간행물

한국전기전자재료학회> 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.)

전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) update

Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers

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수록정보
35권4호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 15
간행물 제목
35권6호(2022년 11월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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저자 : 임성빈 ( Sungbin Im ) , 부상돈 ( Sang Don Bu ) , 정창규 ( Chang Kyu Jeong )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 6호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 523-546 (24 pages)

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Morphotropic phase boundary (MPB), which is a special boundary that separates two or multiple different phases in the phase diagram of some ferroelectric ceramics, is an important concept in identifying physics that includes piezoelectric responses. MPB, which had not been discovered in organic materials until recently, was discovered in poly(vinylidene fluoride-co- trifluoroethylene (P(VDF-TrFE)), resulting from a molecular approach. The piezoelectric coefficient of P(VDF-TrFE) in this MPB region was achieved up to -63.5 pC N-1, which is about two times as large as the conventional value of -30 pC N-1 of P(VDF-TrFE). An order-disorder arrangement greatly affects the rise of the piezoelectric effect and the ferroelectric, paraelectric and relaxor ferroelectric of P(VDF-TrFE), so the arrangement and shape of the polymer chain is important. In this review, we investigate the origin of negative longitudinal piezoelectric coefficients of piezoelectric polymers, which is definitely opposite to those of common piezoelectric ceramics. In addition to the mainly discussed issue about MPB behaviors of ferroelectric polymers, we also introduce the consideration about polymer chirality resulting in relaxor ferroelectric properties. When the physics of ferroelectric polymers is unveiled, we can improve the piezoelectric and pyroelectric properties of ferroelectric polymers and contribute to the development of next-generation sensor, energy, transducer and actuator applications.

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저자 : 김동룡 ( Dongryong Kim ) , 최문기 ( Moon Kee Choi )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 6호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 547-555 (9 pages)

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Color conversion layer refers to a layer that converts the blue light emitted from the backlight into the red and green light. Heavy metal-free quantum dots and perovskite nanocrystals have attracted great attention as base materials for color conversion layers due to their outstanding optical characteristics. Here, we review recent advances in the development of color conversion layers based on quantum dots. First, we overview the representative optical characteristics of quantum dots and perovskite nanocrystals, and then introduce printing techniques for color converting layers including photolithography, inkjet printing, and nanoimprinting. Finally, we conclude this review with a brief perspective.

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저자 : 이대형 ( Dae-hyung Lee ) , 서동화 ( Dong-hwa Seo )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 6호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 556-561 (6 pages)

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밀도범함수이론(density functional theory, DFT)이 등장한 이래로, 이를 재료과학에 적용하여 에너지 재료 및 반도체와 같은 전자재료들의 연구개발에 활발하게 활용되고 있다. 하지만 DFT 계산 프로그램을 실행할 때 필요한 입력파일 생성 시 여러 가지 소재들에 대해 동일한 계산 조건을 맞춰 주고 파라미터들을 알맞게 설정해 줘야 올바른 계산결과 비교가 가능한데, 이런 부분들에 대해 진입 장벽이 높다는 어려움이 있다. 이에 본 논문에서는 Python Materials Genomics (pymatgen) 파이썬 패키지를 이용해 분자 및 결정구조를 다루고 널리 사용되는 DFT 계산 프로그램인 Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package (VASP) 및 Gaussian 입력 파일 생성에 대해 소개하고자 한다. 이를 통해 해당 프로그램에 대한 전문적인 지식이 많지 않더라도 보다 일관적인 계산 조건에서 결과들을 손쉽게 수행할 수 있게 되기를 기대한다.


Computational material science as an application of Density Functional Theory (DFT) to the discipline of material science has emerged and applied to the research and development of energy materials and electronic materials such as semiconductor. However, there are a few difficulties, such as generating input files for various types of materials in both the same calculating condition and appropriate parameters, which is essential in comparing results of DFT calculation in the right way. In this tutorial status report, we will introduce how to create crystal structures and to prepare input files automatically for the Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package (VASP) and Gaussian, the most popular DFT calculation programs. We anticipate this tutorial makes DFT calculation easier for the ones who are not experts on DFT programs.

