논문 상세보기

이화사학연구소> 이화사학연구> 거란의 통치사상 - 유학을 중심으로 -

KCI등재

거란의 통치사상 - 유학을 중심으로 -

The Idea of Governing in Liao Dynasty - Focusing on the Confucianism -

박지훈 ( Park Ji-hun )
  • : 이화사학연구소
  • : 이화사학연구 59권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 12월
  • : 265-296(32pages)

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 머리말
Ⅱ. 요의 통치자가 유학을 수용한 원인
Ⅲ. 요 통치자들의 유학 수용 양상
Ⅳ. 요 유학의 거란족적 특징
Ⅴ. 맺음말
참고문헌
Abstract

키워드 보기


초록 보기


						
The Liao(遼) Dynasty(916~1125), established by Khitay, a nomadic tribe, was largely based on the military force. In search of a proper way to govern, Confucianism was spread by Khitan sovereign rulers. Confucianism had a considerable effect on maintaining the reign, expanding territory and stabilizing domestic situations.
Research by Chinese scholars generally insist that China is an unified, multi-racial nation throughout history, and that era of Song-Liao had great contribution on the history of multi races. On such ‘union of races’ point of view, Hanhua(漢化), being assimilated into Han, is emphasized. Adopting Confucianism by Khitan is regarded as a process of Hanhua.
This paper aims to study the cause of using Confucianism on ruling of Liao, on an objective view. It also tries to look into the adaptation process-on perspective of governor’s pursuing of Confucianism, education and state examination system, and civil reformation, respectively. Early rulers started taking the Confucianism, which had great advance in Sheng zong(聖宗) and Xing zong(興宗) period. In the days of Dao zong(道宗), Confucianism was fully flourished. Despite Liao Dynasty had embraced the Confucianism of Han zu, its sovereign ideology and policy had a shield to protect the traits of Khitan. It is seen on “Ruling by custom” policy, which is for protecting Khitan ethnicity, that Confucianism had been adopted independently.
It is considered natural that adopting Chinese ideology and governing methods, since nomadic tribal system and philosophy is not sufficient to establish a dynasty and maintain its public order. Especially it is inevitable to rule the Han’s residence area. However, it is not proper to conclude that they are assimilated to Han tribe, which is discrete from recent Chinese literature.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 인문과학분야  > 동양사
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1229-4683
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1966-2019
  • : 631


저작권 안내

한국학술정보㈜의 모든 학술 자료는 각 학회 및 기관과 저작권 계약을 통해 제공하고 있습니다.

이에 본 자료를 상업적 이용, 무단 배포 등 불법적으로 이용할 시에는 저작권법 및 관계법령에 따른 책임을 질 수 있습니다.

발행기관 최신논문
| | | | 다운로드

1주미조선공사관 참찬관 알렌(Horace N. Allen)의 활동

저자 : 김희연 ( Kim Hee-yeon )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 59권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-43 (43 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The Korean Government appointed Horace N. Allen as a foreign secretary of the Korean Legation in Washington, led by Pak Chung Yang(朴定陽), Minister to Washington in 1888. Allen accompanied the Korean mission with two objectives: he took the embassy to go to the United States and presented them to the president of the U.S.; he also assisted the negotiation for a loan of two million dollars. 
This article mainly focuses on the activities of Allen for raising the loan and developing of the mines. Under Korea's commission, he could open up the negotiation with American capitalists, with the help of varied circle of acquaintances. He also came into close relations with officials in the Korean Legation, thereby making himself as a nucleus between Korea and U.S. This experience helped to his career later on. 
Various documents in the Allen Papers show his active response to the media manipulation by the Chinese. To break off American loan to Korea, Chinese newspapers splashed over financial difficulties of Korean government and spread rumors on Korea. This article aims to explore Allen's response to the media manipulation and selection of mining engineer to Korea. He tried to correct distorted views towards Korea, faithfully defending her interest. In the meantime, Allen also sought for personal interest during his stay in Washington and suggested Koreans to conclude a contract with American concession seekers, which could be seen as a prototype for 'concession hunting' later on.

