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한국토양비료학회지

KOREAN JOURNAL of SOIL SCIENCE & FERTILIZER

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1968)~46권2호(2013) |수록논문 수 : 2,740
한국토양비료학회지
46권2호(2013년 04월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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1Agricultural Methods for Toxicity Alleviation in Metal Contaminated Soils: A Review

저자 : Kkiu Arunakumara , Buddhi Charana Walpola , Min Ho Yoon

발행기관 : 한국토양비료학회 간행물 : 한국토양비료학회지 46권 2호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 73-80 (8 pages)

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Due to the fact that possible risk associated with soil-crop-food chain transfer, metal contamination in croplands has become a major topic of wide concern. Accumulation of toxic metals in edible parts of crops grown in contaminated soils has been reported from number of crops including rice, soybean, wheat, maize, and vegetables. Therefore, in order to ensure food safety, measures are needed to be taken in mitigating metal pollution and subsequent uptake by crop plants. Present paper critically reviewed some of the cost effective remediation techniques used in minimizing metal uptake by crops grown in contaminated soils. Liming with different materials such as limestone (CaCO3), burnt lime (CaO), slaked lime [Ca(OH)2], dolomite [CaMg(CO3)2], and slag (CaSiO3) has been widely used because they could elevate soil pH rendering metals less-bioavailable for plant uptake. Zn fertilization, use of organic amendments, crop rotation and water management are among the other techniques successfully employed in reducing metal uptake by crop plants. However, irrespectively the mitigating measure used, heterogeneous accumulation of metals in different crop species is often reported. The inconsistency might be attributed to the genetic makeup of the crops for selective uptake, their morphological characteristics, position of edible parts on the plants in respect of their distance from roots, crop management practices, the season and to the soil characteristics. However, a sound conclusion in this regard can only be made when more scientific evidence is available on case-specific researches, in particular from long-term field trials which included risks and benefits analysis also for various remediation practices.

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2Evaluation of Cropping Model of Green Manure Crops with

저자 : Main Crops , Upland Specific , Doug Young Chung , Misuk Park , Jin Woong Cho , Sang Eun Lee , Kwang Hyun Han , Jin Hee Ryu , Seong Hoon Hyun

발행기관 : 한국토양비료학회 간행물 : 한국토양비료학회지 46권 2호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 81-86 (6 pages)

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For organic farming, green manure crops such as leguminous forages and barley have been broadly used to  improve soil fertility and soil physical and chemical properties by repeatedly cutting and mulching them 0directly as winter crop in the field in the rotation. In this investigation we selected 78 agricultural farm corporations as well as individual organic farmhouses related to crop rotation from greenmanure crops to main crops in order to analyze the relationship of cropping system between main crops and green manure crops. The results showed that the green manure crops were divided into two groups as leguminous and nonleguminous crops, representing that those are limited to specific climate and farming systems of regions. Also the 10 or less green manure crops including sudangrass, hairyvetch, italian ryegrass, sorghun, buckwheat, oat, pea, rye, clover, and canola which belong to leguminous crops which are presently cultivated from the organic farmhouses within the rotational crop system. We also confirmed that the major main crops are sweet potato, soybean, corn, tobacco, spinach from usage frequency analyzed by NetMiner H 2.6 which was used to estimate the rotational cropping system among the green manure crops and main crops.

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3Partially Dehydrated Fully Zn2+-exchanged Zeolite Y (FAU, Si/Al = 1.70) and Its Structure

저자 : Sung Man Seo , Young Hun Kim , Seok Hee Lee , Woo Taik Lim

발행기관 : 한국토양비료학회 간행물 : 한국토양비료학회지 46권 2호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 87-91 (5 pages)

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The crystal structure of partially dehydrated fully Zn2+-exchanged zeolite Y was determined by X-ray diffraction techniques in the cubic space group Fd m at 294(1) K and refined to the final error indices R1/wR2 = 0.035/0.119 for |Zn35.5(H2O)13|[Si121Al71O384]-FAU. About 35.5 Zn2+ ions per unit cell are found at six distinct positions; sites I, I`, a second I`, II`, II, and a second II. In sodalite cavities, the 11 water molecules coordinate to Zn(I`b) and/or Zn(II`) ions; each of two H2O bonds to a Zn(IIb) in supercages. Two different Zn2+ positions near 6-oxygen ring are due to their Si-Al ordering in tetrahedral site by Si/Al ratio leading to the different kinds of 6-rings.

