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한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회)> 한국산업보건학회지> 농작업 유해요인 노출평가를 위한 작목 및 작업분류에 관한 연구

KCI등재

농작업 유해요인 노출평가를 위한 작목 및 작업분류에 관한 연구

A Study of Categorization of Farm Types and Crops for Exposure Assessment in Agriculture

신소정 ( Sojung Sin ) , 김효철 ( Hyocher Kim ) , 허진영 ( Jinyoung Heo ) , 안민지 ( Minji Ahn ) , 김경란 ( Kyungran Kim ) , 김경수 ( Kyungsu Kim ) , 이민지 ( Minji Lee )
  • : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회)
  • : 한국산업보건학회지 29권4호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 12월
  • : 500-507(8pages)

DOI


목차

I. 서 론
Ⅱ. 연구대상 및 방법
Ⅲ. 연구결과
Ⅳ. 고 찰
Ⅴ. 결 론
감사의 글
References

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초록 보기


						
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to categorize farm types and analyze the cultivated area and labor input time for each crop over a year in order to decide farm type conducting for the hazard exposure assessment.
Methods: Crops ranked within the top 45 by cultivated area in Korea were selected and 15 target crops that exposure assessment had been conducted for through the Rural Development Administration(RDA) pilot research projects were selected. Labor input time was based on data investigated through RDA research surveillance. If there was no data, data from Statistics Korea was used. Data from Statistics Korea was used for total cultivated area.
Results: Crops were divided into 5 types: open field crops(Chinese cabbage, Corn, Ginger, Potato), fruits (Mandarin, Pear), green house crops(Cucumber, Lily, Oriental melon, Pumpkin, Tomato), livestock(Poultry), specialty crops(Ginseng, Oyster mushroom, Tobacco). The cultivated area for potato was the largest, and lily was the smallest among the crops. Labor input time over a year was the highest with oyster mushroom and the lowest with pear. Total labor input time by crops was the highest with mandarin and the lowest with Chinese cabbage.
Conclusions: To evaluate hazard factors of farm work, it’s essential that crops and tasks be classified based on the size of farmers and working hours by farm type. Therefore, the priority of management should be determined based on the cultivated area and total labor time, but the characteristics of tasks in each crop should also be considered.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 의약학분야  > 예방의학및보건학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 2384-132x
  • : 2289-0564
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1991-2020
  • : 991


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발행기관 최신논문
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1근로환경조사 자료의 활용에 관한 고찰

저자 : 최영은 ( Youngeun Choi ) , 박정임 ( Jeongim Park )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 29권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 431-441 (11 pages)

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Objectives: The Korean Working Conditions Survey(KWCS), which has been conducted five times over the past 13 years, presents a diverse picture of Korean workers across occupations, genders, and age groups. This study summarized the use of KWCS and explored how to make the most of the KWCS by reviewing published peer-reviewed journal articles employing the KWCS data.
Methods: Articles were selected in accordance with PRISMA protocol for a systematic literature review. A total of 155 articles were included in this review.
Results: The number of articles utilizing KWCS data has been increasing by year. The articles were published in 40 Korean journals and 16 international journals. The journals were mainly in the field of occupational safety and health and sociology. Keywords of mental health, working conditions survey, workforce, health, exposure to risk factor, and working time were mainly highlighted. The articles were grouped by the goals of the KWCS as stated in the survey. The majority of published articles(129 articles, 83%) aimed to 'analyze relationships between different aspects of working conditions'. Fifteen articles(10%) were intended to 'identify groups at risk and issues of concern.' The number of articles to 'monitor trends' were limited.
Conclusions: The findings underline the limited utilization of the KWCS. Attention to the range and scope of utilization of KWCS should be developed to address current challenges in occupational health and safety management and policy issues.

