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JOURNAL OF THE GEOMORPHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF KOREA

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1994)~27권1호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 765
한국지형학회지
27권1호(2020년 03월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1인위적인 보 수위조절로 인한 영산강 하도 지형 변화

저자 : 임영신 ( Young Shin Lim ) , 김진관 ( Jin Kwan Kim )

발행기관 : 한국지형학회 간행물 : 한국지형학회지 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-19 (19 pages)

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A river bed which is submerged in water at high flow and becomes part of the river at low flow, serves as a bridge between the river and the land. The channel bar creates a unique ecosystem with vegetation adapted to the particular environment and the water pool forms a wetland that plays a very important role in the environment. To evaluate anthropogenic impacts on the river bed in the Middle Yeongsangang River, the fluvial landforms in the stream channel were analyzed using multi-temporal remotely-sensed images. In the aerial photograph of 2005 taken before the construction of the large weirs, oxbow lakes, mid-channel bars, point bars, and natural wetlands between the artificial levees were identified. Multiple bars divided the flow of stream water to cause the braided pattern in a particular section. After the construction of the Seungchon weir, aerial photographs of 2013 and 2015 revealed that most of the fluvial landforms disappeared due to the dredging of its riverbed and water level control (maintenance at 7.5El.m). Sentinel-2 images were analyzed to identify differences between before and after the opening of weir gate. Change detection was performed with the near infrared and shortwave infrared spectral bands to effectively distinguish water surfaces from land. As a result, water surface area of the main stream of the Yeongsangang River decreased by 40% from 1.144km2 to 0.692km2. A large mid-channel bar that has been deposited upstream of the weir was exposed during low water levels, which shows the obvious influence of weir on the river bed. Newly formed unvegetated point bars that were deposited on the inside of a meander bend were identified from the remotely sensed images. As the maintenance period of the weir gate opening was extended, various habitats were created by creating pools and riffles around the channel bars. Considering the ecological and hydrological functions of the river bed, it is expected that the increase in bar areas through weir gate opening will reduce the artificial interference effect of the weir.

KCI등재

2곰솔 조림으로 인한 동해안 사구의 환경변화 - 양양군 오산해변을 사례로 -

저자 : 최광희 ( Kwang Hee Choi ) , 공학양 ( Hak-yang Kong )

발행기관 : 한국지형학회 간행물 : 한국지형학회지 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 21-31 (11 pages)

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Planting pine trees on the coastal dunes has been carried out along the East coast as well as West coast of South Korea. Although the artificial forestation has been regarded as a good policy that help to protect the coastal area from natural disasters, but its real effect to the landscapes is still unknown. In this study, we have installed a monitoring site with an automated weather station to study requirements for dune formation and its environmental changes in Osan beach, Yangyang-Gun, Gangwon Province. We analyzed the meteorological data collected from 2010 to 2019 and vegetational changes in the study area. As a result, the wind speed is decreased by around 30% and the pine-covered area is increased by around 300㎡ after planting Japanese Black Pine in 2015. At present, it seems that the eolian transport of sand particle is minimal, because the dominant winds are the westerly winds which is not landward but seaward, and because the surface roughness length is about 0.5m which is similar to that in the deciduous forest.

KCI등재

3서해안 서천군 당정리 일대에 분포하는 육상 고해안 퇴적물의 형성 과정과 형성 시기: 한반도 제4기 후기 지각운동의 양식과 변형률 산출을 위한 연구(III)

저자 : 신재열 ( Shin Jae-ryul ) , 홍영민 ( Hong Yeong-min ) , 홍성찬 ( Hong Seongchan )

발행기관 : 한국지형학회 간행물 : 한국지형학회지 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 33-45 (13 pages)

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A number of unconsolidated deposits, consisting of a layer of gravels and silt, are found in Dangjeong-ri, Seocheon-gun in the western coast. From below in the stratigraphic sequence, the gravel layer ranging up to a maximum thickness of about 2 meters is interpreted as being formed by fluvial processes of an old channel (Dangjeong S.), and the overlying silt or sandy silt layer of 2 to 3 thickness meters is assumed to be emerged paleo-tidal sediments which was deposited in low tidal-energy environments. As the results of rock surface IRSL datings, the depositional ages of gravels are confirmed as ca. 78,000 ~ 83,000 years BP, indicating that the layer was formed in response to a high-stand sea level of MIS 5a along the Dangjeongcheon estuary. It is presumed that the relative height of 4.5 meter between the altitude of the stream bed (9.5 m) and the altitude of the bedrock boundary in the gravel layer (14 m) indicates the uplift amount since deposition. Paleo-sedimentary environments and an altitude of paleo-shoreline in the study area will be discussed with additional age dating focused on the silt layer.

