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수선사학회> 사림(성대사림)> 패자 아이즈의 적군 전사자 제사와 그 정치적 맥락들

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패자 아이즈의 적군 전사자 제사와 그 정치적 맥락들

Why Did Aizu People Hold War Dead Rituals for Enemy?

이세연 ( Se Yun Lee )
  • : 수선사학회
  • : 사림(성대사림) 57권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2016년 07월
  • : 365-395(31pages)
피인용수 : 59건

(자료제공: 네이버학술정보)

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.20457/SHA.57.12


목차

Ⅰ. 머리말
Ⅱ. 국민통합의 조류와 관적(官賊) 논리의 희석화
Ⅲ. 두 갈래의 복권, 두 갈래의 제사 담론
Ⅳ. 조국 재건과 아이즈 정신
Ⅴ. 맺음말
참고문헌

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This paper analyze the political context of the war dead rituals for enemy, held by Aizu, the loser of the Boshin war in 1917, 1937 and 1957. The war dead rituals for enemy, held during the period from 1917 to 1957, were inseparable with historical recognition of the Aizu people on the Boshin war. Historical recognition, considering the overthrow of the shogunate and the support of the shogunate is compatible, paved the way that all the war dead, killed in the Boshin war can be positioned as patriot. This structure on the rituals functioned as basso ostinato since 1917. But, the core of this structure changed before and after the 1945. In the ritual of 1917 and 1937, the Emperor accounted for absolute position. However, the Emperor, as a word of modern Japan could not get over the wall of 1945. Instead, the catchphrase of homeland reconstruction and ethnic prosperity became embossing. On the other hand, the Bushido discourse of Aizu people was defined as another foundation that supports the war dead ritual for enemy. Byakkotai regained their original face, namely teenage boy soldier who gave their allegiance to the Aizu lord since 1945. As a result, the modern scheme of  was passible in the ritual of 1957.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2017-900-000452640

간행물정보

  • : 인문과학분야  > 동양사
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1229-9545
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1965-2019
  • : 755


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저자 : 오제연 ( Je Yeon Oh )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 1-33 (33 pages)

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During the late Japanese colonial period, as Japan was put in a defensive corner in the war they had started, they sent even Joseon students receiving higher education out to the warzone. As a result, Joseon students went to the battlefield in January 20, 1944 wearing a Japanese military uniform. After liberation, those who had been student solders showed their collective memories. Right after liberation, they called themselves 'victims of the nation' or 'champions of the nation'. However, after they became the older generation, being aware of the challenge from the younger generation that had not received education during the Japanese colonial period, they distressed themselves between 'sacrifice' and 'pain' that had made them suffer and 'collaboration' that they had done for Japan. Then, when they became elderlies, not to let their memories of student solders be forgotten, they once again emphasized the fact that they had been victims of the nation and had fiercely resisted Japan. However, it is hard to say this attempt was successful, as there were so many rupture points in their collective memories. First of all, most student solders 'adapted' to the military life considering the reality, and some even actively tried to realize their 'desire' while in service. Especially, many of student solders applied for a cadet to become a 'commissioned officer' or a 'noncommissioned officer'. As the country was liberated before they would become an official commissioned officer, they could be free from the pro-Japanese problem somehow, but the fact that they had desired to become a commissioned officer to be a collaborator of militarism of Japan did not change. Thus, those who had been student solders tried for a long time to erase this fact and make the memories of student solders remain in the name of the nation.

2통일벼의 기억과 "임금님 쌀"의 역사 만들기

저자 : 김태호 ( Tae Ho Kim )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 35-70 (36 pages)

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“Tongil” is the name of a high-yielding rice variety, which spearheaded the Green Revolution in South Korea in the 1970s. The Park Chung Hee administration enthusiastically promoted Tongil rice, ignoring criticism on its unfamiliar taste and concern on ecological instability, and eventually managed to declare self-sufficiency of rice in 1977. However, criticisms on Tongil rice became even more serious, especially after consecutive crop failures from 1978 to 1980, until the state eventually abandoned pro-Tongil policy in 1981. Although its dominance was remarkably short, Tongil rice has left significant impacts on South Korean people's memory. The controversy on Tongil's taste set a standard on what a “good rice” should taste like; the geographical disproportion in Tongil's cultivation resulted in a prejudice on rice from specific provinces, and a exaggerated preference to one from another. Today, this memory, constructed in the late 1970s, is challenged by the ever-decreasing demand for rice among South Korean people, to construct a new memory about rice and food culture.