2축사 내 황화수소와 암모니아의 저감방안 고찰: 한중비교

저자 : 딩옌 ( Ding Yan ) , 문찬석 ( Chan-seok Moon )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 29권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 442-451 (10 pages)

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Objectives: The aim of this study was to review the reduction methods for ammonia (NH3) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exposure in livestock.
Methods: By reviewing domestic and international research reports from Korea and China, reducing ammonia and hydrogen sulfide in livestock pens was analyzed in terms of ventilation, deodorant, and feed additives. In addition, exposure limits in Korea and China were examined through a comparison between 'TLV-TWA and STEL under the Industrial Safety and Health Act in Korea' and 'Management Standards for Air of Livestock Pens in China'.
Results and Discussion: In order to effectively control hazardous gases and odors in livestock pens, the enhancement of natural ventilation or the addition of ventilation fans at the pollution source are being examined. Deodorants are used as adsorbents or masking deodorants. Additives to feed were zeolite powder, FeSO4·7H2O, enzymes, and microbial preparations. Use of feed additives was low-cost and had significant effects compared to other methods. Zeolite was the most commonly used in feed additive in Chinese cases and proved to be low-cost and effective for reducing harmful gases. Enzyme preparations were shown to stimulate the growth of livestock, but were expensive.
Conclusions: This study reviewed and examined domestic and international research papers in Korea and China for reducing ammonia and hydrogen sulfide concentrations in livestock pens. More diverse research and the development of feed additives are needed.

3대학 네일아트 실습 중 발생하는 휘발성 유기화합물의 공기 중 농도 평가

저자 : 박윤경 ( Yunkyung Park ) , 최인자 ( Inja Choi ) , 최혜영 ( Hyeyoung Choi ) , 안재경 ( Jaekyoung Ahn ) , 최상준 ( Sangjun Choi ) , 김수진 ( Sujin Kim ) , 김현서 ( Hyunseo Kim )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 29권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 452-463 (12 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate airborne concentrations of volatile organic compounds(VOCs) during nail art practice by college students.
Methods: Personal samples for students were measured using passive samplers(OVM 3500) during three kinds of practice, including polish nail, gel nail and acrylic French sculpture at two universities located in Gyeongsangbuk-do Province. We also monitored area concentrations using active samplers and real-time total VOC monitors(ppbRAE 3000). All samples were analyzed with a gas chromatography flame ionized detector. Statistical analysis for monitored data were conducted using a web-based Bayesian toolkit, EXPOSTATS(www.expostats.ca).
Results: Twenty-four personal samples and ten area samples were collected and five chemicals(acetone, butyl acetate, ethyl acetate, ethyl methacrylate(EMA) and methyl methacrylate(MMA)) were detected. Acetone was detected in all personal samples and ranged from 2.58 ppm to 50.3 ppm. EMA was detected in all personal and area samples with a maximum concentration of 9.78 ppm during acrylic French sculpture. Personal exposure levels to acetone, butyl acetate and mixtures were significantly higher with high occupant density (p<0.05). Geometric mean (GM) concentrations of 3.61 ppm for EMA personal samples were significantly higher than that of area samples, 1.5 ppm (p<0.05). Since there was no local ventilation, total VOC concentration continued to increase as the practice progressed.
Conclusions: In order to minimize VOCs exposure for trainees, it is necessary to introduce a local ventilation system and maintain adequate occupant density.

4서울시 소재 대학교 차량 요금정산소 수납원의 블랙카본 노출 평가

저자 : 김동원 ( Dongwon Kim ) , 조혜리 ( Hyeri Jo ) , 우철운 ( Cheolwoon Woo ) , 류승훈 ( Seung-hun Ryu ) , 윤충식 ( Chungsik Yoon )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 29권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 464-476 (13 pages)

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Objectives: This study aimed to assess the exposure levels of tollbooth workers to diesel particulate matter using black carbon (BC) and to find the correlations among variables associated with BC using the motor vehicle management act regulated by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
Methods: This study was performed over 14 days at a university in Seoul. BC levels were monitored using an aethalometer and were conducted around the breathing zones of the workers. There were three sampling locations: inside the tollbooth (front gate and rear gate) and an office as a control group. T-test, correlation, and multiple linear regression analysis were performed using SPSS.
Results: The geometric mean (GM) of BC30min concentrations in the exposure group was 2.44 ㎍/㎥, approximately 1.4 times higher than the control group (1.75 ㎍/㎥). The GM of BC30min concentrations was 2.75 ㎍/㎥ during the heavy traffic time (9-10 am) and 2.30 ㎍/㎥ during non-heavy traffic times (p<0.001). The multiple linear regression analysis shows that the number of all types of vehicles and PM2.5 concentrations in the atmosphere were factors increasing the GM of BC(ln(BC30min)) concentrations (adjusted R2=0.42, p<0.001). The workers were constantly exposed to low concentrations (GM of BC30min=2.44 ㎍/㎥), but they were exposed to peak concentrations instantly (BC10sec=3545.04 ㎍/㎥). When the GM of BC30min concentrations was momentarily represented as high, it was identified that a vehicle mainly using diesel fuel or an aging vehicle had passed.
Conclusions: A ventilation system should be installed in the closed tollbooth or aging vehicles should be controlled so as not to pass tollbooths.