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저자 : Eun Mi Kim , Gi-seok Heo

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 6호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 562-567 (6 pages)

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Novel self-illuminated smart windows were fabricated consisting of Cu-doped ZnS (ZnS:Cu) powder and polymer-dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC). This smart window shows not only switchable transparency but also self-illumination without any attachable luminous body. Its electro-optical characteristics, transmittance, and luminance were investigated in relation to various applied voltages and composition ratios. The optical transmittance and luminous intensity increased with increasing applied voltages. However, the optical transmittance decreased with increasing ZnS:Cu powder content. One of the self-illuminated smart windows, which was fabricated with 9 wt% of ZnS:Cu, achieved the optical transmittance of 60.5% (at 550 nm) and the luminance of 11.0 cd/m2 at 100 V. This smart window could be used as a normal switchable smart window in daytime and light-emitting signage at night.

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저자 : 안봉만 ( Bong Man Ahn ) , 한병성 ( Byoung Sung Han ) , 한운기 ( Un Ki Han ) , 이영관 ( Young Kwan Lee ) , 안현진 ( Hyun Jin An )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 6호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 568-575 (8 pages)

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This paper is a study on frequency analysis and electronic noise reduction of energy storage system (ESS). We acquired 4 necessary data for about 2 minutes and 4 seconds using a sampling frequency of 10,000 Hz in ESS. Fast Fourier transform (FFT) was used for electronic noise analysis from the acquired data. As a result, it was confirmed that DC component, fundamental wave, second and higher harmonic component exist. For the attenuation of harmonics, low-pass filter (LPF) was applied. We confirmed that an attenuation of approximately 59.3% appears from the second harmonic. The presence of many harmonic components in the data of the ESS was expected to occur due to the insufficiency of optimization among the modules inside the ESS. Therefore, we propose that a national certification system for ESS should be introduced to settle down the issue properly.

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저자 : 연지영 ( Ji-yeong Yeon ) , 이광선 ( Khwang-sun Lee ) , 윤성수 ( Sung-su Yoon ) , 연주원 ( Ju-won Yeon ) , 배학열 ( Hagyoul Bae ) , 박준영 ( Jun-young Park )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 6호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 576-580 (5 pages)

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Semiconductor devices have evolved from 2D planar FETs to 3D bulk FinFETs, with aggressive device scaling. Bulk FinFETs make it possible to suppress short-channel effects. In addition, the use of low-k dielectric materials as a vacuum gate spacer have been suggested to improve the AC characteristics of the bulk FinFET. However, although the vacuum gate spacer is effective, correlation between the vacuum gate spacer and the short-channel-effects have not yet been compared or discussed. Using a 3D TCAD simulator, this paper demonstrates how to optimize bulk FinFETs including a vacuum gate spacer and to suppress short-channel effects.

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저자 : 김유은 ( Yu-eun Kim ) , 김기환 ( Gi-hwan Kim )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 6호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 581-593 (13 pages)

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As energy depletion and environmental pollution problems are intensified, research has been conducted actively on alternative energy sources, an eco-friendly and continuous available energy conversion system. So has been organic solar cells whose efficiency is improved to 18.32%. The photoactive layer inside the solar cell is composed of a donor and a acceptor, and the combination of materials capable of effectively exchanging electrons greatly affects the efficiency of the organic solar cell. Accordingly, various researches have been conducted to improve the efficiency, and the maximum efficiency could be achieved by a solar cell with high carrier generation and low charge recombination characteristics through the introduction of a non-fullerene acceptor and material reconstruction. Organic solar cells are still difficult to commercialize due to their efficiency limitations and light stability, but if a photoactive layer consisting of a donor capable of efficiently absorbing long-wavelength light and an acceptor capable of forming an appropriate energy level is designed, the efficiency of the organic solar cell will reach 20%.

