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서울대학교 사회과학대학 인류학과> Korean Anthropology Review> South Korean Factory Managers’ Transnational Life in Ho Chi Minh City

South Korean Factory Managers’ Transnational Life in Ho Chi Minh City

Chae Suhong
  • : 서울대학교 사회과학대학 인류학과
  • : Korean Anthropology Review 3권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 02월
  • : 1-40(40pages)

DOI


목차

1. Introduction
2. Transnational Studies of Overseas Migrant Labor
3. Methods and Object of Study
4. Political-Economic Conditions and Socioeconomic Status of Korean Factory Managers in Ho Chi Minh City
5. Korean Factory Managers and Their Lives in Transnational Workplaces in Ho Chi Minh
6. Transnational Lives of Korean Managers in Their Living Spaces
7. Conclusion: Transnational Life and the Future of Korean Factory Managers in Ho Chi Minh
References

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It has become commonplace in the global production system for workers to relocate to various regions across the world. Companies import migrant workers by making capital and labor more flexible in order to maximize profits. As a result, sojourners-those who do not intend to settle down for good but instead are likely to return to their home countries-are increasing in number, and their transnational life patterns, woven by their movements between their homes and their resident countries, are receiving more academic attention. This article draws on South Korean managers’ experiences in Vietnam to gain a better understanding of transnationalism. South Korean factory managers, when they move from relatively wealthy South Korea to relatively poor Vietnam, tend to work in the new region without intending to permanently settle down or to be assimilated into the local culture. They are also unlikely to be victims of discrimination by native residents. Although they do not form a social majority in the region, they are allocated superior status at workplaces and in everyday contexts. Nevertheless, their life is constrained by their nationality status as foreigners and by their social class status as lowermiddle- class skilled workers. This empirical study ties the distinctive characteristics shown in the transnational lives of South Korean factory managers to their socioeconomic reproduction, as well as to the creation and care of their families.

UCI(KEPA)

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  • : 사회과학분야  > 기타(사회과학)
  • :
  • :
  • : 기타
  • : 2508-8297
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2017-2019
  • : 28


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1Editors' Note

저자 : Hyang Jin Jung , Olga Fedorenko , Hilary Finchum-sung

발행기관 : 서울대학교 사회과학대학 인류학과 간행물 : Korean Anthropology Review 3권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 0-0 (1 pages)

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(In lieu of an abstract) We the editors of Korean Anthropology Review: A journal of Korean anthropology in translation (KAR) are glad to present its third volume. Its articles are selected around the theme of migration, and we hope that they will contribute to enriching scholarly conversations on this important topic with nuanced ethnographic portrayals, analytical insights, and situated perspectives that resonate beyond South Korea.

2Notes on Contributors

저자 : 서울대학교사회과학대학인류학과

발행기관 : 서울대학교 사회과학대학 인류학과 간행물 : Korean Anthropology Review 3권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 0--1 (0 pages)

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3South Korean Factory Managers' Transnational Life in Ho Chi Minh City

저자 : Chae Suhong

발행기관 : 서울대학교 사회과학대학 인류학과 간행물 : Korean Anthropology Review 3권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-40 (40 pages)

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초록보기

It has become commonplace in the global production system for workers to relocate to various regions across the world. Companies import migrant workers by making capital and labor more flexible in order to maximize profits. As a result, sojourners-those who do not intend to settle down for good but instead are likely to return to their home countries-are increasing in number, and their transnational life patterns, woven by their movements between their homes and their resident countries, are receiving more academic attention. This article draws on South Korean managers' experiences in Vietnam to gain a better understanding of transnationalism. South Korean factory managers, when they move from relatively wealthy South Korea to relatively poor Vietnam, tend to work in the new region without intending to permanently settle down or to be assimilated into the local culture. They are also unlikely to be victims of discrimination by native residents. Although they do not form a social majority in the region, they are allocated superior status at workplaces and in everyday contexts. Nevertheless, their life is constrained by their nationality status as foreigners and by their social class status as lowermiddle- class skilled workers. This empirical study ties the distinctive characteristics shown in the transnational lives of South Korean factory managers to their socioeconomic reproduction, as well as to the creation and care of their families.

