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한국보건정보통계학회> 보건정보통계학회지

보건정보통계학회지 update

Journal of Health Informatics and Statistics

  • : 한국보건정보통계학회
  • : 의약학분야  >  예방의학및보건학
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 2465-8014
  • : 2465-8022
  • : 한국보건통계학회지(~2003) → 한국보건정보통계학회지(2004~)

수록정보
46권3호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 14
간행물 제목
46권4호(2021년 11월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1유럽의 백신 유익성-위해성 감시를 위한 ADVANCE 프로젝트 소개

저자 : 정나영 ( Na-young Jeong ) , 이해인 ( Hae-in Lee ) , 김민주 ( Min-ju Kim ) , 김희진 ( Hee-jin Kim ) , 최남경 ( Nam-kyong Choi )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 369-378 (10 pages)

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The vaccine benefit-risk assessment entails comprehensive and systematic evaluation of the major benefits and risks of vaccine based on information after a marketing authorization. In 2009, the influenza A (H1N1) pandemic led to the licensing of new H1N1 vaccines in many countries including Europe. The post-marketing evaluation and monitoring of H1N1 vaccines was carried out based on a project previously conducted in Europe. In 2013, the Accelerated Development of VAccine beNefit-risk Collaboration in Europe (ADVANCE) project was launched with the support of Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI) to address the limitations reported in the previous project. ADVANCE consisted of seven Work Packages (WPs), each indicating the vaccine benefit-risk monitoring readiness across four areas: Governance, Data source, Methods, and Study. First, a model for vaccine surveillance and governance with various functions such as decision making, quality management, execution, and financial administration was established. Also, the project developed a tool to identify, collect, and link the data sources available for vaccine surveillance. In addition, various methodologies were reviewed to assess the infectious disease burden, vaccine coverage, and benefit-risk based on linked data sources in Europe. Guidelines were proposed for real-world vaccine surveillance studies. Accordingly, a variety of tools and programs were developed, including a code of conduct related to the benefit-risk assessment of vaccines, ADVANCE International Research Readiness (AIRR), CodeMapper, and VaccO. Since the end of the ADVANCE project in 2019, the Vaccine Monitoring Collaboration for Europe (VAC4EU) has been conducting effective and sustainable vaccine benefit-risk monitoring programs based on the vision and ideology of ADVANCE. This study explains the contents and findings of ADVANCE with emphasis on WPs and proposes directions for establishing a vaccine benefit-risk assessment system in Korea.

KCI등재

2한국 고등학생들의 식이습관 및 체질량지수와 구강질환증상경험의 관련성-2019년도 제15차 청소년건강행태온라인조사를 중심으로

저자 : 장지언 ( Ji Eon Jang ) , 정선락 ( Sun Rak Jeong )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 378-384 (7 pages)

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Objectives: This study was to survey the distribution of Korean high school students' dietary habits, body mass index (BMI) and oral symptom experiences and analyze the relevance of those to contribute to the development of a program to prevent and manage their oral diseases. Methods: The analysis was based on the raw data of the 15th Online Youth Health Behavior Survey in 2019 and the subjects were 27,919 high school students which went under complex sample analysis. Results: In the dietary habits of the subjects, the highest were 'once or twice a week' with 33.8% in recent 7 days' fruit intake frequency, 42.9% of 'once or twice a week' in soda intake frequency, 35.8% of 'once or twice a week' in sweet drinks frequency, and 56.1% of 'once or twice a week' in fast food frequency. BMI showed the highest 52.9% of 'normal', 19.5% of 'obesity', 14.1% of 'overweight', and 13.5% of 'underweight' in order. In the recent 12-month experience of oral disease symptoms, the highest was 39.2% of 'none' with 25.4% of 'one', 18.0% of 'more than three', and 17.4% of 'two' in order. In the affecting factors on BMI '3 or 4 times a week' in soda, 'once or twice a week' in sweet drinks were significantly high and '3 or 4 times a week' were significantly low in vegetable intake (p<0.05). The affecting factors on oral disease symptoms were significantly lower with male than female, and those on academic achievements and economic status were significantly lower in 'mid' than in 'low' (p<0.01). 'Once or twice a week' soda intake and less sweet drinks and fast food were significantly low (p<0.01). Less vegetable intake showed significantly higher (p<0.01), and there were no significant relevance between BMI and oral disease symptoms. Conclusions: It is suggested that a program be developed as soon as possible for preventing and managing oral diseases for adolescents to grow up to be healthy adults in terms of surveying characteristic distribution of dietary habits, BMI and oral disease symptoms and analyzing the relevance among them efficiently.

