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한국환경경제학회·한국자원경제학회(구 한국환경경제학회)> 한국환경경제학회 하계학술대회논문집

한국환경경제학회 하계학술대회논문집 update

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수록정보
수록범위 : 2013권0호(2013)~2018권0호(2018) |수록논문 수 : 196
한국환경경제학회 하계학술대회논문집
2018권0호(2018년 08월) 수록논문
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3International Environmental Agreements as an Equilibrium Choice in a Di¤erential Game

저자 : Ken-ichi Akao , Kenko Uchida , Yasuaki Wasa

발행기관 : 한국환경경제학회·한국자원경제학회(구 한국환경경제학회) 간행물 : 한국환경경제학회 하계학술대회논문집 2018권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 29-70 (42 pages)

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In a differential game for international pollution control, Dockner and Long (Dockner, E.J. and N.V. Long (1993) .International Pollution Control: Cooperative versus Noncooperative Strategies,. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 25: 13-29) show the existence of multiple Markov Nash equilibria and suggest the interpretation that an international environmental negotiation may be a preplay communication to choose a better Nash equilibrium. Following their idea, we examine the payoff dominant equilibrium in Markov perfect Nash equilibria (MPNEs) and open-loop Nash equilibria (OLNEs). By allowing a discontinuous strategy, we reproduce the Dockner and Long's most efficient equilibrium as an MPNE (the DL MPNE), with the globally asymptotically stable steady state which converges to an efficient steady state as the discount rate goes to zero. We show that the DL MPNE is payoff dominant over the pollution levels greater than or equal to the steady state in the MPNEs. When an open-loop strategy is also available, there is a unique OLNE and it may dominate the DL MPNE if the pollution level is high. This indicates that a renegotiation to switch from the OLNE to the DL MPNE may occur when pollution is improved.

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Indoor air pollution (IAP) and outdoor air pollution (OAP) are recognized as critical risk factors for child health, especially in developing countries. However, most previous studies have focused on the effect of either IAP or OAP without considering the timing of prenatal and postnatal exposure. This article evaluates the impacts of IAP and OAP on child health in Bangladesh, one of the most air-polluted countries in the world. By combining individual-level data from a nationally representative survey and satellite-based high-resolution data on ambient PM2.5 concentrations, we estimate individual prenatal and postnatal exposure to PM2.5 and examine their adverse impacts on child underdevelopment (stunting and underweight) and respiratory illness. Our study finds that the use of solid fuels for cooking, a proxy variable of IAP, is associated with respiratory illness in girls, but not in boys. Prenatal exposure to ambient PM2.5 adversely affects only child underdevelopment, while postnatal exposure consistently increases the risk of both child underdevelopment and respiratory illness.

5Empirical study on the impact of PM10 on mortality rate in China

저자 : Ding Lin , Akira Hibiki

발행기관 : 한국환경경제학회·한국자원경제학회(구 한국환경경제학회) 간행물 : 한국환경경제학회 하계학술대회논문집 2018권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 107-136 (30 pages)

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This paper investigates the impact of PM10 on mortality throughout 31 provinces in China by using dynamic panel data model. The results show PM10 has significant negative impact on mortality rate in the long term. Higher income reduces the mortality rate, as well as reduces the impact of PM10 on mortality rate. Provinces with higher increasing rate in PM10 bring out more increasing in mortality rate. With increasing in PM10 by 0.01 mg/m3 (6.9%, 24.61%), death toll will be increased by at most 0.2188 per thousand people. If the government adopt measures to reduce PM10 concentration, the death toll is reduced by (285679.09, 370132.46) for reaching Chinese national standard and (1218762.97, 1549211.57) for WHO's standard.

