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소년보호연구 update

Korean Juvenile Protection Review

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1999)~33권2호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 378
소년보호연구
33권2호(2020년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1코로나19 이후 청소년 삶의 변화와 소년보호정책적 함의

저자 : 김윤나 ( Kim Yoon Na ) , 이희연 ( Lee Hee Youn )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-27 (27 pages)

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This study aimed to examine the satisfaction and relationships of how adolescents' lives changed after Corona 19, to find out the emotions and influences of the coronavirus, and to understand the desires of adolescents for career, academic, and active leisure. In addition, it was conducted to understand the most important issues among SDGs (UN-sustainable development) in the post-corona era and to understand its role and responsibility as a subject for future development. To this end, from July 1 to July 21, 2020, a significant sampling of youth (middle and high school) across the country was conducted, and the results of a Google online survey of 1,055 people were analyzed.
The main research contents are as follows.
The life satisfaction of adolescents significantly dropped from 5 points to 5 points after Corona 19 compared to before Corona 19, and the biggest emotions adolescents experience during the Corona 19 period were negative emotions such as frustration, anxiety and anxiety, depression, and fear. In terms of relations, in terms of overall relationship satisfaction before the COVID-19 outbreak, family relations were the highest and teacher relations were the lowest, and men scored higher than women in all relationships, and the difference between male and female scores was the largest in friend relations. When asked about what you think is the most important thing in the post-corona era, a healthy and happy life, expansion of good jobs and economic growth, reduction of the poor and strengthening the social safety net, quality education for all, resolution of all kinds of inequality, human rights justice It was in order of peace.
Based on these findings, the implications of five studies were presented.

KCI등재

2지능정보기술을 활용한 위기청소년 사회서비스 지원 확충방안

저자 : 김지연 ( Kim Jiyon ) , 이경상 ( Lee Kyeong-sang )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 29-72 (44 pages)

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The study investigated the direction and feasibility of the Intelligent Information Technology usage under the premise of 'expanding the social services provided for at-risk youths.' The aim, in particular, was to search for measures of welfare supports provided for at-risk youths based on the Intelligent Information Technology, in line with the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, for the construction of 'dense social safety net,' and to deduce medium to long-term policy projects for expanded social services for youth in crisis.
To achieve these aims, first, literature review was conducted to study the Intelligent Information Technology and social service supports for the youths in crisis. Second, AHP(Analytical Hierarchy Process), FGI(Focus Group Interview), and surveys for teenagers were conducted to gather opinions relevant to data linkage and usage and protection of personal information. Lastly, a measure for supporting at-risk youths based on the Intelligent Information Technology was investigated.
Based on the research results, 4 policy projects and 9 specific project tasks have been proposed for the expansion of at-risk youth social service using the Intelligent Information Technology. First, 4 policy projects are as follows: 1) strengthening legal evidence for data linkage and usage; 2) strengthening the development and usage of safety protection measures for youths based on the Intelligent Information Technology; 3) improving at-risk youth information system; and 4) establishing AI (Artificial Intelligence)-based welfare support systems for youth counseling.
In addition to four major policy projects, specific project tasks have been suggested for each. For the first policy project, 1) strengthening legal evidence for data linkage and usage, two specific tasks were suggested as follows: 1-1) revision of Youth Welfare Support Act : provision of evidence for data linkage and usage; 1-2) provision of management regulation of public records of youths.
For the second policy project, 2) strengthening the development and usage of safety protection measures for youths based on the IT, two specific tasks were suggested as follows: 2-1) extended development and supply of youth safety protection applications; 2-2) management of performance index for the cases of youth safety protection applications installation.
For the third project policy, 3) improving at-risk youth information system, three specific tasks were suggested as follows: 3-1) establishment of an integrated youth information network (tentative name); 3-2) provision of personal information protection management system; 3-3) linkage of integrated social service information system.
For the fourth policy project, 4) establishing AI (Artificial Intelligence)-based welfare support systems for youth counseling, two specific project tasks were suggested as follows: 4-1) provision of foundation for accumulating raw data for big data analysis; 4-2) construction of youth big data platform and centers.

KCI등재

3호주에서의 회복적 사법의 최근 동향 및 그 시사점

저자 : 김혁 ( Kim Hyeok )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 73-102 (30 pages)

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While the period of stagnation has continued since restorative justice was introduced to Korea more than 20 years ago, attempts have been made to incorporate the idea of restorative justice ideology in police activities under the name of so-called restorative policing. Moreover, as the police have the right to terminate the investigation under the revised Criminal Procedure Act, it provides an opportunity for the police to actively attempt to intervene in the handling of cases.
Under these circumstances, looking at the situation in Australia can help minimize trial and error in Korea. Because Australia is known as the birthplace of the so-called Wagawa model, which has been widely spread to common law countries such as UK, the United States and Canada, becoming a model for restorative policing.
This study aims to examine recent trends in restorative policing in Australia and to provide basic data for reference in our institutional design. First, I will introduce the details of the operation of the restorative justice in Australia. Next, the performance and tasks in Australia are reviewed. Based on this, implications are derived such as the preparation of screening criteria for cases, the validation of effectiveness for programs, the consideration of the operator and the idea of a sustainable model.