4Commentary: South Korean Factory Managers' Transnational Life in Ho Chi Minh City by Chae Suhong

저자 : Nguyen Nu Nguyet Anh

발행기관 : 서울대학교 사회과학대학 인류학과 간행물 : Korean Anthropology Review 3권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 41-43 (3 pages)

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(In lieu of an abstract) The article, “South Korean Factory Managers' Transnational Life in Ho Chi Minh City,” written by Chae Suhong, discusses the concept of transnationalism based on the lives of South Korean (hereafter, Korean) managers working in and around Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. In his well written and clearly structured article, Chae presents a complex analysis of (1) movements of Korean skilled and managerial migrant workers toVietnam; (2) their socio-economic status affected by political and economic conditions of both the country of origin and the host country; and (3) their transnational lives, specifically in their transnational work and living spaces.

5“Escape from Hell-Joseon”: A Study of Korean Long-term Travelers in India

저자 : Lee Minyoung

발행기관 : 서울대학교 사회과학대학 인류학과 간행물 : Korean Anthropology Review 3권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 45-78 (34 pages)

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The objectives of this study were: 1) to understand present day long-term travels of Korean youth by connecting these to a “Hell- Joseon” discourse; 2) to examine the Korean phenomenon of tal-Joseon (escape from Korea), a practice that is difficult to explain through concepts related to tourism or immigration; 3) to identify the life changes travelers experience after tal-Joseon travel with a focus on their increased mobility. The results of this research are the following. First, people, mostly youths, who are frustrated by Korea's social structure and culture are traveling abroad for extended periods to get away from Korea. Second, the migration routes tal-Joseon travelers take are different depending on the traveler's social class. Lower-middle class youth travelers, for example, follow a repetitive pattern of physical labor in developed nations and long-term rest in developing nations. Third, the main goal sought by long-term travelers in India, one of most popular destinations for long-term rest, is “detoxing from Hell-Joseon” through rest, healing, and a search for the self. Fourth, when long-term travelers finish their trips, the meaning of “home” changes for them; an increased mobility is observed in their lives. The tal-Joseon travel phenomenon is related to an increasing global mobility, a trend of blurring boundaries between tourism and migration, and the structural problems in Korea where young people are increasingly excluded from society including the labor market. This study contributes to reflective research on those who choose to run away from Korean society and contributes to a new theory of global mobility.

6Transnational Care for Aged Parents Left Behind in Uzbekistan: A Case of Koryoin Migrants in Gwangju

저자 : Kim Kyunghak

발행기관 : 서울대학교 사회과학대학 인류학과 간행물 : Korean Anthropology Review 3권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 79-129 (51 pages)

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The number of Koryoin (ethnic Koreans in post-Soviet states) migrants residing in South Korea is escalating as a result of the combined influence of various push and pull factors. Push factors include high unemployment and an uncertain future for the younger generation following Uzbek independence and the Uzbek government's ethnic-centric nationalism policies. Pull factors include South Korea's high salaries and an immigration policy open to overseas Koreans. Care for elderly Koryoin remaining in Uzbekistan after their children migrate to South Korea exhibits transnational characteristics. This study examines aspects of transnational caregiving practices for Koryoin elderly parents remaining in Uzbekistan who are cared for by their adult children who have returned to South Korea. The care practices are examined within a transnationally separated extended family network of Uzbek Koryoin. The study analyzes factors that influence the transnational care practices of Koryoin children in South Korea toward their older parents. Existing research on international migration and transnational families has mainly focused on nations where migrants settle down. Overlooked are the perspectives of elderly parents of migrants. This article aims to understand the following topics from the perspectives of older parents in particular: the emotional influence of children's international migration; transnational life and care practices of migrant children; prospects for the reunification of migrants and their parents. Multi-sited field work was carried out in South Korea and Uzbekistan to achieve these research objectives.

