논문 상세보기

한국중국언어학회> 중국언어연구> 중국어 방향보어의 상적 기능에 대한 고찰 - ‘下来’와 ‘下去’의 코퍼스 분석에 근거하여

KCI등재

중국어 방향보어의 상적 기능에 대한 고찰 - ‘下来’와 ‘下去’의 코퍼스 분석에 근거하여

A Study on the Aspectual Function of Directional Complement - A Corpus-based Analysis of “Xialai”, “Xiaqu”

유수경 ( Yu Sukyong )
  • : 한국중국언어학회
  • : 중국언어연구 89권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2020년 08월
  • : 159-193(35pages)

DOI

10.38068/KJCL.89.8


목차

1. 서론
2. 선행연구 고찰
3. ‘下来’, ‘下去’의 의미와 상적 자질 분석
4. ‘下来’, ‘下去’의 상적 기능과 그 지위
5. 결론

키워드 보기


초록 보기

So far, the study of directional complement have been focused on descriptive analysis based on verb meaning, and research on syntactic distribution. In this trend, the studies of directional complement ‘xialai’ and ‘xiaqu’ did not reflect their essential functions and above all, it did not help to find the status in the aspect system.
This article analyzed the aspectual functions of ‘xialai’ and ‘xiaqu’ through the aspectual properties of the component, and as a result, confirmed the following.
First, ‘xialai’ and ‘xiaqu’ have a aspectual function, which is the completion of a situation. At this time, the resultant state is implicitly provided. Depending on the meaning of the predicate and the degree of grammaticalization of the directional complement, the implicit meaning is realized differently. The implicit meaning is a secondary meaning accompanied by the aspectual function of completion.
Second, the movement directions of verb phrase ‘xialai’ and ‘xiaqu’ are symmetrical, but its symmetry does not appear in all function of directional complement ‘xialai’ and ‘xiaqu’. As a result of analysis, ‘xialai’ and ‘xiaqu’ show differences in collocation of predicates, components, and aspect markers. In other words, ‘xialai’ implies continuation before completion, but the center of meaning is still in the completion of the situation. Considering as a aspectual properties of a component and aspect marker in the sentence, it is still difficult to see it as a continuous aspect marker. ‘xiaqu’ expresses continuity, and since the initial and final endpoints(or one of them) are open, it can be regarded as a continuative aspect marker of the imperfective aspect.
Lastly, ‘xialai’ and ‘xiaqu’ have been changed from the function of the perfective to the function of the imperfective, which is a universal phenomenon of human language. There exist examples in which one form expresses both the function of perfective and imperfective, both synchronically and typologically, and most of them use the meaning of the resultant state. This hypothesis will help to understand the aspectual properties of ‘xiaqu’ and at the same time it is expected to be a new breakthrough in solving problems that are difficult to explain with the existing binary asepct system.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 중어중문학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 격월
  • : 1229-554x
  • : 2733-4597
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1991-2020
  • : 1336


저작권 안내

한국학술정보㈜의 모든 학술 자료는 각 학회 및 기관과 저작권 계약을 통해 제공하고 있습니다.

이에 본 자료를 상업적 이용, 무단 배포 등 불법적으로 이용할 시에는 저작권법 및 관계법령에 따른 책임을 질 수 있습니다.

발행기관 최신논문
| | | | 다운로드

1古全浊声母在泾县茂林方言中的今读分析

저자 : 赵日新 ( Zhao Rixin ) , 闵庆万 ( Min Kyungman )

발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회 간행물 : 중국언어연구 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-19 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Taking Maolin Dialect as an example, the paper discusses The present pronunciations of MC Voiced Initials of Wu dialect in Xuanzhou cluster in Anhui Province from both synchronic and diachronic perspectives. MC Voiced plosive has changed into different voiceless one, MC Voiced affricate has changed into fricative.

