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한국비교정부학회> 한국비교정부학보> 지방교육자치 출범 이후의 교육행정체계 분석 및 시사점 -중앙 및 지방 간 갈등 사례 분석을 중심으로-

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지방교육자치 출범 이후의 교육행정체계 분석 및 시사점 -중앙 및 지방 간 갈등 사례 분석을 중심으로-

A Study and Implications on Educational Administration System after an Inauguration of Local Education Autonomy: with analyzing the Cases of Conflict between the Central Government and the Provincial Office of Education

김영록 ( Young-rok Kim )
  • : 한국비교정부학회
  • : 한국비교정부학보 21권4호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2017년 12월
  • : 289-310(22pages)

DOI


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The purpose of this study is to analyze the cases of conflict between the central government and the provincial office of education after the straight. First, the relationship between the Ministry of Education and the provincial office of education has the characteristics of the overlapping authority model and the collective authority model in relation to the relationship and type of government. Second, as a result of analyzing the cases of conflict between the Ministry of Education and he provincial office of education, Third, from the viewpoint of policy comparison, the policy which the Ministry of Education promotes at the national level when confined to the primary and secondary education areas includes national textbook development, curriculum planning and operation, policies related to education officials, Convergence and gifted education), and policy coordination and coordination functions that require standardization at the national level.

ECN


UCI

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 행정학
  • : KCI 등재
  • : -
  • : 계간
  • : 1598-964X
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1999-2018
  • : 612


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1캄보디아의 협동조합 활성화 방안

저자 : Yeon-Soo Kim , Sang-Yup Lee

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 1-22 (22 pages)

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Cambodia has very good potential for agriculture such as climate, land, and precipitation, etc. Nevertheless, owing to backward agricultural production technology and poor capacity of farmers, agricultural productivity of Cambodia is very poor compared with neighboring countries. Recently, to improve agricultural productivity, the Cambodian government enacted the Agricultural Cooperative Law and has made efforts to improve cultivation technology, treatment after harvest, and distribution environment of agricultural products. To achieve the goal, it also hope assistance from international development cooperation. Cambodian agricultural producers are placed in external diseconomy effects caused by unstable agricultural competitive market. This study intends to suggest an idea to remedy imbalance of agricultural production incomes by activating cooperatives. This study suggests the followings as ideas to activate cooperatives in Cambodia. First, considering that, because of poor infrastructure for improvement of agricultural productivity, activation of functions and operation of cooperatives should be promoted. Second, It is necessary to cultivate specialists for international cooperation to activate cooperatives. Third, by encouraging agricultural producers who lack agricultural productivity infrastructure to participate in operation of cooperatives, we need to create a new system to overcome the problem of the infrastructure.

2A Structural Model Analysis of Social Workers' Retirement Preparation and Socio-psychological Crisis

저자 : Sun-Hee Jung

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 23-42 (20 pages)

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The purpose of this study were to indicate social psychological crisis for social workers. The variables for the study included retirement preparation, self-esteem, perceived health awareness for social psychological crisis. The data were collected from 328 employees of the social workers who gave their informed consent and completed a self-reported questionnaire in October, 2017. A structural model analysis was established and used to assess parameters such as retirement preparation, self-esteem, subjective health awareness for social psychological crisis. The fitness of the hypothetical model was adequate(CMIN/DF=1.547, GFI=0.970, TLI=0.972, CFI=0.989, IFI=0.990, RMR=0.016). Analysis of the hypothetical model demonstrated that the total effects of retirement preparation were significantly correlated with social psychological crisis. The explanation power of the hypothetical model was 24.8%. The factors that influenced on the retirement preparation was self-esteem and perceived health awareness and the explanation power was 26.5%, 16.4%. The results of this study indicate that it is necessary to develope retirement preparation to reduce social psychological crisis.

