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한일민족문제학회> 한일민족문제연구> 해방 직후 재조일본인의 한미 이간 공작 음모

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해방 직후 재조일본인의 한미 이간 공작 음모

The Clandestine activities of Japanese settlers in colonial Korea on US-Korea alienation after US occupation after Liberation

이상호 ( Lee Sang-ho )
  • : 한일민족문제학회
  • : 한일민족문제연구 37권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 12월
  • : 5-35(31pages)

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 머리말
Ⅱ. 일본의 패망과 재조일본인의 비밀결사 조직
Ⅲ. 일본인세화회의 비밀조직에 대한 자금 중개
Ⅳ. 일본인세화회와 김계조의 한·미 간 이간 공작 음모
Ⅴ. 맺음말

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The purpose of this study is to examine the perception of the situation of the Japanese Government General of Korea, the Japanese settlers in colonial Korea toward Japan defeat, and the intention of the conflict between South Korea and the US by the Japanese return group, especially the Japanese Relief Society, during the period of US military in South Korea.
The Japanese government decided that the sovereignty of the Korean peninsula remained in Japan until it ratified a peace treaty that would define Japan’s postwar status, and informed the Japanese Government General of Korea on August 24 1945. The Japanese government retained the conventional view that Japan’s sovereignty over colonial territories, including the Korean Peninsula, was not in the signing of the Potsdam Declaration to surrender to the Allies, but in a signing of a treaty with the Allies even after the defeat.
After the defeat, the Japanese Military Police and the Tokodai movement was very significant. They were planning to form a subterranean secret organization to distract South Korea’s order, and to alienate between the US military and Koreans.
Another secret organization was under investigation by the US military intelligence agency in October 1945, when a clandestine group of former military policemen, who led the operation of the US-Korea separation after US occupation, was being caught by the US military’s CIC. The object was the organization of Japanese Relief Society. These groups advocated private organizations aiming for the safe return of Japanese citizens, but they were formed with enormous financial support and support from the Japanese Government General of Korea and the Japanese Military Command in Korea.
In addition, the ‘Kim Ke Cho incident’ was revealed. Kim Ke Cho, a pro-Japanese leader sponsored by the Japanese Government General of Korea, was brought to trial after being caught by the US military in preparation for the work between Korea and the United States in connection with the Japanese Relief Society. In other words, this event can be evaluated as showing that the space of liberation was not free from the influence of Japanese imperialism, and thus the space of continuity is stronger than disconnection.
本研究では、米軍の南朝鮮への進駐時期において、朝鮮総督府及び在朝日本人の情勢認識を考えながら、日本人引揚団体とくに日本人世話会等が韓米に割り込んで葛藤を作り出そうとした意図がどこにあったのかを究明しようとした。
日本政府は朝鮮半島における主権は日本の戦後地位を定める講和条約の批准までには日本にあるものとし、これを1945年8月24日に朝鮮総督府に通報した。日本政府は朝鮮半島を含む植民地領土に対する主権の手放しは連合国に降伏を表明するポツダム宣言に調印することにあるのではなく、連合国との講和条約に調印することにあるとの従来の認識を敗戦後も維持していた。
敗戦後、日本の憲兵隊と特務機関の従事者らが見せた行為には意味深いものがあった。彼らは地下秘密結社を組織し南朝鮮の秩序を揺さぶったり、米軍と韓国人との間に亀裂をもたらす様に企んだ。
米軍の進駐以来、韓米に亀裂をもたらす様企んだ元憲兵隊員で作られた秘密組織はすでに米軍のCICによって摘発された。1945年の10月にはさらにもう一つの秘密組織が米軍情報局によって調査をうけていた。それが日本人世話会だった。この団体は在朝日本人の安全な引揚を目的に掲げていたものの、朝鮮総督府と朝鮮軍司令部から莫大な財政的後援と支援で作られた半官的なものであった。
さらに言えば、金桂祚事件を挙げなければならない。朝鮮総督府から支援をうけた親日派金桂祚は日本人世話会と組んで韓米に亀裂をもたらす様準備中摘発され裁判に掛けられた。この事件から見られる様に、解放空間というのはまだ日本帝国主義の影響力から離れていなかった。この時期はまだ断絶というよりは連続の側面が強かったと言えよう。

