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British and American Fiction

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~26권2호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 570
근대영미소설
26권2호(2019년 08월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1Nation in Translation: National Reform and Cultural Translation in George Eliot's Felix Holt

저자 : Richard Bonfiglio

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 5-25 (21 pages)

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Focusing on George Eliot's political novel, Felix Holt: The Radical, set during the time of the First Reform Bill (1832) and written on the eve of the Second Reform Bill (1867) in England, this article examines the way the novel addresses the question of national reform as an act of cross-cultural translation. The first half of this essay analyzes the way Eliot situates national debates about political reform within a European literary canon, reimagining the novel as a vehicle for reflective travel and the English reader as a tourist in her own nation, in order to unsettle 'Little England' national narratives and critique British imperial jingoism. The second half of this paper examines the way the novel's supplementary “Address to Working Men” imports the central tenets of Giuseppe Mazzini's political writings into her English novel and translates the Italian patriot's appeal to Italian working men on the eve of Italian national unification into her vision of English national reform as a form of transnational acculturation. Rather than provincializing Eliot's novel by grouping it with earlier social-problem novels such as Benjamin Disraeli's Sybil, Elizabeth Gaskell's Mary Barton, or Charles Dickens's Hard Times, as many Victorian scholars have, it is essential to recognize the transnational circulation of ideas in the novel and the centrality of translation at the heart of Eliot's vision of national reform.

KCI등재

2Mr. Hooper Wore It for Frado: A Comparative Reading of “The Minister's Black Veil” and Our Nig

저자 : Ki Yoon Jang

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 27-45 (19 pages)

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Scholars define Nathaniel Hawthorne as a quintessential New England writer based on his biographical background and his characteristic representation of the region's geographical and sociocultural traits in his work. That definition assumes Hawthorne's authorial identity as that of a white male Puritan descendant, and restricts the race-oriented approach to his writing. This essay intends to complicate such a rigidly racialized and regionalized attitude by reading “The Minister's Black Veil” as a tale of unveiling racism in New England. The racial implication of the 'blackness' of the Reverend Mr. Hooper's veil has not been addressed, which itself testifies to the scholarly prejudice towards Hawthorne's artistic range. This essay sheds light on that implication as it discusses “Black Veil” along with another book set in the same place―Milford, New Hampshire―and deals with the same racial discrimination in the New England politics: Harriet Wilson's Our Nig. Seemingly incongruent and irrelevant, reading “Black Veil” by means of Our Nig enables us to grasp the vigorously multicolored realities of New England that Hawthorne knew and pondered upon while his critics could not. The essay ultimately proposes reconsideration of the manner and purpose of positioning a writer within a canonical literary tradition.

KCI등재

3The Pursuit of Alternative Voices in Billy Budd: Polyphony, Femininity and Speechlessness

저자 : Chung Hwan Joe

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 47-63 (17 pages)

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This paper explores Herman Melville's Billy Budd in terms of the pursuit of alternative voices. Billy Budd, a multi-layered text with a complex discourse by a self-ironic narrator, can be successfully reinterpreted beyond its traditional dichotomous interpretation. Three different strategies―multi-layered endings, a feminine voice within a male voice, and ambiguity through speechlessness―are addressed. First, different voices that challenge the dominant voice are examined from the perspective of polyphony. Three different endings to the same event encourage readers to contemplate the implications of Billy Budd's death from various perspectives, and media such as newspaper articles and poetry offer alternatives to a unified and authoritative interpretation. Second, I shed light on the femininity in a male character by examining the angelic character of the protagonist, Billy Budd. Through this examination, I discover a different voice within the dominant voice while delving into its implications and limitations. Third, a voice without a voice is introduced to show the role of the ambiguity of speechlessness in the novel. The ambiguity comes not only from Billy Budd's speech impediment but also from the narrator's strategy of using indirection and taking advantage of the effect of space between lines. This strategy extends the possibility of reinterpretation by evoking readers' imagination instead of narrating a fixed meaning of the text.

