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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1965)~68권0호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 733
사림(성대사림)
68권0호(2019년 04월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1신라 중대의 의례공간과 국정회의

저자 : 김수태 ( Kim Soo-tae )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 68권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-31 (31 pages)

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Entering the middle period, Silla emphasized the importance of rituals based on Confucianism. In addition, a huge change was brought to the location or space where the rituals were practiced. In particular that the rituals resulted in the structural change of the Silla palace. Rituals also had a profound influence on the political institutional elements, which is a matter regarding Council of state affairs.
With the acceptance of rituals at the end of the middle period of Silla, it is a reasonable understanding to see that the Council of state affairs was held at Chowonjeon, the building in the palace. The fact that the council also took place in the four sacred places outside the royal palace proves that the council of state affairs was held in the ritual space outside the royal palace. It would be difficult to believe that the council of state affairs took place in the areas outside of the royal capital, where the Confucian political system was implemented in space.
It is noteworthy because this demonstrates that various types of the council have been held in relation to the ritual space. The first type among the council of state affairs during the middle period of Silla, is a council where the king and his servants gather together to discuss about dynastic governance. Another is one of the noble councils called Hwabeak. This is also called as Gunsin councill or the Baekgwan of state affairs regarding all the government officials.
Like this, it seems that there was a noble council in which only a small number of people participated, as opposed to the enlargement of participation in the noble gatherings. A Council of Daesin can be included in such an aritocratic meeting. Council of Jaesang can be assumed as an aristocratic conference in which fewer number of nobles participate.
The fact that there were many forms of council demonstrate that through these councils of state affairs, the royal authority was even more strengthened during the middle period of Silla. It is clear that the nobles who participated in those councils of state affairs would have become more bureaucratic.

KCI등재

2신라 중대의 의례 수용과 운영

저자 : 한영화 ( Han Young-hwa )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 68권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 33-61 (29 pages)

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Rites operated on various religious levels in ancient Korean societies. The maintenance of order through shamanistic rites, or confirmation of power through Buddhist rites after acceptance of Buddhism is an example of the operation. Rites played major role in justifying the power of the ruling class by connoting political meaning as well as religious meaning. Furthermore, rites operated for monopolizing and strengthening king's power within the ruling class. In particular, the Three Kingdoms accepted various culture and institutions, which can support the national system that places king at the pinnacle of power, institutionally or ideologically through relations with China and settled them depending on the conditions of each country. In the case of Silla, promulgation of the Yulryeong(律令) and the acquirement of the Confucianism that supports it are the examples.
This article focuses on the beginning of the New Year's Greetings(賀正禮) implemented during the Queen Jindeok's reign. It was an important starting point for visibly presenting the vertical relationship between king and vassal, central and local in accordance with the rules of Confucian rites by actively accepting the system of Tang.
This article also paid attention to an official in charge of rites including the Yebu, an official for performing and operating rites. In particular, the system of Yebu was completed through the reign of King Jinpyeong to King Munmu, and it operated similar function as that of Sui or Tang. The function of Yebu of Tang was centered on rites, sacrificial rites, and selection, and that of Silla was not much different. In case of Tang, Sabu which was belonged to Yebu was in charge of sacrificial rites, water clock, and duties concerning Buddhism and Taoism. However, in case of Silla, Jeonsaseo was responsible only for sacrificial rites, Daedoseo was set by separating Buddhism-related matters, and the work related to the water clock was organized for independent official which was not belonged to Yebu. Gukjagam was belonged to Yebu in Silla, whereas it was an independent official in Tang, and this shows a different status from that of Tang. In particular, the fact that national rite system of Silla differs from Tang also shows that the actual operation aspect was different from Tang.
This article consequently shows that while the Gukhak, which is responsible for the education of the Confucian scriptures of Silla, was under Yebu and it expressed its operation based on the Confucian rule of rite, but the actual operation had to be operated by a system in which Buddhist rites coexisted with the rite system based on existing indigenous religions.