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4토양의 형태 및 물리적 특성을 고려한 복분자 재배적지 기준설정

저자 : 현병근 ( Byung Keun Hyun ) , 조현준 ( Hyun Jun Cho ) , 손연규 ( Yeon Kyu Sonn ) , 박찬원 ( Chan Won Park ) , 전현정 ( Hyen Chung Chun ) , 송관철 ( Kwan Cheol Song ) , 문용희 ( Yong Hee Moon ) , 노대철 ( Dae Cheol Noh ) , 윤관희 ( Kwan Hee Yun ) , 김명숙 ( Myung Sook Kim ) , 이덕배 ( Deog

발행기관 : 한국토양비료학회 간행물 : 한국토양비료학회지 46권 2호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 92-98 (7 pages)

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The objective of this study was to establish the decision criteria of soil suitability for Korean Black raspberry using soil morphological and physical properties. The investigation was carried out in Gochang, Sunchang, Jeongeup, Pohang, and Hoengseong districts in Korea. The obtained results showed that factors related to the decision criteria of the soil suitability for Korean Black raspberry cultivation were soil texture, soil drainage class, land slope, and available soil depth . The criteria of the best suitability soil for Korean Black raspberry was valley/fan or hill geomorphology, well or moderately drainage class, B-slope(2-7%), coarse loamy soil texture family, less than <15% gravel contents, and available soil depth deeper than 100cm. The area criteria of soil suitability for Korean Black raspberry of Gochang was more than 50% including best and suitable areas.

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5시설오이 지중관비시 자동관수센서의 적정 매설깊이

저자 : 임태준 ( Tae Jun Lim ) , 김기인 ( Ki In Kim ) , 박진면 ( Jin Myeon Park ) , 노재승 ( Jae Seung Noh )

발행기관 : 한국토양비료학회 간행물 : 한국토양비료학회지 46권 2호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 99-104 (6 pages)

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시설오이 지중관비에서 지중 점적호스를 30 cm에 매설 시에 텐시오미터를 이용한 자동관수센서의 적정 깊이를 제시하고자 2010-2011년까지 2년간에 걸쳐서 조사하였다. 오이의 생육은 텐시오미터 30 cm 깊이에서 낮았으나 텐시오미터 10 및 20 cm 에서는 유의성 있는 차이는 없었다. 1년 및 2년차수량에서도 텐시오미터 30 cm에서 각각 40.9 및 41.2 Mg ha-1로 가장 적은 생산량을 나타내었나, 텐시오미터 10 cm에서는 57.0 및 56.9 Mg ha-1, 텐시오미터 20 cm에서는 56.0 및 60.5 Mg ha-1로 처 리간의 차이가 없이 동일한 수량을 나타내었다. 오이재배에서 한 작기 당 질소 및 일일 물 공급량은 63 kg N ha-1의 질소와 1.3 mm day-1로 물이 공급된 텐시오미터 20 cm 처리에서 질소 및 수분 이용효율이 높았다. 또한 토양깊이 0-30 cm에 대한 뿌리길이에서도 텐시오미터 20 cm에서 0.87 cm cm-3으로 유의성 은 없었지만 가장 높은 값을 나타내었다. 이러한 결과로부터 시설오이에서 지중점적 호스를 30 cm 깊이에 매설 시에 텐시오미 터를 활용한 자동관수센서의 적정 깊이는 20 cm인 것으로 판단 되었다.


