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The Linguistic Association of Korea Journal

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수록정보
29권1호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 9
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30권3호(2022년 09월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 김만경 ( Kim Mankyung ) , 이미선 ( Lee Miseon )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-20 (20 pages)

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It is well known that the binding domain of Korean reflexives is ambiguous. A few psycholinguistic studies have shown that caki and casin tend to prefer a long-distance antecedent while caki-casin strongly prefers a local antecedent. However, it should be noted that this pattern of binding preference has been obtained only using comprehension tasks. To assess the generalizability of the preference pattern, the present study examined the antecedent preference of Korean reflexives in a comprehension task, a production task, and a corpus analysis. The comprehension task showed similar binding patterns for caki, casin, and caki-casin to those of previous studies. Conversely, the production task and the corpus analysis revealed considerably different antecedent preferences for caki and casin. The task-related differences can be explained by the different pragmatic and morphosyntactic factors involved in comprehension and production. Modality (speaking vs. writing) can also make differences in the binding preference patterns.

KCI등재

저자 : Xiaoli Chen , Jaewoo Shim , Heechul Lee

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 21-41 (21 pages)

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This study aims to investigate the relationships among writing self-efficacy, affective factors, and writing proficiency of Chinese EFL high school students. A total of 187 subjects responded to a questionnaire with 43 items, which surveyed linguistic self-efficacy, composition self-regulatory efficacy, motivation, goal orientation, task value, and anxiety held by the subjects. These subjects had also contributed their essays that were scored by two raters. The correlations among the six constructs were statistically significant (p<0.01). In addition, the results of the multiple linear regression revealed that 55.2% variance in writing proficiency was explained by the linear combination of linguistic self-efficacy, composition self-regulatory efficacy, motivation, goal orientation, task value, and anxiety. Also, it was found that the group of students with extrinsic goal orientation outperformed the other group of students with extrinsic goal orientation. Finally, some implications for enhancing English writing strategies for high school students were made.

KCI등재

저자 : Seung Han Lee

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 43-61 (19 pages)

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This study aims to provide the grammatical and discourse properties of that-complement clause extraposition (hereafter CCE) constructions with the help of a total of 3,791 sentences from COCA. As a starting point, we lend weight to the argument that the extraposed clause of the head noun appears to be more akin to appositive than relative clause constructions. In corpus findings, the singular form as well as the definite article are clearly more frequent with respect to use of the head noun characterized with [ANIMATE -] and [THEME +] values. As well, the present tense predominantly comes into use, whereas the presentational verbs take the extraposed that-complement clause fairly often. Of particular relevance here is that we provide several types of modality of the head noun, so the epistemic value making up most of the occurrences is further classified into five groups: evaluation, argument, evidence, idea, and perception. The final question addressed in our investigation is what illocutionary force a speaker or writer conveys within the that-complement clause. Self-assertion shows the highest rise in the use of illocutionary force, while prior context is highly favored over no discourse-based information in CCE construction.

KCI등재

저자 : Pei-ran Sun , Chin-wan Chung

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 63-87 (25 pages)

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This study focuses on the emergence of the unmarked (TETU) concerning syllabic structure and segmental features in the base of two Chinese dialects like Shunping and Pingyao. Partial reduplication generally exhibits intriguing TETUs in the reduplicant. In Shunping, the onglide and a vowel simplify into a simple vowel while a coda consonant deletes in the base. This shows structural TETU in the base: no diphthong and a closed syllable. The reduplicant in Shunping implies the prevocalic glide belongs to the rime. The segmental content of the rime in the reduplicant comes from the input. This shows a direct correspondent relation between the input and the reduplicant. In Pingyao, the rime excluding a prevocalic glide in the base is replaced by a fixed [-Λʔ]. The rime including the prevocalic glide in the input is copied; the copied part appears after the fixed onset in the reduplicant. The base segments display two TETUs. One is related to the consonantal place features of the coda, and the other is with a reduced fixed vowel. However, the prevocalic glide seems to affiliate neither with the onset nor the rime. The Pingyao dialects also demonstrate direct correspondence relations between the input and the reduplicant. To account for the variant implementations of TETU, we adopt the full reduplication model proposed by McCarthy and Prince (1995), and put forth the constraint ranking schema for the TETU in two Chinese dialects.

