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한국고전르네상스영문학회 ( 구 고전르네쌍스드라마한국학회 )> 고전·르네상스 영문학> 르네상스 정신의 탐색: 셰익스피어의 작품에 나타난 경제관을 중심으로

KCI등재

르네상스 정신의 탐색: 셰익스피어의 작품에 나타난 경제관을 중심으로

Exploration on the Spirit of Renaissance through the Economic View in the Plays of William Shakespeare

박효춘 ( Hyochun Park )
  • : 한국고전르네상스영문학회(구 고전르네쌍스드라마한국학회)
  • : 고전·르네상스 영문학 26권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2017년 12월
  • : 99-120(22pages)

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The aim of this paper is to research the spirit of renaissance through analyzing some economic issues in Shakespeare’s plays which deal with economic policies and systems such as mercantilism, physiocracy, enclosure, and usury. In order to achieve this aim, I referred to the spirit of the Christian faith throughout the development of the discussion, because when we view the history of human civilization, we see a religion may have a big influence on how human beings think and act.
At the beginning of the Reformation, Martin Luther urged that the church should go back to the Bible as he considered that it is the core and root and measure of the Christian faith. Although it is difficult to put forward clear evidence to support the writer’s opinion, the ideological and spiritual foundations built by the Reformation laid the groundwork in order that the Renaissance movement might be able to happen in the future. Naturally, such movements have caused humans to think carefully about their cultural origins and turn their interests towards the ancient Greek and Roman classics. In that sense, we should refer to the Christian faith when we’re dealing with economic issues in the Renaissance because the writer thought that the Reformation had a great influence during the time of the Renaissance movement.
During the renaissance period, the British government enacted mercantilist policies in an effort to increase its national wealth. Meanwhile, they thoroughly controlled international trade deals between England and other countries in order to increase import tariffs on trade. The English government implemented physiocracy policy to protect rural farmers from the evils of enclosure that could be carried out by the gentry, an emerging middle class at that time. Even though the gentry is the main benefactor and the royal family’s support base, the English government tried to regulate enclosure by establishing new laws and committees. As a result, this kind of measure came into a conflict between the authorities and the gentry. From the gentry’s point of view such moves were regarded as a kind of betrayal. It is because these measures resulted in decreased profits for them.
Studying the themes regarding economic policies, movements, and systems, the writer felt that the Christian faith during the time had a strong influence in people’s thoughts and behavior. Upon that view, the writer researched the Renaissance spirit reflected in these economy-related topics. The Renaissance spirit refers to the spirit of the Protestant faith shaped by the Reformation that was led by Martin Luther.
In conclusion, the Renaissance spirit is that spirit which is trying to be free from fetters of past errors in conventional religion in order to restore the true faith at the centre of the Bible. The spirit is a spirit to stand against the absolute power which is ready to blindly disturb the natural flow of social and cultural development in human civilization in order to keep their vested and economic interests. Under this spirit, which invokes innate human rights as its defense against absolute power, any ordinary citizen has rights freely to pursue personal development, happiness and freedom to make economic activity.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2018-800-003755681

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 영문학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1226-8798
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1993-2017
  • : 359


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1Hybrids and Bastards: The Erosion of Trojan and Greek Identities in Troilus and Cressida

저자 : Atsuhiko Hirota

발행기관 : 한국고전르네상스영문학회(구 고전르네쌍스드라마한국학회) 간행물 : 고전·르네상스 영문학 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 5-29 (25 pages)

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In Troilus and Cressida both the Trojans and the Greeks are exposed to satirical demeaning in the collective scale as well as at the level of individual characters. This article examines how the two mutually related notions of hybridity and bastardy work in the demeaning and argues that the erosion of the Trojan/Greek distinction caused by hybrid and illegitimate characters in this play is comparable with the instability of English identity represented in history plays. The first section studies Ajax whose “Trojan blood” highlights the issues of hybridity and bastardy in the play. Ajax's Trojan mother (Hesione) is in the same league as Helen and Cressida, who are the subjects of the discussion of the second section, since they all cross the Trojan/Greek boundary and contribute to the erosion of the distinction between the two warring sides in their respective relationships with men. The third section focuses on Thersites's proposal of a fraternity of bastards to Margarelon which, though absurd, satirically destabilizes the Trojan/Greek distinction. Shakespeare's dramatization in Troilus and Cressida of the theme earlier explored with reference to England shows his continuing interest in it and suggests its relevance to the final years of the Elizabethan period.