KCI등재

4Contained yet Affective: A Cultural Study on Young Rebels in 1950s America

저자 : Chang-hee Kim

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 65-97 (33 pages)

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This paper examines the written text of Norman Mailer's 1957 essay “The White Negro” and the cinematic text of Fred Sears' 1955 film Teen-Age Crime Wave, both concerning the American 1950s. Through a critical analysis of these contemporary cultural artifacts, this paper focuses on the social milieu of the fifties with regard to how it eventually evolved into a powerful political culture that dictated the public policy, personal behavior and political values of the American family in the fifties. Ultimately, this study contemplates the early years of the Cold War as an affective decade that stored the endogenic energy of resistance, diversity, and subversion, and helped its full boom in the 1960s. The United States of the 1950s recognized the importance of family stability, economic affluence, and military strength in its quest to achieve superiority over the Soviet Union. It thus engaged the Cold War imperatives to realize the domestic ideals of a nuclear family: a white, heterosexual, middle-class unit of smiling parents and docile children living in suburbia. Yet, the normalization of the nuclear family, an institution already showing signs of strain in the late 1950s, was happening at a time when the divorce rate and juvenile delinquency were both on the rise. American society was already turbulent in the 1950s and was troubled by the rise of the teenage rebellion that eventually birthed the outsider or counterculture of the Beat generation of the 1960s. As a result, this paper investigates the way the Cold War-oriented social ethos of a homebound familial ideology in an era of containment, affluence, and conformity came to incubate the potential that was realized in the decade known as the seismic sixties. This study thus helps grasp the extent to which the domestic version of containment in the fifties could unfold to shape a new formality in the postwar American way of life.

KCI등재

5Re-thinking Dreiserian Modern Tragedy in Sister Carrie

저자 : Yun Jin Lee

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 99-115 (17 pages)

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Critical discussions on Dreiser's tragic vision of the modern man in Sister Carrie have seemingly resulted in minimizing the significance of human aspirations and humanity in the novel, and accordingly, in maximizing the implausibility of its tragic qualities. Generally emphasizing Dreiser's characters, who are victimized by the powerful forces of the modern capitalist social condition as the distinctive feature of the modern tragedy, they did not merely bring back the perennial debates over “the possibility of tragic art in modern times,” but also seriously disparaged his study of the modern man and human spirit in the novel. This paper aims to explore the plausibility of Dreiserian tragedy of modern times and his tragic vision of the modern man in Sister Carrie, which is far more complex than many critics have pointed out. I would argue that Dreiser's protagonists do have great aspirations and sufferings for locating their individualities without being completely overwhelmed by the forces of the modern world. Moreover, Dreiser's conceptualization of human subjects appearing in his detailed and intensive reports on his characters―their expansive, un-nameable desires, their desperate but futile aspirations for images, and their perilous states of mind―gives vital implications for the possibility of tragedy in modern times.

KCI등재

6History and Truth-Telling in George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four

저자 : Sarah Yoon

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 26권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 117-139 (23 pages)

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This paper addresses the mutability of the past in George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four as the strategic basis on which the Party erodes factual truths and maintains totalitarian control. The first half of this paper reads Orwell's novel through the lenses of Hannah Arendt's essays, “Truth and Politics” and “Lying in Politics,” drawing attention to the importance of facts and events as “the very texture of the political realm.” This paper analyzes the ways in which the Party in Nineteen Eighty-Four erodes and erases records and memories of the past, presenting the Party as the sole standard of “absolute truth” in the public realm. The second half of this paper draws attention to the use of technology in the novel which is monopolized by the Party to consolidate social control. In reference to Martin Heidegger's famous essay, “The Question Concerning Technology,” this paper argues that technology―when used to watch, interrogate, and discipline Party members―leads to the subordination of human beings as mere 'standing-reserve.'

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