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국군간호사관학교 군건강정책연구소> 군진간호연구> 공군 근무자의 고혈압, 당뇨, 고지혈증 유병률에 영향을 미치는 건강관련행위 분석

KCI후보

공군 근무자의 고혈압, 당뇨, 고지혈증 유병률에 영향을 미치는 건강관련행위 분석

Analysis of Health Related Behavior and Influencing Factors of Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, and Hyperlipidemia Prevalence of Airmen

장정숙 ( Jung Sook Jang ) , 우정희 ( Chung Hee Woo ) , 김춘숙 ( Chun Suk Kim )
  • : 국군간호사관학교 군건강정책연구소
  • : 군진간호연구 33권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2015년 09월
  • : 32-45(14pages)
피인용수 : 32건

(자료제공: 네이버학술정보)

DOI

10.31148/kjmnr.2015.33.2.32


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초록 보기


						
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the health related behavior of Airmen, analyze the influencing factors of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia and provide basic data to establish a health promotion policy for Airmen. Methods: 1888 Airmen participated in this study from July 21st to August 4th. Each participant completed a questionnaire through the Airforce intranet system. Questionnaires were comprised of health related behavior indicators from a community health survey and diagnostic criteria for hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, χ² test, Fisher``s exact test, and logistic regression. Results: The average age of the participants was 28.9 years old. Participants were mostly male (97.2%). The population consisted of officers and non-commissioned officers (46.1%), enlisted (54.4%), and civilian officers (2.4%) that work in the military. Analysis indicated that 33.2% were smokers, and 17.9% were considered high risk drinkers. The average appropriate weight ratio (BMI) was 23.4kg/m² (±2.90) and 5.3% showed a high risk depression rate. 13.6% had hypertension, 2.2% had hyperglycemia, and 12.2% had hyperlipidemia. Older age, greater BMI, and alcohol consumption were shown to have a significant correlation with hypertension (p<.001). Age was the only influencing factor related to hyperglycemia (p<.001). Finally, older age and the lack of anaerobic exercise (less than three times a week) were significantly related to hyperlipidemia (p<.001). Conclusion: This study should be used to propose methods of prevention and management of chronic diseases. Further studies should also focus on applying research data to health promotion policies for the Air force.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2016-510-000369931

간행물정보

  • : 의약학분야  > 간호학
  • : KCI후보
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1975-664x
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1977-2019
  • : 448


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1재난피해자의 외상 후 성장, 자아탄력성, 낙관성과 삶의 질

저자 : 유명란 ( Myoung Ran Yoo ) , 최선영 ( Seon Young Choi ) , 한혜리 ( Hye Lee Han ) , 서유미 ( Yu Mi Seo ) , 노명인 ( Myoung In Noh )

발행기관 : 국군간호사관학교 군건강정책연구소 간행물 : 군진간호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 1-14 (14 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore the levels of quality of life (QoL), post-traumatic growth, resilience, and optimism in disaster victims and to identify factors influencing QoL. Methods: The data were collected from questionnaires of convenience sample of 219 disaster victims in 2013 in Korea. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The mean items score of QoL was 3.1, 2.9 for post-traumatic growth, and 2.1 for optimism (5point) and that of resilience was 2.5 (4point). QoL was significantly different by perceived health status at present, change of health status after disaster. QoL was correlated positively with post-traumatic growth, resilience, optimism. As a result of multiple regression analysis, QoL was accounted for 36.4% of the variance by post-traumatic growth, optimism, recovery rate after disaster, perceived health status at present, recovery rate of health status after disaster, current suffering due to disaster. Optimism was the most important factor for QoL, which explained 18.8% of the variation. Conclusion: The results of the study show that strengthening optimism needs to be integrated in developing effective intervention program for enhancing QoL in disaster victims.

