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한국경찰법학회> 경찰법연구> 수사과정에서 나타나는 허위자백의 징표

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수사과정에서 나타나는 허위자백의 징표

Signs of False Confession which Appear During the Investigation Process

이기수 ( Lee Ki-soo )
  • : 한국경찰법학회
  • : 경찰법연구 14권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2016년 12월
  • : 37-58(22pages)

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False confession, an admitting of crime which they did not commit, significantly lowers the credibility and effectiveness of the general criminal procedure. This is because false confession leads to failure in discovery of the truth, which leads to misjudgement, and is linked to many illegal acts in the criminal procedure. Therefore, it is best to discover and prevent false confession before the damage is incurred, before prosecution and trial. And that is the way to secure criminal justice and trust in realizing an important value of complying with discovery of truth and legal process in the criminal procedure. Signs of false confession were obtained, based on the prior studies. These signs of false confession can be standardized as one of the standards in applying it during the investigation process for the purpose of using it as a tool to filter out false confession. I believe that it would be very effective, to utilize the signs of false confession in the closing phase of the investigation in an official process of reviewing the confession, before applying for warrant.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2018-300-000499094

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  • : 사회과학분야  > 법학
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 연3회
  • : 1598-8961
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  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2003-2019
  • : 317


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1수사과정 영상녹화제도에 대한 비교법제 연구 - 동아시아권 일본, 대만의 최근 동향 및 비교·시사점을 중심으로 -

저자 : 이동희 ( Lee Dong-hee )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 3-35 (33 pages)

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The purpose of this research is in order to introduce visual recording of suspect interrogation in east asian countries of Korea, Japan and Taiwan. In the meantime the three countries have pursued criminal justice system reform and as they have common features in terms of geography, culture, and adopted law the nations own tasks in common. In Japan, in March 2015, Japanese Cabinet approved the revision of criminal procedure law, which included mandatory video recording by police and prosecutor for suspect interview on specific crimes. Recently, this new law was passed this year and to be enforced in near future. Japanese police and prosecutor have already started visual recording of suspect interrogation by their discretion since 2008. For other Asian countries, Taiwan has long experience of visual recording. The situation in the East Asia gives us good opportunity to consider and compare the legal issues concerning visual recording of suspect interrogation. As a result, this paper is to clarify the legal condition concerning visual recording of suspect interrogation in the East Asia and to discuss the 2 problems such as evidential availability, possibility as a useful tool to ensure transparency in interrogation rooms and reliability in the fact finding process. For these purpose, in this paper will show the basic structure and principles of visual recording law from each of their own countries and analyze the characteristics of their legislations and the practice in their interrogation rooms.

2수사과정에서 나타나는 허위자백의 징표

저자 : 이기수 ( Lee Ki-soo )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 37-58 (22 pages)

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초록보기

False confession, an admitting of crime which they did not commit, significantly lowers the credibility and effectiveness of the general criminal procedure. This is because false confession leads to failure in discovery of the truth, which leads to misjudgement, and is linked to many illegal acts in the criminal procedure. Therefore, it is best to discover and prevent false confession before the damage is incurred, before prosecution and trial. And that is the way to secure criminal justice and trust in realizing an important value of complying with discovery of truth and legal process in the criminal procedure. Signs of false confession were obtained, based on the prior studies. These signs of false confession can be standardized as one of the standards in applying it during the investigation process for the purpose of using it as a tool to filter out false confession. I believe that it would be very effective, to utilize the signs of false confession in the closing phase of the investigation in an official process of reviewing the confession, before applying for warrant.