KCI등재

4소년조사제도의 현황과 재범 예방에 관한 고찰

저자 : 류혜연 ( Hye Yeon Ryu ) , 정용찬 ( Yong Chan Jeong ) , 이수정 ( Soo Jung Lee )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 103-134 (32 pages)

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The Juvenile Investigation system has its role as a standard data of judicial judgment that can help young offenders to be protected, educated, and civilized. Additionally, by taking advantage of the recidivism risk assessment at the time of investigation, it is possible to predict the tendency of re-offense and the effects that can help preventing crimes in advance. Although the rate of recidivism is steadily increased, the Juvenile Investigation system is not changed but maintained its state as before. The purpose of this paper is not only to study the contents of the juvenile investigation system and its current situation in South Korea and abroad, but examine a few different types of programs related to recidivism risk and its current situation as well. It turned out that the investigation system which was supposed to be carried out sufficiently in various stages of the judicial system that actually has not enough rate of conduct due to the problem of lacked investigators and some other reasons. Even though there are professional investigation tools that have been verified enough, such tools were not being used properly and enough. At the end, it is concluded that what we need to pursue is proper intervention of experts, adequate training for investigators, and accurate usage of the tools.

KCI등재

5일본에서의 소년원 등 교정보호시설에 관한 공공갈등 대응 검토

저자 : 배상균 ( Bae Sang-kyun )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 135-160 (26 pages)

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The residents' opposition to siting correctional facilities, probation and parole facilities have been around for a long time. Moreover, correctional facilities, located in the suburbs at the time of their establishment, are becoming increasingly closer to city centres due to continual expansion of city itself. Since they are recognised as typical unpleasant facilities by local residents, neighboring community would strongly demand for their relocation.
However, the possibility of crime in society always exists and cannot be ruled out altogether. Therefore, we should prevent and suppress crimes and strengthen social safety with the help of correctional facilities.
The correctional facilities are non-preferred facilities that residents are reluctant to establish nearby their homes, even though they are nationally necessary facilities. As a result, social costs are increasing due to serious siting conflicts during policy implementation.
Because of this NIMBY syndrome, this study was onducted in order to provide policy implications for the preventive conflict managements of siting correctional facilities, probation and parole facilities.
The implication of this study consider the example of Japan thus to explore a new paradigm for perceptional change of the correctional facilities which will arises from the integration with its neighboring community though those are typical NIMBY facilities.

KCI등재

6소년범의 재범방지를 위한 미국의 사례 및 그 시사점

저자 : 염윤호 ( Yeom Yunho )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 161-196 (36 pages)

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This study examined U.S. policies on juvenile recidivism. Juvenile recidivism policies in the U.S. are different depending on states and even communities, but they share common facts that such policies are developed and implemented through cooperations among juvenile justice entities, including police, prosecutor, and judge. At the same time, the U.S. juvenile recidivism reduction policies are customized for each juvenile after thoroughly assessing the individual risk and necessity. This assessment process is not decided by a single juvenile justice officer, but with coordinated efforts by intake officials, probation officers, and judges. These efforts are realized with a variety of specific juvenile recidivism prevention programs, and these programs are predicated on four core values. The four core values are i) “base supervision, service, and resource-allocation decisions on the results of validated risk and needs assessments”, ii)“adopt and effectively implement programs and services demonstrated to reduce recidivism and improve other youth outcomes, and use data to evaluate system performance and direct system improvements”,iii) “employ a coordinated approach across service systems to address youth's needs”, and iv) “tailor system policies, programs, and supervision to reflect the distinct developmental needs of adolescents.”Based on these core values, policymakers in Korea need to set an evidence-based foundation for juvenile recidivism prevention policies, tailor specific programs to individual risk, and discriminately respond based on assessed risk.