3"기억의 장소" 또는 "망각의 장소"

저자 : 양재혁 ( Jae Hyuk Yang )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 71-100 (30 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that Pierre Nora's project 'Sites of Memory' is an attempt not to solve the problems raised by the complicated reality facing France, but to escape from it by the construction of a national identity based on the foundationalist ideas. The project of 'Sites of Memory' claims to be a breakthrough against the French national crisis which consists of the 'identity crisis', that is, the ending of the three decades of prosperity and comparative social peace, the eclipse of French diplomatic power, the increase of Islamic immigration and the related political empowerment of right-wing forces etc. Nora wishes France to overcome the crisis with the aid of mythical national memory back to the 19th century, grounding on a single, collective and mythic narrative that France, as a nation, could be founded to reinforce sense of a single French community. Even if Nora's project claims to be a new national history without nationalism, it arranges hierarchy in the memories, some of which should be excluded. In this regard, the concept of 'sites of memory', based upon a positivist comprehension of the past, tends to fix the memories as an entity, which in the end is converted to the elements of a historical painting of the French nation. However, the historians facing the complicated reality should not build a national myth based on the 'ghost of national past', but reconstruct the plurality of memory, no matter how contradictory it is.

4신라의 "녹수(錄囚)"와 재이관(災異觀)

저자 : 한영화 ( Young Hwa Han )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 101-131 (31 pages)

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Nature and humans in ancient societies were closely linked in any way. The founders of the country had the capacity to controll the natural phenomena, as well as the will of heaven on earth to be adjusted as the son of heaven. The King is descended from the sky, and controls the abundance and scarcity in agriculture. And he had to actively respond to the scarcity. The most basic measure was to rescue people released a grain warehouse. The following was a discussion about the penal administration, then was king's blame himself. Three Kingdoms had been a certain degree of influence on the planetarium in China. However, responding to natural disasters was based on the unique forlks or customs of the Three Kingdoms. And above all there was left a great significance to the development and prosperity of the origin of fecundity. The Character of the examination of prisoners in Silla can be summarized in a few. First, the examination of prisoners in early period was conducted in conjunction with the abundance and scarcity in agriculture. It, including the drought was done due to various disasters flood, frost, hail, etc. Second, it was conducted twice in the middle and later period, only one case of which was related to the disaster. It consists rather in connection with the disaster was the grand amnesty or amnesty. And especially the reason for the amnesty was extended to astronomy, auspicious, etc. It is not almost appeared the middle and later period, which estimated to have been associated with its institutionalization. It has been institutionalized in China, it was the same in Japan. Silla also would not have been much different.

5「통전(通典)」 「변방문(邊防門)」 동이편(東夷篇)의 구조 및 찬술 목적

저자 : 송영대 ( Young Dae Song )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 133-167 (35 pages)

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《Tongdian(通典)》 is a history book written by Duyou during Tang dynasty and the book describes law system from the ancient times to Tianbao(天寶) period. Among nine chapters, the last section  covers four ethnic groups. In this part, it keeps a perception 'sinocentrism' rather than an objective approach. It is because that the book was dedicated to supporting Tang's feudalistic rule. Chapter of Dong-yi(東夷) is included in the volume 185 and 186 of 《Tongdian》 and as other history books in earlier times, the section covers most of east nations. Most importantly, this book has a considerable historic significance in that it is a contemporary account of Three Kingdoms. Based on a strong similarity between preface of . Features of this section are summaries, contemporary historic record of Tang dynasty, description with sinocentrism, and exclusion of describing on specific contents. Although it put an importance on friendly relations with China, description of war occupies a relatively small part. The earlier records on Dong-yi were based on indirect information through envoy of diplomacy. However, the writer of 《Tongdian》 directly gathered materials for the book in the field. The historical context distorted the fact in the way that Kimchunchu(金春秋) was the king of the mission to Tang. Moreover, it does not include Balhae and Silla-Tang War on purpose. As chapter of Dong-yi of 《Tongdian》 greatly cover East area during Tang dynasty, it is obvious that it has a considerable importance as a historic record. However, careful attention is required in that the purpose of this section was supporting sinocentrism which leads to a deliberate distortion and exclusion.