6The recreational value of coral reefs in Okinawa Prefecture: A site choice model

저자 : Katsuhito Nohara , Azusa Okagawa , Akira Hibiki , Hiroya Yamano

발행기관 : 한국환경경제학회·한국자원경제학회(구 한국환경경제학회) 간행물 : 한국환경경제학회 하계학술대회논문집 2018권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 137-149 (13 pages)

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The coral reef ecosystems provide many goods and services to coastal populations, such as tourism. Furthermore, they form a unique natural ecosystem, with an important biodiversity value as well as scientific and educational value. They also form a natural protection against wave erosion. However, they have been damaged due to red soil erosion and global warming. Therefore, the preservation of coral reefs has been an important policy issue. The cost-benefit analysis is important for choosing cost-effective policies. Although a few studies have evaluated the economic value of coral reefs in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, most of them have applied the contingent valuation method. The purpose of this study is to employ the discrete choice travel cost method to estimate the value of coral reefs that is obtained by visitors to Okinawa prefecture. We conducted an on-site survey of visitors at Naha airport, New Ishigaki airport and Miyako airport on 8 November to 11 in 2013 and collected 410 responses. We applied the conditional logit model to tourist's decision to select his/her destination and estimate the model using collected data. Based on the conditional logit model, the hypothesis of independence from irrelevant alternatives (IIA) cannot be rejected. We also tried to apply the mixed logit model to our data but there was no significant difference between random parameters and nonrandom ones. The main finding is that the marginal willingness to pay by a tourist for coral reefs is 4,754 yen/km2 per day and 16,544 yen/㎢ per trip.

7Energy Demand and it's Forecast of Jeju

저자 : Hc Kim , Ds Lim

발행기관 : 한국환경경제학회·한국자원경제학회(구 한국환경경제학회) 간행물 : 한국환경경제학회 하계학술대회논문집 2018권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 151-161 (11 pages)

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Importance of climate change has been increased with recent unusual natural disasters. Many economists use the idea of climate change in the models of economics. This research constructs the modified factor content of trade models by introducing climate change. Concretely, we add variables for climate change in the technology matrix of the factor content of trade model. With this, we derive the modified factor content of trade model and conduct three empirical tests; the sign test, the slope test, and the variance ratio test. This research uses ten OECD countries using the OECD STAN and the OECD IO database. Additionally, we use six European countries' data to verify if the modified factor content of trade model explains the gravity model better or not. Results of the empirical tests show that we get better results with the modified factor content of trade models than previous classical factor content of trade models. We compare our results with Davis and Weinstein's (2001) results. And results of the tests using only the European countries' data show that the sign test and the variance ratio test have higher explanatory power than the modified factor content of trade model with climate change using ten OECD countries' data. It shows that if we introduce variables of climate change, we get higher explanatory power in the factor content of trade model. And, results of the empirical tests show that the gravity model is applied in the factor content of trade model with climate change.

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The recent rise in demand for electric vehicles (EV) and energy storage supporting power systems has increased the demand for lithium-ion batteries (LIB), and is expected to be more significant in near future. However, materials for LIB such as lithium and cobalt may face limited supply due to oligopolistic market characteristics, and this can have significant impact on prices of LIB materials. This paper examines the dynamics of LIB raw material prices (cobalt, lithium, nickel, and manganese prices) with EV demand using VECM method. The result shows that the EV demand is important in short-run dynamics of cobalt and lithium prices, which indicates that recent increase in lithium and cobalt prices has been caused by increase in EV demand. In the long-run equilibrium, lithium and nickel prices move inversely with cobalt prices. The impulse response results confirm that EV demand has an immediate positive effect on cobalt price, and the effect maintains over two years. On the other hand, the EV demand shock to nickel, lithium, and manganese prices is relatively small. Finally, this study analyses the impact of recycling policy of LIB on material prices.

10수소 및 전기차 보급 확산의 경제적 영향분석: CGE의 적용

저자 : 한택환 , 임동순 , 김진태

발행기관 : 한국환경경제학회·한국자원경제학회(구 한국환경경제학회) 간행물 : 한국환경경제학회 하계학술대회논문집 2018권 0호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 201-228 (28 pages)

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