Vegetables production in greenhouse are typically intensely managed with high inputs of fertilizers and irrigation water, which increases the risk of ground-water nitrate contamination. In 2010 and 2011, a study was conducted to determine the appropriate depth of soil moisture sensor for automatic irrigation control to use water and nitrogen efficiently under subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) systems. The irrigation line for SDI placed 30 cm below soil surface and tensiometer was used as soil moisture sensor. Three tensiometer treatments placed at 10 (SDI-T10), 20 (SDI-T20) and 30 cm (SDI-T30) depths below soil surface under SDI. These are also compared to SUR-T20 treatment where tensiometer placed at 20 cm below soil surface under surface drip irrigation (SUR) systems. The growth of cucumber was not statistically different between SUR and SDI without SDI-T30 treatment. Fruit yields (Mg/ha) were 57.0 and 56.9 (SDI-T10), 56.0 and 60.5 (SDI-T20), 40.9 and 41.2 (SDI-T30) and 56.6 and 54.3 (SUR-T20) for 2010 and 2011, respectively. Slightly higher total yield was observed in tensiometer placed 20 cm below the soil surface, although no significant differences were found between SDI-T10 and SDI-T20 under SDI treatments. In addition, nitrogen application rates and daily irrigation rates were lowest in SDI-T20 compared with other SDIs and SUR treatments. Nitrogen and daily irrigation application under SDI-T20 was lower than that under SUR-T20 by 6.0%. These findings suggested tensiometer 20 cm depth under SDI systems was best for cucumber production in greenhouse.

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6Lysobacter capsici YS1215를 이용한 뿌리혹선충(Root-knot nematode)의 생물학적 방제

저자 : 이용성 ( Yong Sung Lee ) , 박윤석 ( Yun Suk Park ) , 김선배 ( Sun Bae Kim ) , 김길용 ( Kil Yong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국토양비료학회 간행물 : 한국토양비료학회지 46권 2호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 106-112 (7 pages)

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Lysobacter capsici YS215의 특성 및 뿌리혹선충 방제에 미 치는 영향을 조사하였다. YS1215의 생육은 배양 6일째 최고였으며, 생육에 따른 chitinase와 gelatinase의 활성은 각각 3일째 와 5일째에 가장 높은 활성을 보였다. YS1215 배양액이 선충 피 해 방제와 식물 생장에 미치는 영향을 조사해 본 결과, 5주째 식물 지상부 생체중 및 건조중에서 배양액 반량구에서 가장 높게 나타났지만, 9주째에는 미생물 배양액, 미생물 배양액 반량구 및 배지액 처리구에서 차이를 보이지 않았다. 하지만 9주째 미생물 배양액, 미생물 배양액 반량구 및 배지액 처리구가 물처리구 보다 높게 나타났다. 지상부 길이에서는 미생물 배양액 반 량구 처리구가 가장 높았다. 선충 피해 방제에 있어서 난낭수, 뿌리혹수 및 토양내유충수에서 각각 농약 처리구에서 가장 낮 게 나타났으나, 미생물 배양액 처리구와의 유의적 차이는 보이지 않았다. 미생물 배양액 처리구는 미생물 배양액 반량구 및물 처리구와는 유의적 차이가 있는 것으로 조사되었다. 그러므로 다양한 분해효소를 생성하는 L. capsici YS1215의 뿌리혹선충방제에 대한 충분한 가능성과 가치가 있다고 사료된다.


The experiments were carried out to investigate the biocontrol potential of Lysobacter capsici YS1215 on root-knot nematode and to characterize its lytic enzyme activities. L. capsici YS1215 showed chitinase and gelatinase activities on the medium containing 0.5% chitin or 0.5% gelatin as substrates. Cell growth of L. capsici YS1215 was highest at 6 days, and the highest activities of chitinase (4.0 unit ml-1) and gelatinase (7.43 unit ml-1) were observed on 3 and 5 days after incubation, respectively. To investigate the effect of L. capsici YS1215 on tomato growth and nematode infection, the plants in pot trial were treated with bacterial culture (BC), half of bacterial culture (HBC), only bacterial medium (BM), tap water (TW) and commercial nematicide (CN). HBC treatd plants showed the higher shoot fresh weight and dry weight on 5thweek after incubation while BM, HBC and BC had consistently higher values than TW at 9th week. HBC appeared to be the highest shoot fresh length at 9th week. Both CN and BC showed lower number of egg mass, root gall, and population of juveniles in soil compared to BC, HBC, BM and TW. These results suggest that L. capsici YS1215 with its strong ability of lytic enzyme production can be one of the most significant candidates for biocontrol agents against root-knot nematodes.

