논문 상세보기

한국동서비교문학학회> 동서비교문학저널> Nagarjuna`s Conventional Truth and the Pragmatist`s Truth

KCI등재

Nagarjuna`s Conventional Truth and the Pragmatist`s Truth

강용기 ( Yong Ki Kang )
  • : 한국동서비교문학학회
  • : 동서비교문학저널 26권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2012년 06월
  • : 189-207(19pages)

DOI


목차


					

키워드 보기


초록 보기


						
According to the Buddhist central theory of interdependent arising (pratityasamtpada), any thing or self does not have its own inherent nature and its nature is formed through endless interactions with its surrounding environments and others. Thus, its own thingness or selfness is empty. All of Nagarjuna and Buddha`s refutations and teachings concern the negation of this substantiality. Viewed in the theory of dependent co-arising, one`s seemingly intrinsic selfness is no more than a mere collection of the five aggregates (skandhas). Likewise, Dewey and Mead refute the problematics of the age-old western philosophy including dualism, a priori reasoning, transcendentalism, any logical justification rooted in supernatural beings or Being, that is, whatever belies their own relational and organic metaphysics. Thus, Dewey`s notion of truth is “warranted assertibility” that is formed through the scientific inquiry while intersubjective relationship formulates Mead`s notion of the receptive self. One might criticizes that the three philosophers` relativistic metaphysics lead to scepticism or nihilism. But, such a critique is pointless because the three metaphysicians reject the substantiality of being which is reasoned from idealism but believe in the Experience-based truth. Not a priori existence but Experience reasons Nagarjuna`s conventional truth, Dewey`s “warranted assertibility” and Mead`s notion of self. However, one needs to remark that the three philosophers` notion of truth is, as “end-in-view”, still opened to revision and reformulation.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2012-800-003072641

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 기타제어문
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1229-2745
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1998-2013
  • : 313


저작권 안내

한국학술정보㈜의 모든 학술 자료는 각 학회 및 기관과 저작권 계약을 통해 제공하고 있습니다.

이에 본 자료를 상업적 이용, 무단 배포 등 불법적으로 이용할 시에는 저작권법 및 관계법령에 따른 책임을 질 수 있습니다.

발행기관 최신논문
| | | | 다운로드

1드라마 <선덕여왕>에 나타난 여성의 자기실현 -융의 개성화 이론을 중심으로

저자 : 김명희 ( Myeong Hee Kim )

발행기관 : 한국동서비교문학학회 간행물 : 동서비교문학저널 26권 0호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 7-26 (20 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study is to analyze the drama, Queen Seonduck in terms of C.G. Jung`s concept of individuation. According to Jung`s Analytical Psychology, individuation is the process of spiritual transformation to become an undivided and unified person in whom the conscious and the unconscious are harmonized and assimilated into the whole personality. It is achieved by allowing the ego, the center of the conscious to recognize and integrate the archetypes latent in the collective unconscious. Archetypes are the inherent and universal psychological complexes in the unconscious that serve as organizing principles on everything we do and feel. The major archetypes are the shadow, the anima/ animus, the wise old man, and the Self. The ultimate goal of individuation is to realize the Self, the center and the totality of the entire psyche. In the drama, Queen Seonduck, the process of individuation is symbolically represented in the adventures of Princess Duckman. The main archetypes that are seen in the drama are the animus, the wise old man, and the Self. Animus is a masculine inner personality in the unconscious of a woman. In Jung`s framework of psychology, animus plays a crucial role in individuation because as a psychological opposite to a woman`s conscious, animus can represent her whole unconscious. Therefore, animus being consciously recognized can facilitate the ego`s recognition of the Self, the center of the unconscious. In the drama, Queen Seonduck Duckman`s conscious recognition of her animus is symbolically illustrated by her masquerading as a man. The next archetype Duckman relates to is the wise old man that leads the ego to the Self along with animus. In myths, the wise old man appears as a figure who gives advice and guidance to the hero throughout the hero`s journey to help him achieve what he has sought for. In the drama, Queen Seonduck the wise old man is represented by Misil who motivates Duckman to figure out answers to various problems in her way. The final aspect of the individuation process is portrayed in Duckman`s dream. In Jungian psychology archetypes manifest themselves in dreams as dream symbols or figures. In Duckman`s dream the Self archetype appears as adult and mature Duckman who prepares young Duckman for the passage to self-realization. Young Duckman in this dream symbolizes the ego. The dream symbolically shows that the Self serving as the facilitator of individuation leads the ego to individuation. Duckman`s dream depicts the ultimate phase of self- realization or individuation in which the ego is assimilated into the Self to form the whole personality.