2동양합동광업회사의 운산금광 운영과 광산도시 북진의 지역사회

저자 : 박범 ( Park Beom )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 59권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 45-92 (48 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

O.C.M.C.(Oriental consolidated mining company) who managed Unsan gold mine was the third existence, neither Japanese empire nor colonial Joseon, until Japanese occupation through opening time of a port. From an angle of Korean history, how does American management of Unsa gold mine be evaluated? Except for securing of gold mine of imperial country, right pillage, it's still strange to evaluate historical meaning of gold mine's rights. Especially, the answer for what Unsan gold mine is for Joseon people was not suggested yet until Unsan gold mine was sold to Japanese company in 1939 through Japanese colonial era. 
Unsan was the mine who made so many benefits. Rights passed in the period of Korean Empire were continued in Japanese colonial era as they were. American company that is the 3rd empire country excavated so many golds with very low salary and very high technology in Unsan gold mine. The purpose of American company was very high benefits. Interests of empire companies were neither Japanese empire nor colonial Joseon. 
The change of colonial Joseon society shown by Unsan gold mine was appearance of mien city Bukjin. In the development of regional society, the subject was colonial Joseon people. Due to the American companies, diverse Joseon people were gathered to Bukjin. As a result passed rights of Unsan gold mine, very high benefits were given to Americans after colonial era and for Joseon people, there was a formation of mine city who enjoys trickle down effects of benefits.

3알렌이 포착한 기회의 나라, 대한제국

저자 : 장영숙 ( Jang Young-sook )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 59권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 93-127 (35 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Allen had worked in Korea for 21 years in a very close relationship with the royal family. He was regarded as a member of Korean royal family rather than U.S. Diplomat by surrounding people. For such a reason, his recognition and evaluation on the Korean Empire can be regarded as relatively concrete and accurate. His view on the emperor was negative. He used words as weakness, indecision, corruption, irresponsibility, and stubborn person for representing emperor's personality and character as a man of supreme power. 
As for government officials of the Korean Empire, he commented on 97 persons including Lee Young-Ik, Seo Jae-Phil, Lee Wan-Yong, and the family of Min. He regarded Lee Yong-Ik as a figure of corruption 'who should have never been appointed'. For Seo Jae-Phil who was an American citizen, Allen showed generous attitude to protect him praising his independence movement. For Lee Wan-Yong, on the other hand, Allen changed his attitude situatinally. Sometimes he criticized Lee and evaluated him as a figure of 'excellent judgment and courage.' Allen's basic view on the officials of the Korean Empire was that they are genius of changing their image and opportunistists. 
Relatively, he evaluated the subjugated people as naïve, diligent, hard-working and patient. He also commented that their diligence led to high enthusiasm for education, and they adopted quickly to the new environment and good workers. Allen also criticized that Japan carried out oppressive and uncivilized ruling without considering Korean's high cultural sense and intelligent superiority. Such evaluation and recognition seem to have been expressed from Allen's negative view on Japan as well as from his pity on Korean's heartbreaking circumstance. 
Allen recognized the Korean Empire as a country of opportunity from which infinite rights could be created. Actually, Allen was involved in various kinds of rights such as gold mine, railroad, streetcar, electricity, telephone and water supply. For becoming U.S. Minister and maintaining U.S. Ministry as a person adhering to the royal family, Allen connected and mediated Emperor Gojong and American businessmen. Allen strived for the benefits of America and Americans, and regarded the Korean Empire as a rights market of America in negotiatians of rights.

