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Journal of The Korean Regional Development Association

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수록범위 : 1권1호(1989)~32권2호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 1,205
한국지역개발학회지
32권2호(2020년 06월) 수록논문
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2업무편향적 기술변화와 도시 규모에 따른 도시 간 고용 및 임금 격차

저자 : 김민영 ( Kim Minyoung ) , 임업 ( Lim Up )

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 5-27 (23 pages)

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This study aims to analyze the effect of task-biased technological change on inter-city employment and wage gap. We consider that task-biased technological change increases labor demand for non-routine cognitive tasks, and that these tasks require workers with cognitive skills and people skills, and that these skills and cities are complements. Motivated by those current findings, we established two research hypotheses: First, if the city size is large the employment for non-routine cognitive tasks will grow fast, and second, if the city size is large returns to non-routine cognitive tasks will be high. We examined the changes in occupational distribution by city size from 2000 to 2015 and used hierarchical linear models to analyze returns to non-routine cognitive tasks by city size. Our findings show that task-biased technological change has not extended the inter-city employment gap in high-wage occupations where non-routine cognitive tasks were concentrated. However, since returns to non-routine cognitive tasks vary according to city size, technological change has contributed to the inter-city wage gap. The main contribution of our study is to expand our understandings of the effect of task-biased technological change on inter-city inequalities which have not been examined extensively.

KCI등재

3기술 혁신에 의한 지역 일자리 변화에 대한 연구

저자 : 임보영 ( Im Bo-yeong ) , 마강래 ( Ma Kang-rae )

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 29-45 (17 pages)

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Previous studies have demonstrated that the impacts of technological innovation on employment may vary according to the occupational composition at a national scale. Since the compositions of occupation may be different according to different regions, it can be expected that there may discriminative impacts on the number of jobs at the regional or local level. The purpose of this study is to investigate regional changes of employment which can be influenced by technological innovations. The results of study indicate that technological innovation can contribute to the growth of jobs in general, but certain areas may experience a reduction of workforce. It is expected that the technological innovation can increase the regional employment disparity, as it has a positive effect on the employment in Seoul Metropolitan Area(SMA) and Chungcheong Province, but the other areas may not take advantage of such technical advances. The results of this study suggests that strong employment policies for non-SMA regions should be implemented in order to respond the unemployment in the era of 4th industrial revolution.

KCI등재

4산업단지재생사업지구 종사자들의 정주 및 산업시설 이용의 공간적 특성

저자 : 김홍주 ( Kim Hong Joo ) , 김륜희 ( Kim Ryoon Hee ) , 김소연 ( Kim So Youn )

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 47-62 (16 pages)

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The policy stance is changing rapidly over the aging industrial complex, but industrial complex regeneration projects are centered on physical infrastructure and corporate support. Many of these projects are often shaped into space/facilities, requiring an analysis of the behavior of industrial workers who are facility users. This study aims to analyze the current facility using behavior of industrial workers in perspective of space for the purpose of setting the direction of the deteriorated industrial complex regeneration project. Through this, the government intends to present policy directions in determining the residential and spatial position of industrial facilities in the indutrial complex renewal projects. The research method analyzes the physical characteristics of the deteriorated industrial complex and Deterioration degree. Through a survey, the employees' settlement and industrial facilities usage patterns will be investigated, and the functions of introducing the deteriorated industrial complex regeneration projects in the future will be derived through various inter-group analyses in terms of space scope. Through this study, it will be available as basic data in introducing residential and industrial facilities when planning future projects for the regeneration of deteriorated-industrial complexes and revitalized zones, and there will be significance of the research in terms of access from the perspective of demand side.

KCI등재

5인구·경제·재정·사회환경 변화에 따른 기술교육의 지역경제 효과 비교

저자 : 박승규 ( Park Seungkyu )

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 63-89 (27 pages)

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In order to find the role of human capital accumulation of general and technical vocational education on regional economies from 1992 to 2017, this study used Ramsey-Cass-Koopmans model and panel system to empirically estimate the relationship of the school-age population, which affected to the human capital by technical vocational education, and total fertility rate. In the Seoul metropolitan area (SMA), the steady-state of regional economic factors increased due to the human capital accumulation through technical vocational education of general school. On the other hand, the steady-state of regional economic factors in non-capital area (ROW) also increased due to the human capital accumulation of general and technical vocational education. In addition, changes in human capital due to general vocational education have increased the steady-state of regional economic factors by population inflow, increase of the number of marriages, and gross domestic product per capita, but has been reduced by prices in both SMA and ROW. On the other hand, changes in human capital due to technical vocational education have led to an higher increase in the steady-state of regional economic factors due to an increase in population inflows, GRDP per capita, and marriages except price change in ROW.

