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수록범위 : 1권0호(1965)~70권0호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 755
사림(성대사림)
70권0호(2019년 10월) 수록논문
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1웅진시대 백제의 왕도 5부제

저자 : 백미선 ( Baek Mi Sun )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 70권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-31 (31 pages)

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The center of Baekje during the period of Woongjin was Woongjin, which was the royal capital. Therefore, how Woongjin looked and changed has a close relationship with the development of the Baekje Kingdom's historical development. The five-part system of the royal capital was a complete change from the previous period's recognition and arrangement of the royal capital. Baekje, during the Woongjin Dynasty, By enforcing The five-part system of the royal capital, dismantled the system of the Hanseong Dynasty and provided a foundation for the one-sided inclusion of the people of Baekje under the royal authority. As a result, Baekje was able to establish awareness of the royal capital, organize the Central Army based on the royal capital, and expand its territory.

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2풍납토성 출토 수막새의 현황과 변천에 대한 일고찰

저자 : 윤용희 ( Yoon Yonghee )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 70권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 33-69 (37 pages)

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This paper aims to examine the historical contexts of the typological change patterns of the convex eave-end tiles belonging to the Hanseong Phase of the Baekje Period. In order to achieve this purpose, this paper first analyses the typological characteristics of the concave eave-end tiles uncovered from the Pungnaptoseong Earthen Walled Site, and then matches them to historical records mentioned in the Baekje's Records (百濟本紀), the History of Three Kingdoms (三國史記).
In considering the manufacturing techniques, roof tiles were produced from the non-wooden mould to wooden mould technique. The shape of the convex roof tile changed from the cylindrical to half-folded types. The form of paste for shaping the tile changed from clay ring to clay plate.
With respect to the decorated patterns, the chronological stage of the convex eave-end tiles can be classified into the stage decorated with indigenous motifs including tree branch, flowering plant, geometric, and undecorated patterns were first adopted, the coin and lotus flower pattern stage, which are motifs introduced from China, and the animal face pattern stage.
The chronological stage based on the Baekje's Records, the History of Three Kingdoms are as follows.
1. The Geminal Stage (around 1 AD to the Early 2nd Century AD): in this stage, roof-tiles were not produced in the Baekje; but the technique for building the structure covered with roof tiles began to be appeared.
2. The Initial Stage (the Late 2nd to Early 3rd Century): Earhenware production technique began to be adopted to make roof tiles. The four sector method originated from China was adopted the convex eave-end tiles were decorated with indigenous motifs, such as tree branch, flowering plant, radial, saw tooth, and undecorated patterns.
3. The Introduction Phase (the Late 3rd to Late 4th Century AD): On the basis of the active cultural exchanges between Baekje and China from the Three Kingdoms Period to the Wei, Jin and North-South Dynasties Period, Chinese motifs including coin pattern diffused from Eastern Wu and lotus flower pattern introduced from the Eastern Jin Dynasty with Buddhism were decorated.
4. The Transition Stage (the Late 4th to Late 5th Century AD): This is the period that the tile making technology was revolutionized by the introduction of the new tile making tools including wooden frame from the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the Liu Song Dynasty, and the Northern Wei Dynasty. Owing to the adoption of wooden frame, the form of the paste changed from clay ring to clay plate; and this change further led to the development of the quality and productivity of the roof tile. As roof tiles began to be produced by more specialized production system, the roof tile craftsmen was separated from the potters. The animal face pattern is the representative motif decorated in the convex eave-end tile produced in this phase.