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1598-8414
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2001-2019
  • : 314


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1해방 직후 재조일본인의 한미 이간 공작 음모

저자 : 이상호 ( Lee Sang-ho )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 5-35 (31 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to examine the perception of the situation of the Japanese Government General of Korea, the Japanese settlers in colonial Korea toward Japan defeat, and the intention of the conflict between South Korea and the US by the Japanese return group, especially the Japanese Relief Society, during the period of US military in South Korea.
The Japanese government decided that the sovereignty of the Korean peninsula remained in Japan until it ratified a peace treaty that would define Japan's postwar status, and informed the Japanese Government General of Korea on August 24 1945. The Japanese government retained the conventional view that Japan's sovereignty over colonial territories, including the Korean Peninsula, was not in the signing of the Potsdam Declaration to surrender to the Allies, but in a signing of a treaty with the Allies even after the defeat.
After the defeat, the Japanese Military Police and the Tokodai movement was very significant. They were planning to form a subterranean secret organization to distract South Korea's order, and to alienate between the US military and Koreans.
Another secret organization was under investigation by the US military intelligence agency in October 1945, when a clandestine group of former military policemen, who led the operation of the US-Korea separation after US occupation, was being caught by the US military's CIC. The object was the organization of Japanese Relief Society. These groups advocated private organizations aiming for the safe return of Japanese citizens, but they were formed with enormous financial support and support from the Japanese Government General of Korea and the Japanese Military Command in Korea.
In addition, the 'Kim Ke Cho incident' was revealed. Kim Ke Cho, a pro-Japanese leader sponsored by the Japanese Government General of Korea, was brought to trial after being caught by the US military in preparation for the work between Korea and the United States in connection with the Japanese Relief Society. In other words, this event can be evaluated as showing that the space of liberation was not free from the influence of Japanese imperialism, and thus the space of continuity is stronger than disconnection.

2한일어업협정의 체결에 따른 '평화선'의 소멸

저자 : 최영호 ( Choi Young-ho )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 37-65 (29 pages)

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This paper arranges on the basis of the published documents about fishery negotiations of Korea and Japan diplomats during normalization process clarifying what were the issues of the 'peace line' proclaimed unilaterally by Rhee Syngman government and how the line was dissipated in the process of establishment of fishery agreement in 1965. President Rhee declared abroad the 'marine sovereignty' in the Busan temporary government building on Jan. 18th, 1952. Subsequently he began to seize the Japanese fishing boats for the reason of invading the boundary under promulgation of an enforcement ordinance 'capture and Judgement' on Oct. 4th. According to the ordinance, capturing tribunal had the first judgement under the article 2 and high capturing tribunal had the second under the article 24 without verbal trial. Further more governmental draft of 'fishery resources protection law' as a follow-up measure passed the parliament on Dec. 1st, 1953. This paper remarks mainly on the result of the investigation about provision of fishery agreement as the final phase of sustentation of 'peace line' analyzing mainly the diplomatic negotiation documents for differentiation to the preceding researches. I utilize the documents of diplomatic negotiation between Korea and Japan for investigating the content of negotiations and I refer to the other researching results for expressing the structures of the line and agreement.