5일부 화재현장에서 소방공무원의 직무별 다핵방향족탄화수소 및 휘발성유기화합물 노출평가

저자 : 진수현 ( Suhyun Jin ) , 변혜정 ( Hyaejeong Byun ) , 강태선 ( Taesun Kang )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 29권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 477-487 (11 pages)

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목적: 소방관들은 각종 화재현장에서 다양한 유해화학물질에 노출된다고 알려져 왔다. 하지만, 이러한 소방활동이 이루어지는 동안 유해화학물질에 대한 노출이 어떤 형태로 되는 지, 노출되는 농도는 어느 정도인지 등에 대한 구체적인 연구나 조사는 거의 전무하다시피 한 상황이다. 따라서 이 연구의 목적은 첫째, 화재현장에서 소방관들이 개인적으로 노출되는 유해화학물질을 정성적, 정량적으로 모니터링하고 둘째, 각 화학물질의 농도가 소방업무와 어떠한 연관성이 있는 지 비교함과 동시에, 마지막으로 화학물질의 농도에 영향을 미치는 주요한 인자가 무엇인지에 대해서 평가하고자 하였다.
방법: 2013년 1월에서 4월까지의 기간 중 임의로 4주를 정하여 어느 화재현장을 대상으로 시료채취를 수행했고 이 때 소방관들의 직무나 화재현장의 특성, 즉 상황이나 규모 등을 함께 기록하였다. 취합된 시료는 세 가지 직무, 즉 화재진압, 오버홀 및 화재조사 등을 기준으로 분류되어 분석실로 보내어졌고 각 화학물질에 적합한 방법으로 분석되었다.
결과: 총 14건의 소방활동, 즉 화재진압 5건, 오버홀 6건, 화재조사 3건이 조사대상이었다. 채취된 모든 시료에서 벤젠을 제외하고 ACGIH-TLV를 초과한 화학물질은 없었지만, 발암물질인 PAHs의 경우는 모든 시료에서 한 종류 이상이 검출되었다. 이 중 나프탈렌은 0.24~279.13 mg/㎥ (중위값 49.6 mg/㎥)의 범위로 검출되었고, 벤조피렌은 한 건의 오버홀 직무에서 10.85 ㎍/㎥가 검출되었다. 벤젠(0.01~12.2 ppm)은 모든 직무에서 검출되었으며 한 개의 시료에서 ACGIH-TLV를 초과하기도 했으나 직무간 농도를 비교했을 때에 유의한 차이는 없었다.
결론: 이상의 결과는 여러 가지 한계가 있기는 하지만, 소방활동을 수행할 때 낮은 농도에 불과할지라도 발암물질을 포함하여 인체에 유해한 영향을 줄 수 있는 연소생성물이 발생한다는 것을 보여주고 있다. 향후, 소방업무를 수행하는 사람들이 직무를 수행할 때 노출되는 유해화학물질에 대한 보다 폭넓은 연구가 수행되어 이들의 건강을 보호하기 위한 명확한 근거 자료로써 활용할 수 있어야겠다.

6조선소 도장작업 노동자 유기용제 노출과 일간 변이

저자 : 안진수 ( Jinsoo Ahn ) , 박두용 ( Dooyong Park ) , 강태선 ( Taesun Kang )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 29권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 488-499 (12 pages)

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Objectives: This study was conducted to identify the characterization of organics solvent exposure among painting workers in the shipbuilding painting process, especially for their daily variations(within worker variance).
Methods: Charcoal passive dosimeters were worn throughout each work shift for 20 days for five painting workers from October 19 to November 26, 2015. A total of 100 samples were collected, analyzed and compared with statutory workplace environmental measurements.
Results: The geometric mean(GM) and geometric standard deviation(GSD) of mixed organic solvent(six substances) exposure index(EI) for the 100 samples were 0.42 and 4.42 respectively. The median and range of GSD for within worker EI representing five workers' daily EI variation is 3.72 and 2.63 ~ 5.20, respectively, which is classified as a very large variation(GSD>3). We were able to divide the painting process into two similar exposure groups(SEGs), Touch-up and Spray. Spray painting workers were much more exposed to organic solvent than Touch-up painting workers(GM=0.71 vs. 0.19), but less variably (GSD=3.64 vs. 4.10). xylene is the substance to which the workers were most exposed(GM=16.19 ppm, GSD=4.36), and the exposure characteristics of six substances including xylene is similar to those of EI.
Conclusions: The daily variation of organic solvent exposure in the shipbuilding painting process is so high that statutory Assessment of Reliability of Work Environment Monitoring needs to be conducted with statistically sufficient number of samples and evidence.

