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한국미생물생명공학회> Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology update

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수록정보
32권5호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 15
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32권12호(2022년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Eun-ji Song , Ji-hee Shin

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 12호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1497-1505 (9 pages)

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Recently, the concept of personalized nutrition has been developed, which states that food components do not always lead to the same metabolic responses, but vary from person to person. Although this concept has been studied based on individual genetic backgrounds, researchers have recently explored its potential role in the gut microbiome. The gut microbiota physiologically communicates with humans by forming a bidirectional relationship with the micronutrients, macronutrients, and phytochemicals consumed by the host. Furthermore, the gut microbiota can vary from person to person and can be easily shifted by diet. Therefore, several recent studies have reported the application of personalized nutrition to intestinal microflora. This review provides an overview of the interaction of diet with the gut microbiome and the latest evidence in understanding the inter-individual differences in dietary responsiveness according to individual baseline gut microbiota and microbiome-associated dietary intervention in diseases. The diversity of the gut microbiota and the presence of specific microorganisms can be attributed to physiological differences following dietary intervention. The difference in individual responsiveness based on the gut microbiota has the potential to become an important research approach for personalized nutrition and health management, although further well-designed large-scale studies are warranted.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Bocui Song , Qian Chen , Yuqi Li , Shuang Zhan , Rui Zhao , Xue Shen , Min Liu , Chunyu Tong

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 12호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1506-1514 (9 pages)

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Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is an allergen-specific T-cell-mediated inflammatory response, albeit with unclear pathogenesis. Exosomes are nanoscale extracellular vesicles secreted by several cell types and widely distributed in various biological fluids. Exosomes affect the occurrence and development of ACD through immunoregulation among other ways. Nevertheless, the role of exosomes in ACD warrants further clarification. This review examines the progress of research into exosomes and their involvement in the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of ACD and provides ideas for exploring new diagnostic and treatment methods for this disease.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Meyer J. Friedman , Haram Lee , Young-chan Kwon , Soohwan Oh

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 12호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1515-1526 (12 pages)

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Eukaryotic chromatin is highly organized in the 3D nuclear space and dynamically regulated in response to environmental stimuli. This genomic organization is arranged in a hierarchical fashion to support various cellular functions, including transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Like other host cellular mechanisms, viral pathogens utilize and modulate host chromatin architecture and its regulatory machinery to control features of their life cycle, such as lytic versus latent status. Combined with previous research focusing on individual loci, recent global genomic studies employing conformational assays coupled with high-throughput sequencing technology have informed models for host and, in some cases, viral 3D chromosomal structure re-organization during infection and the contribution of these alterations to virus-mediated diseases. Here, we review recent discoveries and progress in host and viral chromatin structural dynamics during infection, focusing on a subset of DNA (human herpesviruses and HPV) as well as RNA (HIV, influenza virus and SARS-CoV-2) viruses. An understanding of how host and viral genomic structure affect gene expression in both contexts and ultimately viral pathogenesis can facilitate the development of novel therapeutic strategies.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Nam Yeun Kim , Ok Bin Kim

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 12호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1527-1536 (10 pages)

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Escherichia coli can use allantoin as its sole nitrogen source under anaerobic conditions. The ureidoglycolate produced by double release of ammonia from allantoin can flow into either the glyoxylate shunt or further catabolic transcarbamoylation. Although the former pathway is well studied, the genes of the latter (catabolic) pathway are not known. In the catabolic pathway, ureidoglycolate is finally converted to carbamoyl phosphate (CP) and oxamate, and then CP is dephosphorylated to carbamate by a catabolic carbamate kinase (CK), whereby ATP is formed. We identified the ybcF gene in a gene cluster containing fdrA-ylbE-ylbF-ybcF that is located downstream of the allDCE-operon. Reverse transcription PCR of total mRNA confirmed that the genes fdrA, ylbE, ylbF, and ybcF are co-transcribed. Deletion of ybcF caused only a slight increase in metabolic flow into the glyoxylate pathway, probably because CP was used to de novo synthesize pyrimidine and arginine. The activity of the catabolic CK was analyzed using purified YbcF protein. The Vmax is 1.82 U/mg YbcF for CP and 1.94 U/mg YbcF for ADP, and the KM value is 0.47 mM for CP and 0.43 mM for ADP. With these results, it was experimentally revealed that the ybcF gene of E. coli encodes catabolic CK, which completes anaerobic allantoin degradation through substrate-level phosphorylation. Therefore, we suggest renaming the ybcF gene as allK.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Aly E. Abo-amer , Sanaa M. F. Gad El-rab , Eman M. Halawani , Ameen M. Niaz , Mohammed S. Bamaga

