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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1965)~74권0호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 803
사림(성대사림)
74권0호(2020년 10월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

11948~1953년의 남한 전력수급대책 - 전원개발계획의 수립과정을 중심으로 -

저자 : 정대훈 ( Jeong Daehoon )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 74권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-35 (35 pages)

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In 1948, due to the 'May 14 power outage', South Korea suffered from an power shortage. It was essential to solve the fuel supply problem to overcome the shortage. In this situation, the US tried to figure out a solution through improved supply of fuel and renovation of existing facilities. US was reluctant to expand large-scale power generation facilities which need a long construction period and a large amount of capital. South Korea took a similar position on the power problem. But, as the power shortage was alleviated to some extent, development of power sources became centered on hydro power generation was promoted. This is because hydro power generation has advantages in supply and demand of fuel and cost. This tendency became stronger after the Korean War. The experience of repair and construction of the hydro power plants during the war was reflected in power development plan, such as the three-year plan for development of power resources in 1953.

KCI등재

21953~1955년 아이젠하워 행정부의 상호안전보장계획(MSP)과 대한(對韓) '평시(平時) 군사원조'의 재개

저자 : 이동원 ( Lee Dongwon )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 74권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 37-71 (35 pages)

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In the 1950s, the proportion of military aid in MSP aid was greater than that of non-military aid because the cost of maintaining the conventional forces of allies was much lower than the cost of maintaining U.S. troops of the same size. In this context, in the 1950s, U.S. aid for Korea was centered on military aid to maintain the Korean military with a maximum of 720,000 troops, and the scale and the specific regulation of operation was stipulated in Appendix A and B of the ROK-U.S. Agreed Minutes. According to the Agreed Minutes, the total amount of U.S. Korean aid in fiscal year 1955 was $700 million, of which military aid was $420 million and economic aid was $280 million, accounting for a ratio of six to four. In 1954-1955, the size of Korean troops and the official exchange rates were agreed between Korea and the U.S. Therefore, military aid, which is the core of the Mutual Security Program(MSP), could be introduced to Korea as “peacetime military aid.” In summing up this period, this paper revealed the context in which “military aid” worked as an “invisible hand” in Korea's “aid economy” in the 1950s by analyzing the details of military aid.

KCI등재

31960년대 미공법 480호 2관과 3관 원조의 의미 - 주한 케아의 '근로를 위한 식량'(Food for Work)을 중심으로 -

저자 : 한봉석 ( Han Bong Seok )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 74권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 73-115 (43 pages)

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Research is needed on American surplus agricultural products, the material basis of humanitarian relief considered normal in the international community. In particular, historical considerations of PL480 Title 2 and 3 are needed, which are the link between U.S. foreign policy and international humanitarian relief. The government will review the two- and three-way aid projects and the case of Kea, a former private aid organization, in Korea from 1961-66. PL480 Title 2 supports emergency and disaster relief through Sections 201 and 202. However, the revision of the law in the early 1960s included discussions on development, including 'development and community development'. A typical example is 'Food for Work'. In Korea, this project was mainly used in reclamation projects and was called by various names, including reclamation projects, self-support projects and self-help work projects. However, the relief has weakened since the Korean government organized the two-way project.
PL480 Title 3 allows U.S. private charities to use surplus U.S. agricultural products in South Korea. The case of C.A.R.E.-Korea is typical. However, it was difficult for these private groups to keep their distance from U.S. foreign policy. A typical example is the 'Food for Work' project of C.A.R.E.-Korea. The project actually had an adverse impact on the Korean relief project, absorbing even the triple crowns of C.A.R.E., which will be originally used for children's relief.
In conclusion, in the humanitarian slogan of underdeveloped countries, the humanitarian slogan presented in the revised Food for Peace Act since the 1960s is contradictory. This statute advocates the development of underdeveloped countries, but in reality it aims to stabilize rural areas. In Korea's case, however, the inclusion of development discourse in the statute played a decisive role in weakening humanitarian relief work in Korea in the early 1960s. In the end, U.S. foreign policy and the development direction of underdeveloped countries have weakened humanitarian slogans, and humanitarian relief supplies among surplus U.S. agricultural products have led to the misappropriation of underdeveloped countries at the regime level.

KCI등재

4전후 비료 공장 건설 계획과 전개- 충주 비료 공장 건설 계획을 중심으로 -

저자 : 이병준 ( Lee Byeong Jun )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 74권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 117-148 (32 pages)

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After the war, the South Korean government put the construction of a fertilizer plant at its top priority. The reason is that even though Korea is an agricultural country, it does not have a fertilizer factory and therefore imports fertilizer entirely. If U.S. fertilizer aid is suspended in the future, Korea will have to spend a huge amount of foreign currency to import fertilizer. This was bound to worsen Korea's international balance of payments.
The South Korean government also had plans to achieve an increase in rice production through the construction of a fertilizer plant and export rice. Thus, the construction of fertilizer plants was a business that could contribute to both import substitution and export growth. The South Korean government's plan to build a fertilizer plant was not a top priority on boosting farmers' economies. FOA raised the possibility that fertilizer to be produced in Korea is expensive. However, the Korean government has indicated that it will endure even if the price of fertilizer production is high. Higher fertilizer production prices forced farmers to naturally increase their economic burden. This shows that the Korean government's fertilizer plant construction was aimed at improving the balance of payments through import substitution and increased agricultural products. And this shows that the construction of fertilizer plants has not deviated from the Korean government's macro-economic policy framework to transfer increased agricultural products through agricultural sacrifice to other industries.

