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미래군사학회> 한국군사학논총> 해방정국에서 공산세력의 반란전 실패가 주는 시사점

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해방정국에서 공산세력의 반란전 실패가 주는 시사점

The Implications of the Failure of Insurgency of Communist Forces in the South Korean Liberation Situation

최장옥 ( Choi Jang Ok )
  • : 미래군사학회
  • : 한국군사학논총 16권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 12월
  • : 107-133(27pages)

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 서 론
Ⅱ. 이론적 논의 및 분석의 틀
Ⅲ. 해방정국에서 공산세력의 주요 활동 개관
Ⅳ. 해방정국에서 공산세력의 반란전 실패원인 분석 및 시사점
Ⅴ. 결 론

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초록 보기


						
The South Korean Worker’s Party, led by Park, Heon-young in the Korean liberation situation, carried out a insurgency to overthrow the South Korean government, but failed. This paper analyzed the reasons why the communist forces at that time failed and drew up the implications. The framework of the analysis used five variables: first, complaints and interests of the collective members; second, organization and leadership of the challenger; third, internal mobilization and external support of the challenger; fourth, strategic tactics of the challenger; and finally, sanctuaries for the survival of the challenger.
In the Korean liberation situation, the South Korean communist forces initially gathered the disgruntled forces for effective causes, such as land reform and the liquidation of Japanese colonial rule, to gain support. However, Park, Hun-young, who should rally and lead the disgruntled forces, failed to show proper leadership. Inadequate offensive tactics and brutal violent events led to the loss of public support, without effective support from the North, and could not establish a proper sanctuaries, eventually ending up in a strong crackdown by the government.
On the other hand, the South Korean government removed the biggest source of discontent among the people by pushing for farmland reform. They succeeded in winning the people’s hearts by gradually resolving the causes of public discontent, including the withdrawal of the U.S. military government and the free general elections, and reflecting the will of the people in state affairs. Through this, it succeeded in neutralizing the cause of the Communist Forces, isolating them from the masses, and eventually extinguishing them.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 정치/외교학
  • : KCI후보
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 2287-1373
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2012-2019
  • : 127


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1지정학적 딜레마에 빠진 한반도의 전략적 전환방안

저자 : 이종호 ( Lee Jong Ho )

발행기관 : 미래군사학회 간행물 : 한국군사학논총 16권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 3-30 (28 pages)

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With East Asia emerging as the center of the world, the Korean Peninsula, located in the geopolitical crossroad, is becoming a subject of global attention. In the past, we were concerned about geopolitical risks on the Korean Peninsula, but now it seems no longer so. The geopolitical situation on the Korean Peninsula is changing dramatically.
This study sought to explore what strategic transition would be desirable in terms of grand strategy. As a methodology for this, we applied the model of Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye to analyze the status quo of the Korean Peninsula and to derive a desirable strategic shift by utilizing factors that affect the continuation and transformation of the grand strategy that Williamson Murray argued in the theory of grand strategy.
This study introduced the strategic transition case in the British Empire between 1890 and 1910, the security situation around the Korean peninsula between 1990 and 2019, additionally analyzed by comparing the British Empire and Korea cases.
The results of the research are the followings.
Firstly, negotiating North Korea-Japan, U.S.-North Korea diplomatic normalization based on the complex interdependence model.
Secondly, searching for the possibility of multiple-bandwagoning.
Thirdly, the Six-Party Talks would serve as a significant step toward constructing a comprehensive East Asian security order. Therefore, developing to maintain a structure and function similar to a regional cooperation security regime.
Fourthly, maintaining flexibility and continuity of grand strategy and the application plan of expert groups.
Therefore, this study is to provide a new insight about strategic transition approach.

26·25전쟁 시 정전협상과 북한 비핵화협상 과정의 상호 협상행태에 관한 비교분석

저자 : 김법헌 ( Kim Beob Heon )

발행기관 : 미래군사학회 간행물 : 한국군사학논총 16권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 31-54 (24 pages)

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This study derives implications through the study on the characteristics of negotiation strategy between communist and democratic camps around the Korean Peninsula, and seeks our response strategy in the future. For this purpose, the focus is on comparing and analyzing the armistice negotiations during the Korean War and the negotiation strategies in the process of pursuing North Korea's denuclearization.
The focus of the analysis on negotiation behavior is the willingness to negotiate for the benefit of the country, the leverage of strong power, and the negotiation strategy that embodies the drawdown.
As a result of the Korean War armistice negotiations, boring negotiations focused on the front line near the 38th parallel in the confrontation between the powerful US, China, South Korea, and North Korea.
In the recent process of denuclearization of North Korea, North Korea's cliff edge, delay, and warfare strategy, US pressure and appeasement strategy, and South Korea's cooperation and promotion strategy were featured.
Regarding this, there are many similarities between the negotiating behaviors of the communist and free sides during the Korean War, the recent negotiations between North Korea and the United States due to the recent denuclearization of North Korea, and the approaching behavior of South Korea and neighboring countries. Based on this, in this study focuses on establishing a future outlook for negotiations on denuclearization of North Korea and our desired strategy for countermeasures.