2군 간호 리더십 개념 개발

저자 : 김은경 ( Eun Kyong Kim ) , 유명란 ( Myoung Ran Yoo ) , 박계화 ( Kye Hwa Park ) , 금경림 ( Kyeong Lim Keum ) , 정은영 ( Eun Young Jung )

발행기관 : 국군간호사관학교 군건강정책연구소 간행물 : 군진간호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 15-31 (17 pages)

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Purpose: This study identifies the concept of `military nursing leadership' based on a qualitative investigation. Methods: The study is based on Hybrid Model, proposed by Schwartz-Barcott and Kim. The study compromises of 3 steps : theory investigation, field study and final analysis. For theory investigation, we searched various literatures about 'leadership'. Secondly, field study was conducted through interview and participatant observation of 14 participants (6 patients, 4 peer workers, and 4 nursing officers). Based on the above, we identified conceptual attributes of military nursing leadership. Results: Identified 9 attributes of military nursing leadership are achievement of group goal, respect, leading attitude, communication, educating how to be soldierly, specialty, persuasive power, judgment, and encouragement. Those attributes indicate that military nursing leadership is a process of achieving group goal through communication, educating soldierly manners based on encouragement and respect by nursing officers with specialty, persuasive power and judgement. Conclusion: In this study, we provide a way of understanding definition and 9 attributes of military nursing leadership to make military nursing officers have better apprehensibility. In addition, it can be helpful data in developing concept of military nursing leadership and related educational course.

3공군 근무자의 고혈압, 당뇨, 고지혈증 유병률에 영향을 미치는 건강관련행위 분석

저자 : 장정숙 ( Jung Sook Jang ) , 우정희 ( Chung Hee Woo ) , 김춘숙 ( Chun Suk Kim )

발행기관 : 국군간호사관학교 군건강정책연구소 간행물 : 군진간호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 32-45 (14 pages)

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Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the health related behavior of Airmen, analyze the influencing factors of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia and provide basic data to establish a health promotion policy for Airmen. Methods: 1888 Airmen participated in this study from July 21st to August 4th. Each participant completed a questionnaire through the Airforce intranet system. Questionnaires were comprised of health related behavior indicators from a community health survey and diagnostic criteria for hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, χ² test, Fisher``s exact test, and logistic regression. Results: The average age of the participants was 28.9 years old. Participants were mostly male (97.2%). The population consisted of officers and non-commissioned officers (46.1%), enlisted (54.4%), and civilian officers (2.4%) that work in the military. Analysis indicated that 33.2% were smokers, and 17.9% were considered high risk drinkers. The average appropriate weight ratio (BMI) was 23.4kg/m² (±2.90) and 5.3% showed a high risk depression rate. 13.6% had hypertension, 2.2% had hyperglycemia, and 12.2% had hyperlipidemia. Older age, greater BMI, and alcohol consumption were shown to have a significant correlation with hypertension (p<.001). Age was the only influencing factor related to hyperglycemia (p<.001). Finally, older age and the lack of anaerobic exercise (less than three times a week) were significantly related to hyperlipidemia (p<.001). Conclusion: This study should be used to propose methods of prevention and management of chronic diseases. Further studies should also focus on applying research data to health promotion policies for the Air force.

4유연성 증진 프로그램이 청소년 군인자녀의 유연성, 사회적 기술, 문제해결능력에 미치는 영향

저자 : 조순영 ( Seun Young Joe ) , 이정민 ( Jung Min Lee ) , 정은경 ( Eun Kyoung Jeong ) , 박계영 ( Kye Yeong Park )

발행기관 : 국군간호사관학교 군건강정책연구소 간행물 : 군진간호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 46-55 (10 pages)

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Purpose: This study was performed to test the influence of resilience enhancing program on resilience, social skill and problem solving ability of adolescents in military families. Methods: Survey was conducted after receiving parents`` consent. The entire junior class students of a middle school, whose parents at least one of them are officers or NCOs, participated in the 5-week resilience program focusing on increasing social skill and problem solving ability. Surveys were conducted before and after the program. Finally, 72 data was utilized during the analyze. Results: After undertaking the program, participants`` resilience (t=-2.955, p=.004) and social skill (t=-3.086, p=.003) were increased significantly, but problem solving ability did not demonstrate clear change. Conclusion: According to results, researchers recommend further studies to consider more traits associated with resilience and prolong the period. Furthermore, programs are needed in raising problem solving ability based on understanding military environment.