2『올리버 트위스트』, 맹자의 성선설로 다시 읽어보기

저자 : 김철수 ( Cheol Soo Kim )

발행기관 : 한국동서비교문학학회 간행물 : 동서비교문학저널 26권 0호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 27-46 (20 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study aims to re-read Charles Dickens` Oliver Twist in the light of Mencius` “Good Human Nature Principle,” one of the human nature theories in pre-Chin dynasty China, following the process of a life journey of a young child, in which he tries his best to preserve his own good nature even in extremely adverse circumstances, and to identify the ideal of the writer, who believes that the social renovation can be pursued by preserving, enhancing, and expanding the good human nature endowed by God through diverse individual physical and spiritual endeavor. Oliver Twist illuminates the bright and dark sides of the industrial success of ``the Great Britain`` by describing the distorted Zeitgeist of Victorian era in a detailed realistic style, and the physical and spiritual life of a man being demolished in the course of distortion. In this work Dickens observes and points out the discrepancies of British industrial capitalism and describes in a storytelling style the life journey of the young hero, who manages his life without losing his good personality in adverse surroundings. Dickens himself seems to believe that the social problems of his country in those days are mainly attributed to the inactivity and indifference of the middle class. Thus he presents the problems of the lowest class to induce the middle class to realize the impact and aftermath that they will go through caused by them in the long run, and for the purpose he equips his story with the device of horror and shock using his specific storytelling skills. The early experience of Oliver Twist, dotted with horror, violence and subsequent sorrows, and his attitude to preserve the God-given good human nature shed the same light that Mencius, an ancient Chinese philosopher, has emphasizes in his teaching focusing on preserving and cultivating the sprouts of good human nature through positive and active reactions to internal and external stimuli. And the similarities in the theme of a western literary work and an eastern philosophy enables a new approach to comparative interactions between the two different fields.

3불교경전의 자국화 번역사례 고찰: 「반야심경」, 「천수경」의 음역 중심으로

저자 : 박윤철 ( Yoon Cheol Park )

발행기관 : 한국동서비교문학학회 간행물 : 동서비교문학저널 26권 0호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 47-65 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper is intended to analyze and observe the transliteration through domesticating translation method in the texts of the Buddhist scriptures, the Prajna-Paramita and the Sahastra-bhuja sutra, which Chinese language was translated into Korean language. There were previously some researches which only focused on the simple differences between transliteration and meaning based translation. They suggested that the translation of the Buddhist scriptures should transfer the messages through meaning based method because the messages had been transliterated for a long time without knowing the meaning of their contents. In fact, in the sound transfer translation, there are two methods; transliteration and transcription. Most of the two buddhist scriptures have preferred the transliteration method. In particularity, it is revealed that the new fact that the previous studies didn`t suggest is that part of the transliteration is influenced by a Sanskrit, and part is by Chinese language through the transliteration of the two scriptures. Even in the transliteration case transferring Sino-Korean words into Korean, the domesticating translation is used in target text. It is helpful for observing the phonological gaps between written words and their sounds. The domesticating translation seems to accept even phonological changes to naturally read the source text for target readers. This shows that the transliteration, though no contents but only reading sound, is influenced by the domesticating translation method.

4하디 시에 나타난 불교적 상상력

저자 : 백원기 ( Won Gi Baek )

발행기관 : 한국동서비교문학학회 간행물 : 동서비교문학저널 26권 0호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 67-95 (29 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The purpose of this paper is to examine Hardy`s poetry as an alternative to overcome the conflicts in the era of God`s loss and to realize the harmony and reconciliation based on the Buddhist imagination. The Buddhist imagination stresses that all beings are interdependent in complete harmony with one another. In this vein, Hardy tries to feel other`s pain as his own one, not as an individual apart from other beings but as one originally identified with them. Then, his close-up view of life and close intimacy with the natural world is not a dichotomy, but a unifying force. In particular, a holistic feeling of oneness with all beings, based on interrelatedness and interdependence of everything in the ecosystem, makes up an important element of his poetics. Above all, Hardy`s universal sympathy and compassion for nature`s beings is shown well through the visible and impressive images: grass, flowers, trees, birds, animals, worms, etc. Hence, the focal point of his Buddhist imagination is the respect, compassion, sympathy, and solidarity consciousness for all organic beings based on harmony and union in the interdependent natural world. Therefore, Hardy`s poetics built on Buddhist imagination has great significance as a practical alternative discourse which aspires to get over conflicts and confrontation of in the era of God`s loss and which hopes to realize the harmony and reconciliation through the interdependence in the great web of life called the ecosystem.