617세기 서울 주민의 계층구조와 호구(戶口)의 편제 양상 -『강희이년계묘식년북부장호적(康熙貳年癸卯式年北部帳戶籍)』을 중심으로-

저자 : 권기중 ( Ki Jung Kwon )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 169-191 (23 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the hierarchy structure of Seoul residents and the organization patterns of households in the 17th century. For that purpose, the study examined the “Household Register of Northern Section of Hanyang in 1663,” in which the residents lived in the northern parts of Seoul those days, which correspond to the areas around Yonsei University and Yeouido along Han River today. There were total 16 villages in the parts with total 683 households. The male and female residents living in the areas were 1,220 and 1,259, respectively. There were people that lived in the areas no longer due to escape, move to another region, or death, and the number amounted to 1,148 and 1,257 for men and women, respectively. Those who were excluded from the current population were 2,274, which accounted for 47.8% of entire population. Those numbers, however, did not include all the residents of the areas, which is confirmed by the extremely small number of children registered in the household register. It also indicates that not all people were recorded in the household register in Seoul like other regions. In addition, the residents of the areas owned more Nobis than their counterparts in local regions. The hierarchical composition of the population in the areas is characterized by the higher percentage of upper class than local regions, the ridiculously smaller size of middle class, and the absolute majority share of lower class, which is explained by the many farms of Yangban families in the areas. The study reorganized the class hierarchy with the actual method of household classification used in the areas and found a couple of points to be careful about: first, the Confucian scholars made the upper class more definitely than the government officials; secondly, even when the spouses of male heads of households used their Yangban family names, it was impossible to consider all those households as Yangban households in the upper class. In Seoul where the number of government officials was high, it is much likely that marriage between women from Yangban families and male government officials from Jungin families must have been even easier than in local regions.

7일제 식민지기 사자(死者)공간의 배치와 이미지 형성 -공동묘지와 화장장을 중심으로-

저자 : 정일영 ( Il Yeong Jeong )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 193-232 (40 pages)

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The Japanese Government-General of Korea legislated “the Regulation of Cemetery, Burial and Cremation”(the Regulation of Cemetery) in 1912. Modern cemeteries were formed by the regulation. These cemeteries were embraced very slowly in Korea, but the places were expelled from colonial cities. There was distinct separation by ethnic groups in the places of the dead. The separation made Koreans to reconfirm and imagine ethnic discrimination. Not only that, crematoriums where Japanese used mostly made conflicts in the colony. In conflicts over private cemeteries, however, a social class was more important factor. Especially the places of the dead became a field of class conflicts by the revision of the regulation in 1919 and 1921. The regulation was not a target of resistance any more but a basis of claims in the conflicts. The colonial power stepped back from the problems in the name of the law. But they remained a spectator in only specific situations that Korean didn't cross the line. The places were rearranged spatially and cognitively in these processes. The rearrangement of the places had an effect on forming new images of death. The places of the dead were awful and sacred in traditional Korea, but the cemeteries and the crematoriums became unsanitary and ominous in colonial period. Especially the crematoriums made more negative images than the cemeteries. The crematoriums were regarded as disposal facilities. But at the same time, the crematoriums had an image of modern factories. Meanwhile, the colonial power gave new image to the places after the mid 1930's when was put on a war footing. They made war memorials and cemeteries as sacred places. There should be no ethnic distinction in these places. They wanted to make the places as the sacred places for the war, so they promoted a campaign of beautification for the cemeteries. The places of the dead in the colonial period had the contradictory images simultaneously. The death was not only a memorial but also filth in modern Korea. It is very different from the traditional status of the death, and it can be said of the one output of the colonial modernity.

