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서울대학교 통일평화연구원> Asian Journal of Peacebuilding> Historical Background of Nuclear Waste Policy Formation in Finland and Comparison with (West) Germany

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Historical Background of Nuclear Waste Policy Formation in Finland and Comparison with (West) Germany

Nagako Sato
  • : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원
  • : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 7권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 05월
  • : 73-87(15pages)

DOI

10.18588/202005.00a075


목차

Introduction
Definition of Terms and Analytical Framework
Comparative Analysis of the Two Countries
Conclusion
Notes
Acknowledgements
References

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초록 보기


						
In 2001, the Finnish Parliament approved the plan for a high-level nuclear waste (HLW) repository in Finland, the first move of its kind worldwide. This article analyzes the historical background of radioactive waste policy formation in Finland, comparing it to that of (West) Germany in the Cold War context and after. Military ambitions and non-proliferation, political culture and civil society, and energy policy are considered. In Germany, reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel (SNF), which could make nuclear armament possible, was pursued until 1989 and often spurred opposition movements. Finland, in contrast, renounced reprocessing around 1980. In addition, there was a notable absence of a strong nationwide anti-nuclear movement in Finland against the backdrop of the Cold War.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2019-300-001161739

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 반년간
  • : 2288-2693
  • : 2288-2707
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2013-2020
  • : 122


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1Legacies and Politics of Nuclear Power

저자 : Makiko Takemoto

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-7 (7 pages)

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2Born Violent: The Origins of Nuclear Power

저자 : Robert Jacobs

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 9-29 (21 pages)

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This article traces the history of the development and construction of the first prototypes and operating nuclear power plants, all as part of the Manhattan Project. Beginning with CP-1, the first self-sustained nuclear chain reaction in 1942, it details subsequent Manhattan Project reactors and then examines the construction and operation of the first modern nuclear power plants built at Hanford, Washington. These were built for the sole purpose of manufacturing plutonium for nuclear weapons. The article argues that nuclear power was born violent: it was invented as part of the manufacturing process of nuclear weaponry. This argument goes beyond previous historiography focusing on the technological development of nuclear power to emphasize the purpose of its development, the mass and indiscriminate killing of human beings.

3France's Marcoule Nuclear Site: A History of Transition from Military to Civilian Use

저자 : Chieko Kojima

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 31-54 (24 pages)

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French nuclear research began for military purposes and then further developed for business. This article traces the history of French nuclear development from the establishment of the French Atomic Energy Commission in 1945 to the present by dividing this period into six phases. Contrary to previous studies which focus on certain periods, seventy years of French nuclear history is investigated here. It describes the transition from military to civilian use, the development of the nuclear fuel cycle including the fast breeder reactor, spent nuclear fuel reprocessing, and disposal research. Additionally, based on a historical case study of the Marcoule site, the oldest nuclear site in France, this article shows that France will rely on back-end nuclear technology to survive in the twenty-first century.

4The Legacies of the Uranium Mining Company “Wismut” in East Germany

저자 : Eiichi Kido

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 55-72 (18 pages)

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“Wismut” was the code name of the uranium mine located in the East German provinces of Saxony and Thuringia. It was founded to supply the Soviet Union with materials for nuclear weapons. Under harsh conditions, miners received various material benefits. However, the work at Wismut led to health problems for workers and caused environmental damage. After German reunification, the Wismut GmbH Company was founded to carry out a clean-up operation. Despite spending enormous amounts of time and money, the restoration and decontamination of the area is not complete. The discourse over Wismut should not be mere nostalgia of hard mining work or the success of decontamination. A perspective is needed that connects the victims of Wismut with that of other nuclear sites as “Global Hibakusha.”

5Historical Background of Nuclear Waste Policy Formation in Finland and Comparison with (West) Germany

저자 : Nagako Sato

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 73-87 (15 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

In 2001, the Finnish Parliament approved the plan for a high-level nuclear waste (HLW) repository in Finland, the first move of its kind worldwide. This article analyzes the historical background of radioactive waste policy formation in Finland, comparing it to that of (West) Germany in the Cold War context and after. Military ambitions and non-proliferation, political culture and civil society, and energy policy are considered. In Germany, reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel (SNF), which could make nuclear armament possible, was pursued until 1989 and often spurred opposition movements. Finland, in contrast, renounced reprocessing around 1980. In addition, there was a notable absence of a strong nationwide anti-nuclear movement in Finland against the backdrop of the Cold War.

6Women Teaching Peace: Shaping the Thought and Action of Future Generations

저자 : Jasmin Nario-galace

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 89-104 (16 pages)

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This study investigates the effects of a peace education camp, designed and organized by women peace advocates, in shaping the beliefs and attitudes of youth leaders after a violent incident that threatened the gains of a peace process in the Philippines. The study uses quantitative methodology and a two observation (pretest-posttest) design. Seventy students participated in the research. The Beliefs and Attitudes toward Peace Issues (BATPI) scale developed by the researcher was employed. Data analysis procedures used the t-test for paired samples. Results showed that beliefs and attitudes of participants toward peace and the peace process significantly improved after the peace education camp. Implications and applications of findings are discussed and recommendations are offered.

7Post-Conflict Experiences of Resettled Bakassi Peninsula People, 2006-2016

저자 : Aloysius Nyuymengka Ngalim

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 105-123 (19 pages)

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The Greentree Agreement of 2006 between Cameroon and Nigeria ended the conflict over the ownership of the oil and fish rich Bakassi Peninsula in favor of Cameroon and created problems for the relocated and resettled Nigerians. This article argues that contrary to the generally accepted theory by many scholars that heritage values are often the concern of displaced persons, we found that practical economic needs and the desire for functional participation in governance of those relocated in New Bakassi have been the main problems of the displacees leading to an indigenous-incomer divide that could generate a crisis that may degenerate into intractable conflict. The study reveals that due to government insensitivity and corruption, proper resettlement for Bakassi returnees is yet to be addressed.

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This article analyzes the role of the Justice and Peace Commission (JPC) of the Archdiocese of Bamenda in the management and prevention of inter-ethnic conflicts in the Northwest Region of Cameroon. It demonstrates that the active participation of this institution in peacebuilding is marked by partial success. There is much belief in the capacity of faith-based institutions to manage conflicts. However, evidence on the role of this Catholic Commission in terms of engagement and mediation in peacebuilding among warring ethnic communities is not encouraging. While its dialogue approach has significantly checked violence, its Peace Education Programme has failed to build an entrenched culture of peace. It operates in a context of significant obstacles and direly needs to beef up its operations.

9Social Dialogue: A Tool of Social Reintegration and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding in Nepal

저자 : Chiranjibi Bhandari

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 143-160 (18 pages)

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Successfully reintegrating former rebels into civil society is a crucial task in post-conflict countries. In the aftermath of a decade-long conflict (1996-2006) in Nepal, management of arms and armies became a major issue in the domain of post-conflict peacebuilding. “From Combatants to Peacemakers” was an initiative to promote peace and harmony among the former ex-combatants and host communities. In this context, this article highlights the role of social dialogue, which proved effective in promoting social harmony, peace, and reconciliation among ex-combatants and community members in Nepal. Also, the article explicates the worth of social dialogue that may be used in other parts of the world to successfully reconcile former antagonist groups into the same communities.

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