the Sixteen Kingdoms Period of Wu Hu (304－439) several powers including Han Chinese and Wu Hu (五胡 “Five Barbaric Tribes”), although it was during a short period of time, could develop as separate political regimes in the area of Hexi aside from Central China, which was experiencing political turbulence. Hexi was located where it allowed brisk cultural exchange of the East and the West. Powers in the Hexi region developed mainly based on castle-cities (a city inside a castle) to continue its regime. Several ethnic groups dwelt together and the natural environment allowed both farming and nomadism. The discourse on the Hexi culture has been perceived to be the mixture of several cultures and ethnic groups as the whole. However, the influx of almost too many small powers hindered unification of the region by one dominant power or culture, and rather, diverse political regimes and ethnic cultures coexisted composing a ‘mosaic structure. The geographical advantages and emerging political powers led the Hexi region to an economic unit developing a unique local culture distinct from others including Central China. In addition, Buddhism, the indigenous beliefs, and Confucianism from the Han Dynasty influenced on each regime resulting the development of the ‘Hexi culture.’
The Hexi region is not just a corridor or a pathway but also a ‘boundary region’ where it developed its own political independency. Each regime had distinguished characteristics shown through its travel route, important locales, and political ideology. Western Liang (西凉), Southern Liang (南凉), and Northern Liang (北凉), among a number of small powers, stood out taking advantages of the downfall of the Later Liang (後凉). On the one hand, sharp conflicts between such powers made each power survive only for short period of time. The short lives of powers in Hexi allowed cultural diversity and co-existence of different ethnic groups. On the other hand, however, despite each power’s distinct cultural characteristics, frequent incursions between each other, emigration policies, and blurred territorial boundaries also resulted a heterogenous mixture of diverse cultures. Such political rise and cultural diversity emerged in the Hexi region became the momentum to expand the scope of Tang culture.
: 사회과학분야 > 사회학
한국학술정보㈜의 모든 학술 자료는 각 학회 및 기관과 저작권 계약을 통해 제공하고 있습니다.
이에 본 자료를 상업적 이용, 무단 배포 등 불법적으로 이용할 시에는 저작권법 및 관계법령에 따른 책임을 질 수 있습니다.