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경희대학교 언어정보연구소> 언어연구> Coercion and language change: A usage-based approach

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Coercion and language change: A usage-based approach

Soyeon Yoon
  • : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소
  • : 언어연구 36권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 04월
  • : 111-139(29pages)
피인용수 : 27건

(자료제공: 네이버학술정보)

DOI


목차

1. Introduction
2. The correlation between frequency in language use and linguistic knowledge
3. Research method
4. Results
5. Discussion
6. Summary and conclusion
References
Appendix

키워드 보기


초록 보기


						
This study explores the roles of frequency and expressions that are not perfectly compatible with existing grammar on the usage-based assumption that linguistic knowledge is grounded in language use. Specifically, this study examines grammatical knowledge regarding semantic compatibility between Korean do-light verb construction ([NP-ul ha-ta] ‘do NP’) and its co-occurring noun phrase (NP), and the resolution of their incompatibility (i.e., coercion). Altogether, 163 Korean native speakers were randomly assigned to four groups, each reading passages with five embedded sentences 10 times belonging to one of the four compatibility categories ([no/mild/strong/impossible] coercion) during five input sessions. When acceptability scores judged after the input sessions were compared to those before the sessions, the coerced sentences were judged more acceptable in general. Specifically, improvement in judgments on all compatibility degrees was the greatest in the group that read the strong coercion sentences, showing that the degree of grammar extension is correlated with the degree of coercion that the speakers have experienced. Moreover, judgments on sentences not exposed in the input sessions also similarly improved in the posttest, implying that speakers generalize the frequent coerced pattern applying it to new instances. The study demonstrates that frequency in relatively ungrammatical expressions in language use is one of the central mechanisms of language change. (Incheon National University)

UCI(KEPA)

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  • : 어문학분야  > 언어학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 연3회
  • : 1229-1374
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1979-2019
  • : 547


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발행기관 최신논문
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1The advantages and challenges of “big data”: Insights from the 14 billion word iWeb corpus

저자 : Mark Davies , Jong-bok Kim

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-34 (34 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The iWeb corpus contains nearly 14 billion words from 22 million web pages, and it has been designed in a way that allows users to quickly and easily create “Virtual Corpora”, in order to focus on websites that are related to their areas of interest. The data from this very large corpus provides very detailed information on syntactic, morphological, lexical, and semantic phenomena, in ways that would never be possible with a small 100 million or 500 million word corpus. In addition, the corpus provides a number of features that are not available with other large corpora, such as the ability to perform advanced searches of the top 60,000 words in the corpus, and to see a wealth of information on each of these words - definitions, links to images and audio, translations, detailed frequency information, related topics, collocates, word clusters, re-sortable concordance lines, and much more. Finally, we discuss the challenges of large corpora, and how the corpus architecture that is used for iWeb has uniquely been designed to address these challenges. (Brigham Young University · Kyung Hee University)

2Rethinking the teaching of grammar from the perspective of corpus linguistics

저자 : Chongwon Park , Elizabethada Wright , David Beard , Ron Regal

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 35-65 (31 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Despite calls from many composition and rhetoric scholars for instructors of writing to stop teaching prescriptive grammar, a vast number of handbooks intended for college writing classes encourage this tradition. For example, Hacker's Pocket Style Manual has a section on grammar with instructions for students on how to write appropriately. While Hacker may not intend for her instructions to be taken as dictums, they often are, and much time is spent in many classrooms teaching students these rules of grammar. This article uses the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) to support the calls from composition and rhetoric scholars that prescriptive instruction in grammar is more a hindrance to writing instruction than a benefit. Focusing on a few specifics from frequently used grammar handbooks and illustrating how big data shows the “rules” are incorrect at best, this article argues that, just as scholars of English have begun using big data to better understand literary history, scholars of rhetoric and composition might better understand how to help students to write by understanding patterns within big data. Certainly, this argument recognizes that “common usage” may not necessarily be the most eloquent usage. In making this argument, this article focuses on the [neither or either of X] + Verb construction, where the Verb may have either a plural or a singular form. Our findings illustrate that the “real world” writing is different from what textbooks dictate, and we suggest the data-driven observations need to be appropriately incorporated in writing classes. (University of Minnesota Duluth)