2佛教文献五大音义书词汇条目商榷

저자 : 李圭甲 ( Lee Kyookap )

발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회 간행물 : 중국언어연구 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 21-38 (18 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

A Discussion on the Vocabulary Items of the Five Pronunciation and Meaning Dictionaries as Buddhist Scripts
In this paper, “the five major pronunciation and meaning (Yinyi) dictionaries” referred to the Xuanying Yinyi (or so-called Zhongjing Yinyi), Huilin Yinyi, Xilin Yinyi, Kehong Yinyi, andHuayan Yinyi (or Huiyuan Yinyi) that explain Buddhist technical terminology. The unified book of these five dictionaries put together all the words that appear in each dictionary. This paper makes a preliminary exploration of the vocabularies in these five dictionaries, revealing the number of these vocabularies and their frequencies of occurrence, and analyzes their characteristics. Also, The features of the Chinese characters used in the vocabularies are investigated.

3类词缀“云”及“云X”词族研究

저자 : 王卉 ( Wang Hui ) , 朴兴洙 ( Park Heungsoo )

발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회 간행물 : 중국언어연구 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 39-61 (23 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

In order to meet the reference of new things and new phenomena appearing in the society, people have to create some new words and use them to complete the communicative needs. As a linguistic phenomenon, “cloud X” has existed for a long time, and even stagnated because it only consists of words related to computer and network. However, with the spread of COVID-19 at the beginning of 2020, the quasi affix “cloud”seems to have been given new meaning, produced a new combination, and has become one of the most active quasi affixes at this stage. Therefore, this paper chooses the quasi affix “cloud” as the research object, analyzes and studies the “cloud” and “cloud” words from four aspects: the semantics of “cloud”, the quasi-affixation of “cloud”, the structural characteristics of “cloud X” and the formation and development mechanism of “cloud” family of words.

4가정접속사 '要是' 형성의 조건 분석

저자 : 김세미 ( Kim Semi )

발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회 간행물 : 중국언어연구 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 63-88 (26 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The present study analyzed the process of arriving to the use of '要是' as a subjunctive mood conjunction. The use of '要是' was divided into two aspects, '要' and '是', during the analysis.
Firstly, the study examined the semantical characteristics of '要' that enabled the expansion of function from an auxiliary verb to a conjunctive particle. The fundamental semantic function of '要' could be summarized using the irrealis mood concept. The auxiliary verb '要' indicates a future tense that is in an unreal time and unreal domain. The conjunctive particle, '要' further evolves the potentiality of irrealis, expanding its meaning to the subjunctive mood.
Next, the study examined the reasons for including '是' in the subjunctive mood conjunction '要是'. This study analyzed the fixture of '要' and '是' being used together from the framework of lexicalization. The reason why '要是' was able to be lexicalized was because '是' first became grammaticalized. Diachronically, '是' was developed in the order of a demonstrative-copula-focus marker. The '是' in '要是' is a further grammaticalization, in that it functions as a component in a word. More specifically, the conceptual basis that enabled '是' to be included in a subjunctive expression is because '是' has a temporal persistence that connects the past, the present, and the future. Furthermore, although '是' accompanies a noun component as an object, functioning as a copula verb, this changed as the scope of the subsequent component expanded into the verb component. Subsequently, '是' lost its lexical meaning and phonetic stress and became dependent on '要' to create a subjunctive mood conjunction.

5다의어 동사 '吃'와 '먹다'에 대한 의미 대조 분석

저자 : 초팽염 ( Jiao Pengyan )

발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회 간행물 : 중국언어연구 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 89-113 (25 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Eating is the most basic action of human survival. This paper makes a contrastive study of the polysemy of the basic verbs expressing this action in Korean and Chinese. It is found that the two verbs derive some similar semantics based on the common cognitive style of human beings, but also because of the differences in the interpretation of the conceptualization process of the action, they produce some different derived semantics. Through comparative analysis, we find that the conceptual schema of Chinese verb “eat” is composed of the elements of “enter-chew- swallow”, which highlights the chewing action in the mouth, and its derivative meaning also shows the characteristics of experience and process. The conceptual schema of Korean verb “먹다” is composed of some elements as “enter-swallow- conserve”, which highlights the preservation state in the abdominal cavity, and its derived meaning also shows the characteristics of experience and result.