3히가시우에노(東上野) 친선마켓의 형성과 변용

저자 : 박미아 ( Park Mi-a )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 67-103 (37 pages)

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As a microcosm of the fierce postwar struggle for survival, the black markets connote various aspects. After liberation, the large scale of repatriation to Korea and serious unemployment had led to a major change of the life of Koreans in Japan. Ueno was one of the most crowded black market in Tokyo, Zainich Korean also gathered here for more profit and became significant power group in Ueno. However, conflicts continued steadily due to disputes over interests in black markets and mutual checks based on national sentiment. In response, the police and Daito-ku(台東區) district office proposed separation Korean from Ueno and helped to find replacement.
Higashi Ueno became the base of the Zainich Korean with the result that the project had been accomplished. Higashi Ueno was a place for commerce and housing, which was called the Goodwill Market. It had become known as Tokyo's representative Koreatown after liberation, mainly focused on the necessities of the life of Zainich Korean.
The Korean villages in Japan of pre-liberation era, which were mainly formed in places with inconvenient traffic and poor environment, lasted similar aspects even after liberation. On the other hand, Higashi Ueno was a place where land was purchased in a legal manner, and here, commercial and living rights of the people were guaranteed. It means that the Zainich Korean could lead a stable life in a guaranteed place and also reflected the change of life style after liberation.
Higashi Ueno has been the representative Koreatown of Tokyo over 70 years, however, as generations change, the region is also undergoing changes. Since the 2000s, exchanges between Korea and Japan have expanded further, and a new Koreatown has been formed around Shin- Okubo near Shinjuku. Thus, the uniqueness of the Higashi Ueno has been much smaller than before. Higashi Ueno reflects more than 100 years of Zainich Korean history, which could be called a barometer for predicting the future of Korean society in Japan.

4한국전쟁기 재일조선인의 기억과 재현 -『조선평론(朝鮮評論)』 수록 전화황(全和凰) 작품을 중심으로-

저자 : 한정선 ( Han Jung-sun )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 105-133 (29 pages)

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This paper sheds light on poetry and paintings during the Korean War that have been excluded from the research on Chun Hwa Hwang. Although research outputs have been made with the recent accumulation of research Zainichi' art regarding the life and artworks of Chun Hwa Hwang, the first generation Zainichi artist.
The first objective of this research is to discover and introduce primary documents that were omitted from the research on Chun Hwa Hwang research. This study also intends to examine how he was associating himself with the Zainichi society based on the data. In other words, this study is an attempt to clearly identify how Chun Hwa Hwang shared experiential bond of empathy and collective expression with Zainichi organization during the Korean War while clearly examining what he was particularly observing. To be more specific, this research probes into how Chun was viewing the Korean War by focusing on the five poetry works, cover pages, and illustrations he published on “Chosun Critique” during the Korean War, and recovers his activities during the Korean War that have been neglected in discussions. By doing so, the study aimed to complement the research on Chun Hwa Hwang that has been limited and shed a new light on the activities of Zainichi artists during the Korean War. This paper is a research on Chun Hwa Hwang, a Zainichi artist, and examines how Zainichi who are minority of the Japanese society have remembered and reproduced the Korean War.

51990년 이후 재일잡지미디어 지형 고찰

저자 : 이승진 ( Lee Seung-jin )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 135-166 (32 pages)

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This study aimed to summarize the genealogy of the magazines that Zainichi Koreans have published since 1990, and to examine the significance of the trends of change that can be observed. The consciousness of the members of Zainichi Korean community became individualized in the 1990s, when the magazine media of Zainichi Koreans played a remarkably lesser role as a forum for discourse. In the past, such magazines had exerted a dominant cultural influence on various areas of the community, but they gradually lost their dominance in almost all areas, including literature, politics, history and popular culture. In terms of the number of magazines published, many Zainichi Korean magazines were still published even in the 1990s, including the in-house magazines or journals of various organizations, and lifestyle magazines. As the general literary magazines, however, which had played a pivotal role in the world of Zainichi Korean magazines, had markedly less influence on the community, the areas such magazines covered began to be sharply limited from this time. This change in the circumstances of the magazine media was a phenomenon that the Japanese publishing market was also experiencing. This is because the market was reorganizing to focus on fashion magazines, a trend that meant the magazines in the general literature, current affairs, and politics sectors were gradually reduced, which indicates a change in the function of Japanese magazine media.
On the other hand, the launching of Zainichi Korean magazines has not only been rapidly declining since the 2000s, but they also no longer function as a forum for discourse to bind together the Zainichi Korean community. This seems to be because the distinctiveness of the 'Zainichi Korean' media failed to embrace these changes, and instead served as rather obvious limits on them, as the consciousness of Zainichi Koreans was diversified by generation. This strongly supports the argument that the role and function of Zainichi Korean magazines started on the downward path irretrievably in the 1990s, which was a turning point. On the other hand, another perspective is also considered to be reasonable that the influence Japanese magazines maintain over Japan society may open up the possibility of a new consumption trend for Zainichi Korean magazines. This is because new experiments in the Zainichi Korean magazine market are currently underway; e.g. in the early 2000s, the first women's general literary magazine, Chinihuneokoge (地に舟をこげ) was founded; and in 2015 Koro (航路) was launched, which aimed to rehabilitate the Zainichi Korean general literary magazine. Many Zainichi Korean Magazines are now seeking a solution given the changes faced by the Zainichi Korean community.

