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한국생물교육학회> 생물교육(구 생물교육학회지)

생물교육(구 생물교육학회지) update

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1968)~45권3호(2017) |수록논문 수 : 1,109
생물교육(구 생물교육학회지)
45권3호(2017년 09월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1과학 현장 학습이 초등학교 영재 학생들의 과학 관련 태도에 미치는 영향

저자 : 박형민 ( Hyoung-min Park ) , 임채성 ( Chae-seong Lim )

발행기관 : 한국생물교육학회 간행물 : 생물교육(구 생물교육학회지) 45권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 319-330 (12 pages)

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This study analyzed the effects of science field trip on elementary school gifted students' science-related attitudes. Samples of the study were composed of 162 gifted students attending the Science Gifted Education Center of S National University of Education in Seoul, Korea. The science field trip was conducted for three days at six locations in Jecheon City and Taebaek City. To quantitatively analyze the scores of science-related attitudes of the gifted students participating in field trip, a retrospective pre-post test with modified format of 'TOSRA (Test of science-related attitudes)' was administrated after completion of the field trip. To find out more detailed characteristics, qualitative data such as daily records of field trip and interview were also gathered and analyzed. The major results of the study are as follows: First, in the paired t-test for data of science-related attitudes, a statistically significant difference between the pre and post was found (t=―9.9654, df=161, p< .001). In addition, there were statistically significant differences among the seven subfactors, especially in the 'Adoption of Scientific Attitudes' factor. As a result of the interview, it was revealed that the activities of peer discussion at the accommodation and the activities of verifying the knowledge gained from the book or the lesson in the natural field greatly influenced the increase of 'adoption of scientific attitudes' of the students. Second, in ANCOVA with the pre-test scores as the covariate, there was no statistically significant difference in sciencerelated attitudes according to gender [F(1, 159)=3.293, (p > .05)]. But, female students felt more pleasure in science lessons after science field trip than male students [F(1, 159)= 9.2733, (p< .01)]. And, there was no statistically significant difference in the scores of science-related attitudes according to the preferred science subjects (physics, chemistry, biology, earth science) [F(3, 157)=0.412, (p >.05)]. But, the gifted students who prefer earth science subject have more interest in science as a leisure after science field trip than those who prefer physical subject [F(3, 157)=4.098, (p<.01)]. However, there were statistically significant differences in the scores of science-related attitudes according to the preferred teaching method(knowledge acquisition class through books and lectures, science lab experiment class, and natural field inquiry class) [F(2, 158)=6.3707, (p<.01)]. The gifted students who prefer natural field inquiry class showed higher scores on science-related attitudes after science field trip than those who prefer to acquire knowledge through books and lectures. Especially, the scores in four sub factors (Adoption of Scientific Attitudes, Attitude of Scientific Inquiry, Enjoyment of Science Lessons, Leisure Interest in Science) were significantly increased [F(2, 158)=3.3179, (p<.05)], [F(2, 158)=4.6490, (p<.05)], [F(2, 158)=5.2376, (p<.01)], [F(2, 158) =4.4037, (p<.05), respectively]. Based on these findings, implications for research on the gifted education and gifted students' teaching and learning are discussed.

KCI등재

2시각 개념을 다루는 중학교 과학 교과서에서 시각자료의 시스템 사고 지원 가능성 탐색

저자 : 황윤식 ( Yoon-sik Hwang ) , 김희백 ( Heui-baik Kim )

발행기관 : 한국생물교육학회 간행물 : 생물교육(구 생물교육학회지) 45권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 331-343 (13 pages)

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This study explored how middle school science textbooks facilitated system thinking while addressing visual concepts. This study investigated the system thinking revealed in the text of textbooks, the ontological category of inscriptions and a comparison of the information in the text and the inscriptions. The textbooks addressed visual concepts using three themes: 'Structure of the eye and vision formation', 'Pupillary reflex and visual accommodation' and 'Myopia and hyperopia'. A high-level of system thinking was required to learn these visual concepts. Unmodified inscriptions are typically categorized as 'structure', but inscriptions can be modified through the addition of words and conventions or the use of multiple images to fit 'process'. Theses inscriptions could enable to support the high-level system thinking revealed in the text. This study discussed the implication of using inscriptions in a textbook to support system thinking in science classes.

KCI등재

3'뼈와 근육'을 주제로 한 STEAM 프로그램이 초등학생들의 기초 탐구 능력 및 과학적 태도에 미치는 효과

저자 : 공준호 ( Junho Gong ) , 홍승호 ( Seung-ho Hong )

발행기관 : 한국생물교육학회 간행물 : 생물교육(구 생물교육학회지) 45권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 344-354 (11 pages)

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Elementary students have a lot of misconcepts due to characteristics of invisible for 'Structure and function of the our body' unit of the 5th grade science. In this study, we developed a STEAM program based on the theme of 'bone and muscles' and applied to the 5th grade students in J city to see the influences of the program. The STEAM program of the 7 classes was applied to the experimental group, whereas the theoretical classes according to the 2009 revised curriculum were applied to the control group. Scientific attitudes and basic inquiry ability of the experimental group showed significant differences in the cooperativity domain and expectation skill, respectively, compared to the control group's test scores. However, there was no significant difference in the creative problem solving abilities between the two groups. Students who attended the study showed higher levels of satisfaction with the STEAM classes. So far, many STEAM programs have been developed and the effects have varied. There were some differences in the views pursued by each developer. We think it will be able to get tips about future STEAM developments and directions.

