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대한언어학회> 언어학> Boundary and pitch effects on the perception of Korean alveolar nasal

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Boundary and pitch effects on the perception of Korean alveolar nasal

Hyunsook Kang
  • : 대한언어학회
  • : 언어학 24권4호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2016년 12월
  • : 23-38(16pages)
피인용수 : 9건

(자료제공: 네이버학술정보)

DOI


목차

1. Introduction
2. Experiment
3. Conclusion
References

키워드 보기


초록 보기


						
This study investigates alveolar nasal perception on various portions of two Korean [ni] sequences: one [ni] sequence in the suffix medial position of -mnita with L tone and the other [ni] sequence at the IP-final position -ni with H tone. The perception test results show that various portions of [ni] from the suffix-medial position induce significantly more errors than the corresponding portions of [ni] from the IP-final position in all three conditions (vowel, murmur-vowel, and the whole phrase). The test results also show that suffix-medial [ni] sequences of some speakers obtain near-perfect perception scores as [mi], showing that [n] has undergone the categorical change to [m]. This shows that unlike the traditional assumption, Korean may allow progressive place assimilation if the target is the least prominent segment in the environment, like an alveolar nasal [n] in the context of /nasal__i/.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2018-700-000252133

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 언어학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1225-7141
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1993-2019
  • : 1037


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1An Alternative Approach to Realizations of the Medial [nt] Cluster in English

저자 : Chin-wan Chung

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 1-23 (23 pages)

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This study focuses on the realizations of medial [nt] cluster and provides a foot-based account of it. The analysis argues that the deletion of the [t] occurs only within a foot when the [t] of the [nt] is the onset of a non-head syllable of a trochaic, a dactylic, and a superfoot. This optional deletion in English targets a segment occurring in a prosodically non-prominent syllable. By employing foot-based analytic assumption, we are able to explain extensive realizations of the medial [nt] cluster which includes the examples of aspiration and glottalization of the [t] instead of deletion to avoid the medial [nt] sequence. The aspiration and glottalization examples are problematic to a syllable-based analysis due to its restricted domain. The analysis reveals that English seems to use deletion, glottalization, and foot-structure to avoid the medial [nt] cluster, which is typologically interesting.

2Boundary and pitch effects on the perception of Korean alveolar nasal

저자 : Hyunsook Kang

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 23-38 (16 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study investigates alveolar nasal perception on various portions of two Korean [ni] sequences: one [ni] sequence in the suffix medial position of -mnita with L tone and the other [ni] sequence at the IP-final position -ni with H tone. The perception test results show that various portions of [ni] from the suffix-medial position induce significantly more errors than the corresponding portions of [ni] from the IP-final position in all three conditions (vowel, murmur-vowel, and the whole phrase). The test results also show that suffix-medial [ni] sequences of some speakers obtain near-perfect perception scores as [mi], showing that [n] has undergone the categorical change to [m]. This shows that unlike the traditional assumption, Korean may allow progressive place assimilation if the target is the least prominent segment in the environment, like an alveolar nasal [n] in the context of /nasal__i/.

3Corpus-Based English Grammar Instruction in a Korean College Context

저자 : Youn-kyoung Lee

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 39-60 (22 pages)

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The present study aims at examining to what extent corpus and contextualized lexicogrammar are applicable and effective when used in a Korean college context. This study was conducted in a College Intermediate English Grammar Course involving 63 participants (61 EFL students and 2 Korean instructors). Data included students` corpus search assignments, grammar exercises, Likert-scale questionnaire, and interview data from both students and instructors about their reflections on corpus-based learning and teaching. The results of the study revealed several positive effects of the approach, such as improvement of language awareness, better command of some lexicogrammatical rules and patterns, understanding of importance of context in language use, enhanced opportunity of discovery learning. The results also revealed some challenges of corpus-based grammar learning, including the difficulty students feel in corpus analysis. Based on the findings of the study, useful teaching strategies and suggestions for future corpus-based learning are also discussed.

