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한국제임스조이스학회> 제임스조이스 저널> James Joyce, the “Wonder Worker,” and Inventions

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James Joyce, the “Wonder Worker,” and Inventions

Kiheon Nam
  • : 한국제임스조이스학회
  • : 제임스조이스 저널 25권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 12월
  • : 83-104(22pages)

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James Joyce’s work plays a crucial role in defining what modernism is, so his stylistic experiment has been a focus to scholars and readers. But his interest in technological innovation presents another approach to the definition of modernism. Joyce deploys many innovative devices, all of which did not contribute to the progress of science. In Ulysses, Leopold Bloom is obsessed with troublesome constipation and its resulting piles, when he is reminded of the innovative device, the Wonder Worker, the pamphlet of which is shown to be kept in his desk drawers. Although Molly points to the male anxiety about virility by thinking of this device, the significance is increasing when it is referred to in Finnegans Wake. By associating the Wellington monument with the Wonder Worker, Joyce invokes the relationship between war ideology and phallic power. Joyce’s doubling technique is employed to associate Duke Wellington with Marquess of Willingdone, who as appointed as the Crown Governor of Bombay. The latter’s imperial policy triggered Gandhi’s hunger strike. Joyce continues to present a scandal of adultery between Duke Wellington and Harriette Wilson, thus emaciating his virility, since her biography exposed the weakness of the Duke’s sexual power. By referring to the television as “the charge of a light barricade,” Joyce invokes one of the most notorious battles, the Charge of the Light Brigade, in which 600 cavalry men were killed under the attack of cannons in the Crimean War. Joyce witnessed the climax of technological progress in the First World War, which made mass destruction of human beings possible.

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  • : 1229-5604
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  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1987-2019
  • : 472


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1Editor's Introduction

저자 : Sangwook Kim

발행기관 : 한국제임스조이스학회 간행물 : 제임스조이스 저널 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 9-10 (2 pages)

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2James Joyce's Dubliners: Writing on the Back of the Law

저자 : Robert Spoo

발행기관 : 한국제임스조이스학회 간행물 : 제임스조이스 저널 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 11-36 (26 pages)

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When he drafted his irreverent broadside “Gas from a Burner” (1912) on the back of a publisher's proposed contract, Joyce created an emblem of law's relationship to literature: two disciplines inscribed on top of each other, each legible within the other's conditioning text and context. This essay approaches the stories of Dubliners as if they were written on the back of the law, as if they endorsed the language and methodology of law within their scrupulous mimesis. The essay focuses on three stories in particular―“Eveline,” “Counterparts,” and “A Mother” ―to show how the legal concepts of promises, contracts, rights, and duties inform and structure Joyce's early fictions. Eveline Hill is torn between promises made to her dead mother and her living fiance, unable to decide between numbing domestic duty and a dimly perceived right to happiness. Farrington's escalating violence in the workplace, the pub, and the home is highlighted by the technical device known as a counterparts clause, a formality of modern contracting and leasing. “A Mother” draws on the substance of contract law to show that Kathleen Kearney's legal rights are vulnerable to informal professional norms, on the one hand, and her mother's deferred romantic needs and drive for status, on the other. Law operates powerfully and poignantly in these stories, a shaping force that allows us to study more closely the individual conduct of Joyce's Dubliners and to assess the justice of their interactions.

3Being and Difference in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

저자 : Li-ling Tseng

발행기관 : 한국제임스조이스학회 간행물 : 제임스조이스 저널 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 37-53 (17 pages)

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Befitting the linear development of the bildungsroman genre, A Portrait is replete with many child-characteristic puzzles and rhetorical questions, especially in the beginning two parts of the novel, concerning the protagonist's identity in the family, school, society, and, ultimately, the universe. These many puzzles and questions quickly tie in with other prominent features in the narration―i.e. the blatant repetition of some key words or phrases, such as “difference,” “over and over,” “Again!” and “On!” and distinctly repetitive methods of narration. Puzzles and questions and tentative answers in repetitions, thus, manifest a pattern of a dialectic ceaselessly at work in the novel―that between being and difference. More often than not, despite intentional repetitions of the same events are maneuvered with a view to replicating the self-same truthfulness of being, disturbing variations or differences inevitably arise to forestall that. My paper will argue that in insisting on playing out the differential patterns of his thoughts and ideas, Stephen has found a strategy to “forge” (in its double senses of creating and fabricating) his new art.