KCI등재

7영국의 소년사건 처분결정 전 임시조치 제도 검토

저자 : 이유경 ( Rhie Yuh-kyoung )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 197-231 (35 pages)

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The Committee on Youth Justice Innovation of the Ministry of Justice recently announced an recommendation on the reform of youth remands. The recommendation acknowledges that youth remands restrain the freedom of youths even though youth remands are not criminal adjudication. The main points of the recommendation are to clarify the conditions for youth remands, especially for a remand to the Juvenile Classification Review Board and to instrument appeals process in relation to youth remands. In the U.K., YOT consistently takes responsible in managing a youth case starting the moment a young person is arrested until the case ends, which enables early interventions on youth offenses. There have been a series of amendments on youth justice laws in the U.K., which were designed to enhance the right of youths by guaranteeing a right to a speedy trial, providing a process to file an appeal on youth remands, and varying youth remands according to the age of youths and the gravity of cases. We should be aware that the main purpose of the youth justice is to help youths return to normal social life. Youth remands should not be abused as a tool to isolate youth offenders from the society in the name of social safety.

KCI등재

8소년보호시설 출원 청소년에 대한 사회정착지원 실태와 개선방안

저자 : 이유진 ( Lee Eugene )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 233-272 (40 pages)

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This study analyzed policies on the resocialization of released juvenile offenders from juvenile reformatories and the current status of their implementation. Moreover, it examined the experiences of released juvenile offenders in receiving resocialization support and their desire for receiving such support. Based on the analytic results, the present conditions of resocialization policies for juvenile offenders from juvenile reformatories were evaluated and policy improvement measures were proposed.
To this end, conducted in-depth interviews with four released juvenile offenders from juvenile reformatories and four on-site experts, including those responsible for resocialization of released juvenile offenders. I then analyzed the opinions of released juvenile offenders and on-site experts obtained through the interviews and derived institutional improvement measures based on the analytic results as follows.
First, a linkage system should be established to expand resocialization support for released juvenile offenders from juvenile reformatories. Specifically, the linkage system should be developed to cooperate with the Korean Juvenile Protection Association under the Ministry of Justice and departments responsible for counseling support projects for the at-risk youth in the Counseling and Welfare Centers for Youth. Furthermore, the number of people from juvenile reformatories should be increased.
Second, social media should be actively used to provide information on employment, scholarship, housing, and driving licenses for released juvenile offenders from juvenile reformatories.
Third, the Supporters System should be invigorated to regularly select new supporters, and an environment for providing special lectures at juvenile reformatories should be developed through the application of video recording and remote learning technologies.
Fourth, the government should expand the Korean Juvenile Protection Association's budget and human resources. In addition, it should adopt measures to form local organizations which can cooperate with private and public sectors and serve as a hub for providing support for released juvenile offenders from juvenile reformatories and assist them in settling stably in local communities.
Fifth, the education curriculum at the Juvenile Start-up Vision Center should be revised. As most released juvenile offenders tend to obtain a general equivalency diploma(GED), which is equivalent to a high school diploma, the education curriculum at the center should be administered at the level.
Sixth, daily life guidance standards at the Juvenile Start-up Vision Center should be relieved. A sufficient amount of time and opportunities should be provided for released juvenile offenders to adapt to the center and change their living habits through the relaxation of rule violation standards and penalties.
The aforementioned measures can be implemented to improve the resocialization system for released juvenile offenders from juvenile reformatories. It is expected that the enhanced resocialization system can encourage released juvenile offenders to settle stably in society, return to normal social lives, and prevent them from recidivating.

KCI등재

9딥페이크 합성물에 대한 국내외 입법동향과 형사법적 수용문제 - 딥페이크 포르노(Deepfake Pornography)를 중심으로 -

저자 : 장우정 ( Jang Woojung ) , 김주찬 ( Kim Juchan )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 273-306 (34 pages)

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Even though the provision of punishment is newly established in terms of the “possession” of Deepfake porno, it is virtually impossible to arrest and punish those who possess Deepfake porno in advance. However, it is time to take countermeasures to legitimately punish a new crime that have not been committed before, such as 'nth rooms', which is very harmful.
Next, for virtual child pornography with Deepfake, the vertifiability of reproduced composites with realism will have to be considered. Advances in technology make it difficult to distinguish between reality and something similar to reality, There is no confirmation that such imaginary images or composites reduce or stop sexual abuse against children.
The legal interests to be protected from these Deepfake virtual child pornography should be perceived as 'social legal interests' beyond the scope of a child's personal legal interests, and appropriate legislation and judicial judgments accordingly should be followed.
Finally, in measures, for advanced criminal such as AI technology, criminal policies should be sought in a way that the community can recognize the social burden of them and accept. There is no denying that the development of intelligent information technology is definitely an area of increasing competitiveness at the national level. But along with the development of technology, the risk of abuse of technology that it has is also a goal that criminal law must confront.
Therefore, it is necessary to have a realistic attitude to establish a predictable level of the response system through public-private partnership and to develop a gradual step-by-step legislation plan within a long-term framework.

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