4The Pragmatic Scope of Indefinite Adverbs in Korean

저자 : Jeong Khn Ahn

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 61-79 (19 pages)

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This study examines pragmatic scope of some indefinite adverbs in Korean such as myechil cen (`a few days ago`), choykun (`lately`), yakkan (`a little`), cokum (`a little`), manhi (`greatly`), and emcheng (`excessively`). In order to examine age and gender differences in their pragmatic scope, 254 subjects were participated in this study. They were given a questionnaire to fill out pragmatic scope of the six indefinite adverbs in Korean. Using SPSS 12.0 the study analyzed their responses and found out that their average pragmatic scope of myechil cen is 4.3 days ago, choykun 7.1 days ago, yakkan 4.0 cm, cokum 5.6%, manhi 16.2%, and emcheng 25.5%. Paired-samples T test indicated that difference in pragmatic scope was statistically significant between myechil cen and choykun (t= -6.453, p<0.001), between yakkan and cokum (t= -4.295, p<0.001), and between manhi and emcheng (t= -4.295, p<0.001) as well. Gender difference was not found in their pragmatic scope of the indefinites, whereas age difference was found statistically significant in choykun (F= 4.102, p= .044), yakkan (F= 8.961, p= .003), cokum (F= 4.707, p= .031), and manhi (F= 4.586, p= .033) when age was divided into the two groups (under 20 vs. over 20 years of age). The findings in the study indicate that indefinites are measured pragmatically and that they are used in a certain range of scope in reality.

5Speech Act Metonymy in Biscuit Conditionals

저자 : Youngju Choi , Yoon-kyoung Joh

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 81-102 (22 pages)

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Biscuit conditionals are distinguished from indicative conditionals in that their consequent clauses are not dependent on conditional clauses while they are in indicative conditionals. In the example of the biscuit conditionals, If you are hungry, there are biscuits on the sideboard, it is apparent that the existence of biscuits on the sideboard does not depend on one`s hunger. This paper demonstrates that the conditional clause is metonymically interpreted as the question where can I find food? and the consequent clause as the answer there are biscuits on the sideboard. Then the conditional will be construed as If your question is, where can I find food, then my answer to you is, there are biscuits on the sideboard, leading to the conclusion that biscuit conditionals behave like indicative conditionals, with their consequent clauses having dependency on their conditional clauses: If the question is not "where can I find food?" the answer will not be "there are biscuits on the sideboard. How the conditional and consequent clauses of biscuit conditionals are interpreted as question-answer pairs will be explained based on speech act metonymy.

6A Critical Study on the Accuracy and Reliability of an Automated Analysis on H1-H2 for Korean Phonation Types

저자 : Mi-ryoung Kim

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 103-127 (25 pages)

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This study examined the amplitude difference between the first harmonic and the second harmonic (H1-H2 or spectral tilt) for Korean phonation types (initial stops) and critically evaluated the accuracy and reliability of an automated analysis based on a PRAAT script-based algorithm (Remijsen, 2014). Speech data were collected from seven speakers of native Seoul Korean. The output was compared to those of the manual outcomes. The results showed that, from both the automated and “by-hand” method, H1-H2 was highest (i.e., positive) for lax stops, higher for aspirated stops, and lowest (i.e., negative) for tense stops, showing a pattern of tense < aspirated < lax stops at vowel onset. However, the automated results neither corresponded to the manual outputs nor were fully reliable. Among individual outcomes, serious errors were observed for some speakers` outcomes in that the H1-H2 ranges for the same aspirated stops were -32 dB to 1 dB and the error rate was above 70%. The results indicate that, including Remijsen`s (2014) Praat script-based algorithm employed in this study, any automated analysis on acoustic parameters cannot fully be reliable but must be always accompanied by hand-corrections to enhance the accuracy and reliability.

