A comparative study of novels dealing with “immigrants in Korea” and “immigrants in other countries”, which are focused on in this article, is still insufficient. Among them, Kim Jae-Young’s「The Elephant」and Hae I-Su’s 「Day on the Stone Pillow」are representative works that focus on the common problems both groups have in Korea and abroad. Both of these works were published in 2004, and are considered to be a work that unfolds the lives of immigrant migrant workers living in abroad nation in a realistic manner.
These two works show a common feature that migrant workers describe the terrible and gloomy situation by using multiple narrative strategies such as suffering, conflict, and Allegory narrative. When we look at the narrative strategies used in 「The Elephant」 and 「Day on the stone pillow」, it can be seen that they are constructed with multiple narrative strategies such as hardship narrative, conflict narrative, and Allegory narrative. This narrative strategy can be said to be a strategy that breaks away from the simplified and closed narrative structure and solves the complex problems of the situation of migrant workers which also can be said to be the result of depicting the process of migrant dealing with different problems.
What is noteworthy here is that both novels are looking for the cause of suffers from conflicts between migrant workers who are in a similar situation rather than conflicts with residents. The image of a migrant worker in the 「The Elephant」 is depicted in the form of committing murder even for the sake of stealing the money of his co-worker, even though he cannot resist injustice. The migrant workers depicted in the 「Day on the Stone Pillow」 also have no consideration among the workers and they appear to be faithful to the materialistic desire which is shown from the wage delay and even fraud to each other.
Both the images of these immigrants and their lives are allegorical, using multicultural elements. 「The Elephant」 has unveiled the life of migrant workers with the symbolic meaning of 'elephant' in Hindu mythology and 'outside' in Myanmar language. The day on the stone pillow is the story of Jacob's stone pillow and let readers naturally understand the heart of migrant workers.
To summarize, 「The Elephant」 and 「Day on the Stone Pillow」 are constructed with multiple narrative strategies such as hardship, conflict, and allegory. This is to break away from the existing closed narrative structure and to solve the problems of immigrants' identities, conflict with the residents, exclusion and marginalization, integration and harmony, It is a strategic narrative that unravels through the spectrum of emotions. In addition, this multiple narrative structure allows readers to actively read and solve problems in the work, and furthermore, enables them to describe various problems experienced by the main characters in a realistic and stereoscopic way.
: 인문과학분야 > 기타(인문과학)
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