KCI등재

3치과위생사의 보수교육 참여도와 면허신고제 인식수준의 관련성

저자 : 이혜영 ( Hye-young Lee ) , 송근배 ( Keun-bae Song ) , 김건엽 ( Keon-yeop Kim ) , 최연희 ( Youn-hee Choi )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 385-392 (8 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the relevant factors between the completion of continuing education that is required for license registration and license registration awareness. Methods: The data were conducted an online questionnaire survey on 330 dental hygienists working in dental clinic in Daegu. Data were analyzed using frequency, logistic regression, multiple regression with the SPSS 25.0 program. Results: It was revealed that 83.4% of the subjects of this study completed continuing education. The variables that were statistically significant in multivariate analysis with license registration awareness as a dependent variable were marital status, education level, number of dental hygienists, main duty, annual, monthly leave, route of information, and experience of getting official documents. Finally, when continuing education was completed, license registration awareness was found to have a positive correlation compared to those who did not complete continuing education (p<0.001). Conclusions: The role and responsibility of the Korean Dental Hygienists Association is more important for practical alternatives and improvements leading to license registration by increasing the completion of continuing education and license registration awareness.

KCI등재

4COVID-19 대유행으로 인한 대구시민의 신체활동 변화와 영향요인

저자 : 진수희 ( Soo-hee Jin ) , 김건엽 ( Keon-yeop Kim )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 393-401 (9 pages)

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Objectives: We investigated relation between changes in physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic and its related factors in Daegu Metropolitan City. Methods: 6,910 subjects were selected from 2020 Community Health Survey in Daegu. We analyzed the relation of changes in physical activity and general characteristics, health behavior, health status, health anxiety, mental health, chronic disease. Results: 49.7% of the total survey subjects, 47.8% of hypertensive patients, 46.7% of diabetic, and 54.3% of obesity patient showed a decrease in physical activity during the COVID-19 outbreak. Results by multiple logistic regression analysis, in female (odds ratio, OR=1.37; 95% confidence interval, CI=1.18-1.59), 19-29y (OR=1.49; 95% CI=1.18-1.88), 30s (OR=1.52; 95% CI=1.18-1.96), 40s (OR=1.55; 95% CI=1.20-2.00), residents in the urban area (OR=1.41; 95% CI=1.18-1.69), non-practice of moderate to vigorous physical activity (OR=1.49; 95% CI=1.26-1.76), high health anxiety from COVID-19 infection (OR=1.41; 95% CI=1.21-1.65), perceived depression (OR=1.90; 95% CI=1.50-2.40), and obesity (OR=1.23; 95% CI=1.07-1.41) more decreased than before COVID-19 pandemic in physical activity. Conclusions: The prolonged reduction in physical activity due to COVID-19 may increase the burden of disease on infectious and chronic diseases. Therefore, a public health intervention is essential to increase physical activity for the group with a high decrease in physical activity and then interventions are needed involving the entire population.

KCI등재

5대학생의 생활습관 요인과 비만과의 상관성: 경기도 지역 1개 대학교를 중심으로

저자 : 정진희 ( Jin Hee Jeong ) , 박혜자 ( Hye-ja Park )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 402-409 (8 pages)