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 12호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1537-1546 (10 pages)

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Staphylococcus aureus is a cause of high mortality in humans and therefore it is necessary to prevent its transmission and reduce infections. Our goals in this research were to investigate the frequency of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in Taif, Saudi Arabia, and assess the relationship between the phenotypic antimicrobial sensitivity patterns and the genes responsible for resistance. In addition, we examined the antimicrobial efficiency and application of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against MRSA isolates. Seventy-two nasal swabs were taken from patients; MRSA was cultivated on Mannitol Salt Agar supplemented with methicillin, and 16S rRNA sequencing was conducted in addition to morphological and biochemical identification. Specific resistance genes such as ermAC, aacA-aphD, tetKM, vatABC and mecA were PCR-amplified and resistance plasmids were also investigated. The MRSA incidence was ~49 % among the 72 S. aureus isolates and all MRSA strains were resistant to oxacillin, penicillin, and cefoxitin. However, vancomycin, linezolid, teicoplanin, mupirocin, and rifampicin were effective against 100% of MRSA strains. About 61% of MRSA strains exhibited multidrug resistance and were resistant to 3-12 antimicrobial medications (MDR). Methicillin resistance gene mecA was presented in all MDR-MRSA strains. Most MDR-MRSA contained a plasmid of > 10 kb. To overcome bacterial resistance, AgNPs were applied and displayed high antimicrobial activity and synergistic effect with penicillin. Our findings may help establish programs to control bacterial spread in communities as AgNPs appeared to exert a synergistic effect with penicillin to control bacterial resistance.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Giyeol Han , Dong Gun Lee

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 12호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1547-1552 (6 pages)

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β-Amyrin is a pentacyclic triterpene widely distributed in leaves and stems worldwide. The ability of β-amyrin to induce the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in microorganisms suggests its potential as an antimicrobial agent. Thus, this study aimed to elucidate the antibacterial mode of action of β-amyrin. We treated Escherichia coli cells with β-amyrin and found that it triggered ROS accumulation. Excessive stress caused by ROS, particularly hydroxyl radicals, induces glutathione (GSH) dysfunction. GSH protects cells from oxidative and osmotic stresses; thus, its dysfunction leads to membrane depolarization. The resultant change in membrane potential leads to the release of apoptotic proteins, such as caspases. The activated caspases-like protein promotes the cleavage of DNA into single strands, which is a hallmark of apoptosis-like death in bacteria. Apoptotic cells usually undergo events such as DNA fragmentation and phosphatidylserine exposure, differentiating them from necrotic cells, and the cells treated with β-amyrin in this study were positive for annexin V and negative for propidium iodide, indicating apoptosis-like death. In conclusion, our findings suggest that the antibacterial mode of action of β-amyrin involves the induction of ROS, which resulted in apoptosis-like death in E. coli.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Ve Van Le , So-ra Ko , Mingyeong Kang , Hee-mock Oh , Chi-yong Ahn

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 12호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1553-1560 (8 pages)

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A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterial strain, JC4T, was isolated from a freshwater sample and determined the taxonomic position. Initial identification based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain JC4T is affiliated to the genus Mucilaginibacter with a sequence similarity of 97.97% to Mucilaginibacter rigui WPCB133T. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain JC4T and Mucilaginibacter species were estimated below 80.92% and 23.9%, respectively. Strain JC4T contained summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c) and iso-C15:0 as predominant cellular fatty acids. The dominant polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminophospholipid, one unidentified phospholipid, and two unidentified lipids. The respiratory quinone was MK-7. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain JC4T was determined to be 42.44%. The above polyphasic evidences support that strain JC4T represents a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter aquariorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JC4T (= KCTC 92230T = LMG 32715T).