81930년대 초 강정택의 금융조합 인식

저자 : 최재성

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 233-268 (36 pages)

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1930年代初期の植民地朝鮮には恐慌の餘波による經濟の危機が深化されていた。1930年代初期の植民地朝鮮には恐慌の餘波による經濟の危機が深化されていた。「組合員の金融を緩和してその經濟の發達を企圖するのため」に設立された金融組合は、結果的に農民の經濟發展には役に立っていなかった。その際に姜鋌澤は東京帝國大學の卒業論文として「金融組合に就いて」を提出していた。姜鋌澤の論文は、目次と內容の面において自身の指導敎授である那須皓の硏究から影響を受けていたと見られる。姜鋌澤は金融組合の組織上の問題点として官治性と信用單營を取り上げている。また機能の側面においての問題点としては、金融組合は協同組合としての信用組合の特性が欠けているし、金融組合の農業金融は小作農の立場がますます困窮になるまで放置して、なお中農以上の農民にまで惡影響を及ぼしていたと判斷している。そのため組合員の金融が金融組合から離脫して高利貸などに切り替わっていたと指摘している。このような問題点を考慮して姜鋌澤は金融組合に對する改善策を提示していた。主な要点は農家の負債の整理, 經濟の調整である。農業金融の徹底的な統制とそれによる農家の經濟統制を農村と農民が疲弊と窮乏より救濟できる究極の方策として見なしていた。そして農業金融の擔當機關である金融組合がこのような統制を誠實に移行することが協同組合としての使命を果たすことだと確信していた。姜鋌澤は協同組合運動が金融組合をライファイジェン式の組合に切り換えなければならないと認識していた。また金融組合が名實共に協同組合として改編できるならば、農村の社會的活動はもちろん經濟的活動においても中樞的な機關となるし、しかも農村自治の中心機關にもなれると想定していた。このような姜鋌澤の提案は從來の改善方案に比べて獨創的であり、樣□な方案がすべて網羅されていたと言える。特に姜鋌澤の提案は、「農家經濟」と「農民生活の向上」、「小作問題の解決」に焦點を置いて、金融組合の問題と農業問題を解決するために提示されていたと理解できる。このような一貫した見解は政府の樹立後の農林部次官として農地改革法の草案の作成に參加する背景になったと見られる。組合員の金融を緩和してその經濟の發達を企圖するのため」に設立された金融組合は、結果的に農民の經濟發展には役に立っていなかった。その際に姜鋌澤は東京帝國大學の卒業論文として「金融組合に就いて」を提出していた。姜鋌澤の論文は、目次と內容の面において自身の指導敎授である那須皓の硏究から影響を受けていたと見られる。姜鋌澤は金融組合の組織上の問題点として官治性と信用單營を取り上げている。また機能の側面においての問題点としては、金融組合は協同組合としての信用組合の特性が欠けているし、金融組合の農業金融は小作農の立場がますます困窮になるまで放置して、なお中農以上の農民にまで惡影響を及ぼしていたと判斷している。そのため組合員の金融が金融組合から離脫して高利貸などに切り替わっていたと指摘している。このような問題点を考慮して姜鋌澤は金融組合に對する改善策を提示していた。主な要点は農家の負債の整理, 經濟の調整である。農業金融の徹底的な統制とそれによる農家の經濟統制を農村と農民が疲弊と窮乏より救濟できる究極の方策として見なしていた。そして農業金融の擔當機關である金融組合がこのような統制を誠實に移行することが協同組合としての使命を果たすことだと確信していた。姜鋌澤は協同組合運動が金融組合をライファイジェン式の組合に切り換えなければならないと認識していた。また金融組合が名實共に協同組合として改編できるならば、農村の社會的活動はもちろん經濟的活動においても中樞的な機關となるし、しかも農村自治の中心機關にもなれると想定していた。このような姜鋌澤の提案は從來の改善方案に比べて獨創的であり、樣□な方案がすべて網羅されていたと言える。特に姜鋌澤の提案は、「農家經濟」と「農民生活の向上」、「小作問題の解決」に焦點を置いて、金融組合の問題と農業問題を解決するために提示されていたと理解できる。このような一貫した見解は政府の樹立後の農林部次官として農地改革法の草案の作成に參加する背景になったと見られる。