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Objectives: This study examined the associations between lifestyle factors and obesity among university students. Methods: In this cross-sectional correlational study, 671 students completed measures of lifestyle factors (dietary habit, exercise, smoking, and alcohol drinking), health concern, academic stress, and anthropometric indices. Obesity was classified by body mass index (BMI) and abdominal circumference (AC). The data were analyzed with χ2 test, Mann-Whitney U test and logistic regression. Results: The frequencies of obesity and abdominal obesity were higher in male students than in female students (17.6% vs. 3.4% by BMI, 18.9% vs. 5.9% by AC). Abdominal obesity in students with diabetic parent was higher (16.8%) than in students without diabetic family history (9.2%). Obesity of BMI≥25 kg/m2 associated with breakfast absence of 5-7 times/week (odds ratio, OR: 1.98, 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.05-3.71). Abdominal obesity associated with instant foods intake of 5-7 times/week (OR: 2.65, 95% CI: 1.14-6.17), fast foods intake of 3-4 times/week (OR: 2.87, 95% CI: 1.48-5.56), snacks of 3-4 times/wk (OR: 2.15, 95% CI: 1.15-4.00), and consumed alcohol of ≥1 glass a day (OR: 2.11, 95% CI: 1.19-3.73). Conclusions: Breakfast absence is associated with obesity. Instant foods, fast foods, snacks, and alcohol consumption are the associated factors with abdominal obesity among university students.

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6시군구 지역별 성인의 비만율 차이 및 영향요인

저자 : 김봉정 ( Bongjeong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 410-419 (10 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the factors affecting regional disparities in the prevalence of adult obesity. Methods: This study is an ecological study in which the unit of analysis were 229 local authorities (si=78, gun=82, and gu=68). The data were obtained from database (ver 1.1) of community health outcomes and health determinants (2015-2017) and Community Health Survey data (2018-2019). Multiple regression analysis was used to identify factors related to the prevalence of obesity in 4 groups (all regions, si, gun, and gu). Results: The prevalence of regional obesity varied 23.5% to 45.15% with a mean of 34.13%. Obesity prevalence was highest in 'gun', and lowest in 'gu' area. In the overall model, sociodemographic characteristics including sex ratio (β=0.26), household income over 3 million won (β=-0.23), and the unemployment (β=-0.18)), high-risk drinking (β=0.18), and satisfaction with public transportation (β=-0.24) were associated with the prevalence of regional obesity. Other than those things, in 'si' area, population density, walking practice, in 'gun' area, participation in social activity were associated with the prevalence of regional obesity. Conclusions: To reduce obesity prevalence and it's regional disparities, it is important to make intervention and prevention efforts taking into account the socioeconomic and physical environmental characteristics of the region as well as health behaviors.

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the impacts of self-leadership, self-directed learning competency, and clinical competency on the career adaptability of nursing college students. This study also was conducted to explore the mediating effects of self-directed learning competency and clinical competency on the relationship between self-leadership and career adaptability among nursing college students. Methods: Participants were 150 nursing college students. Data were collected from November 1 to November 30, 2020 using self-report questionnaires and were analyzed using frequency, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression analysis, and Baron and Kenny's method for mediation with IBM SPSS 22.0. Results: The regression model explained 64.0% variance of nursing college students' career adaptability (F=63.94, p<0.001). Significant factors were clinical competency (β=0.40, p<0.001), self-directed learning competency (β=0.36, p<0.001), self-leadership (β=0.18, p=0.011), and application motivation (β=0.11, p=0.035). Moreover, self-directed learning competency showed partial mediating effects on self-leadership and career adaptability. Clinical competency also showed partial mediating effects on self-leadership and career adaptability. Conclusions: The results suggest that nursing college students' career adaptability can be increased through strategies aimed at increasing self-leadership, self-directed learning competency, and clinical competency.

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8혈액투석 환자의 삶의 질 영향요인-회복탄력성, 증상경험, 자가관리를 중심으로

저자 : 정현영 ( Hyun-young Jung ) , 박용경 ( Yong-kyung Park ) , 서순림 ( Soon-rim Suh )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 429-434 (6 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting quality of life of hemodialysis patients. Methods: As a descriptive study, the data were collected from 172 hemodialysis patients receiving hemodialysis at 4 medical institutions. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis and multiple regression. Results: The influential variable of the quality of Life of hemodialysis patients were resilience, symptom experience and monthly income less than 2 million won. These factors explained for 48.7% of the quality of Life of hemodialysis patients. Conclusions: The most ideal method to increase the quality of hemodialysis patients' lives is to develop an integrated nursing intervention that will increase patients' resilience and reduce the intensity of symptoms.