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Joon-hui Chung , Jehyeong Yeon , Hoon Je Seong , Si-hyun An , Da-yeon Kim , Younggun Yoon , Hang-yeon Weon , Jeong Jun Kim , Jae-hyung Ahn

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 12호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1561-1572 (12 pages)

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Plastic pollution has been recognized as a serious environmental problem, and microbial degradation of plastics is a potential, environmentally friendly solution to this. Here, we analyzed and compared microbial communities on waste plastic films (WPFs) buried for long periods at four landfill sites with those in nearby soils to identify microbes with the potential to degrade plastics. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of these WPFs showed that most were polyethylene and had signs of oxidation, such as carbon-carbon double bonds, carbon-oxygen single bonds, or hydrogen-oxygen single bonds, but the presence of carbonyl groups was rare. The species richness and diversity of the bacterial and fungal communities on the films were generally lower than those in nearby soils. Principal coordinate analysis of the bacterial and fungal communities showed that their overall structures were determined by their geographical locations; however, the microbial communities on the films were generally different from those in the soils. For the pulled data from the four landfill sites, the relative abundances of Bradyrhizobiaceae, Pseudarthrobacter, Myxococcales, Sphingomonas, and Spartobacteria were higher on films than in soils at the bacterial genus level. At the species level, operational taxonomic units classified as Bradyrhizobiaceae and Pseudarthrobacter in bacteria and Mortierella in fungi were enriched on the films. PICRUSt analysis showed that the predicted functions related to amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism and xenobiotic degradation were more abundant on films than in soils. These results suggest that specific microbial groups were enriched on the WPFs and may be involved in plastic degradation.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Hyeona Kang , Yourim Oh , Nam Keun Lee , Jin-kyu Rhee

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 12호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1573-1582 (10 pages)

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In this study, we investigated the optimal conditions for 3D structure printing of alternative fats that have the textural properties of lard using beeswax (BW)-based oleogel by a statistical analysis. Products printed with over 15% BW oleogel at 50% and 75% infill level (IL) showed high printing accuracy with the lowest dimensional printing deviation for the designed model. The hardness, cohesion, and adhesion of printed samples were influenced by BW concentration and infill level. For multi-response optimization, fixed target values (hardness, adhesiveness, and cohesiveness) were applied with lard printed at 75% IL. The preparation parameters obtained as a result of multiple reaction prediction were 58.9% IL and 16.0% BW, and printing with this oleogel achieved fixed target values similar to those of lard. In conclusion, our study shows that 3D printing based on the BW oleogel system produces complex internal structures that allow adjustment of the textural properties of the printed samples, and BW oleogels could potentially serve as an excellent replacement for fat.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Jin Yong Kang , Moeun Lee , Jung Hee Song , Eun Ji Choi , Da Un Kim , Seul Ki Lim , Namhee Kim , Ji Yoon Chang

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 12호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1583-1588 (6 pages)

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In this study, we investigated the effect of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains used as starters for kimchi fermentation, namely Lactococcus lactis WiKim0124, Companilactobacillus allii WiKim39, Leuconostoc mesenteroides WiKim0121Leuconostoc mesenteroides WiKim33, and Leuconostoc mesenteroides WiKim32, on the intestinal epithelial tight junctions (TJs). These LAB strains were not cytotoxic to Caco-2 cells at 500 μg/ml concentration. In addition, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) decreased Caco-2 viability, but the LAB strains protected the cells against H2O2-induced cytotoxicity. We also found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) promoted Caco-2 proliferation; however, no specific changes were observed upon treatment with LAB strains and LPS. Our evaluation of the permeability in the Caco-2 monolayer model confirmed its increase by both LPS and H2O2. The LAB strains inhibited the increase in permeability by protecting TJs, which we evaluated by measuring TJ proteins such as zonula occludens-1 and occludin, and analyzing them by western blotting and immunofluorescence staining. Our findings show that LAB strains used for kimchi fermentation can suppress the increase in intestinal permeability due to LPS and H2O2 by protecting TJs. Therefore, these results suggest the possibility of enhancing the functionality of kimchi through its fermentation using functional LAB strains.