9탈식민기 가족법에서 민주주의 의제와 여성의 국민화 -"처의 행위능력"을 중심으로-

저자 : 김은경 ( Eun Kyung Kim )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 269-294 (26 pages)

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This study is to investigate the democratic issues of new family law and nationalization of women in postcolonial Korea focused on 'the capable person system of wives'. The result of the study is as follows; Firstly, The acknowledgment of the capable person system of wives in 1947 set a precedent in order to institutionalization of democracy and nationalization of women. Secondly, democratic issues were very important in a heated controversy about the capable person system of wives when family law was made. The draft bills that law makers presented is worthy of attention in two points. One is a 'proper regulations' of wives instesd of abolition the incompetence system of wives. The other is acknowledgment of property rights for women. Therefore, democratic issues in family law was close to liberalism than equalitarianism. Thirdly, the abolition the incompetence system of wives wasn``t defferent from the 'proper regulations' of wives in new family law. Nationalism in Korean family law lead to reduce democratic issues not realization of eqaulity but nationalization of women.

104,19 이후 한국교회 갱신문제와 "참여" 이해 -장공 김재준의 정교분리 이해를 중심으로-

저자 : 고지수 ( Ji Soo Koh )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 57권 0호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 295-324 (30 pages)

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This paper deals with the movement of church renewal and the relationship between the state and church within Korean protestant church right after 4ㆍ19 by examining the works of Jangong Kim Jae-Jun and progressive theological groups. The protestant church, which had maintained a dense alliance with the state under the Rhee Syngman government, faced the demands of renewal and reformation spurt withinand outside the church after 4ㆍ19. This study approaches this issue from three perspectives. First, the study attempts to show both the efforts and the limitations of the Korean church for repairing the past by empirically examining the agendas of church renewal within reformist groups centered around Jangong Kim Jae-Jun. Second, the idea of the state-church separation developed by Kim Jae-Jun after 4ㆍ19 can be evaluated as a meaningful theological interpretation in the way that it revealed the causes of the state-church alliance in the history of Korean church. Kim Jae-Jun's emphases on the non-political, social and ethical functions of the church as well as on the 'responsible social participation' of the church could be seen as being in accordance with the currents of the April Revolution. Third, the church renewal movement of Kim Jae-Jun and his colleagues had limitations in that it was reverted to the conservative church during the Second Republic. The progressive movement expanded during the Second Republic brought about the reinforcement of the notion of security and anticommunism within the protestant church, and resulted in the church's support of the 5ㆍ16 coup which had 'anticommunism' as its national policy. In particular, in emphasizing the possibilities of the change of human nature in the religious realms, Kim Jae-Jun and the reformist groups actively accepted the logics of 'human reconstruction' presented by the post 5ㆍ16 military government, resulting in allying themselves with the state-dominated national reconstruction movement.

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동양학
77권 0호 ~ 77권 0호

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중국사연구
122권 0호 ~ 122권 0호

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사림(성대사림)
70권 0호 ~ 70권 0호

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중국지역연구
6권 2호 ~ 6권 2호

KCI후보

학림
44권 0호 ~ 44권 0호

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중국학논총
65권 0호 ~ 65권 0호

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중국연구
80권 0호 ~ 80권 0호

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동양예술
44권 0호 ~ 44권 0호

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사총
98권 0호 ~ 98권 0호

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대구사학
136권 0호 ~ 136권 0호

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선사와 고대
60권 0호 ~ 60권 0호

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몽골학
58권 0호 ~ 58권 0호

사학지
58권 0호 ~ 58권 0호

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동아연구
77권 0호 ~ 77권 0호

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중국사연구
121권 0호 ~ 121권 0호

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고문서연구
55권 0호 ~ 55권 0호

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동아시아문화연구
78권 0호 ~ 78권 0호

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석당논총
74권 0호 ~ 74권 0호

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사림(성대사림)
69권 0호 ~ 69권 0호

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동양학
76권 0호 ~ 76권 0호
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