3세관공무원에 의한 마약류 압수의 절차적 문제점과 해결방안 - 행정조사와 범죄수사의 구별론을 중심으로-

저자 : 김택수 ( Kim Taek-su )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 59-85 (27 pages)

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En 2013, la Cour de Cassation Coreenne avait admis qu`un agent de douane pourrait presenter un stupefiant devoilee au cours de dedouannement a l`autorite d`investigation au titre de detenteur sans un mandat de saisie. Contrairement en 2016, elle a declare que un agent de douane ayant le pouvoir de police judiciaire doit recevoir un mandat de saisie tendant a acquerir de telles substances a l`intention de recherche des preuves d`une infraction. Les problematiques sur le caractere juridique et l`exigence du principe de mandat a raison de la coexistance de la police judiciaire et administrative trouvent leur cause dans la structure de l`institution de la police judiciaire speciale qui connecte le pouvoir de l`enquete administrative avec le pouvoir de police judiciaire. Le model francais bien montre que l`agent de douane peut constater les delits douanniers flagrants en etablissant un proces-verbal de saisie alors que l`officiers de douane judiciaire ne peut exercer les missions de l`investigation administrative en meme temps. Pour resoudre ce probleme de l`exercise du cumul de pouvoirs judiciaire et administrative par un agent de douane, il faut reformer l`institution de l`officier de police judiciaire speciale a l`avenir, et, pour le present, attribuer aux agents des douanes le pouvoir de saisir les substances de stupefiant au cours de dedouanement dans le but administratif.

4수사기관의 공무소 조회와 개인정보보호 - 헌법재판소 2014헌마368 사건을 중심으로 -

저자 : 유주성 ( Yoo Ju-sung )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 87-105 (19 pages)

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The right to informational self-determination is the individual right to control the circulation of personal information. The Korean Constitutional Court recognized the right to informational self-determination as a constitutional right. But this right can be restricted for the sake of national security, social order, and public interest, but its restriction should be based on a clear statutory rule and comply with the rule against excessive restriction. The Article 199-paragraph 2 of Criminal procedure Code stipulates that Public office can offer the personal informations that they collect for their work, to the criminal investigation agency who requests them for the purpose of criminal investigation. In recent years, it`s however criticized that the criminal investigation agency requests the personal informations too awful and public offices are offering mechanically the personal informations to the agency. Thus, this article has the purpose to find a `Due process of law` to harmonize the two constitutional values : l` efficiency of criminal investigation and l` effectiveness of the right to informational self-determination.

5아동·청소년의 성보호에 관한 법률 제2조 4호의 아동·청소년이용음란물 정의에 대한 검토

저자 : 이건호 ( Lee Kun-ho )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 107-132 (26 pages)

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The child pornography is prohibited by the law in many countries and internationally. It means the pornography which depicts or reprensents the image of the child or adolescent acting actually or simulatedly some sexual acts or sexual intercourse. `The Protection of Child-Adolescent Against the Sex Crimes Act` prohibits the acts of making, carrying, selling, exhibiting, representing or possessing the child pornographies. The Act also prohibits the making, carrying or possesseing etc. of the virtual child pornographies. The Act prescribes the virtual pornography abstactively in number 5 of the article 2 as “the person or the representation which is recognizable as child or adolescent, who is represented and acts the sexual behavior or some of the other sort of sexual action, and that image includes the visual and pictorial image, video material, computer game, … `. But it is doubtful wheather the above mentioned provision is correctly prescribed the virtual child pornography, or wheather the provision breaches the definitive prescription standard of the Legality principles. The Constitutional Law Court decided the correctiveness of the clause in the constitutionality of the law case of the Act. The Court judged that the clause of the Act is definitive and clear, so the Act does not breached the constitutioality. But the minority opinion of the Court decided the case in opposite view. They judged the clause of the Act is abstract and ambiguous as the penal code, so they decided the clause breaches the definitive standard. The Act was reformed the clause of number 5 of the article 2 as more difinitive by inserting the word “is recognizable definitively”. But the difinitiveness of the clause is questioned as ever, because the words “representation” and “some of the other sort of sexual action” includes some abstractness and ambiguity. Also the appropriateness of the criminalization and punishing as crime against the children of the virtual child pornography is not obvious. The virtual material does not include any real child/juvenile image, and so any right or interest of real person of child/juvenile is infringed or attacked. It is just the moral sensitivity or ethical norms that the virtual material breaches or infringes. The effect of criminal justice system would be diminsished by punishing the virtual child pornography, and the citizen`s fundamental right for the art and expression could be brought in danger by the excessive regulation for the visual media. Because the abstractiveness and ambiguity of the Act is not removed by the reform of the clause. It is the more effective measure for the crimes against children and adolescent and the child pornography crime that criminal justice system fight to keep the children from behaviors such as corrupting the children. Such behaviors are for example, exposing, showing, spreading or selling the pornographic materials knowingly or on the purpose of infringing the right of children/adolescent in the way of easily being noticed to children or adolescent. These behaviors should be punished by more tough penalties like the countries such as Germany, Austria and France.

