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역사문제연구소> 역사문제연구> 좌절하는 ‘남자다움’ : 섹스영화, 임포텐스, 그리고 ‘성’ 치료 담론(1967∼1972)

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좌절하는 ‘남자다움’ : 섹스영화, 임포텐스, 그리고 ‘성’ 치료 담론(1967∼1972)

Frustrated ‘Masculinity’ -Sex Movie, Sexual Impotence, and the Discourses of Medical Cure(1967 ∼1972)

김청강 ( Kim Chung Kang )
  • : 역사문제연구소
  • : 역사문제연구 40권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2018년 10월
  • : 197-242(46pages)

DOI


목차

1. 들어가며
2. “남성의 수치를 고쳐버릴 수 있습니다.”
3. 섹스영화, 남성성, 임포텐스
4. 눈물을 흘리는 남성과 여성
5. 공포-버려지는 남성의 몸
6. 나가며-가부장적 남성성의 질곡과 해방
참고문헌
<부록 1> 섹스/임포텐스 소재 영화 목록
<부록 2> _명랑_, 1968년 2월호에 실린 병원/한의원 광고

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초록 보기


						
This paper explores the emotional construction of 'frustrated masculinity' in the late 1960s South Korea. In the late 1960s, increasing number of sexual/medical discourses in popular magazines diagnosed the ‘sexual impotence’ of Korean man, and propagated methods of medical cure through various kinds of surgery, medical treatment, and warm care at home. At the same time, many popular films of this time also dealt with sexual themes such as sexual impotence or marginality. Looking at both the medical discourses in a popular form and the increasing interest in the ‘sex movie’ altogether, this paper argues that in the late 1960s, the sexuality of Korean man started be regulated as the body that suits in the modern family system. While this ‘immasculinity’ shows the cracks of the image of ‘strong masculinity’ that purported Park Chung Hee's militarized regime, the discipline of male sexuality in everyday life as the ‘sexually strong man’ took in shape in this time. In particular, melodramatically structured popular films expresses total frustration of male sexual inability that persuasively functions to control the emotions of man and woman, and coerces them to cooperate in reviving masculinity. However, films like < Insect Woman > displays this ‘recovered masculinity’ should be located only within family system by allegorically signifying the possible castration of a man, if man deviates the system. By analyzing both medical discourses and sex movies of the late 1960s and early 1970s, this paper ultimately argues that the myth of “sexually strong masculinity” was the social and emotional construction, which should be deconstructed for the freedom of human being.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2019-900-001748052

간행물정보

  • : 인문과학분야  > 인류학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1226-4199
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1996-2019
  • : 447


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11980년대 초반 전두환 정부의 사회정화사업 시행과 지역감시체계 재편 : 지역정화위원회의 활동을 중심으로

저자 : 유정환 ( Yoo Jeong Hwan )

발행기관 : 역사문제연구소 간행물 : 역사문제연구 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 11-56 (46 pages)

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In the early 1980s, the Chun Doo-hwan administration sought to prevent the second '5ㆍ18 Gwangju Democratic Uprising' by undertaking the Social Purification Project. The Chun administration especially organized Local Purification Committees to reorganize the local surveillance system. Local committees, which were organized around the community leaders, functioned as preachers of the discourse of social purification project and executed 'purification' by surveillance and force, combining activities of crackdown and reporting on subjects for 'purification'.
Using the local committees, the Chun administration reorganized the local surveillance system to continuously monitor and manage the civilians who have completed the Samcheong Training. The reorganized local surveillance system was different from the previous system in three aspects. First, the subjects for surveillance, which had been focused on anti-communism and national security, were expanded to civilians who had completed the Samcheong Training'. Second, the local surveillance system was established as a semi-official system. While existing local surveillance tasks were under the jurisdiction of polices and intelligence authorities, the Chun administration extended the responsibility to the local committees. Accordingly, the local committees consistently keeping a watch on and supervising the movements of people who had completed the Samcheong Training. Third, assuming a social policy nature, 'management' was reinforced as a key note within the local surveillance system. To prevent second offense or 'antisocialization' for economic reasons, the local committees would arrange employment or provide livelihood aid to these people who had completed the Samcheong Training. For people who had been in the Samcheong Training Camps, the reorganized local surveillance system in the 1980s was a prison wearing the skin of 'society'.

