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부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원> Mediterranean review> Interfaith Dialogue in Jordan: Bridging the Gap between Christianity and Islam

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Interfaith Dialogue in Jordan: Bridging the Gap between Christianity and Islam

Fukiko Ikehata
  • : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원
  • : Mediterranean review 10권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2017년 12월
  • : 63-82(20pages)

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This paper examines Jordan’s strategy for its religious rapprochement movement, focusing on the conduct of the royal family, especially King Abdullah II and Prince Ghazi. Some advantages to the religious rapprochement policies led by the king and royal family of Jordan are their use as foundations of religious authority and political legitimacy, as established by their sacred lineage, and their performance as the ‘guardian(s) of Jerusalem,’ and the ‘birthplace of Christianity.’ Using these cultural and historical resources, Jordan is leading the initiative to foster interfaith dialogue, especially between Islam and Christianity. This study shows how Jordan tries to establish its authority and legitimacy through its religious rapprochement movement, and how its rapprochement policy relates to and stands on this foundation. By surveying the religious rapprochement movement as a whole, this paper clarifies the originality of Jordan’s religious strategy and of Jordan’s legitimacy.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2018-900-004060768

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 인문지리
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 2005-0836
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2009-2020
  • : 118


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1Almost Cossacks, but not Quite: Volunteer Units in the Russian Army (Mid-Eighteenth - Early-Nineteenth Centuries)

저자 : Andriy Posunko

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : Mediterranean review 10권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 1-27 (27 pages)

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In this paper I focus on irregulars who served in the Russian imperial army during the Russian-Turkish wars of 1768 - 1774, 1787 - 1792, and 1806 - 1812 and who were recruited from foreign - primarily from Ottoman - subjects.
These irregulars were called volunteers, arnauts or cossacks and the study of them will benefit scholarship in at least three ways. First, comparison between the categories of cossacks and volunteers can assist in understanding social categories in the Russian Empire itself. Second, since volunteers were recruited primarily from foreign subjects, it can help to properly connect the history of the Pontic Steppe to that of the Balkans and to trace the movement of both people and ideas across the imperial borders. Finally, comparison of cossacks with typologically similar Balkan military communities can contribute to our understanding of borderland societies in general.

2The conflict between Arabs and Berbers in Algeria: Focusing on linguistic and cultural identity

저자 : Lim Gi-dae , Kim Kwang-su

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : Mediterranean review 10권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 29-62 (34 pages)

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Algeria is a country of multiple cultural identities in terms of language use. Recent social changes suggest that Tamazight might become an official language despite Algeria's consistent post-independence Arabization policy. As in Morocco, this could be another important event in the Maghreb that will play a significant role in defining Algerian identity.
This paper examines current language use in Algeria, specifically the status of the Tamazight and Berber languages, in light of political decisions, legal grounds, and other processes of change. In doing so, it also reviews changes to Algerian identity in modern Algerian history in accordance with contemporary Arabization policy. Tribal disputes such as that in M'zab seem to have a considerable impact in shifting Algerian identity by bringing issues of human rights, balanced regional development, and Berber into focus, despite the lack of direct connections to the Berber problem. Hence, examining Algeria through the lenses of language and culture will contribute to establishing and understanding the region's cultural identity.

3Interfaith Dialogue in Jordan: Bridging the Gap between Christianity and Islam

저자 : Fukiko Ikehata

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : Mediterranean review 10권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 63-82 (20 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper examines Jordan's strategy for its religious rapprochement movement, focusing on the conduct of the royal family, especially King Abdullah II and Prince Ghazi. Some advantages to the religious rapprochement policies led by the king and royal family of Jordan are their use as foundations of religious authority and political legitimacy, as established by their sacred lineage, and their performance as the 'guardian(s) of Jerusalem,' and the 'birthplace of Christianity.' Using these cultural and historical resources, Jordan is leading the initiative to foster interfaith dialogue, especially between Islam and Christianity. This study shows how Jordan tries to establish its authority and legitimacy through its religious rapprochement movement, and how its rapprochement policy relates to and stands on this foundation. By surveying the religious rapprochement movement as a whole, this paper clarifies the originality of Jordan's religious strategy and of Jordan's legitimacy.

4Alter-globalization in Southern Europe: The Case of a Social Movement that Does Not Move

저자 : Eduardo Zachary Albrecht

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : Mediterranean review 10권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 83-110 (28 pages)

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This paper introduces the politics of the Alter-globalization movement in Greece, Spain, and Italy through a series of interviews and vignettes from the field, and locates the movement within the broader socio-political spectrum. The movement is found to have an uneasy relationship to power due to a paradox between its rhetoric and the actual material interests of its adherents. The paper also explores the relationship between activists and society and finds that the movement occupies a ritualistic and liminal space. It is concluded that this dynamic risks undermining civic participation in democratic processes.

5A Mediterranean Biome Eco-State: Reorienting sovereignty in the Mediterranean Basin and its four global correlatives

저자 : John W. Head

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : Mediterranean review 10권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 113-144 (32 pages)

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The Mediterranean Basin is the largest of five regions around the world that constitute, in aggregate, the Mediterranean Woodlands, Forests, and Scrub Biome under a commonly-used global ecological classification system. All of these regions - the Mediterranean Basin itself as well as the similar ecological regions in California, Chile, South Africa, and Australia - face severe ecological degradation, largely because of agricultural practices. Traditional nation-states cannot address this ecological crisis adequately. A new form of political organization - an “Eco-State” - can and should be established for this purpose. Doing so will require a reorientation of the centuries-old notion of sovereignty, a reorientation that is already underway in some respects. The Mediterranean Biome Eco-State would build on this momentum. It would hold binding authority over all ecological and agricultural aspects of the territories falling within its boundaries, thus exercising a form of blended sovereignty that it would share with other authorities. This essay summarizes some key aspects of such a new Mediterranean Biome Eco-State.

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