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KCI등재SCOUPUS

저자 : Yuan Tian , Yanling Li

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 541-550 (10 pages)

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Filamentous marine fungi have proven to be a plentiful source of new natural products. Chaetomium, a widely distributed fungal genus in the marine environment, has gained much interest within the scientific community. In the last 20 years, many potential secondary metabolites have been detected from marine-derived Chaetomium. In this review, we attempt to provide a comprehensive summary of the natural products produced by marine-derived Chaetomium species. A total of 122 secondary metabolites that were described from 2001 to 2021 are covered. The structural diversity of the compounds, along with details of the sources and relevant biological properties are also provided, while the relationships between structures and their bioactivities are discussed. It is our expectation that this review will be of benefit to drug development and innovation.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

저자 : Doaa B. Darwesh , Yahya S. Al-awthan , Imadeldin Elfaki , Salem A. Habib , Tarig M. Alnour , Ahmed B. Darwish , Magdy M. Youssef

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 551-563 (13 pages)

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L-asparaginase (E.C. 3.5.1.1) purified from bacterial cells is widely used in the food industry, as well as in the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In the present study, the Burkholderia pseudomallei L-asparaginase gene was cloned into the pGEX-2T DNA plasmid, expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS, and purified to homogeneity using Glutathione Sepharose chromatography with 7.26 purification fold and 16.01% recovery. The purified enzyme exhibited a molecular weight of ~33.6 kDa with SDS-PAGE and showed maximal activity at 50℃ and pH 8.0. It retained 95.1, 89.6%, and 70.2% initial activity after 60 min at 30℃, 40℃, and 50°C, respectively. The enzyme reserved its activity at 30℃ and 37℃ up to 24 h. The enzyme had optimum pH of 8 and reserved 50% activity up to 24 h. The recombinant enzyme showed the highest substrate specificity towards L-asparaginase substrate, while no detectable specificity was observed for L-glutamine, urea, and acrylamide at 10 mM concentration. THP-1, a human leukemia cell line, displayed significant morphological alterations after being treated with recombinant L-asparaginase and the IC50 of the purified enzyme was recorded as 0.8 IU. Furthermore, the purified recombinant Lasparaginase improved cytotoxicity in liver cancer HepG2 and breast cancer MCF-7 cell lines, with IC50 values of 1.53 and 18 IU, respectively.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

저자 : Fan Chang , Fengan Jia , Min Guan , Qingan Jia , Yan Sun , Zhi Li

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 564-574 (11 pages)

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Microbial diversity in the soil is responsive to changes in soil composition. However, the impact of soil amendments on the diversity and structure of rare and abundant sub-communities in agricultural systems is poorly understood. We investigated the effects of different Chinese herb residue (CHR) soil amendments and cropping systems on bacterial rare and abundant subcommunities. Our results showed that the bacterial diversity and structure of these subcommunities in soil had a specific distribution under the application of different soil amendments. The CHR soil amendments with high nitrogen and organic matter additives significantly increased the relative abundance and stability of rare taxa, which increased the structural and functional redundancy of soil bacterial communities. Rare and abundant sub-communities also showed different preferences in terms of bacterial community composition, as the former was enriched with Bacteroidetes while the latter had more Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria. All applications of soil amendments significantly improved soil quality of newly created farmlands in whole maize cropping system. Rare sub-communitiy genera Niastella and Ohtaekwangia were enriched during the maize cropping process, and Nitrososphaera was enriched under the application of simple amendment group soil. Thus, Chinese medicine residue soil amendments with appropriate additives could affect soil rare and abundant sub-communities and enhance physicochemical properties. These findings suggest that applying soil composite amendments based on CHR in the field could improve soil microbial diversity, microbial redundancy, and soil fertility for sustainable agriculture on the Loess Plateau.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

저자 : Ve Van Le , So-ra Ko , Sang-ah Lee , Mingyeong Kang , Hee-mock Oh , Chi-yong Ahn

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 575-581 (7 pages)

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A Gram-stain-negative, white-coloured, and rod-shaped bacterium, strain DR4-4T, was isolated from Daechung Reservoir, Republic of Korea, during Microcystis bloom. Strain DR4-4T was most closely related to Caenimonas terrae SGM1-15T and Caenimonas koreensis EMB320T with 98.1% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain DR4-4T and closely related type strains were below 79.46% and 22.30%, respectively. The genomic DNA G+C content was 67.5%. The major cellular fatty acids (≥10% of the total) were identified as C16:0, cyclo C17:0, summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c). Strain DR4-4T possessed phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylglycerol as the main polar lipids and Q-8 as the respiratory quinone. The polyamine profile was composed of putrescine, cadaverine, and spermidine. The results of polyphasic characterization indicated that the isolated strain DR4-4T represents a novel species within the genus Caenimonas, for which the name Caenimonas aquaedulcis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DR4-4T (=KCTC 82470T =JCM 34453T).

