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이중언어학회> 이중언어학> 외국어로서의 한국어 발음과 유창성 연구

KCI등재

외국어로서의 한국어 발음과 유창성 연구

A Study of Korean Production and Fluency as a Foreign Language.

강석한 ( Kang Seok-han ) , 안현기 ( Ahn Hyunkee ) , 홍은실 ( Hong Eun-sil ) , 민병곤 ( Min Byeong-gon ) , 조수진 ( Cho Su-jin ) , 이성준 ( Lee Sung-jun ) , 박현정 ( Park Hyun-jeong )
  • : 이중언어학회
  • : 이중언어학 67권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2017년 06월
  • : 1-29(29pages)

DOI


목차

1. 서론
2. 선행 연구
3. 연구 내용 및 방법
4. 연구 결과
5. 유창성 요소와 평가와의 관계
6. 토의
7. 결론
<참고 문헌>

키워드 보기


초록 보기


						
The study investigated what variables affected more on Korean raters` production and fluency judgement to the Korean speakings of the advanced foreign learners. Nine professional Korean raters assessed sixty Korean learners` oral performance. The results are as follows: (1) fluency judgement for the Korean speaking follows the cross-linguistic trends, (2) the principal variables in judging L2 fluency include speech rate, F0 range, and pause frequency, (3) mean length of runs (number of syllables) - representing how many words the subjects express within the given time - comparatively lower effect in judging the fluency. The study also found that the wide range of F0 causes the higher scores of the fluency marks. The result could support the evidence that F0 - exerting how the subjects express the active intonation - is one of the important production and fluency cues, regardless of the spectrum structure of the target language. The result implies that Korean speaking education should focus more on the active intonation. (Konkuk University, Seoul National University, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul National University, Seogang University, Seoul National University, Seoul National University)

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2018-700-000597197

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 언어학
  • : KCI 등재
  • : -
  • : 계간
  • : 1229-1757
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1983-2019
  • : 1084


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1외국어로서의 한국어 발음과 유창성 연구

저자 : 강석한 ( Kang Seok-han ) , 안현기 ( Ahn Hyunkee ) , 홍은실 ( Hong Eun-sil ) , 민병곤 ( Min Byeong-gon ) , 조수진 ( Cho Su-jin ) , 이성준 ( Lee Sung-jun ) , 박현정 ( Park Hyun-jeong )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 67권 0호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 1-29 (29 pages)

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초록보기

The study investigated what variables affected more on Korean raters` production and fluency judgement to the Korean speakings of the advanced foreign learners. Nine professional Korean raters assessed sixty Korean learners` oral performance. The results are as follows: (1) fluency judgement for the Korean speaking follows the cross-linguistic trends, (2) the principal variables in judging L2 fluency include speech rate, F0 range, and pause frequency, (3) mean length of runs (number of syllables) - representing how many words the subjects express within the given time - comparatively lower effect in judging the fluency. The study also found that the wide range of F0 causes the higher scores of the fluency marks. The result could support the evidence that F0 - exerting how the subjects express the active intonation - is one of the important production and fluency cues, regardless of the spectrum structure of the target language. The result implies that Korean speaking education should focus more on the active intonation. (Konkuk University, Seoul National University, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul National University, Seogang University, Seoul National University, Seoul National University)

2중국인 학습자의 확인의문문 억양 연구

저자 : 구려나 ( Qiu Lina )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 67권 0호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 31-62 (32 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to reveal the intonations of Chinese learners, when they are using the confirmative interrogative sentences of Korean. But the previous studies, there are a lot of problems. Such as they tried to use Chinese`s general interrogative sentence - the `?` interrogative sentence to explain the Korean confirmative interrogative sentences - the `-지요` interrogative sentences. But the important thing is the `?` interrogative sentence in China is not use as confirmative interrogative sentences. That is, they were not based on the same grammatical concepts and functions to compare the differences between Korean and Chinese`s confirmative interrogative sentence. So they could not get a satisfactory result when comparing Korean and Chinese`s intonation. And another problem is they considered the Chinese tone has affected the intonation of Korean`s confirmative interrogative sentence but did not researched it in depth.
In this study, I tried to explain the rationality of choosing `-지요` interrogative sentence and ` ` interrogative sentence. And then refer to previous studies and materials to write Korean & Chinese experimental materials. After that, interviewed and tested 110 respondents, used praat6023 to analyze experimental data. According to actual condition to reveal the intonations of Chinese learners, when they are using the confirmative interrogative sentences of Korean. And also I tried experimented to prove that, intonation will be affected by the Chinese tone characteristics, syllable changes rules, light tone rules and other reasons, when Chinese learners are using the confirmative interrogative sentences of Korean. (Chonnam National University)

3자연 학습 환경에서의 L2 한국어 통사 발달과 학습자 변인에 대한 횡적 고찰

저자 : 김정운 ( Jeongwoon Kim ) , 김영주 ( Youngjoo Kim ) , 이선진 ( Sunjin Lee )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 67권 0호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 63-101 (39 pages)