5존 스타인벡의 사상적 원류 논의와 생태세계주의

저자 : 신두호 ( Doo Ho Shin )

발행기관 : 한국동서비교문학학회 간행물 : 동서비교문학저널 26권 0호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 97-123 (27 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Throughout his fiction and nonfiction works, John Steinbeck embodies in his characters or directly elaborates a philosophical vision. His vision is similar or parallel to both American tradition such as transcendentalism and modern ecological thinking on the one hand and Asian religious and philosophical tradition, on the other hand. This similarity has led Steinbeck scholars to make frequent comparative studies between his thinking and American or Asian tradition, exploring probable influences on Steinbeck from such traditions, because he did not directly mention nor did he leave any records on this matter. This autobiographical deficiency of proof has resulted in two tendencies in such comparative studies: the first is an obsessive hunting of resources that may hint the influence or connection. The second tendency is a restricted, arbitrary, or even distorted interpretation of Steinbeck. The core of Steinbeck`s philosophy and thinking lies in eco-cosmopolitanism that embraces both American and Asian tradition. And it is not too irrelevant to argue that Steinbeck intentionally did not mention, despite high probability, any influences from or connections to either tradition with the intention that his eco- cosmopolitanism would not be confined to either tradition. Eco-cosmopolitanism entails a new environmental imagination of the global that is indeed needed for the current and future generations and, therefore, this concept promises to regenerate Steinbeck into a new perspective.

6헨리 데이빗 소로의 『월든』과 동양사상

저자 : 정석권 ( Seok Kweon Cheong )

발행기관 : 한국동서비교문학학회 간행물 : 동서비교문학저널 26권 0호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 125-144 (20 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The purpose of this paper is to trace the influence of the Oriental ideas in Henry David Thoreau`s Walden. There are many different views about the reason why Henry David Thoreau went to the woods of Walden. For example, it is because he wanted to live a life of a recluse, or he wanted to escape from the industrialized society, or he needed to overcome his failed love with Alan Sewall, In this paper, I would like to argue that the reason why Thoreau lived alone about two years in the Walden woods was not because he liked that kind of life itself but because he wanted to live a life based on his influence from the Oriental ideas. Therefore it was very experimental, purposeful, and intentional. In short, he wanted to examine the possibility of living independently without the aid of the things which, most modern Western men assume, are prerequisite. In Walden, Thoreau introduced and explained the various kinds of Eastern ideas: especially Hinduism and Confucianism. In doing so, he tried to inform the American society of the different and broader views on the world and life. Thus this paper aims to show in what ways Thoreau tried to educate the American people of the new ways of thinking through his influence from the Oriental ideas. Although his understanding of the Oriental ideas was neither complete nor profound, he at least with Ralph Waldo Emerson made possible for the American public to understand alternative ideas to the Western ideas by showing his affinity and understanding of the Eastern ideas.

7플라톤의 동굴의 비유로 본 영화 <매트릭스>: 자유와 진실의 의미 재고

저자 : 황은주 ( Eun Ju Hwang )

발행기관 : 한국동서비교문학학회 간행물 : 동서비교문학저널 26권 0호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 145-165 (21 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This article analyzes a 1999 film The Matrix, directed by Larry and Andy Wachowski, in the frame of Plato`s allegory of the cave. In Plato`s allegory of the cave, this article particularly focuses on the part where the prisoner goes back to the cave after being released from his chains, in order to let other prisoners know the truth. Why is the truth important to know and why should the truth be shared? Why does Neo, the protagonist in The Matrix, have to liberate others? While trying to answer to the questions, this article examines the meaning of liberation and truth, through the allegorical connection between the film and Plato`s allegory of the cave. In order to analyze both the film and the allegory of the cave, this article delves into Heidegger`s concept of authenticity. This article also argues that differentiating hyperreality from reality is not as simple as the film`s binarism between the matrix and reality represented by a levitating ship called Nebuchadnezzar. As Heidegger observes that there is also fire(the truth) in the cave(a false reality), this article includes the matrix in the realm of reality, rather than defining the matrix as opposing to reality.

8존 스타인벡의 『긴 골짜기』에 나타난 무위의 혜택과 인간 한계의 수락

저자 : 황치복 ( Chee Bok Hwang )

