satisfaction and relationship strength, while other indices fluctuated slightly but converged to higher levels over time. A non-parametric analysis appropriate for small samples demonstrated statistically significant increases over the 8-9 months in marital satisfaction among couples. The current study evidenced the effectiveness of repeated marriage checkups in the Family Center, which is the primary public institution for family policy and services in Korea. Repeated marriage checkups are therefore a promising way to enhance couples' relationship health and improve the family management system of the Family Center.

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6영유아 교사의 전문성, 교수창의성, 놀이신념이 놀이교수효능감에 미치는 영향에 있어 교사-영유아 상호작용과 교실환경의 다중매개효과

저자 : 이미선 ( Misun Lee ) , 황혜정 ( Hye Jung Hwang )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 87-98 (12 pages)

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This study examined the relationships between teacher variables that improve the efficacy of the play teaching of infants and toddlers following a play-oriented curriculum. The participants were 287 infant teachers. The results were as follows. First, the independent variables had a significant effect on the efficacy of play teaching, teacher-infant interaction, and classroom environment. Second, the mediating effects of teacher-infant interaction and classroom environment on the effect of independent variables on the efficacy of play teaching were as follows. The interaction mediating effect between professionalism and play belief was significant, but teaching creativity was found to be significant. In the mediating effect of the classroom environment, expertise, play belief, and teaching creativity were found to be significant. Third, both teacher-infant interaction and the multimedia effect of the classroom environment were statistically significant in mediating the effect of independent variables on the efficacy of play teaching. These results provide basic data on the necessity for teacher education to explore ways to improve teachers' sense of efficacy in teaching play and their teaching skills.

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7어머니의 인지적 공감능력이 유아의 실행기능에 미치는 영향: 유아 배려행동과 행복감의 매개효과

저자 : 공영숙 ( Youngsook Kong ) , 임지영 ( Jiyoung Lim ) , 안선정 ( Sunjung An ) , 이윤정 ( Yoonjeong Lee )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 99-113 (15 pages)

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This study examined the effect of maternal cognitive empathy on children's executive function focusing on mediating effects of preschooler's caring behavior and happiness. The subject of this study was 460 five-year-old preschooler-their mother dyads in Korea. Data were collected by Korean Version of Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy(K-QCAE), Caring Behaviors Scale for Young Children, Happiness Scale for Young Children and Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool Version(BRIEF-P). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent samples t-test, Pearson correlation analysis, structural equation model and bootstrapping test with SPSS 25.0 and AMOS 23.0 program. The major results were as follows. 1) Maternal cognitive empathy had a positive influence on preschooler's caring behavior. 2) Preschooler's caring behavior had a positive influence on happiness and executive function. 3) Preschooler's happiness had a positive influence on executive function. 4) The effect of maternal cognitive empathy on preschooler's executive function was mediated by preschooler's caring behavior. 5) The effect of maternal cognitive empathy on preschooler's executive function was sequentially mediated by preschooler's caring behavior and happiness. This study revealed that maternal cognitive empathy, preschooler's caring behavior, and happiness have an important role in preschooler's executive function. Most of all, we suggest that maternal cognitive empathy should be improved to promote preschooler's executive function. The findings of this study will contribute to designing intervention programs to improve preschooler's executive function as well as maternal empathy.

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8유아용 영상미디어 프로그램의 질에 대한 어머니들의 인식

저자 : 김윤경 ( Yoon Kyung Kim ) , 이동미 ( Dongmee Lee ) , 박주희 ( Ju Hee Park )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 115-130 (16 pages)

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This study aimed to understand what factors the mothers of infants consider to be important when choosing screen media programs for their children, and to investigate whether those features differ according to maternal socio-demographic characteristics (i.e., age, education level, employment status, and family income). The study participants comprised 948 mothers who were the primary caregivers and had at least one child aged 4-6. They were asked to select three of the following aspects as critical criteria for determining if a given screen media program is appropriate for infants: (a) contents suitable to the child's developmental level, (b) behaviors of characters, (c) appearance of characters, (d) visual aspects of program, (e) duration of screen media program, (f) whether the screen media program includes instructive contents, and (g) whether the program leads to opportunities for conversations among family members and activities with children. Multiple response frequency analysis and multiple response cross-analysis were used to analyze the mothers' responses. The results revealed that the majority of the mothers reported that 'contents suitable to the child's developmental level' represented the first-ranked criterion for selecting screen media programs for their child, which was followed by 'behaviors of characters,' and 'whether the screen media program includes instructive contents.' However, such criteria for screen media programs for infants differed according to maternal age, education level, employment status, and family income. These outcomes suggest that different information needs to be provided based on maternal characteristics in order to help mothers determine the quality of screen media programs for their infants.

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9패션브랜드 판매원의 판매서비스와 조직구성원 관계가 직무성과와 직무만족에 미치는 영향 연구

저자 : 김지연 ( Jie-yurn Kim ) , 오현정 ( Hyun Jeong Oh )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 131-145 (15 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to reveal the effects of sales services and organizational member relationships of fashion brand salespersons on job performance and job satisfaction, as well as how job performance, job satisfaction, salesperson services, and organizational member relationships differ according to the sales career and job position. The data were collected by administering a questionnaire to fashion brand salespeople in Gwangju from September to October 2020. Using 235 responses, the data were analyzed with SPSS 27.0 for frequency analysis, reliability analysis, t-test, factor analysis, and regression analysis. The research results were as follows. First, the basic services of the salesperson comprised factors such as 'consideration and convenience', 'appearance and dress', and 'kindness and greeting', which are considered better variables to explain job performance than job satisfaction. Second, the salesperson's professional service consisted of 'fashion product knowledge', 'professional self-management', and 'store display technology' factors, which are good variables to predict job performance. Third, the relationship between the members of a salesperson's organization consists of factors such as 'headquarters relations', 'colleague relations', and 'emotional labor', which was better for explaining job satisfaction than job performance. Fourth, depending on the position, professional salespeople exhibited significantly higher values in job performance, basic and professional services of salespersons, and 'headquarters relations' factors, whereas there were no significant differences in job satisfaction, 'colleague relations' and 'emotional labor'. Lastly, the more sales career, the higher the job performance, and the basic services, professional services, and 'headquarters relations' factors of salespeople were also good.

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10중국 기혼여성의 자녀양육기 발달과업과 둘째 출산의향: 부모역할 적응, 양육분담, 부부적응을 중심으로

저자 : 우공평 ( Kunping Yu ) , 이재림 ( Jaerim Lee )

발행기관 : 대한가정학회 간행물 : Family and Environment Research 60권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 147-162 (16 pages)

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Although the globally known one-child policy in China was abolished in 2016, the overall fertility rate in the country declined to 1.3 in 2020. In this study, we examined whether the achievement of major developmental tasks during the childrearing stage was associated with intentions to have a second child among Chinese married women. Based on family development theory, we included parenting adaptation, division of childcare responsibilities with the partner, and marital adjustment as key developmental tasks during the childrearing stage. The participants of this study were 315 married Chinese women who lived with a spouse and a child who had not yet entered elementary school. Data were collected through an online survey in February and March 2021. A multiple regression analysis of the data revealed that a lower level of economic parenting stress, a higher level of fairness in dividing childcare responsibilities with the partner, and a more positive change in their marital relationship after having the first child were associated with greater intentions to have a second child.

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