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서울대학교 인지과학연구소> Journal of Cognitive Science> A New View of Reality: Mind and Actualization of Quantum Potentia

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A New View of Reality: Mind and Actualization of Quantum Potentia

Stuart Kauffman
  • : 서울대학교 인지과학연구소
  • : Journal of Cognitive Science 21권3호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2020년 09월
  • : 475-487(13pages)

DOI


목차

1. Introduction
2. Res Potentia and Res Extensa Linked by Measurement
3. Reality Is Not a Substance Dualism
4. A Role for Mind: Mind Actualizes Quantum Potentia
5. Experiments
6. A Responsible Free Will
7. No Causal Mechanism for Measurement
8. The Hard Problem of Consciousness
9. Conclusion
References

키워드 보기


초록 보기

I build upon Heisenberg’s proposal in 1958 that quantum states are ontologically real “potentia.” On this view reality consists in ontologically real Possibles and ontologically real Actuals. Then measurement converts Possibles to Actuals. This ontological hypothesis, explicit in Heisenberg’s proposal, suggests a natural place for “mind.” Mind converts Possibles to Actuals. This role for mind is a scientific hypothesis open to test. Modest evidence now supports the hypothesis. If very well confirmed, such results alter the foundations of quantum mechanics and afford a role of mind in the becoming of the universe. More, the ontological proposal is not a substance dualism, for potentia are not substances. Thus, this proposal for the role of mind does not seem to inherit many of the problems raised in a substance dualism such as Descartes’ Res cogitans and Res extensa, (Descartes), or in a substance neutral monism such as Russell, (Russell). The proposal is radical. Far more evidence is needed.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 심리학
  • : KCI후보
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 계간
  • : 1598-2327
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2000-2020
  • : 290


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1Special Issue on the Third Workshop on Biological Mentality

저자 : Kenneth A. Augustyn

발행기관 : 서울대학교 인지과학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Cognitive Science 21권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 371-384 (14 pages)

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The Third Workshop on Biological Mentality was held from September 23, 2019 to March 2, 2020 as a series of twenty-one Monday online conferencing sessions, each consisting of a talk followed by a Q&A discussion. Like the two previous workshops [1, 2], the objective of this workshop was to seek a deeper level of understanding the physical foundations of biological mentality (whether conscious or nonconscious).

2Many-Body Quantum Field Models for Nonlinear Brain Dynamics

저자 : Asim Islam

발행기관 : 서울대학교 인지과학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Cognitive Science 21권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 385-428 (44 pages)

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The approach to employing quantum field theory for memory and brain function was first pioneered by Umezawa and Ricciardi in 1967 by comparing brain electrical activity with properties of condensed matter. More formally, by examining the macroscopic properties of Bose gases which arise from microscopic quantum phenomena it can be shown that by extending the concept to many-body systems applied to thermofield dynamics and condensed states it is a natural requirement to employ a dual state. The notion of duality has been extended to a dissipative model by Celeghini, Rasetti and Vitiello and has been further developed to an extensive model for brain dynamics by Vitiello, Freeman, Jibu, Yasue and others. Neuroscientific studies, based on this model, on humans and animals by Freeman and Vitiello have provided new insights into the nature of perception and cognition which for the first time relate electrical patterns directly to thoughts and perception in a formal scientific manner amenable to quantitative analysis. The model is presently the most accurate predictor of the empirical outcomes of a wide range of brain electrical activity and is of growing interest amongst quantum physicists and neuroscientists. From a broader perspective, it may also provide a deeper insight into the elusive nature of human consciousness and proposals have been conjectured by Vitiello, Freeman, Jibu and Yasue. Importantly there does not exist any suitable alternative neural network based model which can adequately explain the empirical data. We review the key elements of the many-body quantum brain model with an emphasis on providing a sound physical basis for the approach and providing compelling rationale for pursuing the model. The goal of this study is to review the dissipative many-body quantum field model of brain dynamics and highlight its key field-theoretic features in relation to the neuroscientific evidence and demonstrate the validity and strengths of the model in the light of recent developments on cerebral cortical electrical 'forms' during perception, stabilised by vortices, which agree with that observed by neuroscientists.

3Does Consciousness-Collapse Quantum Mechanics Facilitate Dualistic Mental Causation?

저자 : Alin Christoph Cucu

발행기관 : 서울대학교 인지과학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Cognitive Science 21권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 429-473 (45 pages)

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One of the most serious challenges (if not the most serious challenge) for interactive psycho-physical dualism (henceforth interactive dualism or ID) is the so-called 'interaction problem'. It has two facets, one of which this article focuses on, namely the apparent tension between interactions of non-physical minds in the physical world and physical laws of nature. One family of approaches to alleviate or even dissolve this tension is based on a collapse solution ('consciousness collapse/CC) of the measurement problem in quantum mechanics (QM). The idea is that the mind brings about the collapse of a superposed wave function onto one of its eigenstates. Thus, it is claimed, can the mind change the course of things without violating any law figuring in physical theory.
I will first show that this hope is premature because energy and momentum are probably not conserved in collapse processes, and that even if this can be dealt with, the violations are either severe or produce further ontological problems. Second, I point out several conceptual difficulties for interactionist CC. I will also present solutions for those problems, but it will become clear that those solutions come at a high cost. Third, I shall briefly list some empirical problems which make life even harder for interactionist CC. I conclude with remarks about why no-collapse interpretations of QM don't help either and what the present study has shown is the real issue for ID: namely to find a plausible integrative view of dualistic mental causation and laws of nature.

4A New View of Reality: Mind and Actualization of Quantum Potentia

저자 : Stuart Kauffman

발행기관 : 서울대학교 인지과학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Cognitive Science 21권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 475-487 (13 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

I build upon Heisenberg's proposal in 1958 that quantum states are ontologically real “potentia.” On this view reality consists in ontologically real Possibles and ontologically real Actuals. Then measurement converts Possibles to Actuals. This ontological hypothesis, explicit in Heisenberg's proposal, suggests a natural place for “mind.” Mind converts Possibles to Actuals. This role for mind is a scientific hypothesis open to test. Modest evidence now supports the hypothesis. If very well confirmed, such results alter the foundations of quantum mechanics and afford a role of mind in the becoming of the universe. More, the ontological proposal is not a substance dualism, for potentia are not substances. Thus, this proposal for the role of mind does not seem to inherit many of the problems raised in a substance dualism such as Descartes' Res cogitans and Res extensa, (Descartes), or in a substance neutral monism such as Russell, (Russell). The proposal is radical. Far more evidence is needed.

5Consciousness as a factor in evolution

저자 : Kenneth A. Augustyn

발행기관 : 서울대학교 인지과학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Cognitive Science 21권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 489-505 (17 pages)

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What I call the mind began as a non-conscious robotic biochemical process control system in the very earliest forms of life. As life evolved, problems in control became more difficult and exceeded the computational capabilities of the organisms. Nature discovered a means of transcending computable physical processes resulting in non-computational subjective mental capabilities that, while still not conscious, had a degree of genuine autonomy from the physical world. These autonomous subjective wants and goals now affected the course of (but not the mechanism of) evolution. The integrated amalgam of robotic and transrobotic unconscious capabilities eventually gave rise to consciousness, which became an even more important factor in the course of evolution.
The processes responsible for transrobotic mentality are conjectured to leave evidence in the physical world in the form of violations of conservation laws, evidence that future experiments may be able to detect.

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