KCI등재

4동해안의 융기율도와 융기율 분포

저자 : 이광률 ( Lee Gwang-ryul ) , 박충선 ( Park Chung-sun )

발행기관 : 한국지형학회 간행물 : 한국지형학회지 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 47-60 (14 pages)

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This study tried to produce an uplift rate map and reveal the spatial distribution of the rate with topographical characteristics and absolute ages on marine terrace in the East Coast of the Korean Peninsula. Based on a total of 57 ages at 26 sites from previous study and 13 ages at 13 sites from this study, the coast showed the rates ranging from 0.145 m/ka to 0.410m/ka with an average of 0.258 m/ka. The highest and lowest rates were found from the Jeongdongjin area in Gangneung and the Goraebul area in Yeongdeok, respectively. However, some areas in the coast showed large differences in the rate among the sites. In addition, areas with only 1 age were also found, indicative of low reliability. This study suggests that a more reliable and precise interpretation on the rate can be made with more ages identified, especially in Goseong to northern part of Gangneung, middle and southern parts of Samcheok and Yeongdeok, southern part of Pohang to northern part of Gyeongju, and Ulsan.

KCI등재

5Frequency Ratio와 Evidential Belief Function을 활용한 산사태 유발에 대한 환경지리적 민감성 분석과 검증 - 2013년 춘천 산사태를 중심으로 -

저자 : 이원영 ( Lee Won Young ) , 성효현 ( Sung Hyo Hyun ) , 안세진 ( Ahn Sejin ) , 박선기 ( Park Seon Ki )

발행기관 : 한국지형학회 간행물 : 한국지형학회지 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 61-89 (29 pages)

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The objective of this study is to characterize landslide susceptibility depending on various geo-environmental variables as well as to compare the Frequency Ratio (FR) and Evidential Belief Function (EBF) methods for landslide susceptibility analysis of rainfall-induced landslides. In 2013, a total of 259 landslides occurred in Chuncheon, Gangwon Province, South Korea, due to heavy rainfall events with a total cumulative rainfall of 296~721mm in 106~231 hours duration. Landslides data were mapped with better accuracy using the geographic information system (ArcGIS 10.6 version) based on the historic landslide records in Chuncheon from the National Disaster Management System (NDMS), the 2013 landslide investigation report, orthographic images, and aerial photographs. Then the landslides were randomly split into a testing dataset (70%; 181 landslides) and validation dataset (30%; 78 landslides). First, geo-environmental variables were analyzed by using FR and EBF functions for the full data. The most significant factors related to landslides were altitude (100~200m), slope (15~25°), concave plan curvature, high SPI, young timber age, loose timber density, small timber diameter, artificial forests, coniferous forests, soil depth (50~100cm), very well-drained area, sandy loam soil and so on. Second, the landslide susceptibility index was calculated by using selected geo-environmental variables. The model fit and prediction performance were evaluated using the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve and the Area Under Curve (AUC) methods. The AUC values of both model fit and prediction performance were 80.5% and 76.3% for FR and 76.6% and 74.9% for EBF respectively. However, the landslide susceptibility index, with classes of 'very high' and 'high', was detected by 73.1% of landslides in the EBF model rather than the FR model (66.7%). Therefore, the EBF can be a promising method for spatial prediction of landslide occurrence, while the FR is still a powerful method for the landslide susceptibility mapping.

KCI등재

6지진 화산 재해 관련 데이터 및 메타데이터 표준 등록소의 개발 방향과 과제: 지형조사 분야에 대한 시사

저자 : 장은미 ( Chang Eunmi ) , 박용재 ( Park Yongjae ) , 박경 ( Park Kyeong )

발행기관 : 한국지형학회 간행물 : 한국지형학회지 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 91-102 (12 pages)

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Earthquakes and volcanic information can vary in type and extent, from raw data to processed data. In order to be able to analyzed and modeled, information needs to be opened in any formats and provided with metadata from the Korea Meteorological Agency and related data production organizations. We propose the metadata and data registry related to volcanic disasters in a form that can be used in conjunction with the Korea Meteorological Administration system that manages earthquake and volcanic data in Korea. The standard registry refers to a virtual system that checks the standards developed for over 20 years in the field of geographic information and receives information registration to grasp the location of geographical features. It is not only data from natural disasters such as earthquakes and volcanoes, but also national environmental survey results, and the cooperation system with other organizations dealing with national land information is also important, so a registry that creates and operates standards is necessary. Therefore, creating and operating the standard registry is necessary and expected to contribute to academic openness and data-driven policy.

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7지리교과 지형 편수용어 개선을 위한 모색

저자 : 김태호 ( Taeho Kim )

발행기관 : 한국지형학회 간행물 : 한국지형학회지 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 103-115 (13 pages)

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This study has analyzed and revised the geomorphological terms in the Reference Guide for Geography Textbook Compilation issued by the Ministry of Education in 2017. The current geography glossary is composed of 1,150 terms of which 24.4 percent are geomorphological one. They also amount to 52.2 percent of the terms registered in the physical geography glossary. The number of terms in coastal landforms is the maximum of fifty-eight, while the one in weathering landforms is the minimum of six. This suggests a large difference in the number of terms among landform types originating from varying geomorphic processes. A lot of ordinary words are included in the geomorphology glossary. Since they have been already registered in the Korean Standards Dictionary which is another reference guide for textbook compilation, it is appropriate to delete them out of the geomorphological terms. The geomorphology glossary also contains difficult terms written in Chinese characters, inappropriate terms and even incorrect terms which are likely to lead to misconception on landforms. The revised glossary consists of 284 geomorphological terms in which 101 terms are newly added after taking all the problems into consideration.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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