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This study analyzed syntactic development (Complexity, Accuracy, and Fluency; CAF) of L2 Korean learners in a natural learning context. Twenty-one L2 Korean learners recalled the stories of a short animated video through speaking and writing. Their responses were analyzed for a series of CAF measures and the learners` cognitive, psychological, and social variables were investigated according to time periods. The results showed that (i) L2 Korean learner groups, categorized by time of stay, showed significant differences in spoken and written complexity, and spoken fluency. (ii) the correlation between spoken and written complexity as well as the spoken and written accuracy were significant, and the spoken and written fluency were almost at the significant level. (iii) The One-way ANOVA analysis showed that learners group with the shortest period had significantly higher level of anxiety. The study reports heartening results that L2 Korean learners who embarked in self-learning in a natural learning context also made significant syntactic development. (Kyunghee University)

4미얀마인 학습자의 한국어 단모음 오류 분석 -구성원소 이론을 바탕으로-

저자 : 노채환 ( Roh Chaehwan )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 67권 0호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 103-127 (25 pages)

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This paper aims to analyze the phonological phenomena that occurred on the acquisition of a Korean monophthong system of Myanmar learners. It is mainly examined in terms of the internal representation of vowels within the theoretical framework of the Element Theory.
When Korean monophthong input is given, Myanmar learners reanalyze and adjust it based on the internal representation existing in the Myanmar vowel system, or on that of the target Korean. And this is pronounced by output. Positive and negative transitions appear in this process.
The commonality of the internal structures of /i, a, u, o, e/ explains the positive transfer of those vowels by Myanmar speakers of Korean. On the other hand, substitution errors of [ε] for /e/, [?] for /o/, and [u] for /i/ by negative transfer are found in Myanmar learners` pronunciation derived from adapting internal representation of Myanmar vowel to Korean. (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)

5외국인 학부생의 한국어 읽기 불안과 학업 성취도의 관계 -고급 수준의 한국어 학습자를 대상으로-

저자 : 박현진 ( Hyun-jin Park ) , 김정은 ( Jeong-eun Kim )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 67권 0호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 129-160 (32 pages)

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The purpose of the present study is to identify the components of reading anxiety of advanced students learning Korean as a second language and examine the relationship between the reading anxiety and their academic performances in college. A total of 40 international students enrolled in a university in Korea participated in the questionnaire-based survey (Saito, Horwitz, & Garza, 1999). The responses were analyzed by a range of principal component factor analyses and correlation analyses. The results found five major components comprising the reading anxiety in relation to comprehension, foreign language, vocabulary, culture, and negative perceptions toward reading. The correlation analysis found that the first factor, i.e., comprehension, have significant negative correlation with their academic performances. Other factors did not show significant relationships with the academic performances. The results of the study, thus, describe that the constructs of reading anxiety is multifaced in nature and some of them may have significant impact to students` academic performances in college. (Korea University & Hongik University)

6한국어 읽기 전략 교수의 효과에 대한 메타분석

저자 : 백재파 ( Baek Jaepa )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 67권 0호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 161-191 (31 pages)

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This study aims to systematically examine the effects of reading strategy instruction in Korean reading education. To accomplish this goal, a total of 38 effect sizes were produced from 23 related studies and meta-analyzed. The major implications of this research are as follows: First, the overall effect size was .739. This is a medium effect size and implies that the treated group showed an improvement bigger than the control group by 28.52 percentile. Second, the effect size of cognitive strategy teaching (ES=.854) was greater than that of meta-cognitive strategy teaching (ES=.751). Third, the analysis of the moderator effects revealed that none of the five variables (language group, proficiency, number of students, number of lessons, and learning purpose) had a statistically significant impact on the result. Detailed findings and pedagogical suggestions are also discussed. (Dong-A University)

7한국어 교사의 수업 시간 외국어 사용 연구 -교사의 언어적 배경과 한국어 교수 환경을 중심으로-

저자 : 안정민 ( Ahn Jeongmin )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 67권 0호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 193-228 (36 pages)

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This study aims to investigate the cognition and practical use of foreign language in the Korean classroom. In order to examine the use of foreign language in various contexts, I classified the Korean teachers according to the linguistic backgrounds and the teaching locations. For the multi-faceted and in-depth study, an interview analysis of eight Korean teachers(2 each domestic native, overseas native, domestic non-native and overseas non-native teachers) and a survey of 117 Korean teachers were conducted.
Through the interview analysis, we found some common ideas about using foreign language in the classroom. What should be emphasized here is that the use of the foreign language by the teachers surveyed is not determined by external factors but the active decision of the teacher through teacher cognition.
In addition, the results of the survey showed that the rate of using foreign language in the overseas classrooms, and beginning levels are significantly higher than that of domestics and intermediate and above. And the analysis of the situations in which the foreign language is actually used and that is considered effective to use is conducted but still needs to be further analysed. (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)