7농작업 유해요인 노출평가를 위한 작목 및 작업분류에 관한 연구

저자 : 신소정 ( Sojung Sin ) , 김효철 ( Hyocher Kim ) , 허진영 ( Jinyoung Heo ) , 안민지 ( Minji Ahn ) , 김경란 ( Kyungran Kim ) , 김경수 ( Kyungsu Kim ) , 이민지 ( Minji Lee )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 29권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 500-507 (8 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study is to categorize farm types and analyze the cultivated area and labor input time for each crop over a year in order to decide farm type conducting for the hazard exposure assessment.
Methods: Crops ranked within the top 45 by cultivated area in Korea were selected and 15 target crops that exposure assessment had been conducted for through the Rural Development Administration(RDA) pilot research projects were selected. Labor input time was based on data investigated through RDA research surveillance. If there was no data, data from Statistics Korea was used. Data from Statistics Korea was used for total cultivated area.
Results: Crops were divided into 5 types: open field crops(Chinese cabbage, Corn, Ginger, Potato), fruits (Mandarin, Pear), green house crops(Cucumber, Lily, Oriental melon, Pumpkin, Tomato), livestock(Poultry), specialty crops(Ginseng, Oyster mushroom, Tobacco). The cultivated area for potato was the largest, and lily was the smallest among the crops. Labor input time over a year was the highest with oyster mushroom and the lowest with pear. Total labor input time by crops was the highest with mandarin and the lowest with Chinese cabbage.
Conclusions: To evaluate hazard factors of farm work, it's essential that crops and tasks be classified based on the size of farmers and working hours by farm type. Therefore, the priority of management should be determined based on the cultivated area and total labor time, but the characteristics of tasks in each crop should also be considered.

8수컷 랫드(Sprague-Dawley)에서 글리옥살(glyoxal)의 단회 기도내 투여에 따른 급성 독성시험

저자 : 김현영 ( Hyeon-young Kim ) , 김기천 ( Kicheon Kim ) , 김인현 ( In-hyeon Kim ) , 김민석 ( Min-seok Kim ) , 김성환 ( Sung-hwan Kim ) , 이규홍 ( Kyuhong Lee )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 29권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 508-516 (9 pages)

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Objectives: The present study was performed to obtain acute toxicity information on glyoxal in male rats after intratracheal instillation.
Methods: In order to calculate the LD50 of glyoxal using Probit analysis with SAS, the test article was one intratracheal instillation to male Sprague-Dawley rats at dose levels of 0, 225, 451 or 902 mg/kg. During the test period, mortality, clinical signs, and body and organ weights were examined. At the end of the 14-day observation period, all animals were sacrificed and complete gross postmortem and histopathological examinations were performed.
Results: Four animals of the 902 mg/kg group died within one week after the administration of glyoxal. All treatment group in a dose dependent manner, decreased body weight was found during the study period. The absolute and relative lung weight, and histopathological changes (bronchiolar-alveolar hyperplasia, chronic inflammation) of lung exhibited an increased in glyoxal treated groups in a dose dependent manner. However, there were no changes on the organ weights and histopathological changes of any other organ except lung.
Conclusions: The results obtained in the present study suggest that the LD50 in male Sprague-Dawley rats after a single intratracheal instillation of glyoxal was considered to be 866.9 mg/kg and the lung was found to be the target organ for glyoxal.