4고려대장경본(高麗大藏經本) 『석마하연론(釋摩訶衍論)』의 저본(底本) 연구

저자 : 김영미 ( Kim Young-mi )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 59권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 129-158 (30 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(Shi moheyan lun 釋摩訶衍 論) was included in the second edition of the Goryeo Canon following the Liao(Khitan) Canon. In this aspect, this paper examines several wooden-printed versions of Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna and the implication of the text in the Goryeo Canon.
Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna in the Goryeo Canon shows differences from the version in the Liao Canon based on the Fangshan shijing(房山石經) edition, with regard to the content and transcription of the spell. Therefore, two wooden-printed versions in the Goryeo and Liao Canon are not same each other. By comparing the texts in the Goryeo, Liao and Yan(燕) editions, fragmentarily quoted in the Note of Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(釋摩訶衍論記) by Puguan(普觀) of the Southern Song dynasty, it is also found that the Liao edition is the Fangshan shijing edition and the Goryeo edition is different from the one in the Goryeo Canon.
In addition, the one in the Goryeo Canon is the most similar to the one in the Yan edition, but they are not identical. It is resulted from the comparison between the excerpts of the commentary on Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna by a Buddhist monk of Khitan and the text in the Goryeo Canon. Considering that Dàozong(道宗, 在位 1055-1101) wrote the introduction(引文) on Comprehensive Profound Extracts of Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(釋摩訶衍論通玄鈔) by Zhifu(志福) and mentioned its collation, there was a newly printed version in Khitan, based on the collation. Fawu(法悟) also would contain emperor's interpretation on Praising Profound Commentary of Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(釋摩訶衍論贊玄疏), discussing on the new version with Dàozong. From this point of view, it is assumed that the text Fawu referred to was a newly printed Yan edition and it was different from the one in the Liao Canon which Zhifu referred to. After the texts written by Buddhist monks of Khitan and the Yan edition were introduced to Goryeo, Double-proofread Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(重校釋摩訶衍論) was collated by Uicheon(義天, 1055-1101). Therefore, it is suggested that Double-proofread Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna was included in the second edition of the Goryeo Canon.

5고려시대의 普濟寺(演福寺)와 佛事 성격 변화

저자 : 김수연 ( Kim Soo-youn )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 59권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 159-194 (36 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper examines how a temple space has changed with the times, through Buddhist events held at Bojae-sa(普濟寺, = Yeonbok-sa演福寺) Temple in the Goryeo Dynasty. Bojae-sa(Yeonbok-s a) Temple was located in the middle of Gaeseong (開城) province and was one of ten temples that King Taejo(太祖) held after his foundation. Before the period of Yuan(元)'s intervention, this temple was the place where the king often visited. And it was one of the central temples of Zen, where many Zen monks stayed. Damseon-beobhoe(談禪法會, Zen meeting) was held in every three years. Obaek-nahan-jae(五百羅漢齋, Five hundred Arhat Ritual) or rain calling rituals were held when disaster struck the country. There is no clear record, but it is highly likely that the Suryuk-jae(水陸齋, Ritual for the Beings of Water and Land) was held because there was the building named Suryuk-dang(水陸堂). The size of the temple was so large that it was nicknamed Dae-sa(大寺, Big temple) at the end of Goryeo Dynasty, and repairs and renovations were made several times. However, in the period of Yuan's intervention, the nature of such Bojae-sa(Yeonbok-s a) Temple changed greatly. Before the period of Yuan's intervention, rituals were held to pray for the victory of foreign invaders including Mongol, but from the time of King Chungnyeol(忠烈王)'s reign, the rite was held to pray for the longevity of Khubilai khan of the Yuan Dynasty. Afterwards, this temple then increased its affinity with the imperial family of the Yuan Dynasty and became the window into which the high culture of the Yuan Dynasty came in. During the reign of King Gongmin(恭愍王), the character of Yeonbok-sa Temple changed once again. It was recognized as an important temple of feng shui. The renovation of the Yeonbok-sa pagoda, which was attacked by the Confucian scholars as inappropriate, was also carried out because of its feng shui importance. Yeonbok-sa Temple has long been mentioned as a representative temple and landmark in Gaegyeong(開京).

6'가족계획' 담론과 여성 '몸'에 대한 인식 변화 - 1950~60년대 『여원』을 중심으로 -

저자 : 김수자 ( Kim Soo-ja )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 59권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 195-224 (30 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