3Effects of gender on the use of voice onset time and fundamental frequency cues in perception and production of English stops

저자 : Eunjin Oh

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 67-89 (23 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study investigated the effects of gender on the use of voice onset time (VOT) and fundamental frequency (F0) cues in perceiving and producing stop voicing in English. This line of inquiry stemmed from the consistent finding in previous studies that females produced longer mean VOT values than males for voiceless stops in English. The results of a forced-choice identification experiment showed that listener gender had no significant effect on the use of VOT and F0 cues in categorizing voiced and voiceless stops. The results of a production experiment found that females produced a smaller average VOT value for voiceless stops than males, contradicting the results of previous studies that females consistently showed longer mean VOT values. The statistical analyses did not identify any significant gender-based differences in VOT values and VOT/F0 distinctions between voiced and voiceless stops. The results of the perception and production experiments may indicate that the gender is not a factor in the use of VOT and F0 cues for stop voicing in English. (Ewha Womans University)

4A phonetic examination of phonological ambisyllabicity: Focusing on temporal and spectral characteristics

저자 : Joo-kyeong Lee , Yuhyeon Seo

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 91-110 (20 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper casts doubt on the existence of phonological ambisyllabicity and attempts to find its phonetic substances both temporally and spectrally. An intervocalic consonant becomes ambisyllabic when preceded by a stressed lax vowel, a theoretical apparatus to make the preceding stressed light syllable heavy by linking the intervocalic consonant to both preceding coda and following onset. In the experiment, temporal durations of ambisyllabic and non-ambisyllabic intervocalic consonants were compared, where consonants were varied with obstruents, nasals, and liquids. For a spectral measurement, lateral tokens were investigated because lateral /l/is the only consonant which shows a maximum allophonic difference between onset and coda (clear-[l] and dark-[ɫ]). Their F2-F1 values were compared among the laterals in ambisyllabic, non-ambisyllabic, word-initial onset, and word-final coda positions. Results showed that ambisyllabic and non-ambisyllabic consonants were not significantly different in duration for all three categories and that F2-F1 values of the laterals were not significantly different between ambisyllabic and non-ambisyllabic positions. This is not consistent with the phonological analysis. They were both distinctive from onset or coda laterals. This indicates that there might be a new allophony occurring in the intervocalic position where the preceding syllable is, whether its vowel is tense or lax, stressed. (University of Seoul · Korea University)

5Coercion and language change: A usage-based approach

저자 : Soyeon Yoon

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 36권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 111-139 (29 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study explores the roles of frequency and expressions that are not perfectly compatible with existing grammar on the usage-based assumption that linguistic knowledge is grounded in language use. Specifically, this study examines grammatical knowledge regarding semantic compatibility between Korean do-light verb construction ([NP-ul ha-ta] 'do NP') and its co-occurring noun phrase (NP), and the resolution of their incompatibility (i.e., coercion). Altogether, 163 Korean native speakers were randomly assigned to four groups, each reading passages with five embedded sentences 10 times belonging to one of the four compatibility categories ([no/mild/strong/impossible] coercion) during five input sessions. When acceptability scores judged after the input sessions were compared to those before the sessions, the coerced sentences were judged more acceptable in general. Specifically, improvement in judgments on all compatibility degrees was the greatest in the group that read the strong coercion sentences, showing that the degree of grammar extension is correlated with the degree of coercion that the speakers have experienced. Moreover, judgments on sentences not exposed in the input sessions also similarly improved in the posttest, implying that speakers generalize the frequent coerced pattern applying it to new instances. The study demonstrates that frequency in relatively ungrammatical expressions in language use is one of the central mechanisms of language change. (Incheon National University)

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