3해외 새마을 시범마을 조성사업 개선방안 연구: 베트남 마을 사례를 중심으로

저자 : 안지민 ( Ji-min An ) , 이호현 ( Ho-hyun Lee ) , 이정주 ( Jeong-ju Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 43-70 (28 pages)

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This study evaluates the operational processes and proposes measures for improving the development of two Saemaul pilot projects in Vietnam. To this end, a stakeholder analysis was performed considering that there are various stakeholders participating in this project and as it focuses on the complexities of the stakeholders with different national and organizational backgrounds involved in the resident-led development process of Saemaul Undong. The result shows that the topics and agendas can be categorized as “self-motivation of villagers”, “project selection”, “project planning”, “recognition and expectation of performance”, “project support”, and “leadership”. Also, the statements from the stakeholders indicated that each stakeholder has different perceptions and relationships with each topic. The most significant difference was highlighted on the field in the context of conflicting conditions and characteristics, which undermined the process of the project. In order for Saemaul Undong to become a successful model for overcoming poverty in developing countries, firstly, it requires a solid foundation for localization. Secondly, a cooperative long-term management plan should take place. Lastly, it is necessary to build an organic cooperation system between organizations.

4요양보호사의 직무스트레스가 조직유효성에 미치는 영향 연구 -자아탄력성의 매개효과를 중심으로-

저자 : 이지희 ( Ji-hee Lee ) , 이은희 ( Eun-hee Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 71-92 (22 pages)

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This study conducted a survey with geriatric care helpers working at elderly care facilities in Gyeonggi-do and analyzed the impact of their job stress on their organizational effectiveness with ego resiliency as a mediating factor in order to get the basic data for the enhancement of geriatric care helpers' organizational effectiveness(organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and decrease of turnover intention). As a result of the analysis, it was found that the geriatric care helpers' job stress had a negative (-) impact on their organizational effectiveness, but their ego resiliency had a positive (+) impact on it, so it needs to pay attention to geriatric care helpers' ego resiliency to enhance their organizational effectiveness. The results suggest that it is necessary to increase geriatric care helpers' ego resiliency so that they can be flexible and effectively cope with stress, internal anxiety and tension, etc. Thus, it is judged that it would be necessary to make a clinical approach, focused on ego resiliency in the future to enhance geriatric care helpers' organizational effectiveness.

5읍·면·동 주민자치회 도입의 문제점과 개선방안에 관한 연구 - 협력형 모델의 시범운영 사례를 중심으로 -

저자 : 신윤창 ( Youn-chang Shin ) , 손진아 ( Jin-a Son )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 93-116 (24 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to investigate problems and improvement devices of Self-Government Association(SGA) in the Uup · Myon · Dong which is conducting a trial run on the basis of The Special Act on Decentralization and Reform of the Administration System. The subject of this study was a total of 49 cases which were selected and operated on a trial basis by Presidential Committee on Local Autonomy Development. SGA's problems that are derived from this study are as follows. First, in terms of the commission composition, it show that there are committee members' frequent vacancy and committee composition of the male-dominated. Second, in terms of office performance, it show that there are lacks of monetary benefits system for secretary and employees to take charge of affairs and limitations of organization operation. Third, in terms of financial support, it show that there are inadequacy of committee budget and seriousness of the regional budget deviation. Consequently, improvement devices for SGA's development are as follows: the design of complementary system for the active participation of women and voluntary work of local residents, the introduction of the allowance system for secretary and staffs, and securing of the operating budget by the local government financial support.

6복지국가의 거버넌스와 사회자본의 이론적 연계

저자 : 병훈 ( Byung-hun Kwak )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 117-142 (26 pages)

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This article attempted to establish a close relationship between governance and social capital in the context of the welfare state. Through this process, it confirmed that social capital is a condition which the governance of welfare is successful. Concretely, social capital would be a instrument of promoting interdependency, reciprocity, and trust that are integral factors for the formation of networks and partnerships and facilitating the participation of stakeholders in relation to welfare governance. In particular, social capital is important in that it provides the governance of welfare with an basis of solving collective problems. In regard to welfare governance the value of social capital is as follows: 1) formation of networks and partnerships, 2) fostering of trust and participation, 3) creation of collective action.