KCI등재

3고려 전기 상표(上表) 의례(儀禮)와 국왕 권위의 현현(顯現)

저자 : 이정란 ( Lee Jung-ran )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 68권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 63-93 (31 pages)

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Various types of pyomun were produced during the Goryeo Dynasty. They were written to celebrate good national occasions, express gratitude to the king, or make a plea on important national affairs or personal wishes. In Goryeo, submitting pyomun was a duty of government officials. They were required to submit pyomun on major anniversaries, and those who neglect the duty were subjected to impeachment.
Since pyomun was directly given to the king, they were rife with contents that praised the king's virtues and blessings, and wished for the king's long and healthy life. Writings that praise the king's virtue reminded Goryeo people of the king's peerless authority. The impact of pyomun was not limited to its contents only. They revealed the king's authority through other means as well. Pyomun was written by many officials whenever suitable occasions arose, and many ceremonies accompanied to deliver them to the king, which made the officials and the people feel the king's power. Through each stage of writing and delivering pyomun to the king, the king's virtue was praised both in and outside its text, and visualized accordingly. In Goryeo, pyomun was an important instrument for expressing the king's authority throughout the stages from writing to submission.
During the Goryeo Dynasty, pyomun that represented the ruler's absolute superiority was submitted frequently. Through production of various types of pyomun, the relationship of 'a reigning king and obedient servant' was steadily 'documented,' and visualized with accompanying ceremonies so that the king's absolute authority was constantly reaffirmed in practice. In this regard, production of pyomun and its accompanying ceremonies can be seen as a key mechanism that realized the principle of absolute royal authority.

KCI등재

4연산군의 의례 및 가치 체계에 대한 파괴와 도덕적 권위로부터의 탈피

저자 : 송웅섭 ( Song Woong-sup )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 68권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 95-133 (39 pages)

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This paper focuses on the abolishment of rituals and institutions that are the basis of government in the process of gabja sahwa, and analyzes its meaning. Since the reign of seongjong, power has been concentrated on the cheong'yo-jik, and the cheong'yo-jik have grown in conflict with the monarch by leaning on public opinion and moral authority. The king of Yeonsangun tried to neutralize the power structure centered on the cheong'yo-jik through the muo-sahwawa and the gabja-sahwa. Especially during the gabja-sahwa, he exercised infinite power through terrorism. In addition, various ceremonies and institutions were abolished, which was a measure that could undermine the legitimacy of the kingship. The king of Yeonsangun tried to break down to the existing order and value system because he wanted to overcome the moral authority in the pursuit of transcendental kingship. Therefore, the king of Yeonsangun greatly increased the authority of monarchs through horrific violence, and he abolished various ceremonies based on universal values. Through this, he was intended to show that the kingship is transcendent not bound to any authority.

KCI등재

5『국조속오례의(國朝續五禮儀)』 「가례(嘉禮)」구성과 국왕 위상

저자 : 임혜련 ( Lim Hye-ryun )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 68권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 135-163 (29 pages)

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Confucianism and courtesy is a basic and essential ruling principle of the Joseon Kingdom whereby quite many books on decorum are published. The first book of that sort is 『Sejong Silok』「Orye」(五禮) compiled in the early Joseon. Another volume is 『Gukjosokoryeui』. It had begun publishing in King Seongjong, and was the book finally completed not until twenty years after King Youngjo's ascension to the throne. It contains a wide range of methods about newly organized formalities, so it is called a code of courtesy. Orye is the core decorum of the country and royal families, among which 'Garye' includes the formalities for a king and royal family members. Therefore, in a sense, the book is partly designed to strengthen regal power of the Joseon Dynasty.
The articles on Garye recorded in 『Gukjosokoryeui』 play an important role to heighten royal families' status. Accordingly, not only are newly arranged formalities recorded, but the book also includes the higher stature of a sovereign ruler and its family. Those complicated and rigid formal rites are realized by actually conducting those rules. The host of the formalities are kings, queens, or royal princes. The book describes the formalities mostly carried out by King Sukjong and Youngjo.
『Gukjosokoryeui』 was complied, and its rituals were conducted to show off the solid status of a ruler, on the one hand. On the other hand, it was also used to cover up the then suspicious things and points in dispute, through which King Youngjo grabbed power more tightly. The King also showed great devotion to royal elders with sincere respect, setting a good example to his subjects and people. In conclusion, the book certainly does have a major implication that King Younjo secures and consolidates his own legitimacy by the methods.