5환자안전에 대한 간호장교, 간호군무원의 지식, 태도, 수행 측정도구 개발

저자 : 최지안 ( Ji An Choi ) , 금경림 ( Kyeong Lim Keum ) , 최선영 ( Seon Yeong Choi ) , 김명자 ( Myung Ja Kim )

발행기관 : 국군간호사관학교 군건강정책연구소 간행물 : 군진간호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 56-69 (14 pages)

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Purpose: The study aimed to develop an instrument to measure patient safety knowledge, attitude and skills among nursing officers and civilian military nurses working for military hospitals in South Korea. Methods: The primary questionnaire was established through comprehensive literature review and revised after content validity examination by the experts. 480 subjects were asked to participate in the study and finally 434 out of 480 answers were included for the analysis. Psychometric properties of the instrument were examined, including the content and construct validity (exploratory factor analysis with varimax rotation) and the reliability (internal consistency). Results: The total number of questions for the final instrument was 71. Attitude (30) and skills (24) questions were psychometrically sound. The reliability of the knowledge (17) questions was low, however, the value of the reliability was estimated within acceptable range. Conclusion: The obtained data using the instrument would be expected to serve as the basis for the patient safety education and evaluation. This study suggested that the developed instrument is a useful tool to investigate the patient safety competencies.

6A Comparison of Perceived Ethical Role Responsibilities between Military and Civilian Nurses in Korea

저자 : Yoo Mi Jung , Hye Hyun Kim , Mi Jung Lee , Jeong Min Lee , Samantha Mei Che Pang , Myung Ja Kim

발행기관 : 국군간호사관학교 군건강정책연구소 간행물 : 군진간호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 70-86 (17 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare perception of ethical role responsibilities of Korean military and civilian nurses in order to understand their differences and similarities. Methods: The authors administered the 36 item K-RRQ. Asked to score each role responsibility on a 7-point scale by importance, and then, select the top five and rank them by priority, 310 nurses responded. From them, 282 data were used for analysis. Results: The two groups perceived the importance of role responsibilities differently in relation to "Society" (F= 5.48, p=.020), "Professional practice" (F= 4.50, p=.035), and "Patient" (F= 4.13, p=.043). Military nurses put "Be competent and make continuous effort to improve professional skills" in the first place while their civilian counterparts placed "Try hard to preserve the patient``s life" as first. As a whole, both of the samples ranked the role responsibilities in relationship with "Professional practice" first, and "Patient family" last. Conclusion: The two groups seem to have the same ethical orientation, and different perceptions of their role responsibilities. We attribute the former to their shared cultural values as Koreans, and the latter to the influence of their different organizations.

7간호학생의 학업지속의향과 영향요인 연구

저자 : 전윤경 ( Yung Yong Jeon ) , 노지영 ( Ji Young Noh ) , 김희순 ( Hee Soon Kim )

발행기관 : 국군간호사관학교 군건강정책연구소 간행물 : 군진간호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 87-98 (12 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to identify academic persistence intention and its influencing factors related to among Korean nursing students. Methods: Students in 4-year nursing colleges were recruited to participate in a self-reported survey (n=283). The questionnaire consists of academic integrity, social integrity, institute satisfaction, family support, and nursing professional identity. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and point-biserial correlation. A logistic regression analysis was used to uncover associations among general characteristics, academic persistence related factors and academic persistence intention. Results: Eleven percent of participants showed plan for taking off or drop-out, labeled as possible attrition group. There were statistically significant differences of academic integrity, social integrity, institute satisfaction and family support. No statistical difference of nursing professional identity was found between attrition and persistence group. Academic attrition intention was lower in students registered in private school, age ≥21, and 4th grade. Academic persistence intention was higher in students with higher satisfaction in nursing as a major and higher academic integrity. Conclusion: The study revealed not only personal factors but also institute related factors were associated with nursing students`` academic persistence intention. Therefore, institute related factors need to be reflected in curriculum development and operation for securing nursing students and nursing workforce.