One of the “national projects” that have greatly influenced the lives and perceptions of Korean women since the 945 Liberation is the family planning project led by the May 16 military government in 1961. However, it was only in the mid-1950s that family planning discourse was discussed in relation to women's “bodies.”
One of the key elements of family planning discourse in the mid-1950s was that womens' bodies should be protected from reckless abortion by “Mom's Health” and “Maternal and Child health.”
It was raised in connection with the basic elements of 'female right advocacy'. Family planning discourse has begun to form “new” perceptions not only of women's “bodies,” but also of the number of existing children, the family economy, views om children, childbirth and child rearing. As women's articles on women's bodies appeared, there was a movement to demand the realization of women's legal status by discussing the patriarchal family structure and consciousness and the revision of family law.
However, in 1961, when the Park Chung-Hee administration adopted the family planning project as a national policy, the core content of the family planning project was the birth control and the control through birth control. The state actively intervened and controlled women's bodies responsible for childbirth. The Park Chung Hee government looked at the increasing “population” as a barrier to economic development and carried out the family planning project. The population was identified as a deterrent to the “national modernization” through economic development. Therefore, women's bodies at this time were controlled by birth control and contraception rather than childbirth and rearing.
During this period, the family planning project was carried out as a pan-national movement to control conception and birth. The most widely adopted methods of birth control were artificial abortion and abortion.
As women's articles about women's bodies appeared, the patriarchal family structure and consciousness and the revision of family law were discussed and the actualization of women's legal status was insisted and disclaimed. However, as the family-planning project proceeds in a state-led manner, it is linked to the improvement of the status of women in the family. It is attempted to overcome the ideology of preffering a son, which is judged to be an obstacle to population decline, even if it is not based on feminist perspective for the success of the project. It was to include women in the policy to achieve the goals of the policy, and to consider to change the structure of the large family system so that the family planning project could be “conveniently carried out.” However, this policy has obvious limitations. Family planning did not take place from the feminist point of view, and women's status improvement and family structure were not discussed from that view, too.

71960년대 북한의 베트남전 지원과 공군 심리전 전문가 파병 - 새로 발굴한 베트남 자료를 중심으로 -

저자 : 도미엔 ( Do Thanh Thao Mien )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 59권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 225-263 (39 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Deeply focusing on the new materials that are collected from Vietnam, this paper unveils the process of supporting the war efforts in Vietnam by the DPRK Government in the 1960s. It then reexamines the existing literature regarding this issue, while at the same time presenting a more multi-dimensional take on the topic. North Korean assistance for North Vietnam during this war consists of noteworthy features.
The DPRK Government provided the largest possible support for Hanoi in the year 1965, dispatching human resources such as air forces and psychological warfare personnel to Vietnam following American bombings of the Northern part of the country. However, North Vietnam tried its best to limit the presence or participation of foreign troops in their country to avoid an internationalization of the war. Hanoi, as a result, emphasized that North Korean air forces were sent to Vietnam to gain “practical combat experience.” On the contrary, Pyongyang strongly insisted that the purpose of dispatching air forces was to support Hanoi, as if it was an “international obligation” in the joint struggle against the Americans. In particular, North Korea in 1965 assisted North Vietnam beyond the original request of up to 4 million Rubles as a proof of its fulfillment of “international obligation.” At the end of the 1960s, nevertheless, Pyongyang drastically reduced its support for Hanoi, signaling a downturn in North Korea-North Vietnam relations.

8거란의 통치사상 - 유학을 중심으로 -

저자 : 박지훈 ( Park Ji-hun )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 59권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 265-296 (32 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The Liao(遼) Dynasty(916~1125), established by Khitay, a nomadic tribe, was largely based on the military force. In search of a proper way to govern, Confucianism was spread by Khitan sovereign rulers. Confucianism had a considerable effect on maintaining the reign, expanding territory and stabilizing domestic situations.
Research by Chinese scholars generally insist that China is an unified, multi-racial nation throughout history, and that era of Song-Liao had great contribution on the history of multi races. On such 'union of races' point of view, Hanhua(漢化), being assimilated into Han, is emphasized. Adopting Confucianism by Khitan is regarded as a process of Hanhua.
This paper aims to study the cause of using Confucianism on ruling of Liao, on an objective view. It also tries to look into the adaptation process-on perspective of governor's pursuing of Confucianism, education and state examination system, and civil reformation, respectively. Early rulers started taking the Confucianism, which had great advance in Sheng zong(聖宗) and Xing zong(興宗) period. In the days of Dao zong(道宗), Confucianism was fully flourished. Despite Liao Dynasty had embraced the Confucianism of Han zu, its sovereign ideology and policy had a shield to protect the traits of Khitan. It is seen on “Ruling by custom” policy, which is for protecting Khitan ethnicity, that Confucianism had been adopted independently.
It is considered natural that adopting Chinese ideology and governing methods, since nomadic tribal system and philosophy is not sufficient to establish a dynasty and maintain its public order. Especially it is inevitable to rule the Han's residence area. However, it is not proper to conclude that they are assimilated to Han tribe, which is discrete from recent Chinese literature.