61920년대 초 재일본 조선인 유학생의 사회주의 활동과 코스모구락부(コスモ俱樂部)

저자 : 김진웅 ( Kim Jin-wung )

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 167-208 (42 pages)

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This article attempts to restore the facet of early socialist activity of Choseon students in Japan by tracking the formation of Cosmo-Club and members' trends. Cosmo-Club was mere a social gathering originally established for the purpose of socialist research and exchange among international students. However, in June 1921, members such as Won Jongrin and Jung Taesin, who were involved in the plan of establishing the Communist Party of Japan, became a “Small International” of socialist international students by publishing 「Declaration」 based on the ideology of The Third International and taking an action. 
Since then, Cosmo-Club was operated with priority given to Choseon members. Members developed an active movement in close connection with the Gyomin Communist Party. This made Cosmo-Club position as one of the strong socialist groups in Japan. Cosmo-Club, however, was gradually declining since the second half of 1923, since major members changed the activity base. The suppression of Japanese imperialism, arrested and imprisoned and accelerated this by intimidating the members' activities. Eventually, Cosmo-Club was extinguished in 1925 since Kwon-Huiguk and Won Jongrin who were original members abandoned the international solidarity ideology based on socialism and transformed it into right-wing ideology. The beginning and end showed aspects of early socialism activities of Choseon students in Japan and the process of its division.

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8국가기록원 소장 고 김광열 기록물의 기본 현황

저자 : 정혜경

발행기관 : 한일민족문제학회 간행물 : 한일민족문제연구 37권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 217-237 (21 pages)

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1
주제별 간행물
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KCI등재

대한정치학회보
28권 1호 ~ 28권 1호

민주화운동기념사업회 연구소 정책리포트
45권 0호 ~ 46권 0호

KCI등재

중소연구
43권 4호 ~ 43권 4호

KCI등재

한국태국학회논총
26권 2호 ~ 26권 2호

KCI등재 SSCI SCOUPUS

Korean journal of defense analysis
32권 1호 ~ 32권 1호

KCI등재

한국중동학회논총
40권 3호 ~ 40권 3호

KCI후보

한국과 국제사회
4권 1호 ~ 4권 1호

전략논단
30권 0호 ~ 30권 0호

KCI등재

북한학연구
15권 2호 ~ 15권 2호

KCI등재

국방정책연구
126권 0호 ~ 126권 0호

민주화운동기념사업회 연구소 정책리포트
44권 0호 ~ 44권 0호

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북한연구학회보
23권 2호 ~ 23권 2호

KCI등재

국방연구(안보문제연구소)
62권 4호 ~ 62권 4호

정치와 평론
25권 0호 ~ 25권 0호

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동북아연구(구 통일문제연구)
34권 2호 ~ 34권 2호

KCI등재

The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA)
24권 2호 ~ 24권 2호

KCI등재

비교민주주의연구
15권 2호 ~ 15권 2호

KCI등재

통일문제연구
31권 2호 ~ 31권 2호

KCI등재

통일과 평화
11권 2호 ~ 11권 2호

KCI등재

한일민족문제연구
37권 0호 ~ 37권 0호
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