8한국군 장병의 정신 건강을 위한 회복프로그램 도입의 분석적 고찰: 미 육군의 회복훈련 프로그램을 중심으로

저자 : 김중배 ( Jung Bae Kim )

발행기관 : 국군간호사관학교 군건강정책연구소 간행물 : 군진간호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 99-111 (13 pages)

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Purpose: By examining operational and managerial problem of mental-health care program of the ROK forces and analyzing the content of military health program enforced in the US army, this study suggests new paradigm for mental-health care program of the ROK forces. Methods: This study focuses on three categories. The current status of mental-health care program was diagnosed, mainly on "military life special consultant system" and "the Green Camp". The contents and instructional method of the US army "recovery program" were identified. Lastly, the implication of the US army "recovery program" and necessity of implementation of such program were suggested. Results: "Vision camp" is applied restrictively to maladaptive soldier without considering individual qualities. Lacking concrete instruction and manual. In addition, overall operational problems in "military life special consultant program" were identified with the need of enhancement in specialization and increase in the supply of mental-health care expertises. Conclusion: The supplementation in system is required such as development of comprehensive and systematic-level program and security of additional expertise for enhancement of soldiers and their families`` mental-health. Moreover, introducing and adapting "the US army recovery program" is required with developing it fit the features of the ROK forces. And also, specialized center and research laboratory are recommended to be established to help recovery of maladaptive soldier and research military mental-health systematically.

9일 군병원에 내원한 난청 및 이명 장병의 청력손상에 관한 연구

저자 : 노미영 ( Mi Young Roh ) , 최성우 ( Seong Woo Choi ) , 이호준 ( Ho Jun Lee ) , 오송이 ( I Song Oh )

발행기관 : 국군간호사관학교 군건강정책연구소 간행물 : 군진간호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 112-121 (10 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of hearing loss or tinnitus in a Korean military hospital. Methods: The subjects were 123 military officers and enlisted soldiers who had received treatment for hearing loss or tinnitus from May, 2014 to April, 2015. Data were collected using a 12 items questionnaire and pure-tone audiometry measurement. The authors conducted descriptive statistics, χ²-test, t-test, and ANOVA. Results: The main cause of hearing loss and tinnitus was shooting drills (56.1%), followed by unknown (23.6%) and noisy work environment (20.3%). 30.9% of the subjects reported that they used hearing protection equipment, 40.7% received hearing protection education, and 66.7% knew how to correctly use earplugs. Their symptoms included tinnitus (89.4%), difficulty in hearing (70.7%), ear-fullness (61.0%), and dizziness(11.4%). According to the ISO(1964) standards, the degree of hearing loss was 23.7% and 17.7% for left and right ear, respectively. Age, rank, and hearing loss were found to significantly affected hearing threshold. Conclusion: Military health workers need to standardize the preventive measures to effectively protect hearing of military personnel. The standard should include identification of causes of hearing loss, education on hearing protection, such as a correct use of protection devices, assessment of symptoms, and regular hearing check-ups.

1
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정신간호학회지
28권 3호 ~ 28권 3호

KCI등재

KJWHN(여성건강간호학회지)
25권 3호 ~ 25권 3호

KCI등재 SCOUPUS

지역사회간호학회지
30권 3호 ~ 30권 3호

KCI등재

임상간호연구
25권 2호 ~ 25권 2호

KCI후보

글로벌 건강과 간호
9권 2호 ~ 9권 2호

KCI등재

정신간호학회지
28권 2호 ~ 28권 2호

KCI등재

KJWHN(여성건강간호학회지)
25권 2호 ~ 25권 2호

KCI등재 SCOUPUS

지역사회간호학회지
30권 2호 ~ 30권 2호

KCI후보

군진간호연구
27권 1호 ~ 27권 1호

Health & Nursing (구 간호과학)
31권 1호 ~ 31권 1호

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동서간호학연구지
25권 1호 ~ 25권 1호

Perspectives in Nursing Science
16권 1호 ~ 16권 1호

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임상간호연구
25권 1호 ~ 25권 1호

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정신간호학회지
28권 1호 ~ 28권 1호

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KJWHN(여성건강간호학회지)
25권 1호 ~ 25권 1호

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37권 1호 ~ 37권 1호

KCI등재 SCOUPUS

지역사회간호학회지
30권 1호 ~ 30권 1호

KCI후보

글로벌 건강과 간호
9권 1호 ~ 9권 1호

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27권 4호 ~ 27권 4호

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24권 3호 ~ 24권 3호
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