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한국민족연구원> 민족연구> 논단 : 이산가족의 유형화와 이산가족 교류 활성화 방안

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논단 : 이산가족의 유형화와 이산가족 교류 활성화 방안

Articles : New Typology of the Dispersed Family and Plans for Activating Family Reunion Programs of Dispersed Families

윤인진 ( In Jin Yoon ) , 윤여상 ( Yeo Sang Yoon ) , 송영호 ( Young Ho Song )
  • : 한국민족연구원
  • : 민족연구 46권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2011년 05월
  • : 96-112(17pages)
피인용수 : 7건

(자료제공: 네이버학술정보)

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This main goal of this study is to propose new plans for improving existing family reunion programs of dispersed families. To accomplish that goal, it aims to reexamine the definition of the dispersed family, develop its new typology, and to propose programs appropriate for each type of the dispersed family. We argue that the boundary of the dispersed family was decided by outsiders` interests with little regard to the intention of dispersed families themselves and thus the targets of the family reunion programs expanded excessively. It is necessary to have realistic objects in order to carry out family reunion programs effectively with limited manpower and resources. We create four types of the dispersed family[the active group, the give-up group, the interchange group, and the refusal group] by cross-crossing the identity of the dispersed family and the wilt to continue the family reunion program. Then we propose concrete programs appropriate and effective for each type of the dispersed family.

ECN


UCI

I410-ECN-0102-2012-360-002272453

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 사회학
  • : KCI 등재
  • : -
  • : 반년간
  • : 1229-2796
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1998-2018
  • : 661


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The first reaction to the disintegration of the USSR by the end of 1991 was fear of an outburst of ethnic and interstate conflicts in the post-Soviet territory. in the Transcaucasus a war had broken out between Armenia and Azerbaijan; Moldova had split into two parts-Pridnestrovye and the territory loyal to Kishinyov; Ukraine faced the hazard of the Crimean Peninsula being annexed by Russia; and in the Baltic states a conflict flared up between authorities and Russian-speaking populations concerning the issues of citizenship and the state language. In those circumstances it was crucial to have a mechanism for dialogue and cooperation. Thus, in early 1992, a Commonwealth of Independent States [CIS] was created. But from the start CIS couldn`t play a role to solve political and economic problems that happened in the region of Central Asia. So, the Central Asian Union [CAU] was created in 1994 because of the disappointment with the CIS, originally comprised of three states-Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. The creation of CAU caused a certain euphoria about the prospects of regional integration, and a number of regional cooperation institutions and mechanisms were established, such as interstate presidential and prime minister-level committees, and the Central Asian Bank for Cooperation and Development. Also, at that time, relationships among the presidents could be termed friendly. But after cease-fire of Tajik Civil War Tajikistan and Uzbekistan has been unfriendly and after Kazakhstan is emerging as a new economic power in the region Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan has been unfriendly too. Consequently, at present, CAU could be considered a failure in most of its functions. Now we have to understand the conflict structure of the region in Central Asia and consider solutions to establish CAU realistically. US, China, and Russia as high-level states can`t paly a role to solve the regional problems in Central Asia and recreate CAU because of representative partnership with Central Asian States. In this point we must cognize Middle Power as communicator to solve the upper problems in Central Asia. For examples, Kazakhstan can`t solve the conflict with Uzbekistan by bilateral relations and high-level states hasn`t exerted great efforts to improve the relationship between two states. Middle Power can play a role to solve the regional problems and discuss with high-level states. Now we consider Korea as Middle Power in Central Asia. Korean government has pushed New Asia Initiative and Central Asia is suitable region to achieve it. This paper will analyze the possibility of the establishment of multinational cooperation organization to solve the regional problems in Central Asia through the case of Tajik Civil War and the role of Korea as Middle Power.

22000년대 중앙아시아 사회분쟁의 기원과 특징 -페르가나 지역 사회불안과 민족분규의 연관성에 대한 역사적 배경을 중심으로-

저자 : 김상철 ( Sang Cheol Kim )

발행기관 : 한국민족연구원 간행물 : 민족연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 37-57 (21 pages)