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KCI등재

저자 : 오효정 ( Oh Hyo-jung ) , 김종혁 ( Kim Chonghyuck )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-23 (23 pages)

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A few researchers have recently claimed that the prefix kay-, which literally means 'dog', has undergone a dramatic change over the past decade. Before the change, kaywas severely confined in terms of its syntax and semantics; it was restricted to combine with a handful of nouns, and semantically, it had the sole function of adding or boosting the negative sense of its host. Kay- is no longer used as such. It can virtually combine with a host of any category which has gradable meaning, as its semantics has acquired the function of an emphatic marker like very. A linguistic change is driven by the people who use it. As the number of people who adopt and use the new features of a linguistic item grows, the chance of its survival as a transformed linguistic entity increases. Thus, it is important to examine in a precise manner how kay- is used in order to track the course of change it has gone through in the past and to predict its survival in the future. No such effort, however, has been made so far. In this article, we show that we can obtain an extensive amount of data showing the real time usage of kay- over the past decade using techniques developed in informatics and that kay- has indeed undergone a dramatic change, as reported by other researchers. We also show, by analyzing the data extracted from tweets tweeted during the 48 hours, that kay- is much more frequently used in comtemporary Korean in the new pattern than in the old pattern, a concrete piece of evidence to back the claim that kay- is productively used.

KCI등재

저자 : 이종민 ( Lee Chongmin )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 25-48 (24 pages)

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This paper aims to review the given system of English-Korean transcription and to develop the revised version with the concepts of easiness and uniformity. Basically the vowel system should be simplified to reduce the syllable length in Korean, so the Korean people may use the imported words with uniformity. In the consonant system the positional variation of the same sound should be changed to be more consistent and recognizable among the Korean people. Often it has been assumed to maintain the idea that the foreign pronunciation should not be distorted. However, the proposed scheme has been devised to figure out how foreign words are transcribed more consistently. Though there are some exceptions existent in transcribed words, it can be concluded that the easiness and uniformity of English transcription can be systemized more effectively.

KCI등재

저자 : 차현지 ( Cha Hyun Ji ) , 김성희 ( Kim Sunghee )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 49-69 (21 pages)

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This study investigated how Korean college students majoring in science and engineering perceived their general English course held online for one semester during the COVID-19 pandemic. A survey in which 166 students participated was conducted at the end of the first semester of 2020. The results were as follows. First, most of the participants preferred pre-recorded online lectures delivered by their professors. The most common reason given was the flexibility of being able to watch them repeatedly without any concerns about time and place. Second, the preferred evaluation method was to submit only assignments without testing, since students believed this could prevent cheating. Third, the drawbacks of online classes were identified as difficulties in acquiring learning strategies from professors, problems with fair evaluation, overloading assignments, and difficulties in self-motivation due to the absence of peers. Fourth, while the majority of the students had negative opinions about online classes, there were a few positive answers. Thus, this study indicates that the participants had different preferences for and abilities to adapt to online classes. Therefore, students should reflect on their needs for online classes in the future. Discussing customized online classes tailored to each individual who takes part may be one requirement.

KCI등재

저자 : 황요한 ( Hwang Yohan ) , 김창수 ( Kim Changsoo )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 71-91 (21 pages)

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The outbreak of the coronavirus has dramatically changed the way people live and inevitably transformed the practice of social distancing which has changed the forms and methods of education. The main purpose of this study is to examine the application and operation of non-face-to-face online classes in a university setting during COVID-19. In order to achieve this goal, this paper conducts an in-depth analysis of 255 university students' perceptions toward satisfaction and anxiety over online learning and new circumstances surrounding online education. The results and suggestions are as follows. The main factors that have a positive influence on students' satisfaction in an online classroom environment come from the easy access to course content and opportunities for review and the possibility of self-directed learning beyond time and space limitations. Second, in order to increase its effectiveness, both internal efforts to improve the quality of course contents and external support for student and class management have to be (re)considered. Based on the findings from crisis to opportunity, this study suggests the need for careful planning and implementation of new procedures and guidelines for inclusive and resilient online education systems in the aftermath of COVID-19.

KCI등재

저자 : Youngjae An

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 93-113 (21 pages)

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This study makes an attempt to identify how and when native (L1) and nonnative (L2) speakers of English make use of syntactic knowledge and nonsyntactic contextual information to resolve wh/quantifier scope ambiguity during online sentence processing. The question addressed in this research is investigated in the context of weak crossover phenomena (Chiercia, 1993). 19 native speakers of English and 32 Korean speakers of English participated in a self-paced reading experiment; the Korean speakers are further divided into advanced and intermediate group. The results show that L1 and L2 speakers are able to integrate the syntactic information with the contextual information in resolving wh/quantifier scope ambiguity online, suggesting that the ambiguity is influenced by the contextual information (Villalta, 2003). The findings also show that L2 proficiency is not a predictor of L2 speakers' use of the target syntactic knowledge online. More importantly, the results indicate that L1 and L2 speakers employ similar strategies in resolving wh/quantifier scope ambiguity online, supporting the view that L2 processing is not fundamentally different from L1 processing (An 2019; Dekydtspotter et al., 2006).

