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서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원> Seoul Journal of Korean Studies

Seoul Journal of Korean Studies update

  • : 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
  • : 인문과학분야  >  한국사
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1988)~33권2호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 431
Seoul Journal of Korean Studies
33권2호(2020년 12월) 수록논문
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Hongshan is the name of a material culture straddling Inner Mongolia and the Liaoning provinces―the Liaoxi region―China, dating ca. 4500-3000 BCE. Known for enigmatically carved jades, Hongshan rose to popular prominence in the 1980s following the discovery of two significant ritual sites. Since then, some Chinese archaeologists have proposed Liaoxi as a source of either regional or greater Central Plain civilization. Heralding public knowledge in South Korea, meanwhile, Korean scholars active on the “inner fringe” of professional scholarship sought to contest Hongshan's “Chinese” identification, instead asserting it to be the origin of a civilization directly ancestral to the early polities of Korean history. Leading the popular discourse, they incorporated Hongshan into preexisting paradigms asserting continental origins of the Korean people and connected to aggrandizing schemes of Old Choso˘n (trad. 2333- 108 BCE). From the latter half of the 2000s and against the context of national-level history disputes with China, a second generation of inner-fringe and unequivocal pseudohistorians has promoted Hongshan, establishing it as a seemingly core topic of “Korean” prehistory. Their emergence signals the “Hongshan turn” in Korean pseudohistory, a turn that has been further bolstered through Hongshan's incorporation into South Korean new religions. This article narrates the recent trajectory of the Hongshan discourse, critically analyzing its functions and framing.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2The Joseon Government's Changing Perception of Early Catholicism Examined through Law Application

저자 : Byungsul Jung

발행기관 : 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원 간행물 : Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 323-342 (20 pages)

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This paper attempts to analyze the process by which early Catholicism in Joseon was repressed and persecuted through a primarily legal perspective. In doing so, I will try to lay out exactly how the Joseon government chose to legally handle the problem of Catholicism and seek to show how this legal treatment changed over time and reveal the reasons for this shift in law application. Here I will focus on the period between 1784 and 1801, which spans the time between the first Catholic baptism of a Korean and the major persecution campaign which occurred in 1801. While previous research has partially examined the repression and persecution of early Catholicism from a legal perspective before, this paper seeks to analyze the legal treatment of early Catholicism as a whole and cast light on its historical developments. Importantly, I will refer not only to the specific laws applied against Catholics but also incorporate the royal commands, which could exist separate from the legal code, into my analysis. In doing so, I will try to demonstrate that the importance of the king's judicial agency in treating criminal cases in Joseon was paramount. By the end, I hope to have shown precisely how and why the legal handling of Catholicism grew progressively harsher.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

3A Study on the Illustrations of the Sinjajeon: An Important Stepping Stone for the Modern Korean Dictionary

저자 : Deokyoung Park

발행기관 : 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원 간행물 : Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 343-371 (29 pages)

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This paper seeks to study illustrations in the Sinjajeon 新字典 (1915), the “New Dictionary of Chinese Characters” created by the Joseon Gwangmunhoe 朝鮮光文會, which compiled and distributed Korean classics as part of an effort to promote knowledge of them. The illustrations were based on various sources, including ceremonial books, and reflect the academic culture in Korea of ritual thought (yehak 禮學), Jongmyo Royal Ancestral Rites (Jongmyo jerye 宗廟祭禮), Ritual Music for the Royal Ancestral Shrine (Jongmyo jeryeak 宗廟祭禮樂), and Ritual Music for the Confucian Shrine (Munmyo jeryeak 文廟祭禮樂 ). The illustrations in the Sinjajeon were intended to be innovative and modern, with some included in the actual text, a new method not found in Korean dictionaries at the time. The Sinjajeon thus made possible the development of modern dictionaries and their illustrations. The Sinjajeon illustrations are also useful as visual materials for understanding Sino-Korean characters. For this purpose, I focus on illustrations in the Sinjajeon to investigate which headwords were illustrated, and what this tells us about the historical context in which the dictionary was made.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