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저자 : 이경렬 ( Gyeong-yeol Lee ) , 김성욱 ( Sung-wook Kim ) , 길경석 ( Gyung-suk Kil )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 6호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 594-602 (9 pages)

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Cast-resin transformers are widely installed in various electrical power systems because of their low operating cost and low influence on external environmental factors. However, when they have an internal defect during the manufacturing process or operation, a partial discharge (PD) occurs, and eventually destroys the insulation. In this paper, a Rogowski-type PD sensor was studied to replace commercial PD sensors used for the insulation diagnosis of power apparatus. The proposed PD sensor was manufactured with four different types of PCB-based winding structures, and it was analyzed in terms of the detection characteristics for standard calibration pulses and the changes of the output voltage according to the distance. The output increased linearly in accordance with the applied discharge amount. It was confirmed that the hexagon structure sensor had the highest sensitivity, because the winding cross-sectional area of the sensor was larger than others. In addition, as the distance from the defect increased, the output voltage of the sensors decreased by 7.32% on average. It was also confirmed that the attenuation rate according to the distance decreased as the input discharge amount increased. For the application of this new type sensor, PD electrode system was designed to simulate the void defect. Waveforms and PRPD patterns measured by the proposed PD sensors at DIV and 120% of DIV were the same as the results measured by MPD 600 based on IEC 60270. The proposed PD sensors can be installed on the inner wall of the transformer tank by coating its surfaces with a non-conductive material; therefore, it is possible to detect internal defects more effectively at a closer distance from the defect than the conventional sensors.

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저자 : 김홍래 ( Hongrae Kim ) , 정성진 ( Sungjin Jeong ) , 조재웅 ( Jaewoong Cho ) , 김성헌 ( Sungheon Kim ) , 한승용 ( Seungyong Han ) , 수레쉬쿠마르듄겔 ( Suresh Kumar Dhungel ) , 이준신 ( Junsin Yi )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 6호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 603-609 (7 pages)

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Passivation quality is mainly governed by epitaxial growth of crystalline silicon wafer surface. Void-rich intrinsic a- Si:H interfacial layer could offer higher resistivity of the c-Si surface and hence a better device efficiency as well. To reduce the resistivity of the contact area, a modification of void-rich intrinsic layer of a-Si:H towards more ordered state with a higher density is adopted by adapting its thickness and reducing its series resistance significantly, but it slightly decreases passivation quality. Higher resistance is not dominated by asymmetric effects like different band offsets for electrons or holes. In this study, multilayer of intrinsic a-Si:H layers were used. The first one with a void-rich was a-Si:H(I1) and the next one a-SiOx:H(I2) were used, where a-SiOx:H(I2) had relatively larger band gap of ~2.07 eV than that of a-Si:H (I1). Using a-SiOx:H as I2 layer was expected to increase transparency, which could lead to an easy carrier transport. Also, higher implied voltage than the conventional structure was expected. This means that the a-SiOx:H could be a promising material for a high-quality passivation of c-Si. In addition, the i-a-SiOx:H microstructure can help the carrier transportation through tunneling and thermal emission.

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저자 : 김유진 ( Yu-jin Kim ) , 이경영 ( Gyeong-yeong Lee ) , 이인곤 ( In-gon Lee ) , 홍익표 ( Ic-pyo Hong ) , 김지훈 ( Ji-hoon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 6호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 610-615 (6 pages)

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BaTiO3 is one of the ferroelectric materials with excellent dielectric properties such as high dielectric constant, low dielectric loss, and is widely used for the manufacturing of capacitors, piezoelectric converters, microsensors, and ferroelectric memories. Inkjet printing is a technology which uses digital and contactless methods which significantly improves flexibility associated with material and structural design, reducing manufacturing costs. Therefore, the top and bottom electrodes, BaTiO3 ink, and photocurable resin were all printed by an inkjet to produce a BaTiO3 capacitor. The properties of the printed thin film were analyzed. It was confirmed that the photocurable resin ink was well-infiltrated between the BaTiO3 powder particles printed by inkjet. The dielectric properties of the capacitor such as dielectric constant which varies in accordance with frequency, polarization and tunability that changes with voltage, were measured.

