논문 상세보기

한국사회보장학회> 사회보장연구> 지방분권화와 복지수준의 지역간 격차 : 지방자치제도 도입 이후 서울시와 4 대 광역시를 중심으로

KCI등재

지방분권화와 복지수준의 지역간 격차 : 지방자치제도 도입 이후 서울시와 4 대 광역시를 중심으로

Decentralization and the Regional Inequalities in Social Welfare Provision in Korea

조영훈(Young Hoon Cho)
  • : 한국사회보장학회
  • : 사회보장연구 17권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2001년 12월
  • : 1-19(19pages)

DOI


목차


					

키워드 보기


초록 보기

Since the formation of local councils of 1992 and the election of the head of local governments of 1995, Korea has stepped into the new period of localization. With many problems still unsolved, lots of researchers have expected the regional inequalities brought up under the centralized government system to decrease and the new politics devoted to the wellbeing of local residents to come true. In particular, they believe that local social welfare, which was consistently ignored during the centralized government system focusing on economy first strategy, has a big momentum, since local governments are to be much more responsive to the demands of local residents. This article aims to examine if such expectations have been fulfilled, and if the introduction of local autonomy system has created new problems. The main hypothesis of this study is that, under the conditions of the lack of progressive local goverrunent and of strong social forces demanding social welfare expansion, localization brings about regional inequalities in social welfare provision, rather than necessarily improving the local welfare level. To examine this hypothesis, this article compares five metropolitan areas in Korea(Seoul, Pusan, Taegu, Inchon, Kwangju) in terms of social welfare costs and social welfare facilities before and after 1995. This study expects that the differentials in those two categories have expanded between Seoul and the other metropolitan areas, since the economic differentials between the two ares have increased even after the so-called new period of localization. This article sheds light on the new academic issue in the study of decentralization and local social welfare. While most of the current researches are simply concerned with the relationship between localization and the agglomerate level of local welfare, this study focuses on the regional inequalities in social welfare provision caused by decentralization. If the hypothesis of this article is empirically supported, we can identify a new form of social inequality, for which the government have to prepare a remedy.

ECN

ECN-0102-2009-330-005654809


UCI

I410-ECN-0102-2009-330-005654809

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 사회복지
  • : KCI 등재
  • : -
  • : 계간
  • : 1225-5866
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1985-2018
  • : 871


저작권 안내

한국학술정보㈜의 모든 학술 자료는 각 학회 및 기관과 저작권 계약을 통해 제공하고 있습니다.

이에 본 자료를 상업적 이용, 무단 배포 등 불법적으로 이용할 시에는 저작권법 및 관계법령에 따른 책임을 질 수 있습니다.

발행기관 최신논문
| | | | 다운로드

1지방분권화와 복지수준의 지역간 격차 : 지방자치제도 도입 이후 서울시와 4 대 광역시를 중심으로

저자 : 조영훈(Young Hoon Cho)

발행기관 : 한국사회보장학회 간행물 : 사회보장연구 17권 2호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 1-19 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

키워드 보기
초록보기

Since the formation of local councils of 1992 and the election of the head of local governments of 1995, Korea has stepped into the new period of localization. With many problems still unsolved, lots of researchers have expected the regional inequalities brought up under the centralized government system to decrease and the new politics devoted to the wellbeing of local residents to come true. In particular, they believe that local social welfare, which was consistently ignored during the centralized government system focusing on economy first strategy, has a big momentum, since local governments are to be much more responsive to the demands of local residents. This article aims to examine if such expectations have been fulfilled, and if the introduction of local autonomy system has created new problems. The main hypothesis of this study is that, under the conditions of the lack of progressive local goverrunent and of strong social forces demanding social welfare expansion, localization brings about regional inequalities in social welfare provision, rather than necessarily improving the local welfare level. To examine this hypothesis, this article compares five metropolitan areas in Korea(Seoul, Pusan, Taegu, Inchon, Kwangju) in terms of social welfare costs and social welfare facilities before and after 1995. This study expects that the differentials in those two categories have expanded between Seoul and the other metropolitan areas, since the economic differentials between the two ares have increased even after the so-called new period of localization. This article sheds light on the new academic issue in the study of decentralization and local social welfare. While most of the current researches are simply concerned with the relationship between localization and the agglomerate level of local welfare, this study focuses on the regional inequalities in social welfare provision caused by decentralization. If the hypothesis of this article is empirically supported, we can identify a new form of social inequality, for which the government have to prepare a remedy.