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7Effect of Fungicides on Phosphate Solubilization by Klebsiella oxytoca and Enterobacter ludwigii

저자 : Buddhi Charana Walpola , Mi Jung Keum , Min Ho Yoon

발행기관 : 한국토양비료학회 간행물 : 한국토양비료학회지 46권 2호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 112-116 (5 pages)

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The aim of the present study was to isolate phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) and to assess their potential tolerance to fungicides. Out of thirty PSB, two strains Klebsiella oxytoca and Enterobacter ludwigii were selected on the basis of their tolerance to fungicides. Both strains were assessed for their phosphate solubilizing ability using three different fungicides (difenoconazole, fluazinam and streptomycin) each with the concentrations of 0, 1, 2 or 3 times of the recommended rate. Both strains showed increased phosphate solubilization with difenoconazole at 1, 2 and 3 times of the recommended rate as compared to the phosphate solubilization of the control. The phosphate solubilization in Klebsiella oxytoca was recorded as 326, 538, 518 and 481 μg mL-1 at 0, 1, 2 and 3 times of the recommended rate respectively, whereas in Enterobacter ludwigii it was recorded as 395, 499, 529 and 533 μg mL-1 respectively at various doses. Based on the present findings, it may be concluded that both strains have the potential to be used as bio-inoculants which can solubilize phosphate even at the higher doses as compared to the recommended rate of fungicides.

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8Synergistic Phosphate Solubilization by Burkholderia anthina and Aspergillus awamori

저자 : Buddhi Charana Walpola , Hyo Ju Jang , Min Ho Yoon

발행기관 : 한국토양비료학회 간행물 : 한국토양비료학회지 46권 2호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 117-121 (5 pages)

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Single or co-inoculation of phosphate solubilizing bacterial and fungal strains (Burkholderia anthina andAspergillus awamori respectively) was performed separately to assess their synergistic and antagonistic interactions and the potential to be used as bio-inoculants. Co-inoculation was found to release the highest content of soluble phosphorus (1253 μg ml-1) into the medium, followed by single inoculation of fungal strain (1214 μg ml-1) and bacterial strain (997 μg ml-1). However, there was no significant difference between single inoculation of fungal strain and co-inoculation of fungal and bacterial strain in terms of the phosphorous release. The highest pH reduction, organic acid production and glucose consumption were observed in the sole A. awamori inoculated culture medium. According to the plant growth promotion bioassays, co-inoculation of the microbial strains resulted in 21% and 43% higher shoot and root growth of the mung bean seedlings respectively as compared to the respective controls. Therefore, co-inoculation of B. anthina and A. awamori showed better performance in stimulating plant growth than that in inoculation of each strain alone. However, assessment period of the present study being short, we recommend in engaging further experimentation under field conditions in order to test the suitability of the strains to be used as bio-inoculants.

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9제주지역 농경지 이용유형별 토양 탈수소효소활성과 미생물체량

저자 : 좌재호 ( Jae Ho Joa ) , 문경환 ( Kyung Hwan Moon ) , 최경산 ( Kyung San Choi ) , 김성철 ( Seong Cheol Kim ) , 고상욱 ( Sang Wook Koh )

발행기관 : 한국토양비료학회 간행물 : 한국토양비료학회지 46권 2호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 122-128 (7 pages)