KCI등재

51960년대 미 대한경찰원조의 전개 - 경찰 '현대화'와 대반란전(counterinsurgency) 수행 -

저자 : 권혁은 ( Kwon Hyuk Eun )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 74권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 149-171 (23 pages)

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In the 1960s, U.S. police assistance contributed significantly to the Korean National Police achieving “modernization.” As a result of “modernization,” the South Korean police have been able to build up their capabilities to counter the North Korean invasion and civil society's resistance movements. This did not only happen in Korea but also in the Third World nation in the 1960s, which was the direction of police assistance for counterinsurgency sought by the United States, and was rooted in the longer term “modernization” of police in the U.S. home countries in the 1930s and occupied areas of the U.S., including Japan, in the 1940s.
In the early 1960s, the Kennedy administration began focusing on the counterinsurgency to counter the revolutionary trends of the Third World. The counterinsurgency meant that political reform and economic development must be carried out in the Third World to cut off the source of the rebellion, while stressing the development of military and paramilitary capabilities to counter new types of wars, such as guerrilla warfare, rebellion and subversion. As a result, the importance of police assistance, which was relatively neglected during the Eisenhower regime, was highlighted, and as a result, OPS within USAID was established.
Korean police assistance began in the mid-1950s, but was suspended by 5.16 coup d'etat without much success. Since then, USAID OPS has continued to try to resume police assistance in South Korea, but the attempt has not been successful due to opposition from the county team in Korea. With the security crisis in 1968, the OPS was finally able to achieve the resumption of Korean police assistance. Over the next five years, $5 million has been donated to the Korean National Police, which has drastically increased the police's ability to carry out counter guerrilla operations and, in part, increased their capacity to suppress mass anti-dictatorship resistance in the late 1960s.

KCI등재

6고려 성균관의 성립과 운영

저자 : 박재우 ( Park Jaewoo )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 74권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 173-212 (40 pages)

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King Chungseon of Koryo reorganized Kukhak into Sungkyunkam and Sungkyunkwan during the two bureaucratic reforms. The name called Sungkyun reflected the political perspective of King Chungseon. The Kukhak of King Chungryeol was established with the aim of pursuing the reconstruction of national university. Kukhak was the name used by King Seongjong, who was trying to make bureaucrats who had the Confucian education. This goal is also included in the name of the Kukjakam. The name of Kukjakam was used because it was intended to create a Confucian state by educating the sons of the country through the Confucian education.
King Chungseon needed a reorganization of the bureaucracy and recruitment of human resources to implement the reform politics. Sungkyunkam and Sungkyunkwan were the terms chosen from the will to cultivate people talent. Sungkyun of the Zhouli contains the idea of cultivating talented individuals with qualities that are not excessive or lacking. This was the reason King Chungseon adopted the name of Sungkyun. In addition, Koryo had a custom of calling Kukjakam as Sungkyun. So, the term Sungkyun was not unfamiliar.
The organization of the national university has also changed as the educational ideology has changed from the ideology of the sons of the country to the ideology of Sungkyun. Sungkyunkwan was made by reducing the organization of Kukhak of the King Chungryeol. King Seongjong's Kukhak and Kukjakam were established as Confucian colleges. However, King Munjong has expanded to include the Faculty of Confucian and the Faculty of Technology. King Chungryeol reorganized the Kukjakam to Kukhak to promote Confucianism, but it was a comprehensive university. The same was true of Sungkyunkam.
However, Sungkyunkwan reorganized it from a comprehensive university to a Confucian college. It was reorganized into Kukjakam in King Kongmin, then became Sungkyunkwan, and was passed down to Choseon.
The realistic goal of college education was to cultivate talents who can become bureaucrats through the civil service examination. So, the education system and the bureaucracy selection system had to be linked.
King Yejong adopted the Song dynasty's system and placed the Seven lectures for each major, separate from the Faculty of Confucian. The students of the Seven lectures benefited from the civil service examination if they received good grades in conduct, schoolwork, or exams. This system was established in Koryeo society.
Sungkyunkwan also inherited these systems. It was because this system came out with the intention of strengthening the Confucian education, and it was suitable as the education method of Sungkyunkwan, the Confucian college.