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3신라 선화공주의 역사적 실재와 역할

저자 : 이현주 ( Lee Hyunju )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 70권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 71-97 (27 pages)

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Princess Seonhwa of Shilla is only recorded in the story of king Mu of Baekje of 『Samgukyusa(三國遺事)』. According to him, Princess Seonhwa is the daughter of King Jinpyeong, the main character of 'Seodongyo,' a song of Shilla period, and marries Seodong, or King Baekjemu.
The story of king Mu of 『Samgukyusa(三國遺事)』 described as a heroic story the eccentric birth story of King Mu of Baekje, the unfortunate growth environment, and the boldness and wit that he had, and the life story that became the king of Baekje after overcoming hardships. Princess Seonhwa's scandal, the resulting departure, the accidental meeting with Seodong on her way to exile, and the process of marriage believing coincidence to be a coincidence seem to be the result of glorification in the process of being transferred by Shilla and Goryeo people, and the recognition of the period of Goryeo, when the dynasty was recorded. In other words, the historical background of the story of king Mu was not love between the West-East and Princess Seonhwa, but between Baekje and Shilla's royal families, whose purpose was to strengthen the royal authority.
Two more anecdotes are also told about the role of Princess Seonhwa, who married Seo-dong, in the story of king Mu. One is to inform Seodong of the value of gold immediately after his marriage, and the other is to propose the creation of Maitreya Temple as a queen of Baekje. Princess Seonhwa from the story of king Mu was the princess of King Jinpyeong of Shilla, the queen of King Mu of Baekje, and the protagonist of the creation of Maitreya Temple.
However, according to the inscription of the tsarira casket in Maitreya Temple which was discovered in 2009 during the demolition work to restore the tower of Maitreya Temple, the founder of Maitreya Temple is Queen Baekje, the daughter of Sataek who are a nobleman of Baekje and its time is the year 639.
The year 639 is believed to refer to the time when Maitreya Temple was completed due to the expansion of east zone, which includes the bronze tower, and west zone, which includes the pagoda. Thus Princess Seonhwa would have been the founder of Maitreya, and Queen Sataek would have been the originator of east zone and west zone .
Marriage between the royal families serves to strengthen the alliance by forming a blood-related bond between the two countries, and to act as a hostage as a political security against each other's betrayal. Princess Seonhwa played a role in mediating the relationship between Shilla and Baekje royal families through marriage, and also made a decisive contribution to the establishment of a temple called Maitreya in Baekje. Thus, the name 'Seonhwa' of Shilla was probably given in connection with the creation of Maitreya Temple, which was used as a foundation to strengthen the royal authority of King Mu.
King Jinpyeong intended to marry his second daughter, Kim Yong-chun, to consolidate the kingdom internally, and to marry his third daughter Seonwha and King Mu of Baekje to gain external stability through the marriage of the Shilla-Baekje royal family. This was a strategy to make Deokman, the first daughter of King Jinpyeong, king. In the end, Deokman became the first queen of Korea, Queen Seondeok. Princess Seonhwa was a bridge between Silla and Baekje and served as an ideological foundation for strengthening Shilla and Baekje's royal authority.

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4고려 공민왕대 발급 정광도교서(鄭光道敎書)의 재검토 ― 팍바자 부마고려국왕인(駙馬高麗國王印)의 압인 사례 ―

저자 : 카와니시유야 ( Kawanishi Yuya )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 70권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 99-124 (26 pages)

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Issued in 1360, “Jeong Gwangdo Gyoseo” is currently held at Taesa-myo(太師廟) in Andong(hereinafter the Taesa-myo-held document will be referred to as the “Hyeonjon Gyoseo”). The National Museum of Korea and the National Institute of Korean History each have photographic plates of “Jeong Gwangdo Gyoseo” (the photographic plate of document will hereinafter be referred to as “Geonpan Gyoseo”). Although “Hyeonjon Gyoseo” and “Geonpan Gyoseo” reveals important differences. Particularly notable is the phagspa-character seal “Buma-goryeo-gugwang-in(駙馬高麗國王印)” in “Geonpan Gyoseo.” It is very unlikely that the text with the phagspa-character seal was forged at a later point, which strongly indicates that “Geonpan Gyoseo” is the authentic document. Furthermore, as I investigated the provenance of “Jeong Gwangdo Gyoseo,” it became clear that “Geonpan Gyoseo” was continually held at Taesa-myo at least from the early 17th century until 1935. Various characteristics of “Hyeonjon Gyoseo” strongly indicate that it is a copy of “Geonpan Gyoseo” made in a later period.