2Urban Painting Lady Macbeth as a Female Villain: Don't Do Her Like That

저자 : Seunghyun Hwang

발행기관 : 한국고전르네상스영문학회(구 고전르네쌍스드라마한국학회) 간행물 : 고전·르네상스 영문학 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 31-48 (18 pages)

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The crime of premeditated murder is at the heart of Shakespeare's The Tragedy of Macbeth. It is questionable how to speak about this crime and interpret her actions and motives in light of the given information presented in Shakespeare's text. She seems to have a conscience. Shakespeare leads us to think that she commits suicide because she is so bothered by her heinous actions. Even though Lady Macbeth does not wield the murder weapon herself, she still has blood on her hands. Over the centuries actors have portrayed her as a co-conspirator or a wife who bewitched her husband. If the society at the time wanted to honor male dominance, then Lady Macbeth as an evil wife who is not submissive to King Duncan or her husband is the favored plot path. So echoing the narrative of male-dominance, Lady Macbeth could merely be labeled as an evil character.
However, some have added the aspect of humanity behind the label of an evil woman. In various historical times, how Lady Macbeth was interpreted by actors depended on the cultural biases of the era and the kind of personal connection the actor made to the character. This essay looks at the differentiation in interpretation of this female character involved in criminal behavior concerning gender and biased attitudes of the historical time and of a sense of familiarity, or lack of, between the actor and essence of the character.

3The Authorial Agency and Narrative Production in Thomas Nashe's The Unfortunate Traveller

저자 : Doohyun Park

발행기관 : 한국고전르네상스영문학회(구 고전르네쌍스드라마한국학회) 간행물 : 고전·르네상스 영문학 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 49-69 (21 pages)

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This paper traces out the authorial agency and the ideological narrative production through Thomas Nashe's The Unfortunate Traveller. The relationship between author and literary environment in the English Renaissance age should be considered to understand the text. In the English Renaissance age the relationship between author and readership had drastically been changing as the dynamic period corresponding to the cultural and social changes shows the various readership that requires new taste. In the process Thomas Nashe in his work had made at once conscious design and unconscious production in which a strong authorial agency has been fruitful and the bourgeois ideology have been unintentionally produced. Nashe's unconscious design may be understood as the political unconscious in which Frederic Jameson has coined. In order to understand the text's narrative structure, Terry Eagleton's concept of ideology has been applied to the text. Overall, Nashe's text can be interpreted as one of the important narratives to understand the relationship between author and text in the English Renaissance age because it shows a variety of voices in which authors, text and its reader are closely connected together.

4바흐찐의 그로테스크 리얼리즘의 관점에서 본 벤 존슨의 『바톨로뮤 시장』

저자 : 도인환 ( In-hwan Doh )

발행기관 : 한국고전르네상스영문학회(구 고전르네쌍스드라마한국학회) 간행물 : 고전·르네상스 영문학 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 71-98 (28 pages)

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How to appreciate a delicate balance between satiric criticism and festive release has been a central concern in the interpretation of Ben Jonson's Bartholomew Fair. Previous scholarships have generally inclined towards the satiric weight of the play. Their interpretational inclinations would be attributed to the tradition of classic realism which has supposed humans as rational beings regulated by ideas, moralities and consciousness. However, Bartholomew Fair is dramatic representation of Renaissance festivities, whose traits invite us to see the play from the perspectives of grotesque realism. According to Mikhail Bakhtin, grotesque realism valorizes the materialistic concept of human beings based on the principle of ever-growing, inexhaustible, ever laughing vitalities. Contrary to the bourgeois concept of men as close-circuit rational beings, it seeks to re-conceptualize cyclic processes of natural beings and lower bodily strata of unfinished becomings that are open to the outside world, namely, the mouth, the genital organs, the breasts, the phallus, the potbelly and the nose. This essay considers Bartholomew Fair to be a festive comedy by adopting grotesque realism as a critical methodology, and analyzes its carnivalesque world-views which suggest that the pursuit of liberty should be the courage to laugh.