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The Ethnic composition of Contemporary Central Asian society reflects historical accumulation of various civilizations inflows in Central Asia. The pattern of Social Conflict in Central Asian Countries are categorized to relations between indigenous group & deported ethnic groups or relations among indigenous ethnic groups. Social conflict pattern of the former group occurred from last period of Soviet Union to beginning of independent Central Asian countries. And conflict pattern of the tatter group have been continuing since breaking of Soviet Union to the present in Central Asian Society. The Ferghana Valley, which is located at Eastern-northern Uzbekistan, Western-Northern Kyrgyzstan and Northern Tajikistan, is a symbol of Multi-ethnic character of Central Asian Society From the medieval period various ethnic groups settled and kept their traditional way of Life; nomadic, semi-nomadic and settled communities by ethnic groups. In the formation of Soviet Union this region was divided by Soviet new ethnic categories, which were not able to cover local ethnic structure of the Ferghana Valley and which created Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. The Soviet authorities seriously considered dividing of Ferghana Vally in terms of effective ruling, so poly-ethnic structure & economical linkage among local communities did not affected on the creating new ethno-territorial units in Soviet union. The delimitation of the Ferghana Valley in Soviet period did not change everyday life of populations of Ferghana valley, regardless of ethnic groups, because those days inter-republic borders had no actual meaning in the frame of Soviet Union. After breaking of Soviet Union, artificial or political inter-republic borders became actual national borders which blocked trans-republic life pattern of populations in the Ferghana Valley.

3Articles : Societal Dimension of Conflicts in Central Asia: The Case of Kyrgyzstan

저자 : Bustam Burnashev , Irina Chernykh

발행기관 : 한국민족연구원 간행물 : 민족연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 57-75 (19 pages)

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The article written on the Copenhagen School methodology is devoted to analysis structural foundations of societal conflicts in Central Asian countries. The societal dimension of any conflict appear when a large identity group or its particular members determine something as a threat to their survival as a community and start to act in proper way. Main nodal points of societal conflicts in the region are identifications connected with understanding what are the state, the nation, and the government. The article argues that the nation is considered through the prism of the titular nation [ethnos] concept and government stands as transcendent actor [subject] relative to the state and nation. The events in the southern Kyrgyzstan [Osh and Jalal-Abad oblasts] happened in June 2010 is used as a most illustrative case of societal conflicts in Central Asia. There was indicated the conflict based on contraposition of the titular nation [the Kyrgyz] and marginalized non-titular ethnic groups [the Uzbeks in this case] who are positioned as ``the Others`` posing unquestionable threat to Kyrgyz statehood due to either their separatist sentiment or aspiration to become included into Kyrgyz government structures.

4이주민 유입으로 본 민족 갈등 -크라스노다르 주의 메스케티안 투르크 사례를 중심으로-

저자 : 김혜진 ( Hye Jin Kim )

발행기관 : 한국민족연구원 간행물 : 민족연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 75-95 (21 pages)

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A new social phenomenon seen in Russia after the collapse of the USSR is migration. There exist two types of migration: international migration from previous Soviet republics and other far countries and an inner migration within Russia. Migration of various types can cause conflicts between Local residents and immigrants. These conflicts, however, are not a simple friction between ``outsiders`` and ``insiders``, Due to the fact that most immigrants are non-Russians, situations can intensify into an ethnic conflict. Migration takes place most actively in central areas such as Moscow and St. Petersburg, and southwestern regions such as Stavropol, Krasnodar, and Rostov. Many people moved to southern Russia due to its geographical position connecting the Caucasus, Central Asia and Russia, as its connection provides convenient transportation. Additionally, the area possesses better climatic conditions compared to other Russian areas. The situation of Krasnodar Oblast could be seen as a case of ethic conflict due to the constant wave of migration observed in the area, as well as the unprecedented situation where immigrants to Krasnodar Oblast were forced to move again to a totally unrelated country. This paper has been prepared for the purpose of investigating ethnic conflicts resulting from an inflow of immigrants, particularly focusing on a case of Meskhetian Turks in Krasnodar. This article consists of three sections. The first section examines the current situation of immigrant inflow and the characteristics of the region`s ethnic composition and community, such as the long existence of Cossacks and their position in the region. The second analyzes the various causes of conflict with Meskhetian Turks. For example, the Meskhetian Turks` stereotype, their closed lifestyle, and the unfriendly attitude of Cossacks towards them. The third investigates the migration politics of the Krasnodar government and the Legal restrictions against them, the distant air in the local community, the influence of local media on the public`s negative opinion of Turks, and finally, the results of the conflict.