4Adapting to New Cultural Environments: An Analysis of the Yiwangjik aakpu Regular Concerts (1932-1945)

저자 : Heeyoung Choi

발행기관 : 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원 간행물 : Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 373-393 (21 pages)

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This article investigates repertories of the Yiwangjik aakpu regular concert to examine how court musicians in colonial Korea reacted to the continuing influx of Western musical culture. The Yiwangjik aakpu was formerly the Changagwo˘n in charge of music performed at the royal palace of Choso˘n Korea. The name change, along with a reduction in the number of affiliated musicians, occurred with the fall of the dynasty and the establishment of the Japanese colonial government. In the face of declining court music, court musicians established a training institute for younger generation court musicians and held monthly concerts from 1932 to 1945 to preserve their music. They provided the public with opportunities to enroll at the training institute and watch the regular concerts. This article reveals that court musicians incorporated elements of Western classical music, which held a dominant position in the performing arts fields during the 1930s, into their concert programs in addition to promoting institutional changes. The court musicians' new attempts, beyond merely preserving an old tradition, demonstrate their adaptation to the rapidly changing musical culture of the time. These findings overall elaborate on the innovative and adaptive efforts of Korean court musicians, thereby expanding the range of prior studies on the Japanese colonial period.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

5Writing “Manchurian-Korean Literature” in the Manso˘n ilbo, 1937-1942

저자 : Lehyla G. Heward

발행기관 : 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원 간행물 : Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 395-418 (24 pages)

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This paper examines the intellectual discourse regarding the place and function of Korean-language writing in Manchuria during the Manchukuo period. I look specifically at several editorials that appeared in the Korean newspaper Manso˘n ilbo. These primary sources appeared during the literary zenith of the Manchukuo period between 1937 and 1942, five years mainly characterized by widespread debates about what constituted Manchukuo national culture. I argue that the participation of Korean intellectuals in these debates indicates their desire to be seen as an autonomous group disassociated with the Japanese. The fact that some of the subsequent writing appeared in Chinese translation suggests that it was important for Chinese people as well to see Koreans in a new light. The newspaper articles discussed below show a propensity to change perceptions about Korean belonging in Manchuria through literature and intellectual production. From another perspective, the Manso˘n ilbo articles shed light on how Korean intellectuals understood their production value vis-a-vis the nation-building discourses of Manchukuo.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

6A Fusion of Dreams, a Crossing of Borders: On Ch'oe Inhun's Transformations of Korean Classical Literature

저자 : Dennis Wuerthner

발행기관 : 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원 간행물 : Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 419-458 (40 pages)

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This article discusses two adaptations of Korean “classics” by Ch'oe Inhun (1936- 2018), Kuunmong (1962) and Ku˘mo sinhwa (1963), offering an in-depth comparative analysis of these works with their canonized Choso˘n Dynasty models by Kim Manjung (1637-1692) and Kim Sisu˘p (1435-1493) to identify and interpret intertextual ties. I hypothesize that Ch'oe Inhun's unusual transformations of these core works of the national Korean canon―written in a South Korea churned by internal and external conflicts, during an age when historical and cultural memories were forged and a national heritage and identity designed to legitimize, demarcate, and mobilize were created―constitute narratives of intellectual dissent. This paper argues that Ch'oe Inhun's adaptations of Kuunmong and Ku˘mo sinhwa, both developing meaning and impact out of the creative interplay with their premodern models, can be understood as having been specifically geared to run counter to policies of simplification, linearization, collectivization, and glorification of tradition brought forth by the government under Park Chung Hee (1917-1979).