9교대 근무자의 작업 규칙성이 근골격계 통증에 미치는 영향

저자 : 문지석 ( Jiseok Moon ) , 방현우 ( Hyeon-woo Bang ) , 조윤호 ( Yoon-ho Cho ) , 김지현 ( Jihyun Kim ) , 원종욱 ( Jong-uk Won ) , 김홍관 ( Hong-kwan Kim ) , 김치년 ( Chi-nyon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 29권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 517-529 (13 pages)

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Introduction: Although shift work is an inevitable form of labor in modern society, it has been identified as a cause of many ailments, such as cancer and musculoskeletal disorders. Meanwhile, previous studies have also shown that musculoskeletal disorders account for a large proportion of total industrial accidents and a high prevalence rate of these ailments has been found in shift workers.
Methods: Among the respondents to the 5th Korea Working Conditions Survey(KWCS) 3,916 shift workers(2,658 of whom have not experienced musculoskeletal pain and 1,258 who have experienced musculoskeletal pain) were asked how the work regularity of shift workers affected musculoskeletal pain.
Results: The results of a dichotomous logistic regression by correcting the demographic characteristics of the study subjects showed a lower prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in the 'High' regularity group compared to the 'Intermediate' regularity group for the criterion 'Regularity of Time Fixation'. A lower prevalence of musculoskeletal pain was shown in the 'High' and 'Moderate' regularity group compared to the 'Very Low' regularity one.
Conclusions: Based on these findings, it was found that musculoskeletal pain occurs less when the work regularity of shift workers is 'Very high' or 'Intermediate', and the effect of working regularity on musculoskeletal pain varies for each shift type of work. It is deemed that more precise observation and understanding are required when managing the working environment of shift workers, and further study of regarding this issue is needed.

10중증장애인 활동보조인의 근골격계 통증과 삶의 질에 미치는 영향요인

저자 : 송이슬 ( Eesul Song ) , 김기원 ( Giwon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 29권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 530-540 (11 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify factors related with demographic and work characteristics that affect musculoskeletal pain and quality of life among personal assistants for people with severe disabilities.
Methods: The subjects were recruited among personal assistant for people with severe disabilities who participated in refresher training held in K-si, Gyeonggi-do Province through convenience sampling. Using a survey instrument developed by the authors, subjects responded to questionnaires concerning muscluloskeletal pain and quality of life. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS 21.0. Basically, collected data was analyzed in terms of frequency, t-test or ANOVA and multiple regression analysis.
Results: Total years of work experience and subjective physical workload were associated with the number of pain sites and intensity. Additionally, for quality of life, subjective physical workload was related in the regression model.
Conclusions: Based on this study, we identified that characteristics of work affected the musculoskeletal pain and quality of life of personal assistants for the severely disabled, and suggested improvement of the working environment, including musculoskeletal pain prevention education programs during the refresher education for assistants to the severely disabled.

12
주제별 간행물
간행물명 수록권호

한국모자보건학회 학술대회 연제집
2019권 1호 ~ 2019권 2호

KCI등재

한국모자보건학회지
24권 2호 ~ 24권 2호

KCI등재

한국치위생학회지(구 한국치위생교육학회지)
20권 2호 ~ 20권 2호

KCI등재

보건경제와 정책연구(구 보건경제연구)
26권 1호 ~ 26권 1호

KCI등재

한국산업보건학회지
30권 1호 ~ 30권 1호

KCI등재

보건행정학회지
30권 1호 ~ 30권 1호

KCI등재

보건정보통계학회지
45권 1호 ~ 45권 1호

KCI등재

대한보건연구(구 대한보건협회학술지)
46권 1호 ~ 46권 1호

KCI등재

한국치위생학회지(구 한국치위생교육학회지)
20권 1호 ~ 20권 1호

KCI등재

보건행정학회지
29권 4호 ~ 29권 4호

KCI등재

한국산업보건학회지
29권 4호 ~ 29권 4호

KCI등재

보건경제와 정책연구(구 보건경제연구)
25권 4호 ~ 25권 4호

KCI등재

한국모자보건학회지
24권 1호 ~ 24권 1호

한국보건교육학회 추계학술대회자료집
2019권 0호 ~ 2019권 0호

KCI등재

한국치위생학회지(구 한국치위생교육학회지)
19권 6호 ~ 19권 6호

KCI등재

대한보건연구(구 대한보건협회학술지)
45권 4호 ~ 45권 4호

KCI등재

보건정보통계학회지
44권 4호 ~ 44권 4호

한국모자보건학회 학술대회 연제집
2016권 1호 ~ 2017권 2호

한국모자보건학회 학술대회 연제집
2004권 1호 ~ 2005권 2호

한국모자보건학회 학술대회 연제집
2006권 1호 ~ 2007권 2호
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보

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