7A Study on the Relationship between Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Comprehension in English Reading

저자 : Jaewoo Shim , Heechul Lee , Seunghee Jin

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 129-150 (22 pages)

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The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy beliefs and comprehension in English reading. A total of 219 Korean EFL middle school students completed the questionnaires on reading self-efficacy beliefs. To measure students` reading comprehension, English scores of a province-run-achievement test were used. A multiple regression analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between reading self-efficacy beliefs and reading comprehension. The dependent variable was reading comprehension, and the independent variable was reading self-efficacy beliefs with the subfactors of Initiative, Effort, Performance, and Persistence. The result of the study showed that two variables of Effort and Performance were significant to predict the variance in reading proficiency (b=0.241 and b=0.248, p<0.05, respectively). In addition, R 2was 0.343 (p<0.01). This means that 34.3.1% of variance of reading proficiency was accounted for by the linear combination of reading self-efficacy beliefs. These results imply that there is a strong relationship between reading self-efficacy beliefs and reading proficiency. Pedagogical implications based on the findings are discussed.

8On Another Pragmatic Facet of Scalar Inference

저자 : Dae-young Kim

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 151-178 (28 pages)

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The types of scalar inference can be divided into these two: scalar entailment and scalar implicature. According to Gazdar (1979), Levinson (1983, 2000) and Horn (1985, 1989, 2004), assuming a scale < e1, e2, e3 … en >, where e1 scalar-entails e2, e2 also scalar-entails e3, etc, but not vice versa. On the other hand, uttering a sentence including (en) scalar-implicates the negation of a sentence including (en-1). These scalar inferences can be the evidence verifying that ordinary language users observe the Maxim of Quantity proposed by Grice (1975), and these pragmatic principles seem to always enable the ordinary language users to foresee regular conclusions, in which any scalar utterances occur. In our ordinary language use, however, sometimes there might be some exceptional cases where the hearer cannot properly interpret the speaker`s exact intention, if these scalar inferential principles are to be mechanically applied. The reason is due to the point that various non-linguistic factors such as language users` intuition and their socio-cultural environments can also be involved in the process of the interpreting the scalar utterances, besides the linguistic principles proposed by Horn (1989, 2004) and Levinson (2000). These non-linguistic factors are very significant in that they might influence the ultimate meaning intended by the speaker; in this paper, I discuss what they are, and account for how the scalar inference connected to them can be treated in the discourse.

9English Negative Inversion and Split Projection

저자 : Se-young Park

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 179-195 (17 pages)

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This paper is research on English negative Inversion through the analyses based on Split Projection. Here, we have tried to solve two questions: One is "What triggers preposed negative movement and SAI movement?" and the other is "Where is the landing site of the movements? According to Park(1996, 2013)`s theory, these movements are caused by SHA and OSHA in functional categories (CP, FocP, TP). Unlike previous theories, the analyses on landing site of the movements are reinforced through OSHA in CP, FocP, and TP. The auxiliary in SAI moves to [Spec2, TP2], not to [Foc, FocP]. In the embedded clause, interrogative wh-phrase moves to [Spec2, FocP2], not to [Spec, CP]. Park(1996, 2013)`s OSHAs make it unnecessary to set up new topic phrases in Rizzi(1997)`s structure. If we assume Park(1996, 2013)`s OSHA as the available theory, we have better explanatory power to analyze intricate negative constructions with another focus phrase or topic phrases consistently.

10음운 이웃단어와 한국어 어두 양순 및 치경 페쇄음의 음성적 실현

저자 : 이용은 ( Lee Yongeun )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 197-217 (21 pages)

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In English, it has been shown that mean VOT for word initial voiceless stops is statistically longer when they occur in a word with a minimal-pair neighbor (e.g., cod vs. god) than in a word without such a neighbor (cop vs. *gop) (Baese-Berke & Goldrick, 2009; Buz, Tanenhaus, & Jaeger, 2016). The present study investigated whether such lexical effect of phonological neighbors can be extended to phonetic realizations of word-initial Korean stops. Measurements of VOT of the plain and aspirated Korean bilabial and alveolar stops (a total of 2640 tokens elicited from eleven speakers) along with F0 and H1-H2 of their following vowels suggested no evidence of the role of phonological neighbors in the realizations of the stops. The present results suggest that unlike English the role of phonological neighbors in the realizations of Korean stops may be limited at least in tasks where speakers are asked to simply read aloud words containing the target stops. Discussions of the present results along with a suggestion for a future study, particularly exploring the role of listeners in the production of Korean stops, are provided.

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