KCI등재

4중학교 과학 영재들의 성별과 재능 분야에 따른 과학 관련 태도 조사 연구

저자 : 송신철 ( Shin-cheol Song ) , 한화정 ( Hwa-jung Han ) , 심규철 ( Kew-cheol Shim )

발행기관 : 한국생물교육학회 간행물 : 생물교육(구 생물교육학회지) 45권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 355-370 (16 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the science related attitudes of scientifically gifted middle school students according to gender and talented division. Instrument to survey their science related attitudes consisted of 22 Likert-5-point scale items (from 1 to 5), which were categorized into five domains: the enjoyment of science lesson, the importance of science investment, the social value of science, the inquiry attitude of science, and the occupational interest in science. A total of 102 scientifically gifted middle school students participated in the survey. They showed high level of attitude (above 4.18) in all domains of science related attitudes. However, there were no significant differences among gender and talented division (p>.05), and also, there were no interaction effects between gender and talented division. Among the science related attitude domains, there were the very high correlation between the joy of science class, and the importance of science investment, the inquiry attitude of science and the occupational interest in science (r>.60, p<.01), and a very high correlation between the importance of science investment and the social value of science. The results of this study suggested with respected to teaching strategy and educational programs considering the factors of science related attitudes.

KCI등재

5중학교 과학 교과서의 탐구활동에 의한 학생들의 개념 구성 지원 가능성 탐색

저자 : 정은진 ( Eunjin Jeong ) , 이영미 ( Youngmi Lee ) , 하희수 ( Heesoo Ha ) , 조한빛 ( Hanbit Ch

발행기관 : 한국생물교육학회 간행물 : 생물교육(구 생물교육학회지) 45권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 371-389 (19 pages)

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The purpose of this research was to explore how scientific inquiry activities in middle-school textbooks support students' construction of scientific conceptions. We analyzed what forms of reasoning students do while exploring the questions in each activity. On the basis of this analysis, we then inferred the aspects of conceptions that students can construct through each inquiry activity. Subsequently, we examined whether the inquiry activities provide sufficient support for students to understand the conception targeted in each textbook subunit that contains the inquiry activities. As indicated in the results, activities with questions that elicit different forms of reasoning supported the construction of different aspects of conceptions. Inquiries that foster phenomenon- based reasoning supported constructing 'structure' aspect of conceptions; inquiries that prompt phenomenonor relation-based reasoning supported constructing 'function' aspect of conceptions; and inquiries designed to foster modelbased or multiple forms of reasoning supported constructing 'behavior' or 'mechanism' aspect of conceptions. The textbook subunits usually feature inquiry activities that support the understanding of targeted aspects of conceptions. However, when the aspects of targeted conceptions are related to 'mechanism', the subunits typically present inquiry activities that support the construction of 'behavior' aspect of concepts. The findings demonstrate that additional support other than inquiry activities is needed for students to understand targeted 'mechanism' aspect of conceptions through case analysis. Our results shed light on the support offered by inquiry activities in the construction of scientific conceptions and suggest the necessity of cognitive support in successful science learning.

KCI등재

6우리나라 중학생들의 TIMSS 2015 생명과학 영역 성취 특성 분석

저자 : 곽영순 ( Youngsun Kwak ) , 신영준 ( Younngjoon Shin )

발행기관 : 한국생물교육학회 간행물 : 생물교육(구 생물교육학회지) 45권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 390-403 (14 pages)

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The goal of this study is to analyze the features of Korean eighth grade students' achievement and its trend in life science domain in TIMSS 2011 and TIMSS 2015, and to explore its implications for Korean science curriculum and teaching & learning. With 6 science teachers and 3 science educators, we analyzed the features of Korean eighth grade students' achievement in life science by test-curriculum matching analysis. We also compared students' achievement trend among the 15 top-performing countries in TIMSS 2015. According to the results, compared with TIMSS 2011 Korean students' performance decreased by 7 points in life science in TIMSS 2015, which caused the decrease of the Korean students' overall science achievement in TIMSS 2015. According to the trend analysis of test topics with released items for life science domain in TIMSS 2015, Korean students' percentage for correct answers have dropped in topics such as Heredity and evolution since these topics are covered in the ninth grade in the 2009 revised curriculum. For science cognitive domains, Korean students demonstrated relative weaknesses in 'applying scientific knowledge' domain in TIMSS 2015. Based on the trend analysis of students' achievement and response for test topics and released items, we suggested implications for middle school bio-science curriculum development, and ways to improve science teaching and learning for students' better inquiry skills and real-world application of science knowledge.