KCI등재SCOUPUS

저자 : Ae Ran Park , Jongmun Kim , Bora Kim , Areum Ha , Ji-yeon Son , Chan Woo Song , Hyohak Song , Jin-cheol Kim

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 582-593 (12 pages)

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Among abiotic stresses in plants, drought and chilling stresses reduce the supply of moisture to plant tissues, inhibit photosynthesis, and severely reduce plant growth and yield. Thus, the application of water stress-tolerant agents can be a useful strategy to maintain plant growth under abiotic stresses. This study assessed the effect of exogenous bio-based 2,3-butanediol (BDO) application on drought and chilling response in tomato and turfgrass, and expression levels of several plant signaling pathway-related gene transcripts. Bio-based 2,3-BDOs were formulated to levo-2,3-BDO 0.9% soluble concentrate (levo 0.9% SL) and meso-2,3-BDO 9% SL (meso 9% SL). Under drought and chilling stress conditions, the application of levo 0.9% SL in creeping bentgrass and meso 9% SL in tomato plants significantly reduced the deleterious effects of abiotic stresses. Interestingly, pretreatment with levo-2,3-BDO in creeping bentgrass and meso-2,3-BDO in tomato plants enhanced JA and SA signaling pathway-related gene transcript expression levels in different ways. In addition, all tomato plants treated with acibenzolar-S-methyl (as a positive control) withered completely under chilling stress, whereas 2,3-BDO-treated tomato plants exhibited excellent cold tolerance. According to our findings, bio-based 2,3-BDO isomers as sustainable water stress-tolerant agents, levo- and meso-2,3-BDOs, could enhance tolerance to drought and/or chilling stresses in various plants through somewhat different molecular activities without any side effects.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

저자 : Chowon Kim , Jumin Park , Hyeyoung Lee , Dae-youn Hwang , So Hae Park , Heeseob Lee

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 594-601 (8 pages)

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This study evaluated the biological properties of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) extracts. The EtOAc extract of lemongrass had DPPH, TEAC, and nitric oxide-scavenging activity assay results of 58.06, 44.14, and 41.08% at the concentration of 50, 10, and 50 μg/ml, respectively. The EtOAc extract had higher elastase and collagenase inhibitory activities than the 80% MeOH, n-hexane, BuOH, and water extracts and comparable whitening activity toward monophenolase or diphenolase. Also, the EtOAc fraction had higher lipase inhibitory and antimicrobial activities against Cutibacterium acnes among extracts which is known to an important contributor to the progression of inflammatory acne vulgaris, and an opportunistic pathogen present in human skin. Total phenolic and flavonoid concentrations in the EtOAc extract were 132.31 mg CAE/g extract and 104.50 mg NE/g extract, respectively. Biologically active compounds in lemongrass extracts were analyzed by LC-MS. This study confirms that lemongrass extracts have potential use as cosmetic skincare ingredients. Thus, lemongrass can be considered a promising natural source of readily available, low-cost extracts rich in antioxidant, skincare, and antimicrobial compounds that might be suitable for replacing synthetic compounds in the cosmeceutical industry.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

저자 : Yeeun Kim , Seohyeon Lee , Kyungah Park , Hyunjin Yoon

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 602-611 (10 pages)

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The persistence of pathogenic Escherichia coli under acidic conditions poses a serious risk to food safety, especially in acidic foods such as kimchi. To identify the bacterial factors required for acid resistance, transcriptomic analysis was conducted on an acid-resistant enterotoxigenic E. coli strain and the genes with significant changes in their expression under acidic pH were selected as putative resistance factors against acid stress. These genes included those associated with a glutamatedependent acid resistance (GDAR) system and copper resistance. E. coli strains lacking GadA, GadB, or YbaST, the components of the GDAR system, exhibited significantly attenuated growth and survival under acidic stress conditions. Accordantly, the inhibition of the GDAR system by 3- mercaptopropionic acid and aminooxyacetic acid abolished bacterial adaptation and survival under acidic conditions, indicating the indispensable role of a GDAR system in acid resistance. Intriguingly, the lack of cueR encoding a transcriptional regulator for copper resistance genes markedly impaired bacterial resistance to acid stress as well as copper. Conversely, the absence of YbaST severely compromised bacterial resistance against copper, suggesting an interplay between acid and copper resistance. These results suggest that a GDAR system can be a promising target for developing control measures to prevent E. coli resistance to acid and copper treatments.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