2서울시 소재 종합사회복지관간의 네트워크 특성 및 네트워크 상에서의 중심자적 역할정도 결정요인에 관한 연구

저자 : 유태균(Tae Kyun Yoo) , 김자옥(Ja Ok Kim)

발행기관 : 한국사회보장학회 간행물 : 사회보장연구 17권 2호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 20-48 (29 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

키워드 보기
초록보기

Networking is of great concern for community social welfare agencies (social welfare agencies, henceforth) facing an uneasy task of addressing the complex welfare needs of community with limited resources. Notwithstanding its importance, networking among social welfare agencies has never been empirically studied up to date, and, as a result, the lack of knowledge on this subject is apparent. In realizing this lack of knowledge, this study attempts to empirically examine the networking among social welfare agencies in Seoul Area. In addition, the determinants of the centrality of individual social welfare agencies in the network are also investigated. Data analyses show 1) that networking among social welfare agencies is relatively active in those cases where the objects being exchanged through the network require low exchange cost, that is relatively less efforts for negotiation or bargaining between social welfare agencies; 2) that the degree of networking among agencies varies in terms of the objects being exchanged; and 3) that the centrality of individual agencies in the network depends only on the years in operation and the degree of financial independency of the agency. Based on these and other findings, one of the conclusions that can be drawn is that at present, social welfare agencies are engaging in networking yet in a very timid manner. Some suggestions are made for the promotion of networking among social welfare agencies as a means to increase the efficiency in the utilization of limited resources.

3여성복지적 관점에서의 자활지원사업 분석과 활성화 방안

저자 : 강남식(Nam Sik Kang) , 백선희(Sun Hee Baek)

발행기관 : 한국사회보장학회 간행물 : 사회보장연구 17권 2호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 49-78 (30 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

키워드 보기
초록보기

This article analysed the self-support projects(SSP) for poor women, sponsored by the National Basic Livelihood Security System(NBLSS), from the perspective for women`s welfare, that is perspective of gender-mainstreaming. This article has four parts, theoretical approach, traits and needs of poor women, limits of self-support projects analysed from the perspective for women`s welfare, suggestions for their modification of current self-support projects. The second chapter, that deals with the theoretical approach, explains the definition of gender mainstreaming together with the process of paradigm shift to gender mainstreaming in women policy. And we hinted on the directions of revision of SSPs. The third chapter analyzes traits and needs of poor women. Poor women have such problems as weak human resources, insufficient will for self reliance, family problem including children`s problem, unstable residence, shortage or weakness of official and unofficial network of support. Poor women show no active will to live, because of these various uneasy personal and familial circumstances. Therefore multi-level welfare services for women are necessary to attract poor women to SSPs. The fourth chapter analysed limits of SSPs from the perspective of gender mainstreaming. The fifth chapter gives suggestions for modifications of current SSPs. One of the main suggestions is one-stop service system for poor women`s SSPs. We found that SSPs seemed formally to be gender-neutral, but in content women would be neglected if careful understanding and considerations for poor women were not given, in the process of implementation of the projects. And then, this article made a few suggestions for modification of the SSPs, from the gender-mainstreaming perspective.

4사회보험의 민영시스템 도입에 관한 연구

저자 : 장동한(Dong Han Chang)

발행기관 : 한국사회보장학회 간행물 : 사회보장연구 17권 2호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 79-104 (26 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

키워드 보기
초록보기

This study is to analyze the introduction of private system to social insurance as an alternative for its reform. Private system in social insurance such as individual account system or involvement of private firms is expected to promote managerial efficiency in social insurance and to be helpful to get public support. In order for the proposed private system to be successful in social insurance, it is essential to build up social solidarity based upon general support of the public. Also, we have to try hard to build up sound social security net to consider social equity as we are trying to raise economic efficiency of the social insurance by introducing private system.