3제품군 설계에 따른 비용-성능의 절충영역 탐색 모델 구축

저자 : 마정목 ( Ma Jung Mok )

발행기관 : 미래군사학회 간행물 : 한국군사학논총 16권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 55-76 (22 pages)

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While more complex and advanced weapon systems have been introduced, the portion of the military budget out of the national budget shows a tendency to be decreased over time. Arms export is suggested as a solution to tackle this affordability constraint and mu ltiple requirements should be satisfied for increasing arms exports. In this paper, the mod el of cost-performance trade space exploration by product family design is newly introduced to allow the fulfillment of multiple requirements under the affordability constraint. After analyzing recent defense product family design cases, the model of cost-performance tra de space exploration by product family design is proposed to build the trade space between the life cycle cost and performance using multi-attribute utility theory. It is hoped that the proposed model can help project managers to find more affordable solutions in their defense acquisition programs.

4국방개혁 2.0과 연계한 예비전력 정예화 혁신적 개선방안 고찰

저자 : 윤진영 ( Yoon Jin Young ) , 이세영 ( Lee Se Young )

발행기관 : 미래군사학회 간행물 : 한국군사학논총 16권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 77-105 (29 pages)

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The ROK military is working on the Defense Reform 2.0 to secure national defense and national security amid various changes including the transitional security situation, the demographic cliff, the 4th industrial revolution and improved public consciousness. Reserve forces are a critical factor for securing national defense, as they are the key element of the ability to continue the war, accounting for approximately 73% of the wartime gross requirement.
Despite its indispensibility, the ROK Reserve is currently not fully meeting such needs. The national contingency plan and the military operation plan based on availability of the Reserve are in place, but it is doubtful whether physical and human resources can be mobilized in a timely manner when necessary.
Against this backdrop, this study proposes innovative actions to improve the Reserve. The first action is to improve the Reserve service postponement system, including improvement of laws and institutions applicable to partial mobilization. Secondly, the Reserve needs to be optimally structured. Thirdly, the mobilization system focusing on specific forces specialized in mobilization needs to be adopted. Fourthly, reserve forces serving in peace time needs to be expanded. Fifthly, we need to dramatically improve the scientific training system for reserve forces.
It is expected that the innovative plans to improve the Reserve will provide solutions for challenging issues such as reduction of standing forces and shortening of the service period, efficiently contributing to the defense reform.
Above actions to improve the Reserve require the public consensus and support. The military will need to reaffirm that the military is a critical player for national security and to strengthen its efforts to better serve the country.

5해방정국에서 공산세력의 반란전 실패가 주는 시사점

저자 : 최장옥 ( Choi Jang Ok )

발행기관 : 미래군사학회 간행물 : 한국군사학논총 16권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 107-133 (27 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The South Korean Worker's Party, led by Park, Heon-young in the Korean liberation situation, carried out a insurgency to overthrow the South Korean government, but failed. This paper analyzed the reasons why the communist forces at that time failed and drew up the implications. The framework of the analysis used five variables: first, complaints and interests of the collective members; second, organization and leadership of the challenger; third, internal mobilization and external support of the challenger; fourth, strategic tactics of the challenger; and finally, sanctuaries for the survival of the challenger.
In the Korean liberation situation, the South Korean communist forces initially gathered the disgruntled forces for effective causes, such as land reform and the liquidation of Japanese colonial rule, to gain support. However, Park, Hun-young, who should rally and lead the disgruntled forces, failed to show proper leadership. Inadequate offensive tactics and brutal violent events led to the loss of public support, without effective support from the North, and could not establish a proper sanctuaries, eventually ending up in a strong crackdown by the government.
On the other hand, the South Korean government removed the biggest source of discontent among the people by pushing for farmland reform. They succeeded in winning the people's hearts by gradually resolving the causes of public discontent, including the withdrawal of the U.S. military government and the free general elections, and reflecting the will of the people in state affairs. Through this, it succeeded in neutralizing the cause of the Communist Forces, isolating them from the masses, and eventually extinguishing them.