발행기관 : 한국동서비교문학학회 간행물 : 동서비교문학저널 26권 0호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 167-187 (21 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper mainly aims to explore John Steinbeck`s Taoistic perspectives focusing on The Long Valley. It is a collection of short stories, which was first published in 1938. The short stories were written over several years and are set in Steinbeck`s birthplace, the Salinas Valley in California. In fact, it is debatable whether or not John Steinbeck`s Taoistic interest in The Long Valley to illustrate Taoist teachings. It may be up to further research to determine whether Steinbeck studied the Tao Te Ching, or whether his friend, Ed Ricketts was the sole source of Taoist influence in his life. Taoist-like, Steinbeck`s thought pattern tends to follow a cyclical movement, to see eloquence in silence, to recognize the limits of human knowledge, and to accept nature as free of value distinctions. The Long Valley illustrates the extent of Steinbeck`s Taoist thinking, especially its belief in the benefit of non-action, its acceptance of human limitations, and its perception of nature as independent of cultural values. I am sure that The Long Valley rendered dramatically Steinbeck`s passionate belief in the oneness of all life. Therefore, as a approach of this study, I chose “The Chrysanthemums”, “The Snake”, “The Red Pony”, and “The Harness”, four stories in The Long Valley. In “The Chrysanthemums”, Steinbeck travels through a day in the life of the thirty five year old Elisa Allen, a modern house wife who is far from the average house wife in the man`s world. Also, In “The Harness”, Peter Randall is depicted by Steinbeck as one of the most admirable men in the Salinas valley, an individual who seems wise in business and personal judgment. His neighbors often follow Randall`s personal decision making, mirroring his actions because they consider it as a good, safe conservative thing to do. And “The Snake” depicts the strange encounter between Dr. Phillips and a mysterious woman who arrives at his laboratory. The central theme revolves around Steinbeck`s interpretation of the contrast between men and women. Finally, “The Red Pony” is filled with complex archetypes and symbolic events which are experienced by Jody, the main character of the book. Like these, through the protagonists of each story, I can find that all of the interactions between humans and the natural world reflect the philosophical position that human beings do not occupy the center stage of life. Therefore, I think that many stories are filled with the thoughts of Taoism such as non-action, acceptance of human limitation and so on.

9Nagarjuna`s Conventional Truth and the Pragmatist`s Truth

저자 : 강용기 ( Yong Ki Kang )

발행기관 : 한국동서비교문학학회 간행물 : 동서비교문학저널 26권 0호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 189-207 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

According to the Buddhist central theory of interdependent arising (pratityasamtpada), any thing or self does not have its own inherent nature and its nature is formed through endless interactions with its surrounding environments and others. Thus, its own thingness or selfness is empty. All of Nagarjuna and Buddha`s refutations and teachings concern the negation of this substantiality. Viewed in the theory of dependent co-arising, one`s seemingly intrinsic selfness is no more than a mere collection of the five aggregates (skandhas). Likewise, Dewey and Mead refute the problematics of the age-old western philosophy including dualism, a priori reasoning, transcendentalism, any logical justification rooted in supernatural beings or Being, that is, whatever belies their own relational and organic metaphysics. Thus, Dewey`s notion of truth is “warranted assertibility” that is formed through the scientific inquiry while intersubjective relationship formulates Mead`s notion of the receptive self. One might criticizes that the three philosophers` relativistic metaphysics lead to scepticism or nihilism. But, such a critique is pointless because the three metaphysicians reject the substantiality of being which is reasoned from idealism but believe in the Experience-based truth. Not a priori existence but Experience reasons Nagarjuna`s conventional truth, Dewey`s “warranted assertibility” and Mead`s notion of self. However, one needs to remark that the three philosophers` notion of truth is, as “end-in-view”, still opened to revision and reformulation.

1
주제별 간행물
간행물명 수록권호

KCI후보

연민학지
34권 0호 ~ 34권 0호

KCI등재

화법연구
49권 0호 ~ 49권 0호

KCI등재

동방학
43권 0호 ~ 43권 0호

KCI등재

화법연구
48권 0호 ~ 48권 0호

KCI등재

문학교육학
67권 0호 ~ 67권 0호

KCI등재

알타이학보
30권 0호 ~ 30권 0호

KCI등재

비교문학
81권 0호 ~ 81권 0호

KCI등재

비교한국학 Comparative Korean Studies
28권 1호 ~ 28권 1호

KCI등재

동방학
42권 0호 ~ 42권 0호

KCI등재

문학교육학
66권 0호 ~ 66권 0호

KCI후보

연민학지
33권 0호 ~ 33권 0호

KCI등재

화법연구
47권 0호 ~ 47권 0호

KCI등재

비교문학
80권 0호 ~ 80권 0호

KCI등재

비교문학
80권 0호 ~ 80권 0호

KCI등재

비교한국학 Comparative Korean Studies
27권 3호 ~ 27권 3호

KCI등재

문학교육학
65권 0호 ~ 65권 0호

KCI등재

화법연구
46권 0호 ~ 46권 0호

KCI등재

문학교육학
64권 0호 ~ 64권 0호

KCI등재

비교문학
79권 0호 ~ 79권 0호

KCI등재

비교한국학 Comparative Korean Studies
27권 2호 ~ 27권 2호
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보

내가 찾은 최근 검색어

최근 열람 자료

맞춤 논문

보관함

내 보관함
공유한 보관함

1:1문의

닫기