8`문답식 발표 모형`을 활용한 토론 상호작용 훈련 방안 -학문 목적 한국어 학습자를 대상으로-

저자 : 여미란 ( Yeo Mi-ran )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 67권 0호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 229-258 (30 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to suggest `Speech focused on Cross-examination` model to Korean Language Learners for Academic Purpose in order to enhance their interactive skills in debates. Although Debate curriculum has been acknowledged as a method to increase Korean Language Learners` college scholastic abilities comprehensively, students find it quite burdensome due to some difficulties in interactive activities such as inquiry and rebuttal. `Speech Focused on Cross-examination` model is devised from `Extemporaneous Speaking`, a debate training method designed for enhancing interactive skills with questioning and answering. `Extemporaneous Speaking` is an event of annual debating tournament held both in high school and university levels in the US. This model will be an effective method for foreign students to overcome difficulties of interaction during debate class and will encourage students to achieve higher college scholastic ability. So as to verify the efficiency of `Speech focused on Cross-examination` model, academic experiment project was proceeded during a semester. An analysis on the curriculum and the Subject Experience Survey(SES) have been followed. (Dongguk University)

9네트워크 분석을 활용한 한국어 발음 교육 연구 동향 연구

저자 : 장경미 ( Jang Kyungmi )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 67권 0호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 259-283 (25 pages)

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Understanding research trends is a good way to keep up with research needs. Most of the researches on research trends in the area of Korean pronunciation education tend to have been conducted in a traditional way depending on the researcher`s subjective criteria. A network approach makes it possible to uncover recent trends in an objective way with a new perspective based on the network relations by analyzing words appearing in the titles of scholarly articles. To uncover the recent trends in the area of Korean pronunciation education research, 357 articles on Korean pronunciation education research were collected and 2,778 keywords were extracted for a frequency analysis and a co-word analysis. Their relationships were then analyzed by the algorithms of Pathfinder Networks (PFNets) and Parallel Nearest Neighbor Clustering (PNNC), the results were visualized by NodeXL. The patterns and clusters on the network provided a broad understanding of how research areas have evolved over time and emerging research areas. (Seoul National University)

10베트남인 초급 한국어 학습자의 단모음 발음에 대한 실험음성학적 연구 -여성 화자를 중심으로-

저자 : 정환민 ( Jung Hwanmin ) , 이나라 ( Lee Nara )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 67권 0호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 285-307 (23 pages)

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Bilingual Research 67, 285-307. The purpose of this study is to acoustically analyze 8 Korean monophthongs produced by the 20 Vietnamese novice learners of Korean and the 20 native speakers of Korean and to compare their pronunciations. The participants were all female speakers. Among many acoustic features of vowels, we here present the first formants(F1) and the second formants(F2), by which we can assume the place of articulation of the vowels produced.
The result shows that almost all vowels produced by the Vietnamese learners are significantly different in their F1 and F2 to those produced by the native speakers of Korean. Particularly in case of the back vowels, / / and / /, the differences between the Vietnamese learners and the native speakers of Korean can lead to confusion, which means it has to be the first priority when teaching vowel pronunciation of Korean to teach how to pronounce those two vowels in a precise way. (Korea University)

12
주제별 간행물
간행물명 수록권호

KCI등재 SCOUPUS

언어연구
36권 1호 ~ 36권 1호

KCI등재

언어와 정보사회
36권 0호 ~ 36권 0호

한국어교육연구
11권 1호 ~ 14권 1호

KCI등재

언어학
27권 1호 ~ 27권 1호

KCI등재

기호학 연구
58권 0호 ~ 58권 0호

고려대학교 한국어문교육연구소 학술발표논문집
2018권 1호 ~ 2019권 0호

KCI등재

국어교육학연구
54권 1호 ~ 54권 1호

KCI등재

이중언어학
74권 0호 ~ 74권 0호

KCI후보

한국어문교육
27권 0호 ~ 27권 0호

KCI등재

통번역학연구
23권 1호 ~ 23권 1호

KCI등재

언어와 정보
23권 1호 ~ 23권 1호

KCI등재

언어연구
34권 4호 ~ 34권 4호

KCI등재

영주어문
41권 0호 ~ 41권 0호

KCI등재

언어와 언어학
83권 0호 ~ 83권 0호

중한언어문화연구
15권 0호 ~ 15권 0호

KCI등재

문학치료연구
50권 0호 ~ 50권 0호

한국현대언어학회 학술발표논문집
2018권 0호 ~ 2018권 0호

KCI등재

기호학 연구
57권 0호 ~ 57권 0호

KCI등재

외국어교육연구
32권 4호 ~ 32권 4호

KCI등재

언어학
26권 4호 ~ 26권 4호
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