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저자 : Soon Joo Yoon , Yoon Kyeung Lee

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 311-321 (11 pages)

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The report reviews recent research efforts in demonstrating a computing system whose operation principle mimics the dynamics of biological neurons. The temporal variation of the membrane potential of neurons is one of the key features that contribute to the information processing in the brain. We first summarize the neuron models that explain the experimentally observed change in the membrane potential. The function of ion channels is briefly introduced to understand such change from the molecular viewpoint. Dedicated circuits that can simulate the neuronal dynamics have been developed to reproduce the charging and discharging dynamics of neurons depending on the input ionic current from presynaptic neurons. Key elements include volatile memristors that can undergo volatile resistance switching depending on the voltage bias. This behavior called the threshold switching has been utilized to reproduce the spikes observed in the biological neurons. Various types of threshold switch have been applied in a different configuration in the hardware demonstration of neurons. Recent studies revealed that the memristor-based circuits could provide energy and space efficient options for the demonstration of neurons using the innate physical properties of materials compared to the options demonstrated with the conventional complementary metal-oxidesemiconductors (CMOS).

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저자 : 최현수 ( Hyunsu Choi ) , 류정호 ( Jungho Ryu ) , 윤운하 ( Woon-ha Yoon ) , 황건태 ( Geon-tae Hwang )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 322-332 (11 pages)

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Energy storage capacitors based on dielectric ceramics with superior polarization properties and dielectric constant can provide much higher output power density due to their very fast energy charging/discharging rates, which are particularly suitable for operating pulsed-power devices. For an outstanding energy storage performance of dielectric capacitor, a large recoverable energy density could be derived by introducing a slim polarization-electric field hysteresis loop into dielectric materials by various technical approaches. Many research teams have explored various dielectric capacitor technologies to demonstrate high output power density and ultrafast charging/discharging behavior. This article reviews the recent research progress in high-performance dielectric capacitors for pulsed-power electronic applications.

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저자 : Deepak Rajaram Patil , 류정호 ( Jungho Ryu )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 333-341 (9 pages)

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자기전기복합체(magnetoelectric, ME compositie)는 자왜재료와 압전재료의 결합현상을 이용하는 재료로서 지난 20여 년간 이론적, 실험적으로 많은 연구가 진행되어 왔다. 자기전기복합체의 출력특성은 구성하는 소재, 계면층, 복합체의 형상, 자기장하 진동모드 등의 많은 구성요소의 최적화를 통하여 급속히 향상되고 있다. 하지만 자기전기복합체의 자기전기 결합 특성 평가는 대부분의 연구들에서 구체적인 방법을 제시하지 않아 어떻게 측정한 것인지가 불명확한 경우가 많다. 본 논문에서는 자기전기복합체의 비공진, 공진상황에서 자기전기 전압계수를 어떻게 측정할 수 있는지에 대한 자세한 방법을 소개한다. 평가를 위한 샘플로서 대칭적인 구조를 가지는 Gelfenol/PMN-PZT/Gelfenol 자기전기복합체를 제조하였다. 압전 재료로는 이방성의 (011) 32 모드의 PMN-PZT 압전 단결정과 자왜재료로는 Galfenol 합금을 사용하여 에폭시로 접착하였다. 컴퓨터 인터페이스로 자동화된 자기전기 전압특성 측정 시스템의 구성을 우선 설명하고, 자기전기 결합특성의 측정 방법을 단계별로 설명한다. 본 튜토리얼 논문에서는 자기전기결합 특성과 특성평가방법을 이해하고자 하는 연구자들에게 도움이 될 수 있는 평가방법의 원리와 절차를 제공하고자 하였다.