6論“無異”的詞性、詞義以及相關問題

저자 : 金鐘讚 ( Kim Jong-chan )

발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회 간행물 : 중국언어연구 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 115-132 (18 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

≪Xiandai Hanyu Cidian≫ is a dictionary published in China having great popularity with scholars. It describes that “Wuyi” is a verb. Many other dictionaries in China for example ≪Xuesheng Xiandai Hanyu Cidian≫, ≪Dangdai Hanyu Cidian≫, ≪Xiandai Hanyu Guifan Cidian≫ have a the similar understanding to ≪Xiandai Hanyu Cidian≫ on the problem of “Wuyi”.
My opinion is quite different from them. According to my research, “Wuyi” is often contrasted used with adjectives in many sentences. This means that “Wuyi” is an adjective.
Adjectives and adverbs can't take objects, but “Wuyi” sometimes has the ability to take objects. This means “Wuyi” also has the characteristics of a transitive verb.
Consequently, I argue that “Wuyi” has three word classifications such as adjective, adverb, and transitive verb.

7구문다의성 및 구문확장에 관한 소고

저자 : 남양우 ( Nam Ryangwoo )

발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회 간행물 : 중국언어연구 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 133-158 (26 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper discussed the construction polysemy and the construction expansion based on previous study about individual constructions.
The construction has its construction meaning, which can be extended from central sense to expanded sense. We can explain polysemy of the construction through core meaning and meaning chains, like vocabularies.
The construction can also be expanded under the influence of other constructions. The construction expansion can be divided into four types. First type is that two constructions have same form but their arguments are different. Second type is that two constructions have different form but their arguments are same. Third type is that two constructions have different argument but one construction is subpart of the other construction. Forth type is that two constructions have different form and argument, but they are metaphorically involved.
Polysemy of some constructions can not be explained by core meaning and meaning chains, these constructions are influenced by expansion of the construction itself and external forces. The construction may be expanded with a complex influence from multiple constructions in the process of expansion. And some constructions have polysemy and construction expansion together.
In conclusion, the construction polysemy and the construction expansion show complex aspects in which the constructions continue to develop as they interact with each other.

8중국어 방향보어의 상적 기능에 대한 고찰 - '下来'와 '下去'의 코퍼스 분석에 근거하여

저자 : 유수경 ( Yu Sukyong )

발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회 간행물 : 중국언어연구 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 159-193 (35 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

So far, the study of directional complement have been focused on descriptive analysis based on verb meaning, and research on syntactic distribution. In this trend, the studies of directional complement 'xialai' and 'xiaqu' did not reflect their essential functions and above all, it did not help to find the status in the aspect system.
This article analyzed the aspectual functions of 'xialai' and 'xiaqu' through the aspectual properties of the component, and as a result, confirmed the following.
First, 'xialai' and 'xiaqu' have a aspectual function, which is the completion of a situation. At this time, the resultant state is implicitly provided. Depending on the meaning of the predicate and the degree of grammaticalization of the directional complement, the implicit meaning is realized differently. The implicit meaning is a secondary meaning accompanied by the aspectual function of completion.
Second, the movement directions of verb phrase 'xialai' and 'xiaqu' are symmetrical, but its symmetry does not appear in all function of directional complement 'xialai' and 'xiaqu'. As a result of analysis, 'xialai' and 'xiaqu' show differences in collocation of predicates, components, and aspect markers. In other words, 'xialai' implies continuation before completion, but the center of meaning is still in the completion of the situation. Considering as a aspectual properties of a component and aspect marker in the sentence, it is still difficult to see it as a continuous aspect marker. 'xiaqu' expresses continuity, and since the initial and final endpoints(or one of them) are open, it can be regarded as a continuative aspect marker of the imperfective aspect.
Lastly, 'xialai' and 'xiaqu' have been changed from the function of the perfective to the function of the imperfective, which is a universal phenomenon of human language. There exist examples in which one form expresses both the function of perfective and imperfective, both synchronically and typologically, and most of them use the meaning of the resultant state. This hypothesis will help to understand the aspectual properties of 'xiaqu' and at the same time it is expected to be a new breakthrough in solving problems that are difficult to explain with the existing binary asepct system.

