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부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원> 지중해지역연구> 아불라피아가 바라 본 지중해와 인간

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아불라피아가 바라 본 지중해와 인간

How does David Abulafia think of the Mediterranean and the People who lived and live there?

임성철 ( Rhim Sung-chul )
  • : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원
  • : 지중해지역연구 21권4호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 11월
  • : 177-192(16pages)

DOI


목차

1. 아불라피아가 내세운 지중해 역사 서술의 주된 관점
2. 『위대한 바다』의 전체 구성 및 내용
3. 『위대한 바다』에 담긴 지중해 역사 서술의 학술적 관점

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  • : 사회과학분야  > 인문지리
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 1229-7542
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1999-2020
  • : 514


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1철 기술 전파로 본 사하라 무역로의 역할과 지중해와 서아프리카 수단 지역 문명의 교류

저자 : 김광수 ( Kim Kwang-su )

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-39 (39 pages)

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Although recorded data and archaeological excavations are not sufficient, the West African Sudanese region had early contacts with the Mediterranean, North African, and Sahara deserts through Greek, Latin, Arabic historical records and ancient Saharan rock art. In addition, access to camels made it possible for the Sahara trade routes to develop and for the three civilizations to develop exchange.
The iron technology that was introduced into the Mediterranean and North Africa appears to have been transmitted through the Trans- Saharan trade routes to the Western Sudan. The Phoenicians brought iron knowledge to North Africa, especially to today's Tunisia and Libya, passing through Carthage the “passage of knowledge” crossing over the Sahara Desert to the Western Sudan.Those who brought iron technology to the Western Sudan region were the Garamantes and Berbers who traveled through the Trans-Saharan Trade Route. They were able to deliver iron technology since the Trans-Saharan trade routes connected the Mediterranean, North Africa and Western Sudan regions. These areas were not isolated but were connected and carrying out exchanges.
Hence, this paper refutes the argument that claims 'Africa has no history' or 'African history is excluded from the center of world history.' It also seeks to identify from the Afrocentrism perspective that the North African and Western Sudan civilization were not on the periphery of the Mediterranean civilization and they should be duly evaluated as an African civilization and even as a part of world civilization.

2독일의 언론보도가 난민 정책변화에 미친 영향과 시사점

저자 : 성일광

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 41-74 (34 pages)

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This study provides important insights into German press culture during a crucial period of agenda-setting for today's refugee and asylum crisis. It explores how German news coverage had an impact on asylum policy change and its implications for Korean asylum policy. Two terrible accidents, in November 2015 Paris terror attack and sexual assaults against the women on 2016 New Year's Eve firework night in Cologne, which rapidly inflamed German domestic public opinion towards the refugees. Even before these accidents German press played a pivotal role in having bad effects on German's perceptions of the refugees. German domestic politics were deeply influenced by press news coverage as well as German public opinions, whereupon far-right anti-immigrant party AfD won seats not only in general election but also in German federal election(Bundestagswahl). The end result is that German Chancellor Angela Merkel was forced to compromise with Interior Minister Horst Seehofer on reforming asylum policy. There are two implications for Korea: one is in the long term perspective, reorganizing asylum law in order to provide the refugees various aids as well as preparing a comprehensive amylum policy and the other is improving the skeptical images of the asylums. To this end it is very important for Korean government to cooperate with the mass media.

3율리아누스의 정치적 부상에 관한 연구(355-361년) -군사 및 민사 정책과 지도력을 중심으로-

저자 : 손태창 ( Son Tae-chang )

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 75-118 (44 pages)