6민간조사영업에서의 기본권 보장과 국가개입의 법리

저자 : 이성용 ( Lee Sung-yong )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 133-152 (20 pages)

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Previous studies on the private investigative system have led to the wrong direction of "legitimizing" existing illegal activities that collect information on privacy for commercial purposes. This study redefines the approach to private Investigation from the viewpoint of public law. The purpose of this study is to provide a framework of legal analysis to enable legitimate private investigation industry to be constructed and guaranteeing freedom of business activities through the strict regulation of business activities for private investigations that have already fallen into `the widespread illegal state`. In order to discuss the regulation or institutionalization of a particular occupation, the freedom of the occupation guaranteed by the Constitution should be the starting point. From a historical and comparative institutional perspective, private investigation has been naturally created and developed as a professional job to secure citizens` rights, and advanced countries are gradually adopting a strict regulatory system. From the market point of view, current private investigation regulatory policy is a complete failure, and under current legislation it is no longer possible to stop it with any kind of enforcement or control. The private investigation can not and should not be prohibited, as long as the right of the people to know is ascertained through the legitimate procedures permitted by law. However, in the market conditions where the boundary between legal and illegal is vague and more profit can be expected through illegal activities, it should be regulated through strict qualifications system and licensing system.

7독일경찰법상 손실보상에 관한 연구

저자 : 이기춘 ( Lee Kee-chun )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 153-182 (30 pages)

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5. 4. 2013. ist die Vorschrift uber die Entschadigung oder Ausgleich ins koreanischen Polizeiaufgabengesetz eingefuhrt worden. Jetzt durch diese Vorschrift werden die Schaden der Nichtstorer und der freiwilligen Polizeihelfer sowie-sofern dem Ubermaßverbot entgegengestehen-der Storer ausgeglichen, Aber nach wie vor sind die rechtmaßige Maßnahmen die Voraussetzungen der Entschadigung und hat das Gesetz keine Vorschriften uber die Entschadigungsmoglichkeiten der mittelbaren Geschadigten und der Opfern der immateriellen Schaden und die rechtswidrigen Maßnahmenfalle, so daß es die wesentliche Grenzen haben mussen. Außerdem mussen die Problemen der Einfuhrung der polizeilichen Generalermachtigung ins unseren Polizeiaufgabengesetz und der Dispute von Anscheinsstorer sowie der ubermaßigen Verantwortlichkeit der Zustandsstorer zusammen mit diesen Diskussionen gelosen werden.

8배상명령제도에 관한 비교법적 연구

저자 : 장응혁 ( Chang Eung-hyeok )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 183-203 (21 pages)

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Compensation for the damage by criminals is a significant element to help victims. The South Korean system mostly depended on reconciliation made by individuals. However, it has developed recently to adopt criminal case meditation. The first measure was the compensation order which was developed in other jurisdictions. The compensation order is the most significant regime since it reimburses damage by criminals after convictions. The South Korean system is similar to the German. However, the German system is not generally employed because of several reasons. Now, it is time to reform the Korean system by considering other developed jurisdictions. The Japanese system should be another important example. In 2007, they established the compensation order by referring to the German system. However, unlike in Germany, they have often used the method to compensate for victims by serious crimes.

1
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