7사회적기업에 관한 인식 분석: Q-Methodology의 적용을 중심으로

저자 : 김덕준 ( Duck-joon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 143-166 (24 pages)

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This study analyzes the perceptional characteristics on social enterprise by applying Q-methodology. After explicating the emergence of social enterprise and categorizing literature trends, the paper constructs the Q-sample with 21 Q-statements on five dimensions of social enterprise. The five dimensions consist of the purpose/raison d′etre of social enterprise, its management orientation, its market environment, the external administrative/financial/ technical support for it, and its future prospect. The Q-samples are answered by 27 research subjects, that is, four administrative officers, four executives of NGOs, three social enterprise employees, five professors, six employees of company general, and five college students.
By utilizing the "PQMethods 2.35" program, this study illuminates some perceptional characteristics of the subjects on the five dimensions of social enterprise. Indeed, a set of academic suggestions as well as some policy implications can be drawn from the results that there exist diverse and somewhat corresponding/contradicting perceptions on the social enterprise. First of all, there is a need for an institutional device to minimize the existing or latent conflicts between the participants in the policy process of social enterprise. Finally, the paper discusses some improvement strategies for future researcher based on its own drawback/limitation.

8대만 이민행정의 개혁과 발전방향 연구

저자 : 정준호 ( Joon-ho Jeong )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 167-192 (26 pages)

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In 1949, after the Kuomintang withdrew from the China mainland, it declared martial law throughout Taiwan and strengthened its' control over the outbound population. In fact, immigration from outside was very limited in Taiwan.
Taiwan is a political and military confrontation with China and has a dual system in the administration of immigration. In the 1980s and 1990s, the rapid economic growth led to an increase in foreign workers. Also, the marriage immigrants in Southeast Asian countries have been increasing, and social problems related to the transition to multicultural society have emerged. In 2007, National Immigration Agency was established as a general administrative agency. It integrated efficiency of immigration administration by integrating work and personnel related to immigration, which has been scattered among various ministries. It also established the long-term immigration policies and systematically supports immigrants.
So far, the process of reform of Taiwan's immigration administration system is characterized by the following characteristics. First, the efficiency of immigration administration was improved through integration of immigration administration functions. Second, National Immigration Agency strengthened the planning function and the immigration management function, which were not enough in the previous administration, and emphasized human rights protection. Third, it strengthened the responsiveness of the on-site executive organization through localization.

9일본의 불법체류관리정책에 대한 연구

저자 : 남기범 ( Ki-bum Nam )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 193-213 (21 pages)

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The number of illegal foreigners has increased by more than 200,000. As a result, there is a growing voice of concern over the increasing trend of managing illegal foreigners in a comprehensive manner. The issues of security and crimes related to illegal foreigners and the human rights of illegal foreigners are mentioned. In addition, the increase of illegal immigrants and the spread of negative perceptions of immigrants due to potential threats should be recognized as important factors for future proactive immigration policies.
This study intends to analyze and compare the policy of illegal foreigners in Japan in detail and to draw implications on the illegal foreigners management policy in Korea. To this end, we intend to analyze Japan's countermeasures against illegal foreigners, and propose alternative illegal foreigners management.
As a result, it was proposed to make clear objectives for illegal foreigners management policy, to detect and share accurate illegal foreigners information, to promote actively PR in the collaborative base of related agencies, to secure the more intervention manpower and to institutionalize cooperation between related agencies.

10광역자치단체의 성질별 비용항목이 부채에 미친 영향: 민간등이전비용(민간이전지출)을 중심으로

저자 : 정창훈 ( Chang-hoon Jung ) , 최수영 ( Su-young Choi ) , 고화순 ( Hwa-soon Ko ) , 주윤창 ( Yun-chang Ju )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 21권 4호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 215-243 (29 pages)

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Since the accrual basis accounting was adopted in 2007 at the Korean local governments, no study has examined the effects various types of government costs on the level of liability. Given accrual basis accounting produces government costs along with government function and characteristics, it is very meaningful to analyze the effects of government transfer to the private sector on government liability. This study empirically tests whether the level of government transfer to the private sector leads to an increase in the level of liability at the 16 metropolitan governments in Korea during 1998~ 2015 by employing panel dataset. The findings suggests that an increase in the level of government transfer to the private sector leads to an increase in the level and ratio of liability. Moreover, an increase in the level of personnel costs and other costs also results in an increase in the level and ratio of transfer. The findings of this study suggest that local governments should carefully monitor the level of government transfer to the private sector in order to maintain the level of liability as well as fiscal soundness. Futhermore, given that different types of government costs differently affects the level of liability, a care must be also taken in order to maintain overall local fiscal soundness. By employing accrual-basis accounting data, this study also enhanced the usefulness of accrual basis accounting at the local government level.

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