KCI등재

65세기 후반~6세기 중반 백제의 대외 정책과 백제-신라 관계의 추이

저자 : 장미애 ( Jang Mi-ae )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 68권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 165-195 (31 pages)

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In the latter half of the 5th century, Koguryeo's attack on Baekje and Silla led to a solidarity between the two countries. However, the age of this period was not enough to express it as “alliance”. Baekje and Silla were responding jointly to Goguryeo according to their needs for their own benefit.
In the 6th century, the attack direction of Goguryeo was changed from Silla to Baekje. Baekje also begins attacking Goguryeo while recovering its national strength. However, during this period, Silla put more effort into pursuing their own interests in the fighting between Goguryeo and Baekje. Silla took the Han River basin of Baekje in 553 and set up Shinju(新州). Since then, Baekje tried to revenge Silla through the battle of Gwansanseong(管山城), but they failed. After this incident, Baekje's rulers changed from Goguryeo to Silla, and until the fall of Baekje, the hard - line stance on Silla continued.

KCI등재

716세기 전반 조선의 대일통교정책 변화와 약조(約條)

저자 : 구자원 ( Ku Ja-won )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 68권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 197-223 (27 pages)

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This study aims at showing the interior and exterior background of Joseon-Japan relationship that repeated cease and restoration by investigating Japanese pirate raids and treaties called Yakjo(約條) signed to solve the incidents during the first half of the 16th century. Former studies did not determine importance of the treaties clearly by paying attention to the transition of Joseon-Japan relationship or exterior factors of the transition. This study, however, focuses on treaties and its backgrounds after the Japanese pirate raids during the first half of the 16th century.
After the Japanese pirate raids, Joseon decreased quantitiy of annual ships(歲遣船) that were given to Tsushima. Most important purpose of treaties was to control Japanese pirate. Joseon increased or decreased annual ships that guaranteed financial benefits along with other rights of Tsushima to conciliate pirates. First two treaties decreased quantity of annual ships to punish Tsushima for its pirate behavior. However, the third treaty expanded the quantity of annual ships. It was possible through various reasons such as interior demand of international trade and ideological base of the kingly way of governance(王道政治).

KCI등재

81862년 농민항쟁기 영남 관인 이휘준의 활동 ― 「영남변무소」와 「삼정소」를 중심으로 ―

저자 : 송찬섭 ( Song Chan-sup )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 68권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 225-262 (38 pages)

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Peasants' struggle of 1862 across the three southern provinces shocked the bureaucrats in the government and intellectuals in the country. Although the movements of individual bureaucrat or intellectual were little known, material of Yi Hwi Joon who was a central bureaucrat from Yeongnam relatively was left a lot.
Yi Hwi Joon, the offspring of Yi Hwang, passed civil service examination late in his age and held office around three censoring offices. After the peasants' struggle of 1862, Yi Hwi Joon played an active part in the central officialdom.
When the peasants' struggle in Jinjoo broke out in 1862, Park Gyoo Soo who was dispatched as a specially empowered inspector brought up responsibility of gentlemen and elders of Yeongnam by sending an official literature. Critical opinion about Park was agitated in both the central officialdom and gentlemen of Yeongnam. One of representative memorials was the thing under the joint signature of bureaucrats from Yeongnam. Yi Hwi Joon was the actual author of it. He reacted thoroughly to the Park's literature article by article. Since then, Yi Hwi Joon presented his attention to how to resolve the peasants' struggle as a Yeongnam gentleman over the criticism against Park.
When the government collected problem essay, he participated aggressively in that invitation to present his stance and policy. Yi Hwi Joon developed his claim to the king's problem essay. He especially presented the way to manage a government storehouse after putting total amount of grain loan in order. He proposed another tax charging way named 'Baeakjing' instead of implementing the grain loan as taxation. Yi Hwi Joon's memorial of three levies was his personal writing, but he particularly took pains to write his memorial.