9메이지 초기 서양사상 수용의 방법론 - 후쿠자와 유키치의 '분한'을 중심으로 -

저자 : 강태윤 ( Kang Tae-youn )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 59권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 297-321 (25 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

In terms of the acceptance method of Western thought in Japan, 'Bungen' was used as a tool to explain other concepts in Fukuzawa's works, not just a simple translation of itself. It was used for the Western realignment of the existing concept. Also it is revealed that the aspect of self-control of 'Bungen' is contained in early thought of Fukuzawa, which have so far been mostly dealt with “open” aspects such as freedom, equality and independence. Fukuzawa's methodology of reshaping the acceptance of modern Western ideas by identifying them as “the degree of self-control” is unique and notable, in terms of translation methodology and in his early thought.

10서구(Abendland)의 아토피아적 위치 - 유럽, 서양, 제국 사이에서 -

저자 : 박혜정 ( Park Hye-jeong )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 59권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 323-358 (36 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Abendland is a slippery word which is s andwiched between Europe and the West. It is especially difficult to understand the historical connotation of Abendland, because it is a counterfactual legend which takes the Charlemagne Empire as the spatial reference and the foundation of its political ideal. Furthermore, Abendland is not, differently from Europe and the West, in use any more and completely replaced by these two words. For this reason, this paper takes Europe, the West and empire as the entrance and try to have an access to the atopia-like location of Abendland.
This paper highlighted two locations of Abendland which jammed in Europe and the West. One location of Abendland we can point to is the vision of Europe as a unity. Europe came in common use in a political sense, after the integrated Christian world of the Middle Age started falling apart since the Reformation and the French Revolution. However, Europe could not completely replace Abendland as long as the latter still could inspire the Christian unity and integration of Europe.
The other location of Abendland can be summarized by the slogan of 'Europe as the third power.' This slogan itself was a representation of the long-preserved tradition of German cultural criticism, which culminated in Anti-Western critiques after the World War I. Over a dramatic detour, Abendland movement contributed to settling the Degaulist vision of a strong Europe as the main stream of Europen integration movement against the America-friendly federalist vision for the United States of Europe.

12
주제별 간행물
간행물명 수록권호

KCI후보

중국지식네트워크
15권 0호 ~ 15권 0호

KCI등재

명청사연구
53권 0호 ~ 53권 0호

KCI등재

사림(성대사림)
72권 0호 ~ 72권 0호

KCI등재

선사와 고대
62권 0호 ~ 62권 0호

KCI등재

동양학
79권 0호 ~ 79권 0호

KCI등재

중국사연구
125권 0호 ~ 125권 0호

KCI후보

학림
45권 0호 ~ 45권 0호

KCI등재

중국학논총
67권 0호 ~ 67권 0호

복현사림
37권 0호 ~ 37권 0호

KCI등재

중국연구
82권 0호 ~ 82권 0호

KCI등재

석당논총
76권 0호 ~ 76권 0호

KCI등재

동양예술
46권 0호 ~ 46권 0호

KCI등재

명청사연구
37권 0호 ~ 46권 0호

KCI등재

대구사학
138권 0호 ~ 138권 0호

KCI등재

명청사연구
36권 0호 ~ 52권 0호

KCI등재

중국지역연구
7권 1호 ~ 7권 1호

KCI등재

고문서연구
56권 0호 ~ 56권 0호

KCI등재

동아연구
78권 0호 ~ 78권 0호

KCI등재

몽골학
60권 0호 ~ 60권 0호

KCI등재

중국사연구
124권 0호 ~ 124권 0호
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보

내가 찾은 최근 검색어

최근 열람 자료

맞춤 논문

보관함

내 보관함
공유한 보관함

1:1문의

닫기