6북한군의 기습에 대한 위기대응 연구

저자 : 양해수 ( Yang Hae Soo )

발행기관 : 미래군사학회 간행물 : 한국군사학논총 16권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 135-158 (24 pages)

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The North military has continuously carried out provocations against the South since the Korean War. However, South Korea is usually hit by North Korean military's surprise attacks. An analysis of the actual nature of surprise to find out the reason, the surprise contains attributes such as speed, deception, information and counterintelligence, changes in operational methods, operation of new combat forces, use of unfavorable terrain and weather conditions, and psychological warfare.
The cause of repeated surprise attacks by North Korean soldiers was studied through South Korea's crisis management. South Korea has shown vulnerability in the inefficient operation of crisis management organizations and losing the timing of responses or responding in an expedient manner. In the end, the North's provocations have been repeated as it ended its response without dissipating its surprise capabilities or intentions.
In order to prevent North Korean military attacks, South Korea needs additional efforts to destroy its surprise intentions. The countermeasure tactics to be applied should be employed taking into account the nature of the technology.

7전략·전술과 비교를 통한 작전술의 특성 연구

저자 : 전갑기 ( Jeon Gab Ki )

발행기관 : 미래군사학회 간행물 : 한국군사학논총 16권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 159-184 (26 pages)

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The ROK Army which employs mass armed forces has studied the operational art since the 1980's. The effort has resulted in publishing of the field manuals of the operational art and numerous findings of research work in operational art by military specialists.
However, it is necessary to thoroughly comprehend 1) the background of the birth of the operational art, 2) the meanings of time and space, combat power as basic components, and 3) the role and function of the operational art. This comprehension should help us to creatively apply the operational art in practice. This is especially more useful to have a better understanding of North Korea Army's operational art, influenced by the Soviet military art.
This paper closely examines the background of the birth of the operational art in the Soviet Army, the position of the operational art in the military art on the basis of closeness with the political purpose of war, subjects and main points of the instruction, and the view points on means. The role and function of the operational art have been defined based on previous research and the assertion of military theorists. In addition, it redefines the meaning of the operational art. Lastly, its implications for the ROK Army have been presented.
In summary, the operational art is the theory and the practice which operate the tactical military actions in order to efficiently attain the strategic goals. That is, the operational art is the theory and the practice that transfer a war plan to a plan for fulfillment of the military actions, create favorable conditions for tactical echelons to efficiently conduct combats, and effectively operate many combats in variable spaces and instruct the combats in order to achieve military strategic goals.

8임진왜란 직전 조선의 군사대응책에 관한 연구

저자 : 서천규 ( Seo Cheongyu )

발행기관 : 미래군사학회 간행물 : 한국군사학논총 16권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 185-212 (28 pages)

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The study originates from curiosity as to why Choseon, the country that prospered for 200 years after its foundation, had to helplessly go through neighboring Japan's invasion, had its capital captured in less than about 20 days.
Accordingly, the purpose of the study is to get to the bottom of how Choseon analyzed the possibility of the war with Japan and political situation at the time through indications of war and intelligence activities and why the state considered Japan's invasion was off the table before the outbreak of the war. Furthermore, the study delves into at which point Choseon recognized the possibility of a war and started preparing for it, and how effectively, especially from a military perspective, efforts to deter the war and military readiness were pursued.
The study shows that Japan, the country that started the war, was well-equipped with mighty military with the closure of 100-years-long Sengoku Period. In contrast, Choseon was too weak and was hardly prepared to make a response. Only after Choseon missions to Japan came back from Japan, did it actually start to grasp situational awareness and prepare itself for the war. However, this, too, did not last long due to factional strifes over party interests and the escalating grievances of its people. The whole country ushered in a war without practical preparations accompanied by transition into the war readiness posture.
From a perspective that history repeats itself, Im-jin War is considered to be still giving us invaluable lessons in terms of security environments surrounding the Korean peninsula. The peninsula is in dire need to make a clear-cut judgments and strategic assessments not only on its neighboring nations, but also on the North's political affairs We must equip ourselves with situational awareness and collect national power.

9군사학 학문연구 동향 탐색 - 한국군사학논총 논문 분석을 중심으로 -

저자 : 설현주 ( Hyeonju Seol )

발행기관 : 미래군사학회 간행물 : 한국군사학논총 16권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 213-232 (20 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the trends of what kind of research is actually being conducted on the military studies. To do this, the research analyzed the articles published in the Review of Korean Military Studies. As a method for analysis, a topic modeling technique, which is one kind of text mining, was used. As a result, it was found that the research was mainly conducted on nine subjects. In view of the nature and content of the subject, despite the fact that the military studies is a fusion of literature, the paper published in the Review of Korean Military Studies has found that the thesis of the humanities and sociological approach is mainstream.
In order to investigate the research trends of military studies and to examine the relationship among the research topics, an association rule mining was conducted. As a result, it was found that the research topics derived from the topic modeling analysis were dealt with in some ways with some relevance. The most peculiar thing is the subject related to politics and diplomacy, which, along with almost all the subjects, are relevant and appear in the study, which is a military studies that talks about war, but political and diplomatic solutions or approaches are important in solving military problems.
This study is an exploratory study to identify trends in the field of military studies, and it is expected to be helpful in looking at the achievements of the Korean association of future military affairs of the past decade and in the future development of military science.

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