KCI등재

저자 : Mun-hong Choe , Mi-ra Jung

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 115-137 (23 pages)

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This article provides a synthetic review of current research on English L2 learners' acquisition of verb inflection, focusing specifically on four topic areas: tense and aspect, subject-verb agreement, lexical and auxiliary verbs, and individual differences. The primary goal is to address the question of what to consider when analyzing ungrammatical forms produced by learners. An additional goal is to gain further insights into such questions as what challenges interlanguage researchers are likely to face in the analysis of the sources of inaccurate forms and what kinds of errors can be regarded as (non-)systematic. This review results in several observations that merit further investigation. First, in the acquisition of tense-aspect morphemes, some general tendencies have been recognized, of which most notable is the fact that L2 learners' ability to use tense-aspect morphology tends to develop gradually while form acquisition normally precedes function acquisition. Second, L2 acquisition of subject-verb agreement has been a central issue in the debate over the role and representation of the innate language faculty. Third, regarding L2 learners' ability to discern lexical and auxiliary verbs, a prevalent UG-based argument is that the mental grammars of L2 learners are organised in the same way as those of L1 speakers and that they differ only in the nature of their lexemes for surface morphology. Finally, since verb inflectional morphology explicitly demonstrates language learners' grammatical competence, variations in its acquisition constitute the core of inquiry into age- and L1-related factors.

KCI등재

저자 : Ming-hao Jin , Yan Guo

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 139-160 (22 pages)

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This study aims to investigate Chinese English learners' writing anxiety, and analyzes its correlation with their writing strategies and writing achievements. Two questionnaires, designed by referring to and re-editing Petric and Czarl's (2003) Writing Strategies Questionnaire and Cheng's (2004) Second Language Writing Anxiety Inventory, were completed by 90 Chinese senior high school students in Yanji, China. SPSS 24.0 was used to analyze the data and produce descriptive statistics, paired sample T-tests, and Pearson correlation coefficient analysis. The result shows that students have a moderate degree of anxiety. High anxiety students experience the highest cognitive anxiety, and low anxiety students experience the highest physical anxiety. English learners' writing anxiety shows a significant negative correlation with writing strategies. High anxiety students seldom use English writing strategies, while low anxiety students use them very often in the process of completing a writing task. English learners' writing anxiety shows a significant negative correlation with writing achievements as well. The higher English learners' writing anxiety is, the lower their writing achievements will be. Thus, English learners should be encouraged and trained to use English writing strategies well to reduce English writing anxiety and improve the level of writing achievements.

KCI등재

저자 : Seung Han Lee

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 161-182 (22 pages)

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This study aims (1) to provide the frequency of occurrence of be like as quantitatively measured; (2) to discover a systematic sociolinguistic distribution of be like by specifically comparing use by gender, age, education, and employment; and (3) to shed light on the classification of speech introduced by be like under discourse accounts. Accordingly, we identified a total of 485 tokens from the Ohio Buckeye Corpus of spontaneous speech. As for the distribution, the results show first and foremost that speakers prefer tense agreement between be like and its quote, favouring the present tense to trigger dramatic effect in narratives. Be like leads to expansion into the third person, second person, and first person. In Ohio English, no gender bias is identified in the use of be like. Also, younger speakers use be like more frequently. Speakers' education and employment status are not in relationship to the occurrence of be like. In what follows, the speech be like introduces is classified into four types: internal speech, direct speech, external speech, and hypothetical speech. The most frequently occurring internal speech is again subcategorized into internal judgement, internal surprise, internal volition, and internal situation; speakers' own evaluation, surprise, volition, or objective description of the preceding context is verbally unuttered. Hypothetical speech is of special interest in that speakers deliver the quote of be like under assumption, in keeping with the given context. Last, expletive it described here must include the consideration of the preceding context in order to classify the quotes of be like properly.

KCI등재

저자 : Unsub Shin , Myung-kwan Park , Sanghoun Song

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 183-204 (22 pages)

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Many psycholinguistic studies have tested whether pronouns and polarity items elicit additional processing cost when they are not c-commanded. The previous studies claim that the c-command constraint regulates the distribution of relevant syntactic objects. As such, the syntactic effects of the c-command relation are greatly affected by the types of licensing (e.g. quantificational binding) and reading comprehension patterns of subjects (e.g. linguistic illusion). The present study investigates the reading behavior of the language model BERT when the syntactic processing of relational information (i.e. X c-commands Y) is required. Specifically, our two experiments contrasted the BERT comprehension of a c-commanding licensor versus a non-c-commanding licensor with reflexive anaphora and negative polarity items. The analysis based on the information-theoretic measure of surprisal suggests that violations of the c-command constraint are unexpected for BERT representations. We conclude that deep learning models like BERT can learn the syntactic c-command restriction at least with respect to reflexive anaphors and negative polarity items. At the same time, BERT appeared to have some limitations in its flexibility to apply compensatory pragmatic reasoning when a non-c-commanding licensor intruded in the dependency structure.

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