KCI등재

64차 산업혁명 관련 산업의 입지특성이 균형발전에 미치는 영향

저자 : 신학철 ( Shin Hak Cheol ) , 우명제 ( Woo Myungje )

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 91-117 (27 pages)

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Since the concentration in the capital region of Korea can cause a national inequality, many policies, regulating locations of industries in the region, have been implemented. Industrial revolutions, such as the 4th industrial revolution, have been the driving force for growth of cities. Many studies related to the 4th industrial revolution have been conducted, while most of them have only analyzed their location status without quantitative analysis. It is known that the fourth Industrial revolution related industry, which can promote economic growth, is concentrated in a specific region. This phenomenon can cause a unbalanced development at the national level. In this line, this study analyzes the impacts of the industries related to the fourth industrial revolution on the balanced national development using the beta convergence model. The results show that many of the 4th industrial revolution-based industries are also located in metropolitan areas outside the capital region, while the majority of them are concentrated in the capital region, implying that the metropolitan areas outside the capital region have a potential to play an important role in balancing the national development. However, the impacts of the fourth revolution related industry on their regions are limited to the positive effect of manufacturing on population, calling for the consideration of various types of industry and spatial unit when a policy for balanced development is developed.

KCI등재

7수도권 통근자의 직장 및 주택접근성이 통근시간에 미치는 영향에 대한 분석

저자 : 전명진 ( Jun Myung-jin ) , 이지현 ( Lee Jihyeon )

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 119-135 (17 pages)

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This study analyzes the effects of the job and housing accessibility on commuting time for the commuters in the Seoul metropolitan area. We measure the job and housing accessibility by administrative dong using 2015 micro area (jipgegu) data from the Korea Statistical Office, and combine this with the 2016 household travel survey data. We build multiple regression models which include commuter's socio-economic characteristics, commute modes, and accessibility variables as predictor variables of commuting time.
The analysis results can be summarized as follows. First, in the case of commuters working in Seoul, the relationship between housing accessibility and commuting time was statistically significant positive for all housing types. This finding seems to be because it is difficult for workers in Seoul to find an affordable house around the workplace due to the high housing prices in Seoul. Second, the relationships between housing accessibility and commuting time for commuters working in suburban areas of Gyeonggi-Incheon, and between job accessibility and commuting time of residents in Seoul are statistically significant negative coefficient values, indicating that commuting time would be shortened if there were more jobs or housing near the residence or workplace in these areas. Lastly, in the case of residents of Gyeonggi-Incheon, job accessibility of professional, managerial and office workers have no statistically significant effect on commuting time, while service, sales, functional and simple labor industries have statistically significant negative values. This finding indicates that the commuting time of high-paid professional workers living in suburban areas is not affected by the job accessibility of residence.

KCI등재

8직주균형이 통근시간에 미치는 영향의 공간계량경제학적 분석

저자 : 권성문 ( Kwon Sung Moon ) , 박길환 ( Park Gil Hwan )

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 137-160 (24 pages)

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Suburbanization or urban sprawl has caused social problems such as traffic congestion and increase in travel costs because of the segregation of jobs and houses. In solving those problems, the relationship between commuting pattern and jobs-housing balance is one of the important issues in urbanization. This study analyzed the relationship between commuting time and jobs-housing balance and socio-economic factors affecting commuting time in Seoul Metropolitan Areas (2000-2015) using spatial panel econometrics. Several significant results were derived. First, the relationship between commuting time and jobs-housing balance has a “U” shape curve. That is, commuting time is longer in job-rich and housing-rich areas and is shortened in balanced areas. Second, socio-economic factors such as the number of high schools, housing prices, junse prices, and the financial independence rate affected commuting time. Third, the greenbelts directly or indirectly affects commuting time. Therefore, local governments should understand jobs-housing balance policy considering spatial and socio-economic aspects. The direct and indirect effects of those factors, which this study analyzed with advanced econometrics, also need to be further considered in managing urban growth whose spatiotemporal manifestation is deeply related with the above three findings.

KCI등재

9지역건설산업의 역내수주 결정요인 분석

저자 : 양준석 ( Yang Jun-seok ) , 장윤섭 ( Jang Yoon-seop ) , 최태훈 ( Choi Tae-hoon )

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 163-180 (18 pages)

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Public construction procurement in Korea has two policies for regional construction SMEs. 'limited bidding for local firm' and 'compulsory joint receiving with local firms'. Each of these policies has adopted and implemented by central and local government to protect regional construction SMEs and thus foster regional economy by them.
This paper empirically examines the factors, including two policies specified above, affecting regional construction firms' probability of receiving orders. Specifically, using data from Statistics Korea, we construct a probit model with the records of contract data of individual firms level. The main results are as following. First, regional firms' probability of receiving orders is higher in public construction procurement as compared to private construction contract. Second, the effects of increase in the regional firm numbers and labor productivity of the local firms positively affect the probability of local receiving orders. However, increase in contract prices decrease the probability of local receiving orders. Finally, our analysis suggests that estimated effects of 'limited bidding for local firm' and 'compulsory joint receiving with local firms' are 28.3%, 31.1%, respectively.

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(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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