저자 : Ye-jin Jung , Hyun-seok Kim , Gunn Jaygal , Hye-rin Cho , Kyung Bae Lee , In-bong Song , Jong-hoon Kim , Mi-sun Kwak , Kyung-ho Han , Min-jung Bae , Moon-hee Sung

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 612-620 (9 pages)

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Recent studies have revealed that probiotics and their metabolites are present under various conditions; however, the role of probiotic metabolites (i.e., postbiotics in pathological states) is controversial. Natural killer (NK) cells play a key role in innate and adaptive immunity. In this study, we examined NK cell activation influenced by a postbiotics mixture in response to gut microbiome modulation in stress-induced mice. In vivo activation of NK cells increased in the postbiotics mixture treatment group in accordance with Th1/Th2 expression level. Meanwhile, the Red Ginseng treatment group, a reference group, showed very little expression of NK cell activation. Moreover, the postbiotics mixture treatment group in particular changed the gut microbiome composition. Although the exact role of the postbiotics mixture in regulating the immune system of stressinduced mice remains unclear, the postbiotics mixture-induced NK cell activation might have affected gut microbiome modulation.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

저자 : Anthicha Kunjantarachot , Teva Phanaksri

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 621-629 (9 pages)

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Bacterial outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) typically contain multiple immunogenic molecules that include antigenic proteins, making them good candidates for vaccine development. In animal models, vaccination with OMVs has been shown to confer protective immune responses against many bacterial diseases. It is possible to genetically introduce heterologous protein antigens to the bacterial host that can then be produced and relocated to reside within the OMVs by means of the host secretion mechanisms. Accordingly, in this study we sought to develop a novel platform for recombinant OMV (rOMV) production in the widely used bacterial expression host species, Escherichia coli. Three different lipoprotein signal peptides including their Lol signals and tether sequences―from Neisseria meningitidis fHbp, Leptospira interrogans LipL32, and Campylobactor jejuni JlpA―were combined upstream to the GFPmut2 model protein, resulting in three recombinant plasmids. Pilot expression studies showed that the fusion between fHbp and GFPmut2 was the only promising construct; therefore, we used this construct for large-scale expression. After inducing recombinant protein expression, the nanovesicles were harvested from cell-free culture media by ultrafiltration and ultracentrifugation. Transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that the obtained rOMVs were closed, circular single-membrane particles, 20-200 nm in size. Western blotting confirmed the presence of GFPmut2 in the isolated vesicles. Collectively, although this is a non-optimized, proof-of-concept study, it demonstrates the feasibility of this platform in directing target proteins into the vesicles for OMV-based vaccine development.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

저자 : Hyung-seok Yu , Na-kyoung Lee , Won-ju Kim , Do-un Lee , Jong-ha Kim , Hyun-dong Paik

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 630-637 (8 pages)

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The objective of this study was to optimize industrial-grade media for improving the biomass production of Weissella cibaria JW15 (JW15) using a statistical approach. Eleven variables comprising three carbon sources (glucose, fructose, and sucrose), three nitrogen sources (protease peptone, yeast extract, and soy peptone), and five mineral sources (K2HPO4, potassium citrate, Lcysteine phosphate, MgSO4, and MnSO4) were screened by using the Plackett-Burman design. Consequently, glucose, sucrose, and soy peptone were used as significant variables in response surface methodology (RSM). The composition of the optimal medium (OM) was 22.35 g/l glucose, 15.57 g/l sucrose, and 10.05 g/l soy peptone, 2.0 g/l K2HPO4, 5.0 g/l sodium acetate, 0.1 g/l MgSO4·7H2O, 0.05 g/l MnSO4·H2O, and 1.0 g/l Tween 80. The OM significantly improved the biomass production of JW15 over an established commercial medium (MRS). After fermenting OM, the dry cell weight of JW15 was 4.89 g/l, which was comparable to the predicted value (4.77 g/l), and 1.67 times higher than that of the MRS medium (3.02 g/l). Correspondingly, JW15 showed a rapid and increased production of lactic and acetic acid in the OM. To perform a scale-up validation, batch fermentation was executed in a 5-l bioreactor at 37℃ with or without a pH control at 6.0 ± 0.1. The biomass production of JW15 significantly improved (1.98 times higher) under the pH control, and the cost of OM was reduced by two-thirds compared to that in the MRS medium. In conclusion, OM may be utilized for mass producing JW15 for industrial use.

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