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Julianus was Caesar who ruled Galia under Roman Multi Ruler System when the Roman empire has been reorganized in the middle of fourth century by Constantius II. In the end of 355 he was sent to Galia by Constantius which was exposed to the invasions of German tribes. Basically Constantius intended to make him as a vassal who should act like a spokesman.
Although Julianus was unexperienced young man in the politics nevertheless he established his solid power base in Galia. This is noticed in several phases. Firstly till the year of 357 namely in the first station of his career in Galia he proved his ability as military leader through battle experiences and was successful in gaining the supports of Galian soldiers. Especially the great victory against the German tribes at Argentartum became the ground basis for his military hegemony. The next phase was the struggle with the Preafectus Florentius. Here he overcame him in the policy of taxation and grain supply and this success became his stable basis in the governance of Galia.
Constantius sided with Julianus in those policies in the end. Then the decisive event happened in the early 360. Constantius ordered many parts of Galian army to be moved to the Persian front in order to compensate the hard military state there. But Julianus made use of the psychological state of those soldiers, and he did not comply to the order but stood for the Galian soldiers that would not move. Thereafter he required to be Augustus for Galia but Constantius rejected. Finally Julianus declared the war against Constantius relying on Galian support. He mobilized his army quickly and was very successful till all the territory of late Constans was occupied for him.
When the early career of Julianus is observed we come to know that he was being made well as both an able leader and military commander. He understood the military mind of his soldiers, and had the competence to transform it for his base so that his status could be raised to Augustus. Moreover he was the person who had not only the ability executing the policy but also persuasive talent. Galia was therefore a good field for him in the sense of self development. The experience as Caesar there brought him to be recognized as Augustus later. His potential leadership and commanding of the army became the source which led his military mutiny to the success.

4터키 알레비 통합당의 창당과정에 관한 연구

저자 : 우덕찬

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 119-138 (20 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to examine the process of the formation of the Alevi' Unity Party in Turkey. The Political and social mobilizations in 1960s played crucial role in the formation of the Unity Party of the Alevi in Turkey. On October 1966, a denominational party, called the Unity Party was created for the Alevi in Turkey. In 1969, in its first general election, the Unity Party gained 2.8% of the valid votes and eight MPs. In 1969, the Unity party was renamed the Unity Party of Turkey.
In 1973 election, the Unity Party of Turkey took advantage of the absence of any socialist party and allied with a group of socialist. Depite that, it obtained only 1.1% of the votes and disappeared completely from Parliament after the 1997 election, where it obtained only 0.4% of the votes. The Unity Party of Turkey was a representative of the ideology of a denominational community. The Alevis were too socially and economically differentiated to gather in a party whose program had for single originality an Alevi symbolic. Aleviness could not reach to the place occupied by orthodox Islam in political discourse and the Alevis did not succeed in transforming their religious system into a mobilizing political ideology.

5이스라엘 유대인사회의 종족성과 정체성 -'예멘 유대인'의 사례를 중심으로-

저자 : 임안나 ( Lim An Na )

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 139-173 (35 pages)

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This article examines the formation of ethnic group and identities in Jewish Israeli society, drawing the case of Yemenite Jews in Rehovoth. Since the establishment of State of Israel in 1948, there have been mass immigrations from all over the world, particularly from Muslim countries. Faced with the task of integrating different groups into a new Israeli Jew, the Israeli government attempted to legitimize the Zionist ideal of Judaization and De-Arabization. In the course of nation-building project, early Jewish European settlers attempted to distinguish themselves from Jews from Muslim countries, labelling them as Mizrahim. Those immigrants from MENA confronted with social discrimination, especially in housing, education, and employment.
While such ethnic discrimination initiated the consciousness of ethno-class among MENA Jews, Yemenite Jews have formed an ethnic identity as a counter-collective against the Israeli mainstream society. The immigration of Yemenite Jews began in the beginning of 20th century when they were recruited as manual labor for Zionist settlers. In Rehovoth Yemenites built their own society based on their residential neighborhoods. Although different Yemenites groups there have formed separated communities based on their place of origin in Yemen and their residential place over several decades, Yemenite identity as a homogenous group has formed in response to resist against the oppressive control of bureaucratic administration and racial discrimination.
While political ethnicity has been used to negotiate rights and equality among the Yemenites, the Yemenite identity also has been shaped and reproduced through their everyday experiences in relation with wider society. Notably, the ethnic category is being reinforced in a new form of cultural ethnicity. Although the 'Levant' culture that Yemenite Jews brought with them was officially subject to be deleted from the Euro-centric and Zionist norms, Yemenite Jews utilize their cultural elements to reinforce their ethnic identity as 'Yemenites'. Significantly, the identities of Israeli and Jewish nation are intersected with Yemenite ethnic identity.

6아불라피아가 바라 본 지중해와 인간

저자 : 임성철 ( Rhim Sung-chul )

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 177-192 (16 pages)

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