5논단 : 이산가족의 유형화와 이산가족 교류 활성화 방안

저자 : 윤인진 ( In Jin Yoon ) , 윤여상 ( Yeo Sang Yoon ) , 송영호 ( Young Ho Song )

발행기관 : 한국민족연구원 간행물 : 민족연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 96-112 (17 pages)

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This main goal of this study is to propose new plans for improving existing family reunion programs of dispersed families. To accomplish that goal, it aims to reexamine the definition of the dispersed family, develop its new typology, and to propose programs appropriate for each type of the dispersed family. We argue that the boundary of the dispersed family was decided by outsiders` interests with little regard to the intention of dispersed families themselves and thus the targets of the family reunion programs expanded excessively. It is necessary to have realistic objects in order to carry out family reunion programs effectively with limited manpower and resources. We create four types of the dispersed family[the active group, the give-up group, the interchange group, and the refusal group] by cross-crossing the identity of the dispersed family and the wilt to continue the family reunion program. Then we propose concrete programs appropriate and effective for each type of the dispersed family.

6논단 : 다문화주의 개념에 대한 인문학적 성찰 -19세기 고소설 <삼한습유(三韓拾遺)>를 통해서

저자 : 최원오 ( Won Oh Choi )

발행기관 : 한국민족연구원 간행물 : 민족연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 112-127 (16 pages)

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다문화주의는 다문화사회에서 부각된, 이주자(이주자문화)에 대한 ``차이/차별``의 처리에 초점을 맞추고 있는 개념이다. 그런데 다문화사회로의 진입 여부와는 상관없이 한 민족이나 국가는 내부의 ``차이/차별``에 대한 처리문제를 안고 있다. 따라서 다문화주의는 이주자의 그것에 초점을 맞춤으로써 한 민족/국가 내부의 문제를 단순화시켜 버릴 위험성을 안고 있다. 이러한 위험성을 해소하기 위해서는 ``차이/차별``에 대한, 한 국가내지는 사회의 통시적 인식에 착목할 필요가 있다. 문학작품은 사람들에게 그러한 문제를 성찰할 수 있는 시간을 주고자 하는 것이 목표이므로, 문학작품 속에 그려진 ``차이/차별``의 문제를 고찰하는 것은 결국 인문학적 관점에서 다문화주의를 반성적으로 고찰할 수 있도록 유도한다. 그러자면 ``다문화``의 ``문화``를 한 민족/국가 내부의 다양한 문화까지를 포괄하는 개념으로써 이해할 필요가 있음을 전제한다. 이를 통해 필자는 다문화주의를 다문화사회를 분석하는 사회학적 개념으로써 제한하기보다는 서사분석과 같은 인문학적 지형으로도 확장하여 적용할 필요가 있음을 제안하였다. 본 논문에서는 ``차이/차별``이 사회문화적으로 크게 부각된 19세기의 고소설 <삼한습유>를 통해 이러한 가능성을 구체적으로 고찰하였다. 이것은 인문학적 관점에서의 다문화주의를 이론화하는 데 크게 기여할 것으로 본다.

7논단 : 미국의 종교성과 신보수주의의 담론적 함의

저자 : 김두진 ( Doo Jin Kim )

발행기관 : 한국민족연구원 간행물 : 민족연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 127-145 (19 pages)

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The Bush administration has consistently framed its foreign policy in religious language, following the September 11 attack. It is understood that in practical terms, the separation of politics and religion is not categorically applied in the U.S. In that context, we examine how American religion has related to neoconservative foreign policy attitudes. Separation between church and state does not mean that religious views should be excluded from politics. The idea that public policies should not be influenced by religious beliefs is misguided. American foreign policy has encompassed religious discourse, including evangelical doctrine in order to make it more justifiable at home as well abroad, Critics argue that the American Christian Right was much more likely to influence American engagement in its foreign policy. However, engaging the Christian Right in broader foreign policy discussions needs to be seriously reexamined. On the assumption that the September 11 terror was considered sort of religious war against the American exceptionalism, the U.S. response to the terrorist attack tended to address more religious rhetoric and discourse. Inevitably or transiently, neoconservatism was overly mixed up with religious language, thus leading to the distortion that evangelicals, especially the Christian Right played a critical part in making American neoconservative policies. Christian evangelicals in the US are a very diverse group themselves rather than a monolithic organization. The relationship between Christian evangelicals and the support for neoconservative foreign policy is less likely to be evident.

8노벨평화상 수상자 류효파(劉曉波) 문장

저자 : 연구원자료

발행기관 : 한국민족연구원 간행물 : 민족연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 146-163 (18 pages)

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9Archives : Outcome Document of the High-Level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly of September 2005 (成果文書)

저자 : 연구원자료

발행기관 : 한국민족연구원 간행물 : 민족연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 164-204 (41 pages)

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