21980년대 한국 대자본의 중국 경제교류 배경과 인식

저자 : 문민기 ( Moon Min Ki )

발행기관 : 역사문제연구소 간행물 : 역사문제연구 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 57-97 (41 pages)

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The international environment and economic condition surrounding the Korean Peninsula in 1980s were transformational. As the current of liberalization with the advent of Neoliberalism was rising, trade conflicts with America escalated as well. Along with these changes, economic exchanges with the Communist countries were extended farther. Especially, exchanges with China were briskly created. Just in the early 1980s, there was a strong aspect of recognizing China's liberalization policy as the crisis of Korea's large capital. The reason was the prospect that competition between Korea and China would be formed in the overseas export markets was prevailing. Nevertheless, the Communist countries especially China that Korea's large capital failed to enter was gradually viewed as a new market. Korea's economic growth and the extension of economic exchange with China gave confidence to Korea's large capital, which significantly affected the change in the perception of North Korea also. North Korea regarded as only an obstacle to exchanging with the Communist countries has been changed into an object of economic cooperation or an object to be politically and diplomatically made up for or managed with the evaluation decision on termination of system competition. It can be said that facilitation of formal diplomatic relation establishment with the countries not in that situation resulted from increase of economic exchanges. Analyzing 'post-Cold War' on the Korean peninsula, the existing studies took note of the discussion of unification that surged in time for June Democracy Movement or focused on the change in the diplomatic policy called 'Nordpolitik.' However, when 'post-Cold War' is to be analyzed in Korean society, the activities before 1988 should be reviewed. When economic exchange was examined, many changes could be identified, and 1984 when exchanges between Korea and China began to be expanded could be regarded as an important starting point.

31980년대 초 야간통행금지 해제 직후의 풍속도

저자 : 정무용 ( Jeong Moo Yong )

발행기관 : 역사문제연구소 간행물 : 역사문제연구 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 99-125 (27 pages)

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This article deals with the cultural landscape and another order of discipline immediately after the release of curfew in 1982. The withdrawal of the curfew opened the era of '24 hour activity'. In this sense, the release of curfew infused new energy, vitality, at night time, which was recognized as an increase in productivity. In addition, curb withdrawal was carried out with a series of autonomous measures such as so called 'school autonomy', and the release of curfew was soon accepted as 'the era of autonomy.' But this 'autonomy' was always a blessing of responsibility, and when it was lost, it was blamed for indulgence. And the police were preparing to expand their security forces before the release of curfew and constantly reminded them that there is always security behind the self-regulating 'democratic citizens'. On the other hand, under the neon sign that shines brilliantly, the nightmare, the pleasure, and the decadent winds are gradually spreading. The government has issued various regulations to prevent the spread of this decadent trend. However, regulation was applied selectively, unlike the case of the entire society of curfew. First of all, it restricted the movement of young people's night time in the name of protecting and leading youth. And regulatory measures centered on suppliers (sellers) in the entertainment industry have been implemented. Various crackers were cracked down, and regulations and restrictions on sales were made. But the spread and dissemination of decadence could not be stopped. Sometimes they crack down and put out regulations, but they did not show a strong commitment to extermination. The media seem to be criticizing this decadent act, but the writers of those writings were also nervous, seemingly enjoying and even encouraging such a trend.

4미군 '위안부'의 약물 중독과 우울, 그리고 자살 : '위안'하는 주체의 (비)일상과 정동 정치

저자 : 김은경 ( Kim Eun Kyung )

발행기관 : 역사문제연구소 간행물 : 역사문제연구 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 129-166 (38 pages)

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This paper attempts to approach the affect of 'comfort women' for the US Army unlike existing studies that focus on the history of policies or movements. Experiences in drug addiction and deprivation of everyday life were examined as the background that had great effects on psychology of women. There was a collective and widespread abuse of drugs and addictive medicines in the military camp town. In everyday life, women suffered depression and committed suicide after experiencing bodily pain, psychological loss and social exclusion.
Depression and suicide of 'comfort women' for the US Army in the camp town flatly reveal the pain of people who provide 'comfort' in a complex network of patriarchal militarism in the Cold War Era, deceptive prostitution policy and sexuality control, booming of drug medicine and production-consumption system in the era of drug development. Especially, depression of women was formed by object relation with 'comfort', the nation's strategy to control affect.
Depression cannot simply be interpreted as passive response of women. Depression and suicide of women are their practice of revealing violence of 'comfort' under gender hierarchy. They represent voices of silent others that reveal the ugliness of patriotism forced to protect the blood alliance and dollars. Sharing, spreading and transmission of de pression was sometimes the foothold of resistance efforts such as demonstration of 'comfort women'.

