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한국형사정책학회> 형사정책> 청소년비행 관련법규의 현재와 미래

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청소년비행 관련법규의 현재와 미래

Present and Future of the Laws and Regulations Related with Juvenile Delinquency

송광섭 ( Kwang Soub Song )
  • : 한국형사정책학회
  • : 형사정책 15권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2003년 12월
  • : 193-223(31pages)

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The issue of juvenile delinquency, is showing a slight decrease according to statistics, but have the tendency towards mass violence committed by organized gangs, the increase of juvenile delinquency as well as crime middle or higher class families, and new criminal phenomena are increasing and showing a high incidence of crime. Accordingly we must build up new system for the protection of juveniles as a part of precau- tionary measures against juvenile delinquency, the protection of juvenile human rights, as well as for effective correction and rehabilitation as a countermeasure against juvenile delinquency.  For this, we should cope with juvenile delinquency by using national legislation through the amendment of laws and regulations related to juvenile delinquency and place the juvenile under the systematic protection via the integration of the coordination of related services.  In addition as regards juvenile justice, we should pattern the Juvenile Act and the Reform School Act upon the International Law of Human Rights to protect juvenile human rights justly through the radical control of detention through the improvement of detention conditions, the arrang-

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2009-360-002738555

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  • : 사회과학분야  > 법학
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 연3회
  • : 1226-2595
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  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1986-2019
  • : 666


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1경미범죄의 효율적 처리방안 - 경미사건 처리절차의 재정비를 촉구하면서 -

저자 : 신동운 ( Dong Woon Shin )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2003 페이지 : pp. 9-45 (37 pages)

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This study points out that a congestion of affairs is one of the biggest problems in Korean Criminal Justice and insists that a revision on the legal procedures for minor offenses is necessary as a solution. Due to the overflowing cases, procedures became so simplified that the rights of defendant are not being fully guaranteed. This study suggests that in order to solve the problem the minor offenses should be sorted out and treated promptly by a separate simple procedure. By doing so, both the manpower and material resources can be allocated appropriately to the normal procedures so that the Criminal Justice System which takes rigidity of procedure to protect the defendant's rights can be established.  Based on this critical mind, investigations on the summary docu- mentary procedure, petty court summary trial, and summary proceeding in formal trial court are conducted. Also, the factors of deterioration in legal procedures for minor offenses are analyzed. Recently non-attendance trials in which the defendant is not present in the court are widely being held, which cause the summary trial procedure to be a simple documentary examination. In addition, since the introduction of the principle of dis- advantage alternation prohibition, summary documentary procedure is being carried out as a formal proceeding. An analysis on these matters is done in this study as well.  As the legal procedures for minor offenses are not being operated in orderly fashion and an alternative has not yet been prepared, the current situation is diagnosed as a crisis in Korean Criminal Justice in this article. Referring to the example of Germany and Japan, an establishment of tentatively named “An adjective law for prompt handling of minor offenses,” an empowerment of jurisdiction in criminal cases to the courts of cities and counties, an execution of circuit prosecutor system, and simplification in drawing up a written judgement are suggested as means to cope with current situation.

2토론요지 : 경미범죄의 효율적인 처리방안

저자 : 이승련

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2003 페이지 : pp. 47-52 (6 pages)

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3경미사건의 효율적 처리방안 - 실무상 문제점을 중심으로 -

저자 : 곽규홍

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2003 페이지 : pp. 53-73 (21 pages)

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42003년도 한국형사정책학회 하계학술회의 참관기

저자 : 최석윤

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2003 페이지 : pp. 75-81 (7 pages)

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5청소년폭력 비행에 있어 일반 긴장 이론의 검증: 상황론적 논의를 통해

저자 : 이성식 ( Seong Sik Lee )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2003 페이지 : pp. 85-105 (21 pages)

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This study tests Agnew's general strain theory and assesses whether strains have a major role in explaining delinquency and their effects can be mediated by negative emotions. In addition, this study examines a conditional hypotheses whether the strain-delinquency relationships is conditioned by several factors such as attachment to parents, commitment to school activities, exposure to delinquent peers, attitude toward violence, and self-control. This study tries to apply a theory for understanding violent responses to strain. This study measures a situational anger in interpersonal conflict situation and tries to find the effects of strain and anger on violent delinquency. These results support a general strain theory. Results show that strains in family, school, and neighborhood increase violence in conflict interpersonal situation and their effects on violence are mediated by a situational anger. In addition, it is revealed that the effect of anger is conditioned by attachment to parents and exposure to delinquent peers.

6토론요지 : 청소년 폭력비행에 있어 일반 긴장 이론의 검증: 상황론적 논의를 통해

저자 : 박순진

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2003 페이지 : pp. 107-110 (4 pages)

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7학교의 지역적 특성과 청소년비행: 다수준 접근의 적용

저자 : 박정선 ( Cheong Sun Park )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2003 페이지 : pp. 111-154 (44 pages)

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Causes of delinquency have been largely understood at three different levels:individual, family/school and society. This study raises questions about current research, which neglects the mid-range level of explanation such as community and school effects. This negligence stems from current theoretical orientation of criminology, which fails to incorporate the diverse levels and dimensions of crime phenomena.  This study constructs an integrated multilevel model, which investi- gates the effect of two school-level characteristics and two individual-level characteristics. The basic hypothesis for this study is that the variation in delinquency is not only explained by individual characteristics but also by school characteristics and the variation is differentiated by delinquency type such as status or violent crimes.  The results showed that schools with high disorder and low efficacy tend to have more delinquent students. School effects are more manifested in light offenses and individual effects are more effective in serious offenses. Also, the cross-level interaction was effective in that the effects of delinquent friends was bigger in schools with high degree of social disorder than in schools with low degree of disorder.  For the policy implication, it is highly recommended to pay more attention to the so-called collective efficacy even if collective efficacy in this study is only limited to the light offenses. As Karsarda and Janowitz found out, the role of low mobility rate among residents is very important to increase the collective efficacy of a certain community. However, official statistics show that the residential mobility in Korea is a lot higher than that of world average and even with that of advanced countries. In this sense, we need to focus on the way of increasing the collective efficacy not by just focusing on the coerced control but rather by focusing on the social control.

8토론요지 : 학교의 지역적 특성과 청소년비행: 다수준 접근의 적용

저자 : 노성호

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2003 페이지 : pp. 155-157 (3 pages)

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9초등학생의 자아존중감과 범죄피해 경험

저자 : 민수홍 ( Su Hong Min ) , 유성렬 ( Seong Yeol Ryu )

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2003 페이지 : pp. 159-188 (30 pages)

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The nature and direction of causal relationship between elementary school students' self-esteem and their experience(s) of criminal victimi- zation are identified. Possible theoretical explanation about each of two possible causal directions are suggested. That is, attribution theory is suggested to explain how criminal victimization experiences are led into low self-esteem;while, self-consistency theory is suggested to explain how low self-esteem is led to criminal victimization. The linear structural equation-based reciprocal effects analysis(LISREL) is used to estimate the extent to which each variable affects the other. Cross-sectional data of 718 elementary school boys and girls(5th graders) in Seoul, Korea is used to explore the reciprocal relationships between self-esteem and criminal victimization experience. We find that low self-esteem fosters criminal victimization. Finally, policy implications of the finding are discussed.

10토론요지 : 초등학생의 자아존중감과 범죄피해 경험

저자 : 박철현

발행기관 : 한국형사정책학회 간행물 : 형사정책 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2003 페이지 : pp. 189-191 (3 pages)

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