KCI등재

9석재(石齋) 서병오(徐丙五, 1862~1936)의 기생 이름을 명시한 시서화 연구

저자 : 이인숙 ( Lee In-suk )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 68권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 263-292 (30 pages)

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This study is about the works of Seok-Jae Seo Byeong-Oh(1862~1936), a poetry-calligraphic painter in modern Daegu, especially his works with courtesans' names on. Among his 23 poetry paintings, 22 real names were revealed. Those names are So-oak(小玉), Un-mae(雲槑), Sum-wol(纖月), Yeoun-hong(蓮紅), Oak-yeon(玉蓮), Goo-so(九簫), Kyung-ran(瓊蘭), Nam-jun(藍田), Gum-gye(錦溪), Nam-jun(南田), Un-jung(雲汀), Gun-young (槿英), Sul-gang(雪岡), Choo-dang(秋塘), So-ha(小荷), Soo-sun(水仙), Oak-mee(玉美), Oak-jung(玉井), Gum-sim(琹心), Jin-oak(眞玉), Ga-pae(可 佩), Yi-hyang(二香). The courtesans, whose names appeared in Seo Byeong-Oh's poetry-calligraphic paintings, had a particular significance as a social class that had opened up expectations about the role of women as a fancier and enthusiasts towards poetry-calligraphic paintings. The designation of the courtesan is divided into two groups, Yeosa(lady), Yeosa(female scholar) or Hyangryum, Hyangwan. In the former case, it can be understood that they were more knowledgeable in appreciating and creating poetry-calligraphic paintings. The works range from courtship, recalling past relationships, the transience of life, and recognition of literary talent.

KCI등재

10근대 한국의 교과서 검정 제도 성립과 수신교과서 검정 ― 『보통학수신서』 검정 청원본 분석을 중심으로 ―

저자 : 김소영 ( Kim So-young )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 68권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 293-329 (37 pages)

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The Residency-General of Korea has established and implemented a new policy in order to secure the education of Korea, which became the 'protectorate' of Japan. In 1908, the enactment and promulgation of the “Regulations on Textbook Inspection” was also intended to control the school education and the contents of education through the textbook inspection and censorship.
The policy to control the textbooks used by schools was implemented in Western countries as well as in Japan and Ching China at the modern education. The state or government tried to intervene actively with textbooks that have a direct influence on education implementing textbook inspection or government published textbooks.
In this study, after analyzing the inspection copy of “Pot'onghak susinso(Ordinary Ethics)” which was censored with “Regulations on Textbooks Inspection”, the followings were found out.
First, the textbook inspection was conducted actually according to the procedure of the regulation after the “regulations on textbook inspection” was promulgated.
Second, the censors who were in charge of the inspection, censored the contents of the textbook in accordance with the standards of social and political as well as educational aspects. And most revision requests only as an expression appear to have applied educational standards considering.
However, as a result of examining the original texts of the textbook that demanded correction or deletion, the contents of the society, the country, patriotism, loyalty, duties and rights of the people took a lot of points.
In the process of inspecting the textbooks by department of education, practically residency-general, it applied social and political criterion such as “to assert independence and to restore national rights,” “to make uncomfortable expressions for nationalism and deontology,” “to inspire partiotism” to the textbook and did not authorize the publishing of “Pot'onghak susinso(Ordinary Ethics)” judged to be problematic in these standards.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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