5'여대생' 소설에 나타난 감정의 절대화 : 최희숙, 박계형, 신희수를 중심으로

저자 : 허윤 ( Heo Yoon )

발행기관 : 역사문제연구소 간행물 : 역사문제연구 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 167-196 (30 pages)

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The novel by a college girl that appeared in Korea in the 1960s, is considered a hobby for women who are lack of mature and has no critical or aesthetic value. Named “Korea's Sagan,” they starred in the literature field of the early 1960s' Korea, and some of them were listed on the best-selling book list until the 1970s. Choi Hee-sook, Park Kye-hyung and Shin Hee-soo's long-length novels vividly convey the sexual adventures of female college students based on their positive characteristics of sexual decay and noble love. Based on feelings of sadness, these novels pose sensibly, but depict a series of romance processes such as dating, kissing and sex. In other words, what is important in the novel by a college girl is the desire of women to discover the joy of sexual behavior and sexuality. Three novels are an effective example of determining the aesthetic categories of the reader's desire, sensibility, and “traditional” while establishing themselves as a textbook of romantic love and sexuality that connects romance and girls' comics.

6좌절하는 '남자다움' : 섹스영화, 임포텐스, 그리고 '성' 치료 담론(1967∼1972)

저자 : 김청강 ( Kim Chung Kang )

발행기관 : 역사문제연구소 간행물 : 역사문제연구 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 197-242 (46 pages)

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초록보기

This paper explores the emotional construction of 'frustrated masculinity' in the late 1960s South Korea. In the late 1960s, increasing number of sexual/medical discourses in popular magazines diagnosed the 'sexual impotence' of Korean man, and propagated methods of medical cure through various kinds of surgery, medical treatment, and warm care at home. At the same time, many popular films of this time also dealt with sexual themes such as sexual impotence or marginality. Looking at both the medical discourses in a popular form and the increasing interest in the 'sex movie' altogether, this paper argues that in the late 1960s, the sexuality of Korean man started be regulated as the body that suits in the modern family system. While this 'immasculinity' shows the cracks of the image of 'strong masculinity' that purported Park Chung Hee's militarized regime, the discipline of male sexuality in everyday life as the 'sexually strong man' took in shape in this time. In particular, melodramatically structured popular films expresses total frustration of male sexual inability that persuasively functions to control the emotions of man and woman, and coerces them to cooperate in reviving masculinity. However, films like < Insect Woman > displays this 'recovered masculinity' should be located only within family system by allegorically signifying the possible castration of a man, if man deviates the system. By analyzing both medical discourses and sex movies of the late 1960s and early 1970s, this paper ultimately argues that the myth of “sexually strong masculinity” was the social and emotional construction, which should be deconstructed for the freedom of human being.

7한국 근현대사에서 설탕은 무엇이었나

저자 : 이은희

발행기관 : 역사문제연구소 간행물 : 역사문제연구 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 243-301 (59 pages)

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8근대 개성 공씨가(孔氏家)의 삼포 경영과 자본 전환

저자 : 양정필 ( Yang Jeong Pil )

발행기관 : 역사문제연구소 간행물 : 역사문제연구 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 303-339 (37 pages)