5고용보험의 국제기준 및 국제적 보장에 관한 연구

저자 : 전광석(Kwang Seok Cheon)

발행기관 : 한국사회보장학회 간행물 : 사회보장연구 17권 2호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 105-139 (35 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

키워드 보기
초록보기

To complete the social security in the field of unemployment insurance it is on the one hand neccesary to provide an elaborate system of coordination in the field of social security. It should be persuit on the dimension of national law as well as international law. On the other hand international committment of social security benefits should be comprehensively analysed to have implications for the national legislation. This article aims to answer above questions. It will have implications for the freedom of movement for workers as well as for the improvement of national legislation.

6노령 노동자의 경제활동 참가에 영향을 미치는 요인에 대한 연구 : 일부 선진 자본주의 국가들을 중심으로

저자 : 강철희(Chul Hee Kang) , 김영범(Young Bum Kim)

발행기관 : 한국사회보장학회 간행물 : 사회보장연구 17권 2호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 140-161 (22 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

키워드 보기
초록보기

This paper examines the effect of active labor market policy on older people`s labor force participation in 8 welfare states. This paper focuses on the following questions: what are the major predictors of the changes in older people`s labor participation rates?; and what is the effect of active labor market policy in promoting older people`s labor participation rates? Using the data from Comparative Welfare States Data Set by Social Expenditure Database by DECD (1999), Labor Statistics by ILO(2000), and UNESCO Yearbook(1981-1999), this paper attempts to answer the above research questions. Parks model, a data analysis method in pooled cross-sectional time-series analysis, is adopted to identify variables predicting changes in older people s labor force participation rates. This paper analyzes the predictors by using 2 analysis models(model with total expenditure of ALMP divided by GDP and model with 3 programs of ALMP divided by GDP, respectively) about 2 types of older people(55 to 64 years old people and 65 years old people to older). Results are as follows: (1) population size of older people, unemployment rate, and pension size divided by GDP have a negative effect on older people`s labor force participation rates; (2) active labor market policy has a different effect on older people s labor force participation rates by the different age groups of older people; (3) active labor market policy has a different effect on older people s labor force participation rates according by the three programs of ALMP; and (4) job brokering service among three major programs of ALMP has a positive effect in promoting older people`s labor force participation rates. Through the empirical analysis, this paper provides valuable knowledge about effects of active labor market policy on older people`s labor force participation in 8 welfare states and discusses implications for older people`s labor force participation in Korea.

1
주제별 간행물
간행물명 수록권호

한국장기요양학회 추계학술대회자료집
2014권 0호 ~ 2016권 0호

한국장기요양학회 춘계학술대회자료집
2015권 0호 ~ 2017권 0호

한국가족사회복지학회 학술발표논문집
2018권 1호 ~ 2018권 1호

한국장기요양학회 추계학술대회자료집
2013권 0호 ~ 2017권 0호

한국장기요양학회 춘계학술대회자료집
2014권 0호 ~ 2018권 0호

장기요양연구
1권 1호 ~ 6권 1호

한국가족사회복지학회 정책포럼
5권 0호 ~ 5권 0호

Research in Brief
2018권 7호 ~ 2018권 7호

보건·복지 Issue&Focus
351권 0호 ~ 351권 0호

보건복지포럼
261권 0호 ~ 261권 0호

KCI후보

사회복지 실천과 연구
15권 1호 ~ 15권 1호

연금연구
8권 1호 ~ 8권 1호

KCI등재

사회복지연구
49권 2호 ~ 49권 2호

한국노인복지학회 학술발표논문집
2018권 1호 ~ 2018권 1호

KCI등재

한국가족복지학
23권 2호 ~ 23권 2호

Research in Brief
2018권 5호 ~ 2018권 6호

국제사회보장리뷰
5권 0호 ~ 5권 0호

보건·복지 Issue&Focus
350권 0호 ~ 350권 0호

보건복지포럼
259권 0호 ~ 260권 0호

KCI등재

보건사회연구
38권 2호 ~ 38권 2호
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보

내가 찾은 최근 검색어

최근 열람 자료

맞춤 논문

보관함

내 보관함
공유한 보관함

1:1문의

닫기