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한국중앙영어영문학회> 영어영문학연구> 『나를 보내지 마』에 나타난 휴머니즘

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『나를 보내지 마』에 나타난 휴머니즘

The Humanism through Never Let Me Go

목현정 ( Hyon Jeong Mok )
  • : 한국중앙영어영문학회
  • : 영어영문학연구 58권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2016년 03월
  • : 41-66(26pages)

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 서론
Ⅱ. 본론
Ⅲ. 결론
□ Works Cited  

키워드 보기


초록 보기

Never Let Me Go written by Kazuo Ishiguro hides the truth by describing the reappearance of memory. This paper aims at investigating what humanism is from the perspective of existential meaning of clones and aesthetic meaning of arts education in the novel. Hailsham teaches clones with the manipulated art curriculum. However, the education of Hailsham can not affect Tommy, who doubts the facts that all the students believe. Through his artworks, he looks into a chasm between Hailsham and the real world, tries to find his own identity, expresses humanity and shows his love for Kathy. Finally, He realizes Hailsham turns out to be a dystopia. His fury and painful cry is a message that we should examine the value of the humanism that real humans have. This novel indicates that the main point is not the ``nature of human`` but ``the value of human``, which we must protect, to defend the essence of humans. It is obvious that humans, who symbolically and superficially believe "I am humanism", will be like clones that will finally reach the "completion" after donating their organs to the ``non-human-like humanity``.

ECN

ECN-0102-2016-840-000671299


UCI

I410-ECN-0102-2016-840-000671299

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 영문학
  • : KCI 등재
  • : -
  • : 계간
  • : 1598-3293
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1968-2018
  • : 1752


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1『헨리 6세』 삼부작에 나타난 셰익스피어의 민중관

저자 : 김상현 ( Sang Hyun Kim )

발행기관 : 한국중앙영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학연구 58권 1호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 1-20 (20 pages)

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This paper attempts to examine Shakespeare`s political attitude toward the populace presented in Henry VI Trilogy. Shakespeare`s history plays contain not only the voices of ruling class but those of the commoners. Therefore the monopoly of historical interpretation can bring forth the critical interpretative fallacy. While Tillyard perceived the divine harmony, stability and order in Shakespeare`s texts, New Historicists try to read the economic and political grievances of the oppressed and exploited. So the New Historicism approach toward Shakespeare`s history plays offers an useful tool to understand the political situation of the populace and the power mechanism at that times. Henry VI Trilogy involves contemporary economic and political problems of the populace in England and contemporary political conflict between the commoners and the patricians. Shakespeare depicts the commoners in 2 Henry VI not only as favorable and rational but as violent and fickle. Cade`s revolt is not only the parody of York`s sedition and self-promotion but the travesty of all mismanagement of the authority. In conclusion, Shakespeare`s political attitude toward the populace is dynamic and complicated.

2"O, Cursed, Cursed Slave!": When Shakespeare Meets American Abolitionism

저자 : Yugon Kim

발행기관 : 한국중앙영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학연구 58권 1호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 21-40 (20 pages)

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This paper investigates the social function of William Shakespeare`s plays in nineteenth-century America, focusing on how Shakespearean eloquence served to promote the abolitionist movement. While many scholars discuss the significant contribution Shakespearean education made to the formation of early America`s cultural homogeneity and social unity, little attention has been paid to the historical fact that Shakespeare`s work also involved in fostering various political debates, especially when civic leaders criticized social injustice such as racial slavery. In this respect, this essay examines a selection of abolitionist texts from William Lloyd Garrison, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Frederick Douglass, and William Wells Brown, suggesting that these four prominent abolitionists used Shakespeare as a means to legitimize their egalitarian ideals and, in turn, contest American democracy in its flawed state. Conceived as a symbol for egalitarian social change in the revolutionary period, Shakespeare`s plays helped facilitate the abolitionist movement that made it possible to envision the future of American democracy in a more ethical way.

3『나를 보내지 마』에 나타난 휴머니즘

저자 : 목현정 ( Hyon Jeong Mok )

발행기관 : 한국중앙영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학연구 58권 1호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 41-66 (26 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Never Let Me Go written by Kazuo Ishiguro hides the truth by describing the reappearance of memory. This paper aims at investigating what humanism is from the perspective of existential meaning of clones and aesthetic meaning of arts education in the novel. Hailsham teaches clones with the manipulated art curriculum. However, the education of Hailsham can not affect Tommy, who doubts the facts that all the students believe. Through his artworks, he looks into a chasm between Hailsham and the real world, tries to find his own identity, expresses humanity and shows his love for Kathy. Finally, He realizes Hailsham turns out to be a dystopia. His fury and painful cry is a message that we should examine the value of the humanism that real humans have. This novel indicates that the main point is not the ``nature of human`` but ``the value of human``, which we must protect, to defend the essence of humans. It is obvious that humans, who symbolically and superficially believe "I am humanism", will be like clones that will finally reach the "completion" after donating their organs to the ``non-human-like humanity``.