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Gaesung's Gong house enjoyed economic growth under Gong Eung-gyu(1857∼1933) during late Korean Empire era. He made money doing business outside Gaesung, and after returning to his hometown invested in ginseng industry and started running ginseng fields. Gong's investment volume ranked fourth in Gaesung. Thanks to economic success, Gong Eung-gyu began to gain government posts in the 1900s, thereby becoming an influential figure in Gaesung community. Late 1900s witnessed a serious crisis in Gaesung's ginseng industry, and Gong's enterprise was no exception. Gong decided to pass down family business to his second son Gong sung-hak(1879∼1957), in order to combat such challenge.
Gong Sung-hak directly cultivated seed ginseng, so as to secure its production, and actively supported ginseng policies of the colonial administration. Such measures indeed contributed to overcoming difficulties. He eventually became the top person in Gaesung Ginseng Industry Association(GGIA). GGIA was composed of ginseng field owners and was under the control of the colonial government. Gong's business thrived, as his fields expanded dramatically in the 1910s. The contemporary Japanese imperialism practiced 'ginseng farming license system', and Gong's booming business indicates that he has adapted well to Japanese directives. Gong rose to becoming one of the wealthiest man in Korea, as he made around 150,000 won annually circa-1920. Gong Sung-hak was obviously a millionaire, but he was also interested in modern business management. In the 1910s, he co-invested with other Gaesung entrepreneurs in modern companies, which experience drove him to set up his own company in 1920s-Gaesung Brewing Stock Company. However, Gong also employed Cha-in, which was the traditional commercial technique of Gaesung people, along with his investment in modern companies. Such method met another challenge as the business suffered during the Depression. Gong Jin-hang, son of Gong Sung-hak, therefore liquidated those companies. Gong Sung-hak's capital contingent clearly showed authentic aspects of traditional Gaesung merchants.
Through the case of Gong Sung-hak, this paper was able to ascertain that mega-owners of Gaesung ginseng fields were indeed cooperative to the doctrine of the Governer-general. However, these owners also combined ancient practices with modern ones, which facts signify that the generation of Gong Sung-hak, born around 1870s, took a transitional role in the transformation of Gaesung traders from traditional to modern.

91910년대 조선총독부 구제관의 특징과 구제사업의 전개

저자 : 예지숙 ( Ye Ji Sook )

발행기관 : 역사문제연구소 간행물 : 역사문제연구 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 341-374 (34 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to explain the status of relief work in the 1910s. To this end, I will analyze the recognition of the poverty issue and the projects carried out by Governor-General of Korea.
The Chosun dynasty helped farmers not to fall into the crisis of living by means of various benefit systems. In the 19th century, however, the relief system fell into a crisis of total depression. At this time Discussions emphasizing social productivity were introduced, although discourse on salvation still prevailed.
In the 1910s, there was a change in the discourse and awareness of poverty and relief in Korea. It was the Japanese imperialists who led the change. The Chosun governor general insisted that relief made people lazy. The Chosun governor general claimed that the people were lazy because the Joseon dynasty extensively relieved the people. This argument involved colonialist perspectives.
In 1914, 1915, and 1917, Governor-General of Korea promulgated for the relief of the poor that imitate Japan's Relief Regulation(恤救規則). Governor-General of Korea provided with public assistance at lesser amounts and on a much smaller scale. Interest on the reserve(恩賜金) was used as a relief fund.
Governor-General of Korea's perception and practice of poverty/relief were in a reciprocal relationship with labor. It is also in line with the laborist welfare system that places relief/ welfare as a complement to labor in the labor market.

10사회교육을 통한 국민교육헌장의 이념 보급(1968∼1972)

저자 : 곽민지 ( Kwak Min Ji )

발행기관 : 역사문제연구소 간행물 : 역사문제연구 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 375-417 (43 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to examine the reality of the propagation of ideologies of the National Education Charter by social education from 1969 to 1972 by historical records. we need to make comprehensive analysis of the government's efforts to propagation of the ideologies of the National Education Charter because these can't be analyzed on one demention.
When he sensed a crisis about aim to prolong his rule, president Park jung-hee started project to produce a productive and obedient people in order to achieve economic growth that is his life-support system and prevent the emergence of forces against him. He announced the start of the project with the proclamation of the National Education Charter. Park's government propagated ideologies of National Education Charter in two ways, one was school education and the other was social education. Most studies have concentrated on school education cases, but also social education had various way to propagate ideologies of the National Education Charter. Park's government propagated ideologies of economy, tradition, morals and anticommunism by recitation, inserting the National Education Charter's text on a publication, lecture, audio-visual media, book, the Family Rite Standard, the Whole-town Education Movement to civil servants & government officials, companies, families and local communities.
This study indicates that Park's government had pan-national mobilization. Not only the school(students) but other departments and social groups(adults) to infuse ideologies of National Education Charter into the consciousness and unconscious of the people. And, in The Final Analysis, this study proves the theme of Park jung-hee's Revitalizing Reforms system continuity.

12
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