9현대중국어 형용사의 빈어 공기 현상

저자 : 최신혜 ( Choi Shinhye )

발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회 간행물 : 중국언어연구 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 195-219 (25 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper noted the phenomenon of adjectives having an object in modern Chinese, and considered the characteristics of the type of object and the reason for this feature.
We investigated the actual status of entries in the dictionary of words that were presented as adjectives with objects in the preceding studies, and found that the majority of the words are now identified as verbs, but in cases of adjectives with automatic object, they are often recorded as adjectives.
Regarding the reason why adjectives that do not have an object generally appear with the automatic object, this paper considered the similarities between the Adjective-Automatic Object Sentence and the Existential Sentence and the Possessor-Subject Possessee-Object Sentence, and found that Adjective-Automatic Object Sentence has historically emerged as part of the expansion process of Existential Sentence. It was also noted that Adjective-Automatic Object Sentence indicates 'occurrence'.
In conclusion, it can be seen that the fact that adjectives generally do not have an object is a feature that is still generally effective at present, and in the case of Adjective-Automatic Object Sentence, it is used because of the background of the appearance of construction and the function of expression meaning.

10构式“X+Num+VCL”的演变及构式化研究 - 以计数动量词“下”、“回”、“次”为中心

저자 : 李明月 ( Li Mingyue )

발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회 간행물 : 중국언어연구 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 221-249 (29 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper starts from the phenomenon of “mismatches” in which nouns and adjectives can also be used with momentum words (originally only with verbs), this paper takes the construction “X+Num+VCL” as the center and combines the basic theory of construction grammar to understand the general characteristics of each construction form, meanwhile, it also understands the semantic relationship between each construction. From the perspective of constructionalization, it studies the phenomenon of matching between form and semantics And the reasons for this phenomenon.
Regarding the theory of construction grammar, starting with “constructionalization and constructional changes”, “three factors of construction (schematicity, productivity, compositionality)”, “construction gestalt system” and “inheritance link” involved in construction grammar, it is concluded that “X+Num+VCL” has different forms and meanings in different periods, forming the pairing of formnew-meaningnew, generating new nodes in network links, and the schematicity, productivity and compositionality of the three also showed gradients. According to the characteristics of the “x” component in the construction, we can get the inheritance relationship between them. The construction “VAction+Num+VCL” is the original construction, It is also a productive construction. The construction “VAbstract+Num+VCL”, “A+Num+VCL” and “NInstrument/Feature+Num+VCL” all inherit some features of the original construction, The original construction causes the new construction and is called the rationale for the existence of the new construction.
In the process of expanding from prototype to non-prototype, there are certain construction factors, which are the principle of maximum expressiveness, the most economical principle, the principle of analogy thinking and analogization, and the principle of suppression. In addition to these four construction factors, cognitive mechanism has also achieved the development of construction.

12
주제별 간행물
간행물명 수록권호

KCI등재

중국어문논총
101권 0호 ~ 101권 0호

KCI등재

중국언어연구
90권 0호 ~ 90권 0호

KCI등재

중국어문학지
72권 0호 ~ 72권 0호

KCI등재

중국문학연구
80권 0호 ~ 80권 0호

KCI등재

중국학보
93권 0호 ~ 93권 0호

KCI등재

중국문학
104권 0호 ~ 104권 0호

KCI등재

중국어문논총
100권 0호 ~ 100권 0호

KCI등재

중국어문학
84권 0호 ~ 84권 0호

KCI등재

중국언어연구
89권 0호 ~ 89권 0호

KCI등재

중국어문학지
71권 0호 ~ 71권 0호

KCI등재

중국어문논총
99권 0호 ~ 99권 0호

KCI등재

중국언어연구
88권 0호 ~ 88권 0호

KCI등재

중국학보
92권 0호 ~ 92권 0호

KCI후보

국제중국학연구
15권 0호 ~ 15권 0호

KCI등재

중국학보
65권 0호 ~ 67권 0호

KCI등재

중국문학연구
79권 0호 ~ 79권 0호

KCI등재

중국문학
103권 0호 ~ 103권 0호

KCI등재

중국어문학
83권 0호 ~ 83권 0호

KCI등재

중국어문논총
98권 0호 ~ 98권 0호

KCI등재

중국언어연구
87권 0호 ~ 87권 0호
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보

내가 찾은 최근 검색어

최근 열람 자료

맞춤 논문

보관함

내 보관함
공유한 보관함

1:1문의

닫기