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서울대학교 한국행정연구소> Korean Journal of Policy Studies> Articles : Factors Influencing the Success of Participatory E government Applications in Romania and South Korea

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Articles : Factors Influencing the Success of Participatory E government Applications in Romania and South Korea

Greg Porumbescu , Catalin Vrabie , Ji Ho Ahn , To Bin Im
  • : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소
  • : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 27권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2012년 04월
  • : 1-21(21pages)

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While participatory e-government is increasingly advocated, few studies have investigated whether it is feasible across all national contexts. This study investigates how certain contextual features influence the success of participatory applications of e-government. In particular, it assesses how the political, economic, and social context in which a particular government operates influence the introduction of participatory e-government, and compares participatory e-government applications in Romania and South Korea. These nations possess important similarities and differences in their political, social, and economic contexts. The study results suggest that the success of participatory e-government projects is to a large extent contingent upon political and economic factors and less related to social factors.

ECN

ECN-0102-2015-300-000637827


UCI

I410-ECN-0102-2015-300-000637827

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 행정학
  • : KCI 등재
  • : -
  • : 연3회
  • : 1225-5017
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1986-2018
  • : 439


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1Articles : Factors Influencing the Success of Participatory E government Applications in Romania and South Korea

저자 : Greg Porumbescu , Catalin Vrabie , Ji Ho Ahn , To Bin Im

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 1-21 (21 pages)

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초록보기

While participatory e-government is increasingly advocated, few studies have investigated whether it is feasible across all national contexts. This study investigates how certain contextual features influence the success of participatory applications of e-government. In particular, it assesses how the political, economic, and social context in which a particular government operates influence the introduction of participatory e-government, and compares participatory e-government applications in Romania and South Korea. These nations possess important similarities and differences in their political, social, and economic contexts. The study results suggest that the success of participatory e-government projects is to a large extent contingent upon political and economic factors and less related to social factors.

2Articles : Transaction Behavior in Nonmarket Settings; Revisiting Transaction Cost Economics Theory

저자 : Jung Wook Seo , Se Eun Ryu

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 23-40 (18 pages)

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This study focuses on changes in transaction costs over time in nonmarket settings. Traditional Williamsonian transaction cost economics theory shows little concern with time. However, this study reveals that time is a crucial factor in the fluctuation of transaction costs in nonmarket settings: Transaction costs increase in the initial and middle phases of a transaction. But in the long term, they may increase or decrease and are affected considerably by whether the rules, procedures, and protocols governing the transaction are effective ("green tape") or ineffective ("red tape"). In contrast, traditional transaction cost economics assumes a gradual decrease in transaction costs over time. The passage of time and the "red tape" or "green tape" governing the transaction influence stakeholders` transaction behavior in nonmarket settings.

3Articles : The Life Cycle of Newspaper Coverage of a Public Issue; Candlelight Protests against US Beef Imports in South Korea

저자 : Ki Mook Park

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 41-56 (16 pages)

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This paper applies Downs`s concept of the issue attention cycle and Hilgartner and Bosk`s public arenas model to the competition among social problems for public attention. It draws on the recent controversy in Korea about the import of US beef to test the idea that a major issue has several issues and events related to it, and that this can explain why its life cycle is extended. The beef imports controversy involved one issue (concern about mad-cow disease) and four events (coverage of the disease on the PD Pocketbook TV show, police excess, intimidation of newspaper advertisers, and activity of the People`s Council for Countermeasures against Mad-Cow Disease). Drawing on Hilgartner and Bosk`s work, this study develops an issue competition model and uses it to estimate the decrease in media attention to this controversy. It found that the decrease in media attention resulted from competition from other issues.

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This study applies the Institutional Collective Action Framework to two cases: proposals for the construction of Taekwondo Park and the location of a nuclear waste dump site in Booahn. While the proposed park caused excessive competition because its benefits were overestimated and its private goods were considered necessary, the proposed nuclear waste site resulted in excessive conflict because of uncertainty about its potential harms and because its public goods were considered unnecessary. The former case showed homogeneity of political power and cooperation based on trust, whereas the latter case showed heterogeneity of political power and conflict based on distrust. Both cases showed politicians` active participation based on their reelection goals and a blocked network structure between central and local governments. Stakeholders in both cases showed strong internal ties with other stakeholders with similar potential political and economic benefits.

5Articles : Pay-for-Performance and Work Motivation; Comparing Motivation between Two Compensation Systems in US Federal Agencies

저자 : Geon Lee

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 87-108 (22 pages)

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While private-sector managerial practices are being widely adopted in the public sector, few studies have investigated how market mechanisms influence the motivation or behavior of members of public organizations, or whether there is a systematic difference in employee motivation or behavior between market-centered settings and traditional civil service environments within the public sector. Analyzing large-scale survey data, this study investigates the difference in employee motivation between two compensation systems in the US federal government: pay-for-performance and general schedule. The empirical findings show that employees working in pay-for-performance systems tend to place a higher value on extrinsic values such as pay, performance ratings, and promotion than those in general-schedule systems. This indicates that market-centered managerial practices may undermine the public service motivation of public servants while attracting extrinsically motivated employees to the public sector.

6Articles : The Emergence of an Economic-Security Nexus and the Diversity of FTA Linkage Strategies in East Asia

저자 : Seong Joo Lee

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 109-129 (21 pages)

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While aggressively embracing free trade agreements (FTAs) in general, East Asian countries have incorporated security and political factors in promoting FTAs under the swiftly shifting regional economic and security environments, epitomized by the end of the Cold War, the Asian financial crisis, and the intensifying Sino-Japanese rivalry. Therefore, a sole focus on economic factors would fail to shed light on East Asian strategies for linking FTAs and security. While FTAs have mushroomed in East Asia since 2000, East Asian countries have pursued FTAs not merely to increase their economic interests. In many cases, they have attempted to link FTAs to broader security considerations. However, they have demonstrated markedly diverse ways of linking FTAs and security, depending on their primary economic and security imperatives as well as their domestic political situations.

7Articles : Motivations Affecting Singapore University Students` Public- and Private-Sector Job Choices

저자 : Kil Kon Ko

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 131-152 (22 pages)

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This article investigates whether university students` job motivations are different depending on their sectoral job choice. Using stratified random sampling, the author surveyed 253 students in Singapore (response rate = 48 percent). Logistic regression analysis results provided evidence that public service motivation is a significant motivator to Singapore university students who pursue public-sector careers. The results, however, do not exclude the importance of extrinsic motivators such as high salary or opportunity for advancement, which are important to both public- and private-sector job seekers.

8Articles : Explanatory Factors for the Uneven Implementation of Charter School Policy

저자 : Jeongho [John] Lee , Jin Woo Jeong

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2012 페이지 : pp. 153-172 (20 pages)

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Charter schools are regarded as the fastest growing and most impressive innovative institution in public education in Colorado. However, a charter school policy has been unevenly implemented across Colorado school districts. This study aims to clarify what conditions lead to this uneven implementation. To examine the efforts of Colorado school districts to innovate within the conventional public school system, it analyzes several hypotheses based on the diffusion model and socioeconomic factors with an ordinary least squares regression model. Statistical analysis demonstrates that three predictor variables-diffusion, educational level, and alternative innovation-positively influence the social phenomenon that each Colorado school district shows different efforts in the implementation of charter school policy. Among them, the number of alternative schools is the strongest regressor, and the existence of neighboring school districts with charter schools is the second strongest regressor that exerts powerful effects to account for the wide variance in the implementation of Colorado school districts` charter school policy.

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