KCI등재

5정조 중반 장용영의 군영화 과정

저자 : 박범 ( Park Beom )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 70권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 125-159 (35 pages)

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Jangyongyoung(壯勇營)'s army organization is in line with King Jeongjo(正祖)'s politics. Before constructing Hwaseong(華城), Jangyongyoung gradually began to receive functions and roles. Jangyongyoung first started out in the martial arts group of Hunryeongdogam(訓鍊都監). After the rebellion of Hunryeongdogam's army captain(訓鍊大將), he was organized as an independent army controlled by the king. He led Jangyongyoung's finances and raised Jangyongyoung's authority. It is not known whether this process was planned from the beginning. The change in the perception of king at each period seems to have led to Jangyongyoung's initiative since at least 1791.

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6식민지 조선인의 제1차 세계대전 인식과 3·1운동

저자 : 최우석 ( Choi Woo-seok )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 70권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 161-189 (29 pages)

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This study is attempts to expand the existing view of finding the international background of the March 1st Movement only after the end of World War I. This will be examined the colonial Koreans' awareness of World War I and identify the points where it was connected to the independence movement.
The Great War changed the direction of solidarity with the direction of independence movement. Germany was noticed as a new savior. In 1917, the Korean representatives pushed for an independence petition against the German emperor. This failed, but the efforts to form a “national representative” had a effect on the March 1st Movement.
After the surrender of Germany, Wilson's self-determination emerged as the core logic. But Korean independence activists were not sure. Therefore, the Korean representatives insisted on “the actual victory of complete self-determination.”
They called for independence by comparing Korea to the Balkans of the East.

KCI등재

7미국 대한원조에서 미국대학들(American Universities)의 역할과 그 의미 ― 시라큐스 대학과 오레곤 대학의 사례를 중심으로 ―

저자 : 한봉석 ( Han Bong Seok )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 70권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 191-220 (30 pages)

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It is necessary to pay cultural attention to “technical cooperation” among U.S. aid to Korea in the 1950s. Components of technical cooperation include the United Nations, the Foundation, the University and the Land Grant Colleges. The school will look at two of the six universities that appeared in the U.S. aid group in the 1950s.
First, Syracuse University was in charge of providing audiovisual education guidance and facilities. It was aimed at public notification, but it was not enough for the South Korean government to take advantage of it. As a result, technology transfer at Syracuse University was mainly about business. The university expanded its business to the level of enterprise at that time. This is a view of universities and other profit-making activities that are generally focused on education.
Second, Oregon University was a case of colliding with the U.S. Korean aid's stance of 'low level of modernization.' Since the mid-1950s, universities have had to focus on education projects due to changes in U.S. foreign aid. Oregon University had to do the same. However, at that time, the Korean government wanted more than a “low level of modernization” from Oregon University to develop a long-term economic development plan. However, the Public Administration Bureau of the Office for Economic Coordination in Seoul, which oversaw the university's business, did not want Oregon University to pursue development projects other than just administrative guidance. As a result, Oregon University's business was frustrated.
In conclusion, there were six universities in the U.S. aid to Korea in the 1950s. These were components of technical cooperation, but were understood individually. However, they worked for profit-making and individual purposes, respectively. However, it can be said that the U.S. aid authorities failed to get out of the hegemony of the U.S. aid agency.