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저자 : 장원준 ( Wonjun Jang ) , 이남종 ( Namjong Lee ) , 정다운 ( Dawoon Jung ) , 김홍석 ( Hong-seok Kim ) , 정승찬 ( Seung Chan Jung ) , 한재희 ( Jae-hee Han )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 342-347 (6 pages)

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In-situ analyzation and detection of real-time chemical reactions can be a significant part in interpreting the underlying mechanism in very reactive chemical reactions. To do this, first we have designed a microfluidic device (MFD) pattern for observation of synthesis of hierarchical nanostructures based on graphene oxide (GO), conjugating the well-known coupling reaction by which the solution of 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC)-mediated coupling is enhanced in the presence of n-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) to make amide bonding, hereafter called as the EDC coupling. Then, we have manufactured microfluidic devices with multiple tens of micrometer-sized channels that can circulate those nanomaterials to be chemically reacted in the channels. These microfluidic devices were made by negative photo lithography and soft lithography. We showed the possibility of using Raman spectroscopy to reveal the basic mechanism of the energy storage applications.

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저자 : Minho Im , Jisoo Kim , Kyoungwan Park , Junghyun Sok

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 348-352 (5 pages)

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Resistive switching behaviors of a co-sputtered zinc silicate thin film (ZnO and SiO2 targets) have been investigated. We fabricated an Ag/ZnSiOx/highly doped n-type Si substrate device by using an RF magnetron sputter system. X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD) indicated that the Zn2SiO4 was formed by a post annealing process. A unique morphology was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and atomic force microscope (AFM). As a result of annealing process, 50 nm sized nano clusters were formed spontaneously in 200~300 nm sized grains. The device showed a unipolar resistive switching process. The average value of the ratio of the resistance change between the high resistance state (HRS) and the low resistance state (LRS) was about 106 when the readout voltage (0.5 V) was achieved. Resistance ratio is not degraded during 50 switching cycles. The conduction mechanisms were explained by using Ohmic conduction for the LRS and Schottky emission for the HRS.

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저자 : 임승현 ( Seung-hyun Lim ) , 김남훈 ( Nam-Hoon Kim ) , 김동언 ( Dong-eon Kim ) , 김선규 ( Seon-gyu Kim ) , 길경석 ( Gyung-suk Kil )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 353-358 (6 pages)

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Bulky iron-core potential transformers (PT) are installed in a tank of gas insulated switchgears (GIS) for a system voltage measurement in power substations. In this paper, we studied an electronic voltage transformer (EVT) embedded in a spacer for miniaturization, eco-friendliness, and performance improvement of GIS. The prototype EVT consists of a capacitive probe (CP) that can be embedded in a spacer and a voltage Follower with a high input and a low output impedance. The CP was fabricated in the form of a Flexible-PCB to acquire the insulation performance and to withstand vibration and shock during operation. Voltage ratio of the prototype EVT is about 42,270, and the frequency bandwidth of -3 dB ranges from 0.33 Hz to 3.9 MHz. The voltage ratio error evaluated at about 6%, 12% and 18% of the rated voltage of 170 kV was 0.32%, and the phase error was 12.9 minutes. These results were within the accuracy for the class 0.5 specified in IEC 60044-7 and satisfy even in ranges from 80% to 120% of the rated voltage. If the prototype EVT replaces the conventional iron-core potential transformer, it is expected that the height of the GIS could be reduced by 11% and the amount of SF6 will be reduced by at least 10%.