KCI등재

7미래 지능정보사회의 교육에 대한 예비 과학 교사들의 인식 조사

저자 : 송신철 ( Shin-cheol Song ) , 심규철 ( Kew-cheol Shim )

발행기관 : 한국생물교육학회 간행물 : 생물교육(구 생물교육학회지) 45권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 404-417 (14 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of pre-service science teachers about secondary education in future intelligence information society. The research tool was composed of three areas such as the change of educational system, the role of teacher and the teacher's competency required for teaching in the future intelligence information society. Thirty four pre-service science teachers were requested to write freely their thoughts about them. Their answers were categorized to the detailed areas. Preservice science teachers predicted that ubiquitous education will become more common as the teaching and learning methods of artificial intelligence and robotic engineering would be improved, and the role of teachers and also the number of teachers are greatly reduced in the future intelligence information society. They thought that the instruction would be mainly carried out by robots or artificial intelligence, and teachers would be expected to play a role of co-teaching with humanity instruction and artificial intelligence. In the future intelligence information society, students would be required the competencies such as information literacy, communication ability, technology and media literacy. It is necessary to develop a pre-service teacher training program to educate students for preparing future intelligence information society, and to raise educational philosophy and goals, curriculum, education contents, education method, and educational purpose of teacher training course.

KCI등재

8유전자, DNA, 염색체에 대한 대학생의 개념 분석

저자 : 이병룡 ( Byeong Ryong Lee ) , 김흥태 ( Heung-tae Kim )

발행기관 : 한국생물교육학회 간행물 : 생물교육(구 생물교육학회지) 45권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 418-426 (9 pages)

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The study was aimed to investigate university students' conceptions on three genetic concepts (Gene, DNA, chromosome). The study was carried out with 166 undergraduate students. To reveal students' ideas about the three concepts, they were asked to complete a free word association test by using the term 'gene' as a stimulus word and to respond the following open questions: What is a gene, DNA, and chromosome in your opinion? Lastly, they were asked to draw the structure of gene, DNA and chromosome in a cell. Through network analysis and classification of their responses based on content similarities, the frequent concepts associated with gene were confirmed and their ideas about the three concepts were categorized. The students had alternative ideas about the three investigated concepts. In particular, more alternative concepts were observed for gene compared to DNA and chromosome. The drawing test revealed that their understandings was especially poor for the relationship between the three concepts. The results were compared with related literature and recommendations are provided.

KCI등재

9미국 대학생과 비교한 한국 예비과학교사의 진화론의 실용성에 대한 인식과 진화 수용

저자 : 하민수 ( Minsu Ha )

발행기관 : 한국생물교육학회 간행물 : 생물교육(구 생물교육학회지) 45권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 427-436 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to compare pre-service science teachers' perception of practical value of the theory of evolution with American college students. A total of 675 pre-service science teachers (college students) and US college students participated in this study. The ten items on the academic value and the practical value of evolution theory (5-step Likert scale) and I-SEA instrument measuring the level of evolution acceptance were used. As a result, the Korean pre-service science teachers' perception of the practicality of evolution was lower than that of American college students. In terms of acceptance of evolution, Korean preservice science teachers showed relatively low acceptance compared to US college students.

KCI등재

10중등 과학교육에서 소집단을 활용한 교수학습 연구 분석 및 '소집단 연구' 방법론 고찰

저자 : 박지영 ( Jee-young Park )

발행기관 : 한국생물교육학회 간행물 : 생물교육(구 생물교육학회지) 45권 3호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 437-452 (16 pages)

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This study aims to explore the research trend on group activities during science learning and review the cumulated research from the beginning up until 2015. Empirical research on group activity was collected through online database searching method. 179 articles were selected, and these articles used at least one of these words including 'group', 'peer', 'cooperative', 'collaborative' in Korean as well as English where their title, abstract, or keywords sections. These literatures were divided into four research types; 'Group Description', 'Participants Survey', 'Lesson Description', and 'Group Related' based on the main goal of an article. The criteria for research trends were three-fold; research findings on group characteristics, research method for analyzing group activity, and teaching-learning strategies for educational treatment. As the data showed, the number of research on group activity was increasing, and recent increased numbers of articles were from the 'Group Description' research area. The most frequently used method was pre-post questionnaire with focus group interview. Recently, however, semiotic analysis using various analytical units was increasing and quantitative approach was decreasing at the same time. Lastly, major teaching-learning strategies were not belonged to the cooperative learning. It was interpreted that science educators has been widely adopting the advantages from group activities and trying to increase the chance to discover the complex characteristics of group phenomena on school science lessons. Several reflections on group activities will be considered in this study.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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