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본 연구는 제주지역 농경지 이용유형과 토양특성별 미생 물체량과 탈수소효소활성을 평가 하고자 수행하였다. 제주 지역 밭(50), 과수원(50), 논(30), 시설재배(30) 토양을 3월 에 채취 후 토양화학성과 탈수소효소활성, 미생물체량을 분석하였다. 밭 토양의 평균 pH는 6.3이었고 과수원, 시설재 배지 토양은 조사지점간에 화학성분 함량의 차이가 크게 나타났다. 돈분퇴비를 시용하는 감귤재배농가의 토양 내 아연 과 구리함량은 증가하는 경향을 보였다. 토양 탈수소효소활 성과 미생물체량은 농경지 이용유형에 상관없이 비화산회 토양이 화산회토양보다 높았다. 탈수소효 소활성은 밭 토양이 과수원, 논, 시설재배지 토양보다 2-4배 이상 높았고 비 화산회토의 밭토양은 38.7ug TPF 24h-1g-1를 나타냈다. 미 생물체량은 시설재배지 토양이 가장 많았으며 시설재배지 비화산회토양은 216.8 mg kg-1였다. 시설재배지의 비화산 회토양은 탈수소효소활성과 토양유기물(R2=0.59), 아연 (R2=0.65), 구리(R2=0.66)의 함량간에 높은 정의 상관관계를 보였다. 화산회토의 밭토양은 유기물함량과 탈수소효소 활성간에 높은 부의상관관계(R2=0.57)를 나타냈다.


This study was carried out to evaluate the soil dehydrogenase activity and microbial biomass C with soil type and land use in cropland of JeJu region. Soil chemical properties, dehydrogenase activity, and microbial biomass C were analyzed after sampling from upland (50 sites), orchard (50 sites), paddy (30 sites), horticultural facility (30 sites) in March. Average pH values was at 6.3 in upland soil, however soil chemical properties showed a large spatial variations in both orchard and horticultural facility soil. The Zn and Cu contents increased by the continuous application of pig manure compost in some citrus orchard soil. Soil dehydrogenase activity and microbial biomass C were higher in non-volcanic ash than in volcanic ash soil regardless of land use type. Soil dehydrogenase activity was two to four times higher in upland than in the others. It was at 38.7 ug TPF 24h-1g-1 in non-volcanic ash of upland soil. Microbial biomass C content was very high in horticultural facility soil and it showed at 216.8 mg kg-1 in non-volcanic ash. Soil dehydrogenase activity showed a positive correlation with organic matter (r2=0.59), Zn (r2=0.65), and Cu (r2=0.66) in non-volcanic ash horticultural facility soil. There was a negative correlation (r2=0.57) between soil organic matter and dehydrogenase activity in volcanic ash upland soil.

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10Soil Characteristics of Newly Reclaimed Tidal Land and Its Changes by Cultivation of Green Manure Crops

저자 : Kyeong Bo Lee , Jong Gook Kang , Kyeong Do Lee , Sang Hun Lee , Seon Ah Hwang

발행기관 : 한국토양비료학회 간행물 : 한국토양비료학회지 46권 2호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 129-135 (7 pages)

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green manure crops on soil properties. Summer green manure crops such as sesbania (Sesbania grandiflora), barnyard grass (Echinochloa spp.) and sorghum×sudangrass hybrid (Sorghum bicolor L.) were cultivated at Hwaong, Ewon, Saemangeum and Yongsangang area. Soil pH of reclaimed tidal land was relatively high, but organic matter and available phosphorus contents were lower compared to the optimum range for common upland crops. Soil nutrient contents were unbalanced for upland crop growth. Yield of green manure crops had a wide spatial variation. Nitrogen content in green manure crops was the greater in Sesbania and it was estimated that major nutrient (N-P2O5-K2O) supply amount were 150-40-370, 220-50-170 and 140-50-250 kg ha-1 from sorghum×sudangrass hybrid, sesbania and barnyard grass, respectively. Based on these results, desalination is required to grow the upland crops at newly reclaimed tidal lands and management practices are necessary to reduce the salt damage by resalinization during the growing seasons. To improve the productivity and increase the nutrient utilization rate, soil physicochemical properties need to be improved to the level for upland crops by application of organic matter and fertilizer.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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농촌진흥청 전남대학교 원광대학교
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