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경희대학교 언어정보연구소> 언어연구> A corpus-based analysis of synesthetic metaphors in Korean

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A corpus-based analysis of synesthetic metaphors in Korean

Charmhun Jo
  • : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소
  • : 언어연구 36권3호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 12월
  • : 459-483(25pages)

DOI


목차

1. Introduction
2. Literature review
3. Methodology
4. Results and discussion
5. Conclusion
References
Appendix

키워드 보기


초록 보기


						
Linguistic synesthesia generally means an experiential mapping of one sensory domain onto another, such as with the experience of sweet sound. The study aimed to test Ullmann’s (1963) theoretical framework of “hierarchical distribution” through synesthetic data obtained from the Sejong Corpus. In this paper, therefore, I focused on clarifying the overall routes of Korean synesthetic transfers and the universal and/or culture-specific aspects of the synesthetic associations. The results of data analysis display that (a) Korean synesthesia conforms to Ullmann’s (1963) general scheme of metaphoric mappings, (b) the predominant source domain is touch while the predominant target is hearing, which also accords with Ullmann’s (1963) study, and (c) there could be a probable cultural dependency, whereby “taste” occupies a significant position along with “touch” in Korean synesthetic metaphors. (Southwest University)

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  • : 1229-1374
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  • : 1979-2020
  • : 568


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발행기관 최신논문
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1Ways of solving (counter-)cyclic A-movement in phase theory

저자 : Manabu Mizuguchi

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 325-363 (39 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

A-movement in phase syntax is executed counter-cyclically under the assumption that movement or Internal Merge applies at the phase level. This poses a non-trivial problem to syntax as the subject infixes into Spec, TP in violation of the No-Tampering Condition. This paper addresses the counter-cyclicity problem and argues that it is only apparent. I propose two ways to solve the counter-cyclicity, claiming that A-movement is made cyclic by Transfer and Merge. I also suggest that Transfer is reducible to Merge, with counter-cyclic A-movement solved by Merge alone. I show that the proposed analysis can explain subject extraction from the embedded clause and argues for vacuous movement in local subject Ā-movement. The EPP effect is reconsidered as one consequence of the proposals and I argue that it is deducible from externalization as well as from labeling. The present paper endorses the assumption that Merge is the core of syntactic derivation and supports the basic hypothesis in the Minimalist Program, which says that language is explained by Merge and interfaces with two other internal systems. (Toyo University)

2Why-stripping in English: A corpus-based perspective

저자 : Jong-bok Kim , Anne Abeille

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 365-387 (23 pages)

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Why-stripping in English, a type of elliptical constructions, consists of the expression why and a focus bearing remnant (e.g., Why me?). The construction shares certain properties with related constructions such as Sluicing and Stripping but at the same time has its own independent peculiarities. This paper first reviews some key properties of the construction and investigates its uses with attested corpus data. In accounting for how unexpressed expressions in such an elliptical construction can be resolved, there have been two competing trends, movement-and-deletion and direct interpretation (DI) approaches. The former postulates unpronounced syntactic representations at the ellipsis site while the latter consults the semantic/discourse information present in the antecedent. A variety of the corpus data we have identified as Why-stripping challenge the movement-and-deletion approach that heavily depends upon the syntactic information in the antecedent in order to resolve the elided parts. The paper briefly sketches how the attested data can be accounted for within a DI approach. (Kyung Hee University · Universite de Paris)

3Non-culmination and Serial Verb Construction in Korean

저자 : Juwon Lee

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 389-414 (26 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

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In English the inherent result of a lexical causative (e.g. open and burn) must occur for a sentence headed by the verb to be true; it is simply contradictory to say, for example, that John opened a door, but it was not opened or that John burned a book, but it was not burned. By contrast, the corresponding sentences in some other languages are acceptable (e.g. Thai, Tamil, Hindi, Chinese, Japanese, and Salish languages), and the sentences are said to be interpreted as non-culmination (more specifically, zero result). Korean is one of those languages (Park 1993; Y-S. Lee 2004; J. Lee 2015; Martin 2016; Beavers and Lee In press). Although non-culmination research has recently attracted much attention, most studies on it in the literature have focused on lexical causatives. This paper aims to extend the coverage of non-culmination research to serial verbs, which are considered typical complex predicates in Korean. Particularly, it is shown, following J. Lee (2015), that V1 (the first verb) of a serial verb construction does not allow zero result, but V2 (the second verb) does. To account for this difference, I propose in this paper the Final Event Hypothesis that only the final subevent in the event structure of a causative predicate is cancelable whether the predicate encodes a direct or indirect causation. Some predictions of this hypothesis and an alternative hypothesis in J. Lee (2015) are tested with other similar data and resultative constructions in Korean, which I argue further supports the Final Event Hypothesis. (Jeonju University)

4Conversational implicature comprehension strategies used by English learners in Indonesia

저자 : Hendi Pratama , Fathur Rokhman , Sri Rejeki Urip

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 415-458 (44 pages)

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Comprehension of conversational implicature is relatively easy for native speakers. However, the same degree of ease does not apply to second language learners. This study aims to uncover the strategies of second language learners despite the difficulties they face. Eighteen respondents are invited to join think-aloud protocols (TAP sessions). During the TAP sessions, respondents are instructed to answer thirty written questions assessing conversational implicature and, at the same time, asked to narrate their thoughts out loud during the session. The responses during these sessions are recorded and transcribed. The data is then codified and analyzed using receptive strategy categorization developed by Vandergrift (1997). The results of the analysis lead to clues on how second language learners, in general, strategize to understand conversational implicature. This study also reveals the difference between strategies used by learners with high implicature scores and those used by learners with low implicature scores. (Universitas Negeri Semarang)

5A corpus-based analysis of synesthetic metaphors in Korean

저자 : Charmhun Jo

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 459-483 (25 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Linguistic synesthesia generally means an experiential mapping of one sensory domain onto another, such as with the experience of sweet sound. The study aimed to test Ullmann's (1963) theoretical framework of “hierarchical distribution” through synesthetic data obtained from the Sejong Corpus. In this paper, therefore, I focused on clarifying the overall routes of Korean synesthetic transfers and the universal and/or culture-specific aspects of the synesthetic associations. The results of data analysis display that (a) Korean synesthesia conforms to Ullmann's (1963) general scheme of metaphoric mappings, (b) the predominant source domain is touch while the predominant target is hearing, which also accords with Ullmann's (1963) study, and (c) there could be a probable cultural dependency, whereby “taste” occupies a significant position along with “touch” in Korean synesthetic metaphors. (Southwest University)

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