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서울대학교 통일평화연구원> Asian Journal of Peacebuilding> “Doi Moi” in Vietnam and Some Suggestions

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“Doi Moi” in Vietnam and Some Suggestions

Viet Hanh Ho
  • : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원
  • : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2020년 05월
  • : 173-185(13pages)

DOI

10.18588/202005.00a101


목차

Introduction: Regarding the Innovative Breakthrough of Vietnam in 1986
Vietnam’s Achievements over 30 Years of “Doi Moi”
Challenges on the Path of Vietnam’s Renovation
Suggestions from “Doi Moi” in Vietnam
References

키워드 보기


초록 보기


						
In the later 1970s and 1980s, to cope with development difficulties, most nations in the socialism system tried to explore their own paths towards development. These included the “Reform” of the Soviet Union and China and “Doi Moi” in Vietnam. Due to the leading socialist state, the Soviet Union’s failed “Reform,” the whole socialist system began to fall apart and most of its countries have shifted towards capitalism-based development. However, China and Vietnam have remained consistent in their socialist paths, maintaining suitable methodologies through respective reforms. Given this line of reasoning, this article objectively shares some achievements and challenges Vietnam has encountered over the past thirty years of renovation and offers implications for the developmental process.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 반년간
  • : 2288-2693
  • : 2288-2707
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2013-2020
  • : 122


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1Introduction: Close and Distant Encounters with Refugees from the Ground Up

저자 : Kyung Hyo Chun

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-4 (4 pages)

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2Threatened or Threatening?: Securitization of the Yemeni Asylum Seekers in South Korea

저자 : Eunyoung Christina Choi , Seo Yeon Park

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 5-28 (24 pages)

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The arrival of many Yemeni people on Jeju Island in 2018 to seek asylum became a mega-political issue in South Korea. This article investigates two questions. First, how and why have Yemeni asylum seekers suddenly become the focus of securitization concerns in South Korea? And second, how have these concerns affected the government's responses? We argue that three key factors-the influence of media on the refugee crisis in Europe, the Yemenis' race, gender, and religious background, and South Korea's internal political and economic situation-have intersected with each other and produced the securitization of Yemeni migration. Amidst highly contested political debates on the protection of forced migrants in South Korea, the state has strictly controlled the border but showed contradictory refugee policies.

3Schooling for a Stateless Nation: The Predicament of Education without Consensus for Karen Refugees on the Thailand-Myanmar Border

저자 : Subin Sarah Yeo , Terese Gagnon , Hayso Thako

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 29-55 (27 pages)

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This article addresses the issue of schooling for refugees, as members of a stateless nation, in the context of Karen refugees in Thailand. The authors used ethnographic methods of in-depth, semi-structured interviews and participant observation with over 250 residents of Mae La refugee camp. Our conceptual framework draws on theories of pedagogy for liberation and grassroots development. We found that, due to overlapping sources of authority with divergent visions of the future for refugee learners, the existential crisis of being members of a stateless nation is the most pressing issue for education to address. We suggest that a top-down approach to refugee education relying on technical solutions, while ignoring issues of history, power, and meaning-making, will ultimately fall short of being fundamentally transformative.

4Practicing Hospitality: Ideas of Recognition and Proper Arrival among Refugees and Refugee Supporters in a German City

저자 : Dong Ju Kim

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 57-72 (16 pages)

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During the 2015 refugee crisis, hospitality for migrants was frequently invoked as a European value, in both secular and religious contexts. Hospitality as a valued principle varies from actual instances of hospitality, which involve conditions and moral expectations. This article examines expectations of morality in humanitarian church organizations' responses to the refugee crisis, based on a case study of an open café project for refugees in a German metropolitan city. Notions of hosting, being a guest, choosing a home, arrival, and integration play significant roles in considerations about the organization for this regular event. The line between volunteers and visitors becomes increasingly blurred with time, but moral discourses focusing on language, translation, self-formation, and personhood recur and reinforce the distinction of host and guest.

5Distant vs. Familiar Significant Others: Attitudes towards Absent Muslim Refugees and Extant Labor Migrants in Poland

저자 : Michał Buchowski

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 73-91 (19 pages)

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Poles exhibit contrasting attitudes towards absent Muslim refugees and physically present Ukrainian labor immigrants. Both groups have been historically seen as “Significant Others,” potentially perilous to the nation. Today, however, Muslims are rejected, while Ukrainians are accepted. This situation can be attributed to historical, ethnic, political, social, and economic factors, all of which are discussed here. The ethnic, linguistic, and religious superhomogeneity of Polish society affects the approach to the “culturally distant” Muslim migrants who were cynically rejected by the right-wing populist authorities during the 2015 refugee crisis. Economic necessity justifies the acceptance of the Ukrainians, who are perceived as culturally close. It is argued here that within the category of Significant Others, it is necessary to distinguish between Distant/Absent/Hostile and Familiar/Present/Tolerated Significant Others.

6Representation and Self-Presentation of North Korean Defectors in South Korea: Image, Discourse, and Voices

저자 : Kyung Hyo Chun

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 93-112 (20 pages)

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This article looks into how media representations of North Korean defectors reproduce the images of North Korean defectors, while paying particular attention to the contrasting voices of North Korean defectors which reflect self-presentation. The media-perpetuated image of North Korean defectors as displaced victims whose memories are mostly clustered around the oppressive regime fails to grasp the intersection of aspiration, determination, and agency of North Korean defectors. The self-presentation of North Korean defectors reveals that they are eager to be in charge of constructing and controlling their own images, which goes beyond hitherto nationalized, gendered, and ethnicized identities. Self-presentation, at the same time, is a product of strategic choices conditioned by social discourse and media representation.

7Peacebuilding, Democratization, and Political Reconciliation in Cambodia

저자 : Raimund Weiß

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 113-131 (19 pages)

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This research article explains why Cambodia's dual transition of peacebuilding and democratization after the civil war led to peace but not democracy. The research finds that democratization often threatened peacebuilding in Cambodia. Particularly elections led to political instability, mass protests, and renewed violence, and thus also blocked reforms to democratize Cambodia's government institutions. By applying the war-to-democracy transition theory and theories of political reconciliation to Cambodia's dual transition, the following research article finds that a lack of political reconciliation between Cambodia's former civil war parties is the main reason why the dual transition failed. This article argues that peace-building and democratization are only complementary processes in post-civil war states when preceded by political reconciliation between the former civil war parties.

8Exploration on the Elements of the Korean Peninsula Peace Regime: From the Perspective of “Order”

저자 : Dongmin Shin

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 133-151 (19 pages)

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The main assumption of this article is that the essence of the sixty-five year-long 'Korean question' is to replace the Korean Armistice Agreement with a new security order, often referred to as a Korean Peninsula Peace Regime. As such, this article explores elements considerable for a stable order on the Korean Peninsula. First, this article reviews relevant literature on the concept of 'order' in the discipline of international relations mainly from Henry Kissinger. Second, this article analyzes the elements of the Armistice Agreement as a 'living precedent.' Furthermore, this article offers a preliminarily study of a post-war order cases such as 2+4 Treaty and Austrian State Treaty. In conclusion this article experimentally proposes an outline of elements of a new security order on the Korean Peninsula.

9The Somali Civil War: Integrating Traditional and Modern Peacebuilding Approaches

저자 : Israel Nyaburi Nyadera , Mohamed Salah Ahmed

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 153-172 (20 pages)

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This study seeks to assess how the conflict in Somalia has transformed over the years and examines the merits of adopting a hybrid approach to peacebuilding. The article argues that given the changes experienced in the conflict and the socio-political and cultural characteristics of the Somali Society, a hybrid peace strategy which combines the traditional Xeer approach and contemporary counter-terrorism strategies can fill the gaps previous peace efforts failed to achieve. This approach has the potential to re-establish the horizontal and vertical social contracts between the people themselves and with the government which had been lost prior to and during the conflict.

10“Doi Moi” in Vietnam and Some Suggestions

저자 : Viet Hanh Ho

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 8권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 173-185 (13 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

In the later 1970s and 1980s, to cope with development difficulties, most nations in the socialism system tried to explore their own paths towards development. These included the “Reform” of the Soviet Union and China and “Doi Moi” in Vietnam. Due to the leading socialist state, the Soviet Union's failed “Reform,” the whole socialist system began to fall apart and most of its countries have shifted towards capitalism-based development. However, China and Vietnam have remained consistent in their socialist paths, maintaining suitable methodologies through respective reforms. Given this line of reasoning, this article objectively shares some achievements and challenges Vietnam has encountered over the past thirty years of renovation and offers implications for the developmental process.

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