7Foreign English Instructors and Orientalism: A Case Study of English Instructors in Jeonju, Korea

저자 : Kim Ji Hye

발행기관 : 서울대학교 사회과학대학 인류학과 간행물 : Korean Anthropology Review 3권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 131-174 (44 pages)

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This research examines the ways in which the ideas and mechanism of Orientalism are expressed and utilized by Western English instructors in Jeonju. Through critical and experiential analysis, I explore Edward Said's discourse on Orientalism, the most influential argument to date regarding the relationship between the East and West. This study is divided into three parts. First, I investigate English instructors' notions of the East before their move to South Korea. Second, I explore the changes in their notions after living in South Korea for a time. Lastly, I examine the way in which the ideas of Orientalism are utilized by the instructors. I conclude that even today, English instructors in South Korea are bound by the pervading notion of Orientalism. Even so, they are not consciously aware of the concept nor are their daily actions deliberately informed by it. Yet, they experience changes in Orientalism in unfamiliar situations and strategically utilize its ideas to maintain their identity and resolve conflict. In other words, Orientalism doesn't operate as a fixed system that constantly buoys Eurocentric notions; it is flexible and dynamic as its influence weakens or strengthens depending on context.

8From Undocumented Migrant Workers to Migrant Media Activists: A Case Study of MWTV Migrant Media Activists

저자 : Jung Sungshin

발행기관 : 서울대학교 사회과학대학 인류학과 간행물 : Korean Anthropology Review 3권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 175-210 (36 pages)

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Exclusion of and discrimination against migrant workers in South Korea have long been popular research topics for anthropologists and other social scientists. Whereas earlier research focused on the status of migrant workers as minorities and their exclusion from mainstream Korean society, this article examines how long-term migrant workers have adapted to South Korean culture, what kinds of qualifications and opportunities they have gained in South Korea, and how their lifeworlds changed as a result. While exploring how and in what contexts the South Korean nation-state realized and executed violence on migrant workers, the analysis turns to how migrant media activists resisted this violence through protests and media productions. By illustrating the activities of migrant media activists and their production of media contents, the article argues that the lives of migrant workers have been equally shaped by the biopolitics against migrant workers in Korean society and the identity politics of migrants' struggles to be recognized as social beings.

9Family Life, Conflicts, and Adaptations of Immigrant Women in International Marriages in Rural Areas

저자 : Han Geon-soo

발행기관 : 서울대학교 사회과학대학 인류학과 간행물 : Korean Anthropology Review 3권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 211-251 (41 pages)

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The steep rise in international marriages since the mid- 1990s indicates a fundamentally different phenomenon from the international marriages that took place in South Korean society in the past. Most of the international marriages after the Korean War took place between American soldiers and Korean women or between affluent Japanese men or Western men and Korean women. Since the beginning of the 1980s, Korean men have been marrying women from countries with less prosperous economies. The frequency of this kind of marriage increased rapidly after the mid-1990s. There is especially a noticeable growth in the percentage of marriages between women from Asian countries with less developed economies and Korean men from rural areas or low-income Korean men from urban areas. Korean women are also increasingly marrying foreign male laborers in South Korea.

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In the mid-1990s, the Korean government called for educational reform to improve its competitiveness in the increasingly globalizing world. As a result, many Korean universities set university reform as their central goal and carried out strategies of internationalization. These schools began to focus on university evaluations conducted by third parties, as they came under pressure by government policies that emphasized international competitiveness. University assessments included a variety of indexes that measured the university's level of research, education, as well as globalization. The index of globalization was generally determined by the percentage of foreign instructors, foreign students, and lectures given in English in each university. This article analyzes the increasing number of Chinese students in Korea from the perspective of macro-dynamics of Korean universities and Chinese students' motivations and experiences, while comparing one university in Seoul with another in a provincial region.

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