KCI등재 SCOPUS

7Understanding the Politics of Constitutional Resilience in South Korea

저자 : Hannes B. Mosler

발행기관 : 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원 간행물 : Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 459-491 (33 pages)

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South Korea has one of the oldest non-amended constitutions in the world. However, while the comparative literature has been neglecting this puzzling case as such, Korean literature on the matter has been lacking theoretically informed investigation. Therefore, this article studies the mechanisms and dynamics responsible for this outstanding endurance from the perspective of comparative constitutional amendment theory. Developing an analytical framework that integrates insights from quantitative and qualitative approaches, the article examines the last constitutional reform in 1987, and against the background of reform attempts since then, the constitutional amendment attempt in 2018. The analysis reveals how the core variables inclusiveness, specificity, and flexibility interplay with the contextual variables environment, formal institutions, and culture, particular to the case of South Korea. The study finds that a combination of highly exclusive political power structures with typically elite-driven political decisionmaking practices, in a political environment characterized by strong antagonism prompting an extreme conflictual constitutional ethos, are crucial to understanding the constitutional petrification.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

8Smart City Songdo? A Digital Turn on Urban Fabric

저자 : Suzanne Peyrard , Valérie Gelézeau

발행기관 : 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원 간행물 : Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 493-518 (26 pages)

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Using the perspective of cultural and critical geography, this paper discusses the fabric of Songdo, South Korea, a mega-urban project declared the paragon of a “smart city” and intended to house about 250,000 inhabitants by 2020. After demonstrating how Songdo fits David Harvey's (1975, 2001b) concept of a “mega-project,” we deconstruct the development of Songdo to show how the city is a “spatial fix” (Harvey 1981, 2001a). Then, according to Henri Lefebvre's (1974) theory of space (conceived, perceived, and experienced), we analyze Songdo's smart city marketing. This method allows us to interrogate the logics of actors in the fabric of Songdo and the articulation between the fabric, the meaning, and the living, focusing on residential scale. What does it mean to live in such a “smart city” in the making? Are the housing, planning, and public facilities appropriate for the pioneering residents' actual practices in the new city? Has digital intelligence had any effects on building and managing a city? If so, what are they? By analyzing data collected through ethnographic methods, we present a better vision of the complex temporalities of such a mega-project under construction. A city in the making leads to functional and morphological discrepancies: from the presence of idle lands nearby brand new towers to vegetable gardens in front of glamorous urban facilities. Our approach to Songdo is remote from the usual boasting discourse on the “smart city.” Songdo is hardly smarter than any contemporary city; rather, it is a smart city only because digital life enhanced by the use of smartphones has become a “total social fact” (Mauss 1973) in South Korea and in urbanism.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

9The Alienation of Second-generation Korean Brazilians from Ethnic Churches in São Paulo

저자 : Jihye Kim

발행기관 : 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원 간행물 : Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 519-543 (25 pages)

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Despite the vital role played by ethnic churches in the retention of ethnic culture and a sense of identity, a significant proportion of second-generation Korean Brazilians drift away from their churches. This “silent exodus” from Korean religious organizations in São Paulo raises the question of how Korean Brazilians maintain a sense of belonging and community after their departure. Based on ethnographic research conducted in São Paulo, this study aims to explore the diverse types of experiences of second-generation Korean Brazilians who have become disaffiliated with their ethnic churches in comparison to those who have not. Young Korean Brazilians―whether churchgoers or not―tend to be highly involved in a social life with coethnics, illustrating that not taking part in ethnic churches does not seem to be major factor in their forging of a sense of belonging, community, and identity. The findings further suggest that, influenced by various factors―such as this group's hybridized sense of culture, its socioeconomic status, and the high presence of a well-established Japanese community―this particular phenomenon should be interpreted in light of the position Korean Brazilians occupy within an ethnically complex and socially and economically stratified Brazilian society.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

10Tonghak: A Progressive Ideological Heritage Indigenous to the Choso˘n Nation

저자 : Hak Hui Ro

발행기관 : 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원 간행물 : Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 33권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 545-567 (23 pages)

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해당 간행물 관심 구독기관

연세대학교 Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin Leiden University Harvard University 서강대학교
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  • 1 연세대학교 (9건)
  • 2 Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin (4건)
  • 3 Leiden University (4건)
  • 4 Harvard University (3건)
  • 5 서강대학교 (3건)
  • 6 영남대학교 (3건)
  • 7 서울대학교 (2건)
  • 8 이화여자대학교 (2건)
  • 9 University of British Columbia(CANADA) (2건)
  • 10 American University Library (1건)

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