5르네상스 정신의 탐색: 셰익스피어의 작품에 나타난 경제관을 중심으로

저자 : 박효춘 ( Hyochun Park )

발행기관 : 한국고전르네상스영문학회(구 고전르네쌍스드라마한국학회) 간행물 : 고전·르네상스 영문학 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 99-120 (22 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The aim of this paper is to research the spirit of renaissance through analyzing some economic issues in Shakespeare's plays which deal with economic policies and systems such as mercantilism, physiocracy, enclosure, and usury. In order to achieve this aim, I referred to the spirit of the Christian faith throughout the development of the discussion, because when we view the history of human civilization, we see a religion may have a big influence on how human beings think and act.
At the beginning of the Reformation, Martin Luther urged that the church should go back to the Bible as he considered that it is the core and root and measure of the Christian faith. Although it is difficult to put forward clear evidence to support the writer's opinion, the ideological and spiritual foundations built by the Reformation laid the groundwork in order that the Renaissance movement might be able to happen in the future. Naturally, such movements have caused humans to think carefully about their cultural origins and turn their interests towards the ancient Greek and Roman classics. In that sense, we should refer to the Christian faith when we're dealing with economic issues in the Renaissance because the writer thought that the Reformation had a great influence during the time of the Renaissance movement.
During the renaissance period, the British government enacted mercantilist policies in an effort to increase its national wealth. Meanwhile, they thoroughly controlled international trade deals between England and other countries in order to increase import tariffs on trade. The English government implemented physiocracy policy to protect rural farmers from the evils of enclosure that could be carried out by the gentry, an emerging middle class at that time. Even though the gentry is the main benefactor and the royal family's support base, the English government tried to regulate enclosure by establishing new laws and committees. As a result, this kind of measure came into a conflict between the authorities and the gentry. From the gentry's point of view such moves were regarded as a kind of betrayal. It is because these measures resulted in decreased profits for them.
Studying the themes regarding economic policies, movements, and systems, the writer felt that the Christian faith during the time had a strong influence in people's thoughts and behavior. Upon that view, the writer researched the Renaissance spirit reflected in these economy-related topics. The Renaissance spirit refers to the spirit of the Protestant faith shaped by the Reformation that was led by Martin Luther.
In conclusion, the Renaissance spirit is that spirit which is trying to be free from fetters of past errors in conventional religion in order to restore the true faith at the centre of the Bible. The spirit is a spirit to stand against the absolute power which is ready to blindly disturb the natural flow of social and cultural development in human civilization in order to keep their vested and economic interests. Under this spirit, which invokes innate human rights as its defense against absolute power, any ordinary citizen has rights freely to pursue personal development, happiness and freedom to make economic activity.

1
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간행물명 수록권호

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영어영문학연구
20권 1호 ~ 29권 3호

KCI등재

영미문학페미니즘
28권 1호 ~ 28권 1호

KCI등재

영어영문학연구
30권 1호 ~ 33권 2호

KCI등재

현대영미소설
26권 4호 ~ 26권 4호

KCI등재

근대영미소설
27권 1호 ~ 27권 1호

KCI등재

영어영문학연구
25권 1호 ~ 33권 4호

KCI등재

영어영문학연구
34권 1호 ~ 36권 4호

KCI등재

영어영문학연구
37권 1호 ~ 39권 4호

KCI등재

영어영문학연구
40권 1호 ~ 42권 4호

KCI등재

영어영문학연구
62권 1호 ~ 62권 1호

KCI등재

영어영문학연구
19권 2호 ~ 46권 1호

KCI등재

현대영미시연구
24권 2호 ~ 24권 2호

KCI등재

영어영문학
66권 1호 ~ 66권 1호

KCI등재

영어영문학21
33권 1호 ~ 33권 1호

KCI등재

미국소설
27권 1호 ~ 27권 1호

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현대영어영문학
64권 1호 ~ 64권 1호

KCI등재

D. H. 로렌스 연구
27권 2호 ~ 27권 2호

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영미문학연구
37권 0호 ~ 37권 0호

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제임스조이스 저널
25권 2호 ~ 25권 2호

KCI등재

영어영문학21
32권 4호 ~ 32권 4호
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