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9보건계열 대학생의 우울, 자기효능감 및 건강증진행위

저자 : 김경희 ( Kyung Hee Kim )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 435-441 (7 pages)

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Objectives: The Purpose of this study is to find out the relationship among depression, self-efficacy, and health promotion behaviors of health college students and to develop programs and mediate strategies to improve desirable health promotion behaviors. Methods: This descriptive study examined the correlation between the depression, self-efficacy, and health promotion behaviors of health college students located in Daegu Metropolitan City participated in the study from October to December. The collected data were analyzed using IBM SPSS 25.0. The general characteristics of the subjects were presented in frequency and percentage, and depression, self-efficacy and health promotion behaviors were presented in average and standard deviation. The results of this study were as follows: First, the correlation between depression, self-efficacy and health promotion behavior was analyzed by t-test and ANOVA. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to identify the effects of general characteristics, depression, and self-efficacy on health promotion behaviors. Results: The depression of health college students was 14.94±11.51, the total score of self-efficacy was 74.60±12.92, and the health promotion behavior was 74.85±18.62. As a result of analyzing the correlation between depression, self-efficacy and health promotion behavior, depression had a statistically significant negative correlation with health promotion behavior, and self-efficacy and health promotion behavior had a statistically significant positive correlation. The factors that depression and self-efficacy have influence on health promotion behavior were gender, depression (-0.15, p=0.048), and self-efficacy (0.59, p<0.001). Conclusions: The depression, self-efficacy, and health promotion behaviors of health college students were found to be correlated; development of health promotion programs to improve desirable health promotion behaviors is required.

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10대학교 신입생의 삶의 만족도에 대한 영향요인

저자 : 도은영 ( Eun Young Do ) , 홍연란 ( Yeon Ran Hong )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 442-449 (8 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of psychosocial factors and addiction-related factors on the life satisfaction of college freshmen. Methods: This study used the data of 212 first-year college students from the survey on the actual condition of addiction conducted by the B Addiction Management Integrated Support Center in G Metropolitan City in 2017. Results: Life satisfaction of college students was found to have an inverse correlation with smartphone addiction and depression, and there was a correlation between life satisfaction and social support. As a result of analyzing the variables affecting the life satisfaction of freshmen in college, social support, school life satisfaction, depression, economic level, and smartphone addiction were in the following order. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop various interventions and related programs for the prevention of problems related to psychosocial and addiction issues in order to improve life satisfaction of university freshmen.

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KCI등재

1한국인 당뇨병 환자에서 염증 표지자와 혈당 조절과의 관련성

저자 : 강민 ( Min Kang ) , 손석준 ( Seok-joon Sohn )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 247-256 (10 pages)

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목적: 이 연구는 한국 당뇨환자에서 저등급염증과 혈당조절 간의 관계를 평가하는 것을 목적으로 하였다.
방법: 2007-2018년까지의 국민건강영양조사를 바탕으로 19-80세까지의 4,186명의 당뇨환자를 대상으로 진행하였다. 잘못된 혈당조절은 HbA1C가 7미만일 때로 정의하였다. 저등급염증은 염증마커인 WBC counts와 hsCRP로 측정되었으며 모든 염증마커는 사분위수로 구분되었다. 사분위수의 염증마커와 혈당조절 불량은 연령, 교육수준, 소득, 결혼상태, 흡연, 음주, 운동, BMI, CAD, 고혈압, 빈혈, 고콜레스테롤혈증을 포함한 혼란변수가 적용된 다변량로지스틱회귀분석을 통해 분석되었다.
결과: 잠재적 혼란변수를 적용한 후에도 WBC counts와 hsCRP는 혈당조절불량과 직선관계를 나타내었다. WBC counts의 경우 첫 번째 4분위수를 기준으로 하였을 때 혈당조절불량에 대해 두번째 사분위수는 1.50 (95% confidence intervals, 1.26-1.78), 세번째 사분위수는 1.71 (95% CI, 1.43-2.05), 네번째 사분위수는 2.0의 OR 값을 가졌다(95% CI 1.67-2.40). HsCRP의 경우 첫 번째 4분위수를 기준으로 하였을 때 혈당조절불량에 대해 두 번째 사분위수는 1.15 (95% CI, 0.87-1.53), 세 번째 사분위수는 1.59 (95% CI, 1.20-2.11), 네 번째 사분위수는 1.69의 OR 값을 가졌다(95% CI, 1.27-2.26). 층화분석결과 hsCRP와 혈당조절 간의 관련성에 연령과 성별에 따른 차이점이 있었다. 65세 미만인 그룹과 남성 그룹은 HsCRP와 혈당조절에서 통계적으로 유의한 직선관계를 나타내었지만 65세 이상인 그룹과 여성그룹은 직선 관계를 보였으나 통계적으로 유의하지 않았다.
결론: WBC counts와 hsCRP는 혈당조절불량의 위험과 통계적으로 유의한 직선관계를 나타내었으나 hsCRP의 경우 연령과 성별에 따른 차이점이 있었다. 이러한 결과는 한국을 대표하는 한국인 당뇨병환자 표본에서 낮은 등급의 염증이 혈당조절불량과 유의하게 관련이 있음을 시사한다.