4『돈 주앙』: 심미적 실존의 삶

저자 : 박경희 ( Kyunghee Park ) , 백금희 ( Keumhee Baek )

발행기관 : 한국중앙영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학연구 58권 1호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 67-90 (24 pages)

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This study aims to illuminate the ``aesthetic existence`` of byronic heroes in Don Juan. Juan and the Narrator represent an ``aesthetic existence``, also an romantic ironist in Kierkegaard`s Either/Or. Don Juan presents Byron`s romantic-ironic vision of the universe as abundant chaos, i.e. becoming, change, and growth, in which the most appropriate human activities are creativity, love, mental flexibility or mobilite, and tolerance both for alternative opinions and for natural shocks that flesh is heir to. Byron`s romantic-ironic vision defies and mocks all completed structures, all finite enclosures. Don Juan`s existential heroes, Don Juan and the narrator, are roughly equivalent to an ``aesthetic existence`` in Kierkegaard`s Either/Or that can never be satisfied with a merely actual object, and must constantly "change fields." The narrator and Juan as well as ``aesthete A`` who can know only boredom and dread, and must totally commit himself in order to escape from despair in a chaotic world, exemplify the prototype of an existentialist man. In conclusion, Byronic heroes hold existential traits defined by Kierkegaard. Don Juan manages to dramatize Byron`s philosophy of life through his heroes proving existential attitudes.

5얀 마텔의 『라이프 오브 파이』에서 파이의 종교적 경험

저자 : 박선화 ( Sun Hwa Park )

발행기관 : 한국중앙영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학연구 58권 1호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 91-111 (21 pages)

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This paper aims to regard Pi as a religious person and examine Pi`s inner mind represented in the image of a tiger in Yann Martel`s Life of Pi. A 15-year old Pi battles for his survival for 227 days in a lifeboat with an adult Bengal tiger. Pi`s story is told by an author- narrator who encounters Francis Adirubasamy in Pondicherry, and later two Japanese investigators who do not contain any reference to God or religious matters in their report. With the unsolvable question of the story`s truth about the tiger, Pi is asked to create another story without animals, which makes the story much more complicated. During 227 days in the lifeboat, the tiger kills animals and human beings aboard except Pi, which is inexplicable. The tiger`s name, Richard Parker, serves a reminder of the shipmate who is killed by his mates because of hunger. In this sense, Parker is likely to be created as an imaginary object Pi projects with his anthropomorphic longing when he is unable to accept his savagery and animality. Regardless of his confession that he kills and eats his mate`s flesh, Pi says he can survive thanks to his relation to the divine, which is the religious mechanism to enable him to endure his suffering. Therefore, Life of Pi is a narrative of not so much God as Pi`s salvation from his shattered self.

6섹슈얼리티를 통한 찰스와 사라의 자아발견 -파울즈의 『프랑스 중위의 여자』를 중심으로-

저자 : 사공철 ( Sagong , Chaul

발행기관 : 한국중앙영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학연구 58권 1호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 113-133 (21 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to trace Charles`s and Sarah`s existence and identity through transformation of self-awareness and its development with a focus on sexuality between them in Fowles` The French Lieutenant`s Woman. Fowles, as an existentialist, was deeply concerned with human existence and existential freedom, which he consistently employed as a main theme in his works. Fowles argues that he must respect the autonomy of his characters. The relationship between the unleashing of feminine sexuality and the transgression of hierarchies is stressed everywhere. There is a strict Victorian dichotomy of soul and body, a dichotomy in which the soul is privileged. Sexuality, then suggests the immediate rupture of this soul/body hierarchy. Fowles`s three endings in The French Lieutenant`s Woman correspond to his rejection of an absolute order. In this way Fowles uses sexuality to celebrate a radical freedom from older novelistic conventions and from existential restraints on them. Charles and Sarah break all the bounds that restrain them through the energy source of sexuality, and recognize not only their self-discovery but their own freedom and potential possibilities as well.