KCI등재

717세기 청풍 김문의 외척형성과 김좌명(金佐明)의 역할

저자 : 임혜련 ( Lim Hyeryun )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 74권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 213-241 (29 pages)

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This paper aims to understand the role of Kim Jwa-myeong. Kim Jwa-myung was a native of Cheongpung Kim's family and was the king's maternal relatives. There are two functions. First, the king's conductors of state affairs. Second, it can strengthen the basis of regal power. Kim Jwa-myeong seemed to have been faithful to this role. After the national marriage during the reign of King Hyojong, he reviewed his role until the reign of King Hyeonjong.
Hyojong had great faith in Kim Yuk. Therefore, Cheongpung Kim's family was chosen as the king's maternal relatives. Joseon had a task to solve after the Byeongja year's Invasion. It is a solution to the problems of the people's livelihood, the national reconstruction and the rich national strength. Kim Yuk served as an administrator. He implemented the system-Daedong. So he made the people comfortable, and made enough of the country's finances. King Hyojong tried to overcome the national crisis and strengthen the regal power through Cheongpung Kim's family. Kim Yuk's actions were reported to his son Kim Jwa-myeong as a family business.
From the reign of King Hyojong, Sanlim's power have become more powerful. Sanlim kept Kim Jwa-myeong in check. Kim Jwa-myeong was smart but could not be a prime minister. However, he was an official close to the king, in charge of all the official duties and administrative affairs of the Yukjo. Through this, he demonstrated his ability as a working-level official. He made efforts for the king and the royal family by the king's maternal relatives. It was intended to strengthen the regal power and raise the status of the royal family. He also tried to make King Hyeonjong a healthy king. Kim Jwa-myeong solved the problems encountered during the reign of King Hyeonjong. Kim Jwa-myeong is a close official of King Hyeonjong and left many contributions during the reign of King Hyeonjong. The king's maternal relatives was in relation to the king. So I've been thinking badly of overusing power. But Kim Jwa-myeong showed that the king's maternal relatives could work for the king.

KCI등재

81937년 러시아 극동지역 한인 강제이주 결정과 집행

저자 : 홍웅호 ( Hong Woong-ho )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 74권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 243-274 (32 pages)

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The deportation migration of Koreans in 1937 is one of the most tragic events in the history of Korean diaspora. It was an unprecedented case that over 170,000 Russian Koreans were forced to migrate within a short period of four months in the name of preventing Japanese spy infiltration in the socialist system. This was a violent repression by state power. There are several “myths” about the forced migration of Koreans. First, Koreans did not know where they were migrating. Second, I was notified of the migration schedule as early as one week, usually 2-3 days in advance. Third, the crops that were about to be harvested were left without compensation. Fourth, the truck was quickly renovated and the Koreans were carried like a pack.
This article was a small attempt to restore the actual history of deportation that was hidden by mythology based on data from Russian archives. Although various decisions and directives show the details of the plan and execution of forced displacement, there are also many unrecorded trial and error and corruption. In addition, this study has limitations as it has analyzed the forcible migration instructions and the process of preparation and execution based on them through archive data. In addition, since the study was not conducted on the entire Far East region, where 200,000 people lived, the root of the myth of forced migration could not be fully disclosed. The important thing is to get rid of the myth of forced migration and know the actual history in order to cure the pain. When the myth of forced migration was removed, the history of forced migration that Koreans suffered could be completely restored, and only then would a more clear criticism of the history be possible.

KCI등재

9해방 이후 북한 조세개혁의 배경과 세목(稅目)의 변화 - 국세를 중심으로 -

저자 : 예대열 ( Yea Daeyeol )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 74권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 275-312 (38 pages)

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After liberation, while North Korea implemented 'Democratic Reform' in 1946 and economic planning in 1947, the financial support was necessary. Consequentially, North Korea carried out tax reform and set up new tax revenues suitable for 'Democratic Reform.' Income tax, turnover tax, agricultural tax-in-kind, and deduction from profit became the state's significant new revenue. The introduction of Agricultural tax-in-kind reflected that rural area was the primary revenue for economic reconstruction. Income tax, introduced in the Japanese colonial period, was differently utilized for income redistribution and tax equity. North Korea reorganized income tax policy, which reinforced differential tax rates and reflected income character; this could be utilized for classification policy. Turnover tax, deductions from profit and other tax items were also transformed and managed for the necessity of North Korea as a newly formatted independent state while partially maintaining the existing tax systems from the Soviet Union or Japanese Colonial era.

KCI등재

10주한미군기지 인접 지역 내 미군경찰의 활동과 의미 (1954~1970년)

저자 : 금보운 ( Keum Bowoon )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 74권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 313-347 (35 pages)

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This article reveals the influence of the Cold War policy in Korea into the individual's lives focusing on the operation of U.S. Military Police(MP) authority in civilian communities around the U.S. military bases.
The role of U.S. MP was not limited to administer justice for the U.S. military personnel but expanded to manage the community relations. This had been planned for stationing of the overseas U.S. military bases with the base right which is a 'virtual sovereignty' to control their on-post and off-post in overseas countries.
The community was the essential element to keep the stable stationing of USFK, especially in Korea where was considered as a risky area facing the unpredictable threat from the North. For this reason, off-limits, daily patrol, assistance to the community, and building the friendly community relations were included in the mission of the U.S. MP. This activities affected to people's lives of the communities in terms of economy, social aspect, and administration with the official recognition and connivance from Korean government authority.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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