KCI등재

2텍스트마이닝을 통한 노인장기요양보험 키워드 네트워크 분석

저자 : 서종근 ( Jonggeun Seo ) , 남정모 ( Chung Mo Nam ) , 김태현 ( Tae Hyun Kim ) , 박소희 ( So-hee Park )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 257-266 (10 pages)

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Objectives: This study conducted research using big data in order to overcome the limitations of existing qualitative research or analysis research. By analyzing keywords, the flow and role of long-term care insurance in society were analyzed. Methods: Issues were searched through text mining, one of the big data techniques, and the flow of agendas by period was examined by 3 time points (institutional settlement period, 1st basic plan, 2nd basic plan). Using R and NetMiner, Daum News (news.daum.net) and Naver News (news.naver.com) were web-scraped to collect 20,965 news articles, 4,994 articles were filtered for keyword extraction and analysis. Result: Looking at the characteristics of each data type, in all data types, long-term care institutions (including nursing homes) and care providers appear as the top keywords, and the keyword subgroup characteristics are ① grade/service, ② institution management, and ③ the employee group includes the keyword subgroup. Conclusions: This study is based on the subject of long-term care insurance for the elderly and applies big data analysis techniques, and can be used as a decision-making tool in establishing policies and systems.

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3한국 성인의 건강행위실천 군집현상 및 관련요인

저자 : 구혜민 ( Hyae Min Gu ) , 류소연 ( So Yeon Ryu ) , 박종 ( Jong Park ) , 최성우 ( Seong-woo Choi ) , 한미아 ( Mi Ah Han ) , 신준호 ( Jun Ho Shin )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 267-275 (9 pages)

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Objectives: This study was performed to identify and find the clustering of healthy behaviors and the factors related to the clustering among Korean adults aged 19-64. Methods: The data of 9,519 Korean adults aged between 19 and 64 years who participated in the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used as the analysis target. Following the recommendation of the Health Plan 2020 for health-promoting lifestyle, four variables, including nonsmoking, moderate drinking, sufficient physical activity, and healthy diet, were used in the study. The multinomial logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the relationships among demographic characteristics, health-related characteristics, and clustering of healthy behaviors. Results: The significant elements of healthy behaviors clustering included sufficient physical activities for males, and non-smoking, moderate drinking, and healthy diet for females. Clustering healthy behaviors were higher for “females, the elderly, people with higher level of education, people with higher household income, people with diabetes, and people who perceive their subjective health status is good. Conclusions: In this study, the factors related to the clustering of healthy behaviors were identified. In order to spread the practice of healthy behaviors, multiple interventions are more effective than individual health behaviors.