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저자 : 류영준 ( Youngjun Ryu ) , 안병관 ( Byeong-kwan An )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 359-365 (7 pages)

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The development of efficient electron donor (or hole-transporting) molecules that can be used in various optoelectronic device fields is highly demanded. In this work, a novel class of triptycene-based three-dimensional (3D) triphenylamine (TI-TPA) derivatives with different end substituents was designed and prepared for transparent electron donor materials. Owing to the rigid 3D triptycene framework, the obtained TI-TPA derivatives had an amorphous morphology with high thermal decomposition temperature. The oxidation potential of these TI-TPA derivatives decreased as the electron donating strength of the end substituent increased. Among TI-TPA derivatives, TI-TPA-OMe exhibited the highest HOMO level (-5.31 eV) which is similar to that of Spiro-OMeTAD (-5.22 eV). In addition, TI-TPA-OMe was found to form a strong charge transfer complex with the triptycene-based acceptor TI-BQ, leading to a new absorption band at around 640 nm. These results can be applied for developing efficient electron donor materials that can mimic the advantages of the spiro-linked structure and TPA units of Spiro-OMeTAD.

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저자 : 현창석 ( Chang-seok Hyun ) , 안병관 ( Byeong-kwan An )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 366-371 (6 pages)

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Recently many efforts have been made to develop a novel class of non-fullerene electron acceptor materials for highperformance organic solar cells. In this work, anthraquinone derivatives, TMAQ and THAQ, were prepared and their availability as electron acceptor materials for organic solar cells were investigated in terms of optical, thermal, electrochemical properties, and solar cell devices. Compared to TMAQ, a significant bathochromic shift of absorption band was observed for THAQ owing to intramolecular hydrogen-bond-assisted CT interactions. Thanks to the fused aromatic ring structure and benzoquinone unit, both TMAQ and THAQ exhibited a high thermal stability and an efficient electron reduction process. In particular, the intramolecular O-H---O=C hydrogen bond of THAQ plays an important role in improving the thermal stability and electron reduction properties. In the P3HT:acceptor solar cell system, THAQ-based devices had more than ca. 6 times higher power conversion efficiency than TMAQ -based devices. These results serve as a guide for developing high-efficient anthraquinonebased electron acceptor materials.

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저자 : 장경욱 ( Kyung-uk Jang )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 372-376 (5 pages)

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Since the ZnO varistor is a semiconductor device, the internal thermal distribution during the varistor operation is recognized as an important factor in the performance and deterioration of the varistor. For an optimal varistor structure design, the thermal runaway phenomenon during the varistor operation was interpreted using the Comsol 5.2 analysis program by a finite element analysis. The maximum temperature of the center measured in the cross section of the ZnO varistor was confirmed to increase as the temperature moved from the lower electrode to the center towards the upper electrode up to 572.6 K. The electrodes are thinned so that the influence of the Schottky barrier is not great. The heat gradient balance is determined to be improved when the electrode of the hybrid form is introduced. The thickness, density, pore distribution, impurity uniformity, and particle size of the ZnO varistor are required, and it is determined that the pyrolysis gradient will be improved regardless of the electrode thickness. When these results are applied to design the ZnO varistor, the optimal structure of the ZnO varistor can be obtained.

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저자 : 김지연 ( Ji Youn Kim ) , 윤현기 ( Hyun Ki Yoon ) , 임채남 ( Chae Nam Im ) , 조장현 ( Jang-hyeon Cho )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 377-385 (9 pages)

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Thermal batteries are specialized as primary reserve batteries that operate when the internal heat source is ignited and the produced heat (450~550oC) melts the initially insulating salt into highly conductive eutectic electrolyte. The heat source is composed of Fe powder and KClO4 with different mass ratios and is inserted in-between the cells (stacks) to allow homogeneous heat transfer and ensure complete melting of the electrolyte. An ideal heat source has following criteria to satisfy: sufficient mechanical durability for stacking, appropriate heat calories, ease of combustion by an igniter, stable combustion rate, and modest peak temperature. To satisfy the aforementioned requirements, Fe powder must have high surface area and porosity to increase the reaction rate. Herein, the hydrothermal and spray drying synthesis techniques for Fe powder samples are employed to investigate the physicochemical properties of Fe powder samples and their applicability as a heat source constituent. The direct comparison with the state-of-the-art Fe powder is made to confirm the validity of synthesized products. Finally, the actual batteries were made with the synthesized iron powder samples to examine their performances during the battery operation.

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