KCI등재

8서울시의 시민아파트 건설과 와우아파트 붕괴 사건 처리

저자 : 이창현 ( Lee Chang-hyun )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 70권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 221-248 (28 pages)

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This paper demonstrates how the Seoul's citizen apartment program was developed and failed. It also shows the dark side of such program, represented by the collapse of a unit in the Wau Apartment Complex. By analyzing a wide variety of materials - such as official papers or reports by the Government, the National Assembly, the Seoul government, and the Korea National Housing Corporation, the press reports, and documents from the NARA and the Hoover Institution Archives, it explores these questions. Through a focus on a city planner, Oswald Nagler who was an advisor at the Ministry of Construction, 1965-1967, this paper argues that he planned the apartment program as a shanty town redevelopment for low-income people there in Seoul area at first, but it was denatured by the Seoul government and later the Seoul's citizen apartments was build actually for middle class. In this process, even though a number of shanty towns were demolished, there were very few for the evictees because of the apartment price set too high with no regard for their income level. Furthermore, Seoul government neither prevented its faulty construction nor repaired it before the collapse. Many residents were killed in the Wau disaster, although the blame was laid only on a few contractors and petty officials, and the case was dismissed as a simple illegality. Consequently, not only highlights this study violence of the apartment program degenerated by the Seoul government, but also points out that such government had more responsibility for the collapse.

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9당대(唐代) 종정사(宗正寺)의 운영과 그 특징

저자 : 김호 ( Kim Ho )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 70권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 249-274 (26 pages)

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This article is to identify the difference from the previous ones through structure and work of ZongZheng-si(宗正寺), and to study the characteristics of the officials' management process. In the past dynasty, there was a ZongZheng-si which had been in charge of the management of Royal Family, and so did Tang dynasty. Since Kaiyuan 25th year(737), the number of subordinated offices of ZongZheng-si in Tang dynasty has gradually increased, which has brought about a great change in the scale and status of the government. During the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang, the works of ZongZheng-si were not only extended to the Royal Ancestral Shrine, Emperors Tombs, and princes graves and princes shrine but also maintained to the Daoist temple and ascetics of the ChongXuan-shu(崇玄署). Tangliudian, Tongdian, Tanghuiyao, Jiutangshu, Xintangshu were partially documented or omitted, making it difficult to grasp the entire structure at the end. Therefore, this study systematically drew the structure by comparing and analyzing the movement of subordinated offices. The fact that the main task of ZongZheng-si was the management of the Royal family without exception until the Tang dynasty, tending to fix the character of the government officials. The characteristics of the government officials were also analyzed by considering that there might be a difference in staff management according to the difference in the operation of the subordinated offices. First, there was a higher percentage of ministers and vice-minister of who did not have a genealogy until at least the first half of Tang dynasty, however after the Kaiyuan 20th year(732) rule promulgated that all government officials of ZongZheng-si should be Royal family, the ministers and vice-ministers proportion of those who had a genealogy began to increase toward the end of the Xuanzong reign. The secondly is that the officials who manages the prince's graves raised the status of the princes. Thirdly, the test was conducted in the ZongZheng-si for bureaucracy so that the Royal family could get a benefit in entering government service. The expansion of the operation of six subordinated offices was carried out with the aim of improving the imperial status. In addition, the fact that it was differentiated from other government officials was a part of keeping the emperor's power base stable by recognizing benefit to the Royal family.

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10프랑스 철도와 홀로코스트 ― 재판, 논쟁, 역사 ―

저자 : 이용우 ( Lee Yong-woo )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 70권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 275-311 (37 pages)

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This article attempts to analyze the affair that the SNCF(the French National Railway Company) was brought into courts by the children of the Holocaust victims or survivors, confronted by public uproar, and disputed owing to its complicity in the jewish deportation in the years of 1942-1944 for more than a decade since the early 1990s.
Most of historians agreed that the SNCF had little room for independent action while carrying out deportation of the Jews under the double constraints of German occupation authorities and the Vichy government. Therefore it was neither actually nor historically valid for the Administrative Court in Toulouse to impose nearly equal responsibilities on the state and the SNCF in June 2006.
However, the decision of the Court contributed to destroying a railway version of the Resistance myth that most of the French had identified the SNCF under the German occupation with a Resistance company since the film The Battle of the Rails(1946). The railway version lasted much longer than the Resistance myth in general that already began to collapse since the early 1970s.

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