7아동시기의 트라우마와 『그 아이를 도우소서』

저자 : 신진범 ( Jinbeom Synn )

발행기관 : 한국중앙영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학연구 58권 1호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 135-150 (16 pages)

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Toni Morrison`s God Help the Child depicts the childhood traumas of several characters. Bride had unforgettable childhood traumas because of her dark skin and because of it she got little affection from her parents. To have her mother`s affection, she had to tell a lie that a teacher, Sofia, abused several children and in a court, she accused Sofia as a child molester. Booker, Bride`s boyfriend, also had unspeakable traumas from his old brother, Adam`s torture and death by a pedophile. So he demonstrated strong anger whenever he came across similar situations. He acted like a catcher for children`s safe, and punished sexual criminals relentlessly. Morrison raised a question that children who have strong traumas can live whole and what lesson they can have at the end of this novel. Fortunately, Bride and Booker had ancestors in this novel who guided them to a safer place. This novel`s main characters needed repentance and proper mourning for their new lives. Morrison also emphasized the effect of good deeds. Bride and Booker realized the importance of keeping a distance from their situations and difficulties and of helping other people.

8스트레이트 사진에 나타난 월트 휘트먼의 도시 풍경

저자 : 심진호 ( Jin Ho Shim )

발행기관 : 한국중앙영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학연구 58권 1호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 151-173 (23 pages)

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Walt Whitman desires to visualize his poems in Leaves of Grass as the "well-taken photographs." Whitman is peculiarly fascinated by the landscapes of mid-nineteenth century Manhattan full of velocity and dynamics. For Whitman, it is hard to represent Manhattan of "orgies, walks and joys" with a traditional painting medium. He frankly captures the various subjects of the city such as vehicles, shops, architectures as well as the crowd with a cameraman`s eye. Significantly, his poems inspire many visual artists to create the indigenous American art. For this reason, the straight photographers in early twentieth century America recognize Whitman as their mentor. Alfred Stieglitz, the founder of straight photography, and his successors Paul Strand and Edward Weston attempt to create the modern landscapes of New York as realistically and objectively as permitted by the medium, renouncing the use of manipulation. The diversified sights of Manhattan strongly evocative of Whitman`s aspects of a cameraman are well represented in the photographs of Stieglitz, Strand and Weston. The straight photographers creatively represent the indigenous American urban landscapes inspired by Whitman`s camera vision for Manhattan of "manifold ensemble."

9서발턴의 가면놀이: 안젤라 카터의 『마법의 장난감 가게』를 중심으로

저자 : 조미정 ( Mi Jeong Cho )

발행기관 : 한국중앙영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학연구 58권 1호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 175-193 (19 pages)

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Angela Carter pays attention to the position of women at home and in society, which has earned her a reputation as a major British Feminist writer. She views women`s status as defined and restricted by social institutions and practices. This dissertation examines Carter`s conception of women`s identity in The Magic Toyshop focusing on her demythologization of patriarchal myths with the idea of subaltern and the masquerade. In her early novel, The Magic Toyshop, Carter describes oppression and suffering in a patriarchal house, and argues the inevitability of escape from such a world and the need for the disclosure of the masculine mythology. According to Gayatri C. Spivak, the subaltern women cannot speak in a circuit of dominant epistemic violence. To express their voice, they must wear the mask of silence, which is the attempt to refuse the given language ruled by the Father`s Law. Therefore, the mask leaves women`s real identity unquestioned, and enables them to move beyond their limited space and enjoy their freedom. To sum up, in The Magic Toyshop, Carter depicts a masked female subject who successfully overthrows the Father`s law and survives patriarchal ideology imposed on women.

10『헨리 4세』에 나타난 "녹색세계"로서의 폴스타프 세계

저자 : 한광석 ( Kwang Sok Han )

발행기관 : 한국중앙영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학연구 58권 1호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 195-211 (17 pages)

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In Henry IV Shakespeare brings the "green world" of his comedies into the city, transforming it into Falstaff`s tavern world, a symbol of people`s Dionysian life. Falstaff`s tavern world is an urbanized "green world," one of whose notable qualities is the reviving Dionysian energy, and where politicians like Henry IV and his son Hal should go into a metamorphosis. Yet, Falstaff`s Dionysian world of Eastcheap has not been for Hal a regenerative "green world" where he undergoes a transformation into a Dionysian ruler. At Eastcheap Hal has failed in cultivating certain Dionysian properties: the free pleasuring of the senses, the capacity to live in the present, the love of wit and mirth. His final rejection of Falstaff is not a noble reformation but a banishment of the Dionysian "green world." However, we end the play with the delightful feeling that Falstaff, an incarnation of the Dionysian vitality, has still proven himself inwardly invincible despite his outward overthrow. Falstaff gives us metaphysical comfort: the Dionysian vitality of nature is at the bottom of the political world, despite all its artificiality, powerful and pleasurable.

12
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