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4표현적 글쓰기가 중환자실 간호사의 전문직 삶의 질과 극복력에 미치는 효과

저자 : 유단비 ( Danbi You ) , 박혜자 ( Hye-ja Park )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 276-284 (9 pages)

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Objectives: This study examined the effect of expressive writing on professional quality of life and resilience among intensive care unit nurses. Methods: Forty nurses stratified by the nursing proficiency career randomly assigned to an writing group (n=17) or a control group (n=23) from a university hospital-affiliated intensive care units. The 5-week expressive writing included a weekly 20 min of expressive writing and 10 min of reflection on the work-related traumatic events. Outcomes were assessed using questionnaires of a professional quality of life (compassion satisfaction, burnout and secondary traumatic stress) and a resilience. Data were analyzed by independent t-test and analysis of covariance. Results: The expressive writing program provided improvements in resilience measure, including measures of situational, philosophical, and professional resilience. Conclusions: Expressive writing might be a useful strategy for enhancing resilience from the stressful work-related traumatic events for nurses working at the intensive care units.

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5다문화 청소년의 진로장벽이 우울에 미치는 영향: 부모의 양육태도, 다문화 청소년과 교사와의 관계의 매개효과를 중심으로

저자 : 오혜경 ( Hye-kyung Oh ) , 고미숙 ( Mi-suk Ko )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 285-292 (8 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of multicultural adolescents' career barriers on depression focused on mediating effect of parent's rearing attitudes and relationship between multicultural adolescents and teachers. Methods: The empirical analysis data of this study was extracted from the 8th Multicultural Adolescents Panel Survey. The subjects of this study were 1194 multicultural adolescents. The data were analyzed with Pearson's correlation coefficient and regression analysis. Results: The significant factor related to supervision (B=-0.26, p<0.001) and negligence (B=0.31, p<0.001) of parent's attitudes and relationship with teachers (B=-0.43, p<0.001) included perceived career barriers. Negligence of parent's rearing attitude (B=0.21, p<0.001) increased depression while supervision of parent's rearing attitude (B=-0.14, p<0.001) and relationship with teachers (B=-0.06, p<0.01) decreased depression. Parent's rearing attitudes and relationship with teachers were mediators between career barriers and depression. Conclusions: Based on the results of this study, it is desirable to reduce the level of depression by lowering the career barriers, parent's rearing attitude (negligence), and by increasing the parent's rearing attitude (supervision) and relationship with teachers (adaptation). It is suggested to develop effective educational programs to decrease the depression level of multicultural adolescents.

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6간호대학생의 소진과 행복감의 관계에서 경제적 스트레스와 사회적 자본의 매개효과

저자 : 김수진 ( Su Jin Kim ) , 정경순 ( Kyung Soon Jeong )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 293-301 (9 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of economic distress and social capital on the relationship between burnout and happiness of nursing students. Methods: This study used Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire, Incharge Financial Distress/Financial Well-Being Scale, and Internet Social Capital Scales. The data was analyzed by using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Person's correlation coefficient. Baron and Kenny's method was used to analyze mediating effect between burnout and happiness. Results: Burnout, happiness, social capital, and economic distress had correlation with each other. There were the mediating effects of economic distress and social capital on the relationship between burnout and happiness of respondents. Conclusions: The result showed the mediating effects of economic distress and social capital on the relationship between burnout and happiness of nursing students. To increase happiness, it is necessary to apply a curriculum to strengthen the ability of nursing students.

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7당뇨병 환자의 약물치료 관련 요인

저자 : 최선주 ( Sun Ju Choi ) , 류소연 ( So Yeon Ryu ) , 박종 ( Jong Park ) , 최성우 ( Seong Woo Choi )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 302-308 (7 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify related factors related to the treatment of diabetic patients. Methods: The subjects of this study were 23,772 diabetic patients aged 30 years and older who participated in the 2016 Community Health Survey. The independent variables were sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and health-related characteristics and diabetes-related characteristics and the dependent variables were related to diabetes treatment. The statistical analysis methods used to find factors related to treatment in diabetic patients were the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: The drug treatment rate of diabetic patients was 88.7%. Among sociodemographic characteristics, drug treatment for diabetes was significantly related to women, increasing age, higher educational level and living in rural area. Among the characteristics related to lifestyle and health status, walking practice and subjective health status were significantly related and among diabetes related characteristics, there were significant correlations in whether it was blood glucose level, self-cognitive blood glucose control, and diabetes management education. Conclusions: Conclusively, gender, age, education level, residential area, walking practice, self-rated health and knowledge of DM were associated with treatment of DM. An effective diabetes management program that reflects the relevant factors should be applied to the treatment of DM.

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8생활 요인이 난임 여성의 2년 이내 출산 횟수에 미치는 영향

저자 : 김민영 ( Min Young Kim ) , 한규은 ( Kyueun Han )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 309-314 (6 pages)

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Objectives: Infertility has been increasing in Korea, but few studies have examined the effect of lifestyle factors on childbirth among infertile Korean women. This study was designed to identify whether the lifestyle factors can predict the childbirth of infertile women in 2 years. Methods: We selected women aged under 40 diagnosed with infertility in 2016 and retrieved their national health examination data from Korean National Health Insurance Service. Regression analysis was conducted to investigate whether infertile women's age, drinking, smoking, physical exercise, obesity, and sequela recorded in 2016 explained their childbirth in 2017 and 2018. Results: The results showed that age and obesity explained childbirth, respectively. In addition, the interaction of age and sequela predicted childbirth in 2 years. Conclusions: The findings suggest that the number of childbirth of infertile women can be inferred from lifestyle factors, which implies the importance of nonmedical factors in infertility.

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9Patient Drug Database: 환자 생성 건강 데이터를 활용한 환자 주도적 약물 부작용 탐색을 위한 데이터베이스 구축

저자 : 이상민 ( Sang Min Lee ) , 이수현 ( Suehyun Lee ) , 김종엽 ( Jong Yeup Kim )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 315-325 (11 pages)

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Objectives: This study focuses on building a database for patient-led search on drug side effects using basic drug information, drug analysis results information, patient information, and patient-generated health data (PGHD). Methods: After collecting data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Institute, the Korean Pharmaceutical Information Center, the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, and the Korean Pharmaceutical Association, basic drug information was created. By utilizing the Korea Average Event Reporting System (KAERS) side effect report data provided by the Korea Drug Safety Administration and MetaLAB, a drug side effect detection algorithm applied on the Konyang university hospital's real data, we designed and built a database using Oracle DB, which contains a table of patient information and PGHD. For drug information, a total of 49,553 drugs were mapped, and drug analysis results used KAERS and MetaLAB. Results: Based on the collected drug information, a total of 15 tables containing basic drug information (7 tables), drug analysis results (2 tables), patient information (1 table), and patient generation information (5 tables) were created using EDI codes, following mapping and normalization. Basic drug information included 49,553 EDI and 2,099 ATC codes. Drug analysis results included 2,046 KAERS ATC codes, 1,701 WHOART-ARRN (PT) that the result of 33 WHOART-SEQ (IT), 15,861 MetaLABEDI codes, and 101ATC codes. TheADR results were constructed using 62 DRUG_IDs and 73 MedDRA_PTI_IDs. Conclusions: The Patient Drug Database (PD2B) in this study was employed to allow patients to voluntarily report on their perception and drug side effects through application tools, which can provide quick measures against drug side effects and assist in the discovery of new ones.

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10체계적 문헌고찰과 메타분석을 통한 소방공무원의 외상 후 스트레스 장애 중재 프로그램 효과 검증 연구

저자 : 강민주 ( Min-ju Kang ) , 김영화 ( Young-hwa Kim ) , 이상구 ( Sang-goo Lee ) , 한승우 ( Seung-woo Han )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 326-336 (11 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for the development of effective post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) intervention programs for firefighters. Methods: Four domestic and four abroad databases were used, and 7 domestic and 4 abroad studies that met the criteria of this study were selected for systematic review and meta-analysis. Results: The overall effect size of the PTSD intervention program was 0.40 (95% confidence interval, CI: 0.17-0.64, p<0.05) in domestic and 0.37 (95% CI: 0.02-0.71, p<0.05) in abroad. Conclusions: Various domestic and abroad intervention methods for PTSD of firefighters have low effects. Therefore, based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop and apply a post-traumatic stress disorder intervention program for firefighters.

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