4Schizo-Lucia on “Jungfraud's Messongebook”: The Techno-Thanatopolitics of (Mis)Diagnosis

저자 : Pingta Ku

발행기관 : 한국제임스조이스학회 간행물 : 제임스조이스 저널 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 55-82 (28 pages)

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Carol Loeb Shloss's radical attempt to invalidate the presumed diagnoses of Lucia Joyce's schizophrenia in To Dance in the Wake has attracted criticism that questions her medical expertise. With no intention to endorse Shloss's denial of Lucia's mental illness, this paper, however, aims to trace the flaws intrinsic to Emil Kraepelin's conception of dementia praecox through a Foucauldian archaeology and expose how his troubled legacy continues to haunt Eugen Bleuler's nosology of schizophrenia and its modern incarnation. The intriguing fact that C. G. Jung (Bleuler's supervisee at the Burghölzli) readily diagnosed Lucia with schizophrenia (whose etiology remains unknown and whose cure is yet to be found) invites this paper to further investigate the latent collusion between Jungian psychoanalysis and Nazi thanatopolitics―both of which cast a shadow over Lucia's precarious life and manifest in the Wakean phrase “Sexophonologistic Schizophrenesis.” Thanatopolitics, as the dark side of Foucault's biopolitics, is a political technology that deprives those who fail to conform to nomos (law and normality) of the right to proper life. By simulating Lucia's symptomatic language and writing her into the Wakean circularity, James Joyce resists the thanatopolitical tendency to remove write-offs and indicates an ethical possibility to live with abnormality: a community free of excessive immunity.

5James Joyce, the “Wonder Worker,” and Inventions

저자 : Kiheon Nam

발행기관 : 한국제임스조이스학회 간행물 : 제임스조이스 저널 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 83-104 (22 pages)

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초록보기

James Joyce's work plays a crucial role in defining what modernism is, so his stylistic experiment has been a focus to scholars and readers. But his interest in technological innovation presents another approach to the definition of modernism. Joyce deploys many innovative devices, all of which did not contribute to the progress of science. In Ulysses, Leopold Bloom is obsessed with troublesome constipation and its resulting piles, when he is reminded of the innovative device, the Wonder Worker, the pamphlet of which is shown to be kept in his desk drawers. Although Molly points to the male anxiety about virility by thinking of this device, the significance is increasing when it is referred to in Finnegans Wake. By associating the Wellington monument with the Wonder Worker, Joyce invokes the relationship between war ideology and phallic power. Joyce's doubling technique is employed to associate Duke Wellington with Marquess of Willingdone, who as appointed as the Crown Governor of Bombay. The latter's imperial policy triggered Gandhi's hunger strike. Joyce continues to present a scandal of adultery between Duke Wellington and Harriette Wilson, thus emaciating his virility, since her biography exposed the weakness of the Duke's sexual power. By referring to the television as “the charge of a light barricade,” Joyce invokes one of the most notorious battles, the Charge of the Light Brigade, in which 600 cavalry men were killed under the attack of cannons in the Crimean War. Joyce witnessed the climax of technological progress in the First World War, which made mass destruction of human beings possible.

6Joyce in the Machine/Re-Joyce in the Digital Humanities

저자 : Eishiro Ito

발행기관 : 한국제임스조이스학회 간행물 : 제임스조이스 저널 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 105-125 (21 pages)

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The whole academic area of humanities has been facing a massive decline around the world: the number of students, their job opportunities and financial budgets have been steadily shrinking. So, in the Information Age, something must be done to improve the current situation: the digitization of the literary text to attract many more people in a more accessible way using multimedia features. Readers are required to have a wide range of background knowledge to understand the scholastic texts of James Joyce which cover Irish history, Christianity and European cultures. There have been various kinds of annotations, guidebooks and academic books about Joyce's works in book form. Recently, numerous websites related to James Joyce have been developed in order to offer annotations and articles free of charge. James Joyce himself was very interested in the progress of technology as he described some aspects of the early twentieth-century technological culture in his literary works. Digital Joyce studies might be what the author wanted us to be engaged in. The ultimate digital Joyce tool is probably “Joycestick,” a virtual reality game developed by a Boston College team, which enables you to experience the world of Ulysses virtually.

7“Make His Private Linen Public”: Rereading Finnegans Wake through Gossip and Echo

저자 : Kyoungsook Kim

발행기관 : 한국제임스조이스학회 간행물 : 제임스조이스 저널 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 127-146 (20 pages)

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The eighth episode of Book I of Finnegans Wake consists of a series of gossips between two washerwomen, who gush out all the rumors about HCE(Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker) and ALP(Anna Livia Plurabelle). Here, HCE's fall caused by gossips resembles Parnell's downfall; HCE and ALP's marriage allegorizes early colonial history of Ireland. Much like Shem who writes with his own excrement like ink, these washerwomen rewrite HCE and ALP's stories and Irish history using the dirty water from their laundry. Their uncouth gossips provide alternative, unofficial history retold obliquely. In his earlier works, Joyce expresses his anxiety over English, the colonizer's language, as the tool of his art. What Joyce does in Finnegans Wake is not imitation but echo. Echo does not seek for perfection. The language of Finnegans Wake is not English but the echo of English, which is amputated, fragmented, and hybridized. It does not permit any space for cultural hegemony or power of the British Empire. Much like echo, gossips also disrupt the authority and authenticity of official historiography. In case of Parnell, gossip played a huge role in his downfall. Gossips can be an alternative vehicle to shape and reshape history/historiography. In a word, this essay aims at rereading the washerwomen's gossips about HCE and ALP as an alternative historiography. To conclude, gossips exercise a centrifugal force to spread out alternative, heterogeneous, versions of official historiography, which wields a centripetal force to assimilate various voices into a homogeneous version.

8In Search of Naked Things Through a Hungry Nose: Virginia Woolf's “The Duchess and the Jeweller”

저자 : Joori Lee

발행기관 : 한국제임스조이스학회 간행물 : 제임스조이스 저널 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 147-173 (27 pages)

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Virginia Woolf's short fiction “The Duchess and the Jeweller,” published in 1938, has been absent from critical focus partly because the text does not partake in the experimental narrative devices Woolf's fictions commonly present. The lack of critical attention to the story also comes from its references to Jewishness and its deployment of pervasive racial stereotypes of Jews. This article challenges the critical receptions in which the story is conceived as either a non-experimental and moralistic tale or an Anti-Semitic piece of work. It seeks to demonstrate that the story offers anti-utilitarian imaginations of things, explores a new paradigm of aesthetics, getting beyond the Western overemphasis on optical vision, and thereby, generates multiple thoughts opposing political ideologies propagated in the 1930s. Although the text appears to display signs and images evocative of Jews, such representations serve to reveal Woolf's self-conscious resistance to political powers, including Fascism, anti-Semitism, and Nazism. Noting that the story engages the trope of smell in order to criticize a wide range of cultural ideologies, from the Western idealization of optical vision to Nazism's use of visual spectacles, this paper articulates the roles of smell and olfaction presented in “The Duchess and the Jeweller,” and argues that the sense of smell in Woolf's text is closely associated with the true qualities